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Improving Water and Nutrient-Use Efficiency in Food Production Systems

  • ID: 2329959
  • February 2013
  • 320 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Agricultural food production is facing a great challenge with both unprecedented population growth and dramatic increases in demands for land, water, and nutrient sources. The key to sustainable agriculture will be to better understand the way crops use water and nutrients and improve crop species to be more efficient in using these vital resources.
Improving Water and Nutrients–Use Efficiently in Food Production Systems is a timely resource providing scientists, industry personnel, and advanced studies with an up–to –date overview of the food.

Improving Water and Nutrients–Use Efficiently in Food Production Systems follows a logical progression providing the reader with appropriate context of the issue and efforts being put in place to ensure agricultural sustainability. The first five chapters provide the reader with a global context for the need for efficient use of resources in food production. The following chapters look at various agronomic means, with emphasis on genetics and breeding, by which enhanced water and nutrients–use efficiently can be achieved. The final chapters in the volume cover various efforts in increasing water and nutrient–use in food production systems currently in practice in a range of countries, including China and India as the world's two most populous.

A timely volume,
Improving Water and Nutrients–Use Efficiently in Food Production Systems, fully explores avenues by which we can successfully meet the imperative need of improving water and nutrient use in food production.

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Contributors vii

Preface xi

1 Current State and Future Potential of Global Food Production and Consumption 3
Christine Heumesser, Simon Thaler, Martin Schönhart, and Erwin Schmid

2 Water Resources and Global Change 21
Martin Wegehenkel

3 Translating Water into Food: How Water Cycles in Natural and Agricultural Landscapes 33
Andrzej Kêdziora and Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz

4 Nutrients as Limited Resources: Global Trends in Fertilizer Production and Use 57
Patrick Heffer and Michel Prud homme

5 The Flow of Phosphorus in Food Production and Consumption Systems 79
Tina–Simone S. Neset, Dana Cordell, and Lotta Andersson

6 Matching Soil Nutrient Supply and Crop Demand during the Growing Season 93
Terry Rose and Bill Bowden

7 Physiology of Nitrogen–Use Efficiency 105
Al Imran Malik and Zed Rengel

8 Improving Crop Nitrogen Use in Dryland Farming: Interactions and Potential Trade–offs between Water– and Nutrient–Use Efficiency 123
Trevor P. Garnett and Greg J. Rebetzke

9 Breeding Approaches to Increasing Water–Use Efficiency 145
Lianne Merchuk and Yehoshua Saranga

10 Breeding Approaches to Increasing Nutrient–Use Efficiency: Examples from Common Beans 161
Matthew W. Blair

11 Using Simulation Modeling of Root Growth and Function as an Aid in Breeding for Increased Water– and Nutrient–Use Efficiency 177
Art J. Diggle and Vanessa M. Dunbabin

12 Improving Crop Production in the Arid Mediterranean Climate 187
Sven–Erik Jacobsen, Christian Richardt Jensen, and Fulai Liu

13 Agronomic Principles of Water– and Nutrient–Use Efficiency: Case Studies in Dryland Grain Production in Australia 211
John A. Kirkegaard and Michael J. Robertson

14 Use of Organic Fertilizers Alone or in Combination with Inorganic Ones: Effects on Water– and Nutrient–Use Efficiency in Indian Farming Systems 235
Cherkumalli Srinivasarao, Bandi Venkateswarlu, Dattatreya Mahabaleswara Hegde, K. Venkateswara Rao, and Sumanta Kundu

15 Current Status and Future Perspectives to Increase Nutrientand Water–Use Efficiency in Food Production Systems in China 263
Mingsheng Fan, Xiying Zhang, Lixing Yuan, Weifeng Zhang, and Fusuo Zhang

16 Water–and Nutrient–Use Efficiency in Food Production in South America 275
Nand K. Fageria and Luís F. Stone

Index 297

Color plate section is located between pages 180 and 181.

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Zed Rengel is Winthrop Professor in the School of Earth and Environment at the University of Western Australia.

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