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An Analysis of Africa’s Energy Sector
EcosRes, August 2012, Pages: 18
This report looks into one of Africa’s leading industry that is attracting high levels of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), generating substantial employment, contributing a significant percentage to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and hence driving to a large extent the high and sustained growth levels experienced by resource-rich countries.
The continent’s total GDP reached USD 1.6 trillion in 2008, which is roughly equal to Brazil or Russia and according to McKinsey, GDP is forecasted to attain USD 2.6 trillion in 2020. The rising interest for Africa clearly lies in its bright growth potential. FDI into natural resources exploitation is flowing not only from the old West, that is USA and Europe but increasingly from Asia, namely China and India whose appetite for natural resources have surged due to their rising population, their higher spending power and growing industrialization.
World energy production (coal/peat, crude oil, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, biofuels and waste) amounted to 12,292 Mtoe in 2009 of which 1,132,879 Ktoe originated from Africa. Sustained high growth rates in a majority of countries, with an average 5.2% for the whole continent in 2011, as well as rising consumption levels in a continent of 1.01 billion people have made the energy sector a high-level priority.
This analysis will look into production and consumption patterns of energy across Africa while attributing more than a fair share to the oil and gas sector and legitimately to the status of electricity as well. The constraints faced by the sector as well as opportunities lying ahead will be discussed.
Energy Production Patterns
Oil And Gas
Major Oil And Gas Companies In Africa
Energy Demand Patterns
Contribution To Economic Development
Carbon Dioxide Emissions
The Prospects For Clean Energy
Overcoming The Constraints
Events / Conferences (Forthcoming)
Appendix: Key Country Statistics
- Exon Mobil
- BG Group
- Anadarko Petroleum
- Tullow Oil
- Sonatrach (Algeria)
- Sonangol Group (Angola)
- Société nationale des pétroles du Congo (Republic of Congo)
- Vegas Oil and Gas (Egypt)
- Arabian Gulf Oil Company (Lybia)
- National Oil Corporation of Kenya (Kenya)
- Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (Nigeria)
- Sasol (South Africa)
- Sudan Petroleum Company (Sudan)
- Entreprise Tunisienne d'Activités Pétrolière (Tunisia)
- Madagascar Oil (Madagascar)
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