Public Health Law Research: Theory and Methods definitively explores the mechanisms, theories and models central to public health law research a growing field dedicated to measuring and studying law as a central means for advancing public health.
Editors Alexander C. Wagenaar and Scott Burris outline integrated theory drawn from numerous disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences; specific mechanisms of legal effect and guidelines for collecting and coding empirical datasets of statutory and case law; optimal research designs for randomized trials and natural experiments for public health law evaluation; and methods for qualitative and cost–benefit studies of law. They also discuss the challenge of effectively translating the results of scientific evaluations into public health laws and highlight the impact of this growing field.
"How exactly the law can best be used as a tool for protecting and enhancing the public′s health has long been the subject of solely opinion and anecdote. Enter public health law research, a discipline designed to bring the bright light of science to the relationships between law and health. This book is a giant step forward in illuminating that subject."
Stephen Teret, JD, MPH, professor, director, Center for Law and the Public′s Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
"Wagenaar and Burris bring a dose of much needed rigor to the empirical study of which public health law interventions really matter, and which don′t."
Bernard S. Black, JD, Chabraja Professor, Northwestern University Law School and Kellogg School of Management
Figures and Tables vii
Foreword ixMichelle A. Larkin
The Editors xv
The Contributors xvii
PART ONE Framing Public Health Law Research
1. A Framework for Public Health Law Research 3Scott Burris, Alexander C. Wagenaar, Jeffrey W. Swanson, Jennifer K. Ibrahim, Jennifer Wood, and Michelle M. Mello
2. Law in Public Health Systems and Services Research 23Scott Burris, Glen P. Mays, F. Douglas Scutchfield, and Jennifer K. Ibrahim
PART TWO Understanding How Law Influences Environments and Behavior
3. Perspectives from Public Health 49Kelli A. Komro, Ryan J. O Mara, and Alexander C. Wagenaar
4. Law and Society Approaches 87Robin Stryker
5. Criminological Theories 109Wesley G. Jennings and Tom Mieczkowski
6. Procedural Justice Theory 131Tom R. Tyler and Avital Mentovich
7. Economic Theory 147Frank J. Chaloupka
8. The Theory of Triadic Influence 169Brian R. Flay and Marc B. Schure
9. Integrating Diverse Theories for Public Health Law Evaluation 193Scott Burris and Alexander C. Wagenaar
PART THREE Identifying and Measuring Legal Variables
10. Picturing Public Health Law Research: The Value of Causal Diagrams 217Jeffrey W. Swanson and Jennifer K. Ibrahim
11. Measuring Statutory Law and Regulations for Empirical Research 237Evan D. Anderson, Charles Tremper, Sue Thomas, and Alexander C. Wagenaar
12. Coding Case Law for Public Health Law Evaluation 261Mark Hall
PART FOUR Designing Public Health Law Evaluations
13. Evaluating Public Health Law Using Randomized Experiments 283Alan S. Gerber, Donald P. Green, and Allison J. Carnegie
14. Natural Experiments: Research Design Elements for Optimal Causal Inference Without Randomization 307Alexander C. Wagenaar and Kelli A. Komro
15. Qualitative Research Strategies for Public Health Law Evaluation 325Jennifer Wood
16. Cost–Effectiveness and Cost–Benefit Analysis of Public Health Laws 347Ted R. Miller and Delia Hendrie
17. The Future of Public Health Law Research 379Scott Burris and Alexander C. Wagenaar
Name Index 443
Subject Index 461
Alexander C. Wagenaar, PhD, is a professor of health outcomes and policy at the University of Florida College of Medicine, and associate director of the Public Health Law Research program, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Scott Burris, JD, is a professor of law at Temple University, where he directs the Center for Health Law, Policy and Practice and the Public Health Law Research program, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.