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Modelling and Managing Airport Performance. Aerospace Series - Product Image

Modelling and Managing Airport Performance. Aerospace Series

  • ID: 2182421
  • August 2013
  • 314 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

Modelling and Managing Airport Performance provides an integrated view of state-of-the-art research on measuring and improving the performance of airport systems with consideration of both airside and landside operations. The considered facets of performance include capacity, delays, economic costs, noise, emissions and safety. Several of the contributions also examine policies for managing congestion and allocating sparse capacity, as well as for mitigating the externalities of noise, emissions, and safety/risk.

Key features:

- Provides a global perspective with contributing authors from Europe, North and South America with backgrounds in academia, research institutions, government, and industry
- Contributes to the definition, interpretation, and shared understanding of airport performance measures and related concepts
- Considers a broad range of measures that quantify operational and environmental performance, as well as safety and risk
- Discusses concepts and strategies for dealing with the management of airport performance
- Presents state-of-the-art modelling capabilities and identifies future modelling needs

Themed around 3 sections – Modelling Airport Performance, Assessing Airport Impacts, and Managing Airport Performance and Congestion Modelling and Managing Airport Performance is a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the global air transportation community.

List of Contributors xv

Series Editor’s Preface xix

Acknowledgements xxi

List of Abbreviations xxiii

Introduction xxvii

1 Modeling Airport Landside Performance 1
Anderson Ribeiro Correia and S. C. Wirasinghe

1.1 Motivation for Level of Service Modeling 1

1.2 Relationship between Measures of Capacity and Level of Service 2

1.3 Airport Landside Components 3

1.3.1 Emplaning Curbside 3

1.3.2 Check-in Counter 5

1.3.3 Security Screening 7

1.3.4 Departure Lounge 8

1.3.5 Baggage Claim 10

1.4 Methodology for Deriving Quantitative Standards for Individual Components 13

1.4.1 Introduction 13

1.4.2 The Method of Successive Categories 13

1.5 Degree of Importance of Landside Components and Attributes 21

1.5.1 Introduction 21

1.5.2 Selection of Components and Attributes 21

1.5.3 The AHP – Analytical Hierarchy Process 22

1.5.4 Descriptive Analysis of Passenger Responses 22

1.5.5 Degrees of Importance of Components and Their Attributes 23

1.6 Conclusions 25

References 25

2 Decision Support Systems for Integrated Airport Performance Assessment and Capacity Management 27
Konstantinos G. Zografos, Giovanni Andreatta, Michel J.A. van Eenige and Michael A. Madas

2.1 Introduction and Objectives 27

2.2 SPADE DSS Description 29

2.2.1 Basic Modelling Concepts 29

2.2.2 High-Level Structure 30

2.2.3 Suite of Use Cases 33

2.3 SPADE DSS Applications 37

2.3.1 SPADE DSS Application for Strategic Decision Making 37

2.3.2 SPADE DSS Application for Operational/Tactical Decision Making 50

2.4 Conclusions 62

Acknowledgements 64

Notes 64

References 64

3 Measuring Air Traffic Management (ATM) Delays Related to Airports: A Comparison between the US and Europe 67
John Gulding, David A. Knorr, Marc Rose, Philippe Enaud and P. Holger Hegendoerfer

3.1 Introduction 67

3.2 Operations at the Main 34 US and European Airports 68

3.3 Value of Delay as a Performance Measure 70

3.3.1 On-Time/Punctuality Measures 72

3.3.2 Evolution of Scheduled Block Times 74

3.3.3 Delays by Phase of Flight 74

3.4 ATM-Related Operational Performance at US and European Airports 76

3.4.1 Managing En-Route and Arrival Constraints at the Departure Gate 80

3.4.2 Managing Arrival Constraints within the Last 100 NM 80

3.4.3 Managing Departure Runway Constraints – A Look at Taxi-Out Delay 85

3.5 Summary and Conclusion 91

Notes 91

References 92

4 Forecasting Airport Delays 95
David K. Chin, Alius J. Meilus, Daniel Murphy, and Prabhakar Thyagarajan

4.1 Introduction 95

4.2 Historical Example – JFK Summer 2007 95

4.3 Delay Forecasting Methodology 97

4.3.1 Projected Demand 97

4.3.2 Annual Service Volume Delay Model 99

4.3.3 NAS-Wide Delay Model 101

4.3.4 Results 110

4.4 Conclusion 116

References 116

5 Airport Operational Performance and Its Impact on Airline Cost 119
Mark Hansen and Bo Zou

5.1 Introduction 119

5.2 Quantifying Operational Performance 121

5.2.1 Arrival Delay Against Schedule and Schedule Buffer 121

5.2.2 Alternative Metrics 122

5.3 Estimating the Cost Impact of Imperfect Operational Performance 123

5.3.1 Cost Factor Approach 123

5.3.2 Aggregate Cost Approach 136

5.4 Further Issues 139

5.4.1 Cancellations 139

5.4.2 Optimal Level of Operational Performance and System Response 140

5.5 Conclusions 141

Notes 141

References 141

6 New Methodologies for Airport Environmental Impact Analysis 145
Mark Hansen, Megan S. Ryerson, and Richard F. Marchi

6.1 Introduction 145

6.2 Pollutant Overview 146

6.2.1 Noise 146

6.2.2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions 150

6.2.3 Water Runoff 153

6.2.4 Criteria Air Pollutants 155

6.3 The Future of Airport Environmental Impact Analysis 161

6.3.1 Environmental Impact Models 162

6.3.2 Environmental Impact Policy Models 164

6.4 Conclusion 166

Acknowledgements 167

References 167

7 Airport Safety Performance 171
Alfred Roelen and Henk A.P. Blom

7.1 Introduction 171

7.2 Accident Rates in Commercial Aviation 172

7.2.1 From Accident Statistics to Accident Rates 172

7.2.2 CICTT categories 175

7.2.3 Take-off, Landing and Ground Operation versus Other Categories 175

7.3 Analysis of Take-off, Landing and Ground Operation Accidents 177

7.3.1 Runway Excursions 177

7.3.2 Take-off and Landing Categories other than Runway Excursion 179

7.3.3 Ground Operation Categories 181

7.3.4 Summary of Take-off, Landing and Ground Operation Analysis 184

7.4 Analysis of Other CICTT Categories 186

7.4.1 Occurrence Rate per Category Grouping 186

7.4.2 Airborne Grouping Categories 188

7.4.3 Categories in the Weather Group 191

7.4.4 Categories in the Aircraft Group 191

7.4.5 Categories in the Miscellaneous Group 194

7.4.6 Categories in the Non-Aircraft Group 194

7.4.7 Summary of the Findings for the Other CICTT Categories 194

7.5 Safety Driving Mechanisms 197

7.5.1 Technological Developments 197

7.5.2 Regulation 199

7.5.3 Competition, Reputation and Balancing Objectives 200

7.5.4 Professionalism and Safety Culture 201

7.6 Safety Initiatives 202

7.6.1 Initiatives of the Flight Safety Foundation 202

7.6.2 Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) 203

7.6.3 European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Incursions 204

7.6.4 FAA/Eurocontrol Action Plan 15 on Safety Research and Development 204

7.6.5 Impact of Safety Initiatives on Safety Improvements 205

7.7 Conclusion 206

Acknowledgements 207

Notes 208

References 208

8 Scheduled Delay as an Indicator for Airport Scheduling Performance 211
Dennis Klingebiel, Daniel Kösters and Johannes Reichmuth

8.1 Introduction 211

8.2 Background 212

8.2.1 Airport Coordination 212

8.2.2 Performance Indicator: Scheduled Delays 214

8.2.3 Slot Utilization and Scheduled Delays 215

8.3 Definition of a Model to Predict Scheduled Delays 219

8.4 Validation of the Model Approach 221

8.5 Application of the Model Approach 225

8.5.1 Analyzing the Impact of Different Demand Profiles on the Scheduling Performance 225

8.5.2 Analyzing the Impact of Declared Capacity Values on the Scheduling Performance 228

8.6 Conclusion 231

References 231

9 Implementation of Airport Demand Management Strategies: A European Perspective 233
Michael A. Madas and Konstantinos G. Zografos

9.1 Introduction 233

9.2 Current Practice 235

9.3 Review of Existing Policy Proposals 237

9.4 Is a New Regime Really Necessary? 239

9.4.1 Mismatch but also Misuse 240

9.4.2 Poor Allocation Efficiency 240

9.4.3 Declared Capacity Considerations 241

9.4.4 Barriers to New Entrants 241

9.4.5 Potential Impacts 242

9.4.6 Pricing Effectiveness of Existing System 243

9.5 From Theory into Policy Practice 244

9.6 Improvement Complements to Existing Policy Practice: Directions for Future Research 252

9.7 Conclusions 255

Notes 256

References 256

10 Design and Justification for Market-Based Approaches to Airport Congestion Management: The US Experience 259
Michael O. Ball, Mark Hansen, Prem Swaroop and Bo Zou

10.1 Introduction 259

10.2 Background 260

10.2.1 Airport Operations and Slot Controls 260

10.2.2 Recent Public Policy Initiatives in the US 263

10.3 The Fundamental Question: Economic Justification for Slot Controls 264

10.4 Other Implications of Slot Controls 270

10.5 Design Issues for Slot Controls 273

10.5.1 Getting the Slot Level Right 273

10.5.2 Small Community Access 273

10.5.3 Where Does the Money Go? 274

10.5.4 Federal versus Local Control 274

10.5.5 Who Can Own Slots? 275

10.5.6 International Bilateral Agreements 275

10.5.7 Infrastructure Investment Incentives 275

10.6 Conclusions 275

References 276

Index

“Modelling and Managing Airport Performance provides an integrated view of state-of-the-art research on measuring and improving the performance of airport systems with consideration of both airside and landside operations.”  (Expofairs, 1 July 2014)

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