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Water Deregulation Report Ed 1 2012
NRG Expert, September 2012, Pages: 489
This NRG Expert report provides a by-country look at the state of deregulation of water utilities and suppliers in the world. Furthermore it gives an overview of the waste-water treatment suppliers per country. National and international regulations are presented along with an analysis of compliance per country or subdivision. The water and waste-water industry is worth an estimated US$3 Billion each year and is becoming more and more open to private participation.
What’s in this report?
- In depth description of the types of water and wastewater privatisation
- World survey of Water & Wastewater deregulation
- Coverage of deregulation in the water sector at the country and regional-level
NRG Expert Market Intelligence Report Highlights:
Water deregulation – the growth and the backlash
The world’s population is averaging a growth rate of around 1.1% annually. This is creating a greater demand for improved water supplies and sanitation, especially in developing countries and urban areas. As stronger population growth is generally observed in these regions. They may also have
more challenging requirements to meet the water target under the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). A target of reducing ‘the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation’ for eligible countries by half by 2015.
To meet the growing demand for safe water and sanitation private sector involvement will be needed in the water sector has increased. This is in the context of the developing countries. There is also a demand for repair to existing infrastructure and plants, and new facilities in the developed world. Due
to the investment involved and expertise needed. The share of private companies in the water and wastewater market is forecast to increase from 8% of the global population in 2003 to 17% in 2015. A problem for the water industry is that water is perceived as a right and citizens are less willing to pay
for water than they are for electricity.
Private sector opposition
Opposition to privatisation of the water sector is strong in some countries and the subject is contentious. The renationalisation of some assets has occurred with major water companies paying fines failing to comply with their contract, usually in terms of investment in infrastructure. In some countries
there are moves to make water privatisation illegal. For example, there is a water privatisation ban in the Netherlands and Uruguay, and a draft law to make water privatisation illegal is under development in Italy. There has been an increase in Public-to-Public Partnerships (PUP) contracts for water
projects, and the World Bank is softening its approach towards privatisation. The recent Arab spring also included protests against water privatisation. For example, in Rabat and Tetouan in Morocco there were demonstrations to terminate Veolia’s contracts and Veolia’s offices in Tanger were set on
In many countries, major water companies such as Veolia and Suez are involved in joint ventures to develop projects. Recently, Veolia publically announced that it plans to expand worldwide mostly through build-own-transfer (BOT) and management contracts, with fewer ‘ownership’ projects.
Key countries for the water sector in terms of future investments are China and India. A total of RMB 15 billion ($2.2 billion) was spent on sewage treatment facilities in the first half of 2010 in China alone.
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary
2. Types of Water & Waste Privatisation
Why liberalise the water sector?
The perception of water
PSP - private sector participation models
PUPs - Public-public partnerships and ‘twinning’ in water and sanitation
3. World survey of Water & Waste Deregulation
World survey of water & waste deregulation
EU water and waste directives and investment
4. Nordic Countries
5. Central Europe
6. The Baltic Countries
7. Southeast Europe (Balkans)
9. Southeast Asia
10. Indian Sub-Continent
11. Asia Pacific
12. North America
United States of America
13. South America
14. Central America and the Caribbean
The Northern Triangle
Trinidad & Tobago
15. Middle East
United Arab Emirates
16. MENA - Middle East and North Africa - Mahgreb
17. Sub-Saharan Africa
18. East Africa - Great Lake Region
19. Central Africa
Central African Republic
Congo, Republic (Brazzaville)
Congo, Democratic Republic (Kinshasa)
20. West Africa
21. South African Development Community
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