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Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Beton-Kalender Series - Product Image

Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Beton-Kalender Series

  • ID: 2330262
  • April 2013
  • 150 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

Despite all the efforts being put into expanding renewable energy sources, large-scale power stations will be essential as part of a reliable energy supply strategy for a longer period. Given that they are low on CO2 emissions, many countries are moving into or expanding nuclear energy to cover their baseload supply.
Building structures required for nuclear plants whose protective function means they are classified as safety-related, have to meet particular construction requirements more stringent than those involved in conventional construction. This book gives a comprehensive overview from approval aspects given by nuclear and construction law, with special attention to the interface between plant and construction engineering, to a building structure classification. All life cycle phases are considered, with the primary focus on execution. Accidental actions on structures, the safety concept and design and fastening systems are exposed to a particular treatment.

Selected chapters from the German concrete yearbook are now being published in the new English "Beton-Kalender Series" for the benefit of an international audience.
Since it was founded in 1906, the Ernst & Sohn "Beton-Kalender" has been supporting developments in reinforced and prestressed concrete. The aim was to publish a yearbook to reflect progress in "ferro-concrete" structures until - as the book's first editor, Fritz von Emperger (1862-1942), expressed it - the "tempestuous development" in this form of construction came to an end. However, the "Beton-Kalender" quickly became the chosen work of reference for civil and structural engineers, and apart from the years 1945-1950 has been published annually ever since.

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Editorial  IX

Preface XI

1 Introduction 1

1.1 The demand for energy 1

1.2 Electricity generation 1

1.3 Importance of nuclear energy  3

2 Nuclear energy 5

2.1 Generating electricity by nuclear power plants  5

2.2 Nuclear fission  5

2.3 Radioactivity 7

2.4 Reactor designs. 9

2.4.1 Overview 9

2.4.2 Light water reactors  11

2.5 Safety philosophy  16

3 Approval aspects 23

3.1 Atomic energy and construction law 23

3.2 Interface between plant and structural engineering 23

3.3 Periodical safety reviews  24

3.4 Planning and design requirements 24

3.4.1 IAEA Rules 24

3.4.2 European catalogue of requirements  25

3.4.3 Safety standards of nuclear safety commission 25

3.4.4 DIN Codes  26

4 Building structures for nuclear plants  27

4.1 General notes  27

4.2 Nuclear power plants  27

4.2.1 Building structure classification system  27

4.2.2 Materials  31

4.2.3 Reactor building  33

4.2.4 Turbine building  36

4.2.5 Cooling water supply 37

4.2.6 Flood protection structures 37

4.2.7 Foundations  38

4.2.8 Physical protection requirements of building structures  39

4.3 Disposal structures 40

4.3.1 Disposal requirements  40

4.3.2 Interim storage 40

4.3.3 Final storage  45

4.4 Building execution 47

4.4.1 Site installations 47

4.4.2 Project organisation  48

4.4.3 Quality assurance 51

4.4.4 Formwork and scaffolding 51

4.4.5 Other particular construction features  53

4.5 Dismantling  56

4.5.1 Legal foundations and rules 57

4.5.2 Decommissioning strategies  57

4.5.3 Dismantling phases 58

4.5.4 Individual structural measures involved in dismantling  60

4.5.5 Structural demolition technologies 60

5 Extraordinary actions involved when designing nuclear installations 63

5.1 Overview 63

5.2 Internal factors 63

5.2.1 Leaks and ruptures of pipes  63

5.2.2 Other internal installation events  65

5.3 External actions  65

5.3.1 Earthquakes  65

5.3.2 Floods  72

5.3.3 Airplane crash 73

5.3.4 Explosion pressure wave (chemical explosion) 75

6 Safety concept and design 77

6.1 Underlying standards 77

6.2 Partial safety concept 77

6.2.1 General notes  77

6.2.2 Partial safety factors and combination factors for actions 78

6.2.3 Partial safety factors for structural resistance 78

6.3 Design instructions for concrete, reinforced and pre-stressed concrete structures 81

6.3.1 Strength parameters  81

6.3.2 Shear force 81

6.3.3 Punching shear 82

6.4 Design instructions for steel components. 84

6.5 Particularities of containment design  85

6.5.1 Requirements of containments  85

6.5.2 Reactor containment of steel  86

6.5.3 Pre-stressed concrete containments with steel liners 86

6.5.4 Reinforced concrete containments with steel liners  87

7 Fastening systems 89

7.1 Fastening types  89

7.1.1 Cast-in fastenings  89

7.1.2 Post-mounted fastenings 90

7.1.3 Load-bearing capacity  90

7.2 Fastening with headed studs  90

7.2.1 History  90

7.2.2 Usage and characteristics 91

7.2.3 Load-bearing behaviour of headed studs 94

7.2.4 Standards and approvals  94

7.2.5 Planning and design 95

7.2.6 Quality assurance, material quality  97

7.2.7 Production and installation  98

7.3 Fastenings with metallic anchors 99

7.3.1 History  99

7.3.2 Overview of anchor types 100

7.3.3 Safety concept 103

7.3.4 Approvals 105

7.3.5 Design and dimensioning  106

7.4 Corrosion protection  106

7.5 Fire resistance  106

8 Waterproofing of structures 107

8.1 Purposes on waterproofing structures 107

8.2 Requirements of waterproofing structures 107

8.3 Black tank  107

8.3.1 Waterproofing methods and materials  107

8.3.2 Designing structural waterproofing  109

8.3.3 Structural detailing  110

8.3.4 Designing the structural waterproofing  110

8.3.5 Construction of the structural waterproofing 111

8.3.6 Quality assurance 112

8.4 White tank 112

8.4.1 System specification  112

8.4.2 Particular requirements 114

8.4.3 Design and calculation 114

8.4.4 Joint detailing 114

8.4.5 Penetrations  114

8.4.6 Responsibilities 114

8.4.7 Quality assurance 115

8.4.8 Repairs  115

8.5 Waterproofing concept using the example of the OL3 nuclear power plant 115

9 Ageing and life cycle management 117

9.1 Overview 117

9.2 Ageing management of buildings 117

9.3 Ageing mechanisms in building materials 119

9.4 Implementation and documentation  119

References 121

Index 131

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The authors are extensively involved in designing, operating and inspecting, designing newbuildings, retrofits and conversions and updating specific nuclear power rules.. .

Dr.-Ing. habil. Rüdiger Meiswinkel has been responsible for construction engineering at E.ON Kernkraft GmbH, Hanover/Germany from 2001 to 2012 and operates since 2012 the MBI Bautechnik GmbH, Enkenbach-Alsenborn/ Germany. He is a member of Kerntechnische Gesellschaft  e.V. (Nuclear Association) and of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Erdbebeningenieurwesen und Baudynamik e. V. DGEB (German Association of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics).

Dr.-Ing. Julian Meyer is head of HOCHTIEF Consult IKS Energy, Franfurt/Germany. He is a member of technical standard committees and project groups, inter alia with regard to design and construction of nuclear power plants.

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Schnell is director of the Institute of concrete structures and structural engineering at Technical University Kaiserslautern/Germany. He is a member of numerous German and European technical standard committees and committees of independent experts. Since 2012 he is head of the German Committee for Structural Concrete (DAfStb).

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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