- The first of these considers the uptake of metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn) by plants grown in compost under green house conditions.
- The second considers teh oral bioaccessibility of metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb, and Zn) from plants grown on contaminated compost using an in vitro gastrointestinal extraction approach.
- Case study three discusses the uptake of persistent organic pollutants (x–endosulfan, ß–endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate) by lettuce plants grown in compost.
- Finally, case study four looks at the oral bioaccessibility of persistent organic pollutants by lettuce plants grown in compost using an in vitro gastrointestinal extraction approach.
This book also contains a useful collection of data sheets that could be used to record laboratory information a the time of carrying out the experiments, plus a guide to selected resources.
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols.
About the Author.
1. Contaminated Land and the Link to Human Health.
1.2 Soil Guideline Values.
1.3 Risk to Humans.
1.4 An Approach to Assess Contaminated Soils Relative to Soil Guideline Values.
2. Sample Preparation and Analytical techniques for Elemental Analysis of Environmental Contaminants.
2.2 Sample Preparation for Elemental Analysis.
2.3 Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.
2.4 Atomic Emission Spectroscopy.
2.5 Inorganic Mass Spectroscopy.
2.6 X–Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy.
2.8 Hyphenated Techniques.
2.9 Comparison of Elemental Analytical Techniques.
2.10 Selected Resources on Elemental Analytical Techniques.
3. Sample Preparation and Analytical Techniques for Persistent Organic Pollutant Analysis of Environmental Contaminants.
3.2 Sample Preparation for Persistent Organic Pollutant Analysis.
3.3 Gas Chromatography.
3.4 High Performance Liquid Chromatography.
3.5 Interfacing Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry.
3.6 Comparison of Persistent Organic Pollutant Analytical Techniques.
3.7 Selected Resources on Persistent Organic Pollutant Analytical Techniques.
4. Methods Used to Assess Bioavailability of Metals.
4.1 Non–Exhaustive Extraction Techniques for Metals.
4.2 Single Extraction Methods for Metals.
4.3 Sequential Extraction Techniques for Metals.
4.5 Plant Uptake.
4.6 Certified Reference Materials.
5. Methods Used to Assess bioavailability of Persistent Organic Pollutants.
5.2 Non–Exhaustive Extraction Techniques for POPs.
5.3 Earthworm Studies.
5.4 Plant Uptake.
6. Methods Used to Assess oral Bioaccessibility.
6.2 Introduction to Human Physiology.
6.3 Considerations in the Design and Development of a Simulated in vitro Gastrointestinal Extraction Method.
6.4 Approaches to Assess the Bioaccessibility of Metals.
Approaches to Assess the Bioaccessibility of Persistent Organic Pollutants.
6.6 Validity for Measuring Bioaccessibility.
7. Selected Case Studies on Bioavailability, Bioaccessibility and Mobility of Environmental Contaminants.
7.1 Bioavailability of Metals by Plants.
7.2 Bioaccessibility of Metals from Plants.
7.3 Bioavailability of POPs by Plants.
7.4 Bioaccessibility of POPs from Plants.
8. Recording of Information and Selected Resources.
8.2 Recording of Information in the Laboratory.
8.3 Selected Resources.
Responses to Self–Assessment Questions.
Glossary of Terms.
SI Units and Physical Constants.