The primary aim of the book is to provide a comprehensive and up–to–date account of the enormous range of bioinformatics techniques now being developed for cancer research and therapy, from the laboratory to clinical trials. It will function as a guide to integrated data exploitation and synergistic knowledge discovery, and support the consolidation of the multidisciplinary research community involved.
The book features a balanced range of topics, including both well–established techniques and emergent approaches in genomics, systems biology and e–science. Each chapter delivers an overview of the topic, combined with more detailed technical descriptions of key aspects of informatics, biology and clinical science. With contributions from clinical oncologists, research scientists, bioinformaticians and mathematical modellers, the book will facilitate scientific dialogue and collaboration across disciplinary boundaries. Finally, three chapters on the ethical and legal implications of cancer bioinformatics provide an expanded view of these groundbreaking developments and how they may impact on patients and other health care stakeholders.
This multidisciplinary book will be of interest to a broad audience including clinical oncologists, basic researchers in both academia and industry, computer scientists/bioinformaticians, clinical trial managers, ethicists and ethics boards.
List of Contributors.
SECTION I CANCER SYSTEMS.
1 A Path to Knowledge: from Data to Complex Systems Models of Cancer (Sylvia Nagl).
1.1 Conceptual foundations: biological complexity.
1.2 A taxonomy of cancer complexity.
1.3 Modelling and simulation of cancer systems.
1.4 Data standards and integration.
1.5 Concluding remarks.
2 Theory of Cancer Robustness (Hiroaki Kitano).
2.1 Robustness: the fundamental organizational principle of biological systems.
2.2 Underlying mechanisms for robustness.
2.3 Intrinsic features of robust systems: evolvability and trade–offs.
2.4 Cancer as a robust system.
2.5 Therapy strategies.
2.6 A proper index of treatment efficacy.
2.7 Computational tools.
3 Developing an Integrated Informatics Platform for Cancer Research (Richard Begent).
3.2 The challenge.
3.3 The UK National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) informatics platform.
3.4 Developing the informatics platform.
3.5 Benefits of the platform.
SECTION II In silico MODELS.
4 Mathematical Models of Cancer (Manish Patel and Sylvia Nagl).
4.1 Growth models.
4.2 A very brief tour of cellular automata.
4.3 Angiogenesis models.
4.4 Treatment response models.
4.5 Dynamic pathways models.
4.6 Other models.
4.7 Simulations of complex biological systems.
4.8 Concluding remarks.
5 Some Mathematical Modelling Challenges and Approaches in Cancer (Philip Maini and Robert A. Gatenby).
5.2 Multiscale modelling.
5.3 Tumour vascular modelling.
5.4 Population models.
6 Computer Simulation of Tumour Response to Therapy (Georgios S. Stamatakos and Nikolaos Uzunoglu).
6.2 Tumour growth simulation.
6.3 Radiotherapy response simulation.
6.4 Chemotherapy response simulation.
6.5 Simulation of tumour response to other therapeutic modalities.
6.6 Simulation of normal tissue response to antineoplastic interventions.
6.7 Integration of molecular networks into tumour behaviour simulations.
6.8 Future directions.
7 Structural Bioinformatics in Cancer (Stephen Neidle).
7.2 Macromolecular crystallography.
7.3 Molecular modelling.
SECTION III In vivo MODELS.
8 The Mouse Tumour Biology Database: an Online Resource for Mouse Models of Human Cancer (Carol J. Bult, Debra M. Krupke, Matthew J. Vincent, Theresa Allio, John P. Sundberg, Igor Mikaelian and Janan T. Eppig).
8.3 Database content.
8.4 Data acquisition.
8.5 Using the MTB database.
8.6 Connecting the MTB database with related databases.
9 Bioinformatics Approaches to Integrate Cancer Models and Human Cancer Research (Cheryl L. Marks and Sue Dubman).
9.2 The MMHCC Informatics at the outset of the programme.
9.3 Initial NCI bioinformatics infrastructure development.
9.4 Future directions for informatics support.
SECTION IV DATA.
10 The FAPESP/LICR Human Cancer Genome Project: Perspectives on Integration (Ricardo Brentani, Anamaria A. Camargo, Helena Brentani and Sandro J. De Souza).
10.2 The FAPESP/LICR Human Cancer Genome Project.
10.3 An integrated view of the tumour transcriptome.
11 Today s Science, Tomorrow s Patient: the Pivotal Role of Tissue, Clinical Data and Informatics in Modern Drug Development (Kirstine Knox, Amanda Taylor and David J. Kerr).
11.2 A new national strategy for the provision of tissue annotated with clinical information to meet current and future needs of academic researchers and industry.
11.3 The NCRI National Cancer Tissue Resource for cancer biology and treatment development.
11.4 A potential future world–class resource integrating research and health service information systems and bioinformatics for cancer diagnosis and treatment.
11.5 A proposed information system architecture that will meet the challenges and deliver the required functionality: an overview.
11.6 Consent and confidentiality: ensuring that the NCTR is embedded in the UK s legal and ethical framework.
11.7 Concluding remarks: future challenges and opportunities.
SECTION V ETHICS.
12 Software Design Ethics for Biomedicine (Don Gotterbarn and Simon Rogerson).
12.1 The problem: software and research.
12.2 Risk identification.
12.3 Biomedical software example.
12.4 Is an ethical risk analysis required?
12.5 Details of SoDIS.
12.6 A SoDIS analysis of the biomedical software example.
13 Ethical Issues of Electronic Patient Data and Informatics in Clinical Trial Settings (Dipak Kalra and David Ingram).
13.2 Ethical aspects of using patient–identifiable health data.
13.3 Legislation and policies pertaining to patient–identifiable health data.
13.4 Using anonymized and pseudonymized data.
13.5 Protecting personal health data.
14 Pharmacogenomics and Cancer: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (Mary Anderlik Majumder and Mark Rothstein).
14.2 Getting pharmacogenomic tests and drugs to market.
14.3 Cost and coverage issues.
14.4 Ethical challenges of pharmacogenomics.
E–STREAMS, September 2007)
" good reading for anyone entering into some aspect of cancer research, whether it is biological, mathematical, or computational " (Biometrics, December 2006)
"Overall an excellent and well–edited book that could be read from cover to cover or used as a reference." (British Journal of Healthcare Computing and Information Management, July 2006)