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Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 2330331
  • April 2013
  • 478 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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For the second edition of 'Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis' all chapters have been revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing field. This new edition has 60% more content, and it remains a comprehensive publication covering most aspects of the topic. The use of microreactors in homogeneous, heterogeneous as well as biphasic reactions is covered in the main part of the book, together with catalytic, bioorganic and automation approaches. The initial chapters also provide a solid physical chemistry background on fluidics in microdevices. Finally, a chapter on industrial applications and developments covers recent progress in process chemistry. An excellent reference for beginners and experts alike.

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PROPERTIES AND USE OF MICROREACTORS

Introduction

Physical Characteristics of Microreactors

Fluid Flow and Delivery Regimes

Multifunctional Integration

Uses of Microreactors

FABRICATION OF MICROREACTORS MADE FROM METALS AND CERAMIC

Manufacturing Techniques for Metals

Etching

Machining

Generative Method: Selective Laser Melting

Metal Forming Techniques

Assembling and Bonding of Metal Microstructures

Ceramic Devices

Joining and Sealing

MICROREACTORS MADE OF GLASS AND SILICON

How Microreactors Are Constructed

The Structuring of Glass and Silicon

Isotropic Wet Chemical Etching of Silicon

Other Processes

Thin Films

Bonding Methods

Other Materials

AUTOMATION IN MICROREACTOR SYSTEMS

Introduction

Automation System

Automated Optimization with HPLC Sampling

Automated Multi–Trajectory Optimization

Kinetic Model Discrimination and Parameter Fitting

Conclusions and Outlook

HOMOGENEOUS REACTIONS

Acid–Promoted Reactions

Base–Promoted Reactions

Radical Reactions

Condensation Reactions

Metal–Catalyzed Reactions

High Temperature Reactions

Oxidation Reactions

Reaction with Organometallic Reagents

HOMOGENEOUS REACTIONS II: PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND RADIOPHARMACEUTICAL SYNTHESIS

Photochemistry in Flow Reactors

Electrochemistry in Microreactors

Radiopharmaceutical Synthesis in Microreactors

Conclusion and Outlook

HETEROGENEOUS REACTIONS

Arrangement of Reactors in Flow Synthesis

Immobilization of the Reagent/Catalyst

Flow Reactions with an Immobilized Stoichiometric Reagent

Flow Synthesis with Immobilized Catalysts: Solid Acid Catalysts

Flow Reaction with an Immobilized Catalyst: Transition Metal Catalysts Dispersed on Polymer

Flow Reaction with an Immobilized Catalyst: Metal Catalysts Coordinated by a Polymer–Supported Ligand

Organocatalysis in Flow Reactions

Flow Biotransformation Reactions Catalyzed by Immobilized Enzymes

Multistep Synthesis

Conclusion

LIQUID –

LIQUID BIPHASIC REACTIONS

Introduction

Background

Kinetics of Biphasic Systems

Biphasic Flow in Microchannels

Surface and Liquid –

Liquid Interaction

Liquid –

Liquid Microsystems in Organic Synthesis

Micromixer

Conclusions and Outlook

GAS –

LIQUID REACTIONS

Introduction

Contacting Principles and Microreactors

Gas –

Liquid Reactions

Gas –

Liquid –

Solid Reactions

Homogeneously Catalyzed Gas –

Liquid Reactions

Other Applications

Conclusions and Outlook

BIOORGANIC AND BIOCATALYTIC REACTIONS

General Introduction

Bioorganic Syntheses Performed in Microreactors

Biocatalysis by Enzymatic Microreactors

Multienzyme Catalysis in Microreactors

Conclusions

INDUSTRIAL MICROREACTOR PROCESS DEVELOPMENT UP TO PRODUCTION

Mission Statement from Industry on Impact and Hurdles

Screening Studies in Laboratory

Process Development at Laboratory Scale

Pilot Plants and Production

Challenges and Concerns

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Thomas Wirth is professor of organic chemistry at Cardiff University. After studying chemistry in Bonn and at the Technical University of Berlin, he obtained his PhD in 1992 with Professor S. Blechert. After a postdoctoral stay with Professor K. Fuji at Kyoto University as JSPS fellow, he started his independent research at the University of Basel (Switzerland). In the group of Professor B. Giese he obtained his habilitation on stereoselective oxidation reactions supported by various scholarships before taking up his current position at Cardiff University in 2000. He was invited as a visiting professor to a number of places including the University of Toronto/Canada (1999), various universities in Japan including Chuo University (2000), Osaka University (2004), Osaka Prefecture University (2008) and Kyoto University (2012, with a JSPS short term fellowship). He was awarded the Werner–Prize from the New Swiss Chemical Society in 2000. His main interests of research concern stereoselective electrophilic reactions, oxidative transformations with hypervalent iodine reagents including mechanistic investigations and organic synthesis performed in microreactors.
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