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Microwaves in Nanoparticle Synthesis. Fundamentals and Applications

  • ID: 2330160
  • April 2013
  • 352 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Filling a gap in the literature, this timely publication is the first to comprehensively cover the emerging and rapidly growing field of the synthesis of nanoparticles using microwaves. Divided into the three parts of fundamentals, methods and applications, the handbook presents such hot topics as microwave theory, scale–up, microwave plasma synthesis, characterization and much more. With its excellent and experienced editor team, this book is of high interest to those working in industry due to the number of possible applications in semiconductors, electronics, catalysis, and sensors, to name but a few examples.

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PREFACE

INTRODUCTION TO NANOPARTICLES

General Introduction to Nanoparticles

Methods of Nanoparticle Synthesis

Surface Plasmon Resonance and Coloring

Control of Size, Shape, and Structure

Reducing Agent in Nanoparticle Synthesis

Applications of Metallic Nanoparticles

GENERAL FEATURES OF MICROWAVE CHEMISTRY

Microwave Heating

Some Applications of Microwave Heating

Microwave Chemistry

Microwave Chemical Reaction Equipment

CONSIDERATIONS OF MICROWAVE HEATING

General Considerations of Microwave Heating

Peculiar Microwave Heating

Relevant Points of Effective Microwave Heating

COMBINED ENERGY SOURCES IN THE SYNTHESIS OF NANOMATERIALS

Introduction

Simultaneous Ultrasound/Microwave Treatments

Sequential Ultrasound and Microwaves

Conclusions

NANOPARTICLE SYNTHESIS THROUGH MICROWAVE HEATING

Introduction

Microwave Frequency Effects

Nanoparticle Synthesis under a Microwave Magnetic Field

Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles by a Greener Microwave Hydrothermal Method

Nanoparticle Synthesis with Microwaves under Cooling Conditions

Positive Aspects of Microwaves – Thermal Distribution in Nanoparticle Synthesis

Microwave–Assisted Nanoparticle Synthesis in Continuous Flow Apparatuses

MICROWAVE–ASSISTED SOLUTION SYNTHESIS OF NANOMATERIALS

Introduction

Synthesis of ZnO Nanocrystals

Synthesis of a–Fe2O3 Nanostructures

Element–Based Nanostructures and Nanocomposite

Chalcogenide Nanostructures

Graphene

Summary

PRECISELY CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS OF METAL NANOPARTICLES UNDER MICROWAVE

IRRADIATION

Introduction

Precise Control of Single Component under Microwave Irradiation

Precise Control of Multicomponent Structures under Microwave Irradiation

An Example of Mass Production Oriented to Application

Conclusion

MICROWAVE–ASSISTED NONAQUEOUS ROUTES TO METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES

AND NANOSTRUCTURES

Introduction

Nonaqueous Sol –

Gel Chemistry

Polyol Route

Benzyl Alcohol Route

Other Mono–Alcohols

Ionic Liquids

Nonaqueous Microwave Chemistry beyond Metal Oxides

Summary and Outlook

INPUT OF MICROWAVES FOR NANOCRYSTAL SYNTHESIS AND SURFACE

FUNCTIONALIZATION FOCUS ON IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES

Introduction

Biomedical Applications of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Nanoparticle Synthesis

Nanoparticle Surface Functionalization

Microwave–Assisted Chemistry

Conclusions

MICROWAVE–ASSISTED CONTINUOUS SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC NANOMATERIALS

Introduction and Overview

Microwave–Assisted Continuous Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials

Types of Microwave Apparatus Used in Continuous Synthesis

Microwave Continuous Synthesis of Molecular Sieve Materials

Microwave Continuous Synthesis of Metal Oxides and Mixed Metal Oxide Materials

Microwave Continuous Synthesis of Metallic Nanomaterials

Conclusions and Outlook

MICROWAVE PLASMA SYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES: FROM THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND EXPERIMENTAL REALIZATION TO NANOPARTICLES WITH SPECIAL PROPERTIES

Introduction

Using Microwave Plasmas for Nanoparticle Synthesis

Experimental Realization of the Microwave Plasma Synthesis

Infl uence of Experimental Parameters

Nanoparticle Properties and Application

Summary

OXIDATION, PURIFI CATION AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES UNDER

MICROWAVE IRRADIATION

Introduction

Oxidation and Purifi cation

Functionalization

Conclusion

INDEX

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Satoshi Horikoshi received his PhD degree in 1999 from Meisei University, and subsequently was a postdoctoral researcher at the Frontier Research Center for the Global Environment Science unitl 2006. He joined Sophia University as Assistant Professor in 2006, and then moved to Tokyo University of Science as an associate professor in 2008. He is currently the Vice–President of the Japan Society of Electromagnetic Wave Energy Applications, a Member of the Board of the International Microwave Power Institute, and the Editorial Advisory Board of Mini–Reviews in Organic Chemistry.His research interests include the application of microwave radiation to catalytic chemistry, to the effects of microwaves on photocatalysts for environmental protection, to the microwave–assisted organic syntheses, and to microwave effects on nanoparticles. He has authored over 110 scientific publications.
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Nick Serpone received his Ph.D. from Cornell University (Physical–Inorganic Chemistry, 1968), after which he joined Concordia University in Montreal as Assistant Professor (1968–73), Associate Professor (1973–1980), and Professor (1980–1998). He was a consultant to 3M?s Imaging Sector for over 10 years. He took early retirement from Concordia University (1998) and was made a University Research Professor (1998–2004) and Professor Emeritus (2000 to present). He was Program Director at NSF (1998–2001) and has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Pavia, Italy, since 2002. His research interests are currently in the photophysics and photochemistry of semiconductor metal oxides, heterogeneous photocatalysis, environmental photochemistry, photochemistry of sunscreen active agents, and application of microwaves to nanomaterials and to environmental remediation. He has co–authored over 400 articles and has co–edited four monographs (for Wiley, Elsevier and the American Chemical Society).

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