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Catalytic Process Development for Renewable Materials

  • ID: 2330636
  • April 2013
  • 420 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Green, clean and renewable are the hottest keywords for catalysis and industry. This handbook and ready reference is the first to combine the fields of advanced experimentation and catalytic process development for biobased materials in industry. It describes the entire workflow from idea, approach, research, and process development, right up to commercialization. A large part of the book is devoted to the use of advanced technologies and methodologies like high throughput experimentation, as well as reactor and process design models, with a wide selection of real–life examples included at each stage.

The contributions are from authors at leading companies and institutes, providing firsthand information and knowledge that is hard to find elsewhere.

This work is aimed at decision makers, engineers and chemists in industry, chemists and engineers working with/on renewables, chemists in the field of catalysis, and chemical engineers.

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THE NEXT FEEDSTOCK TRANSITION

PREFACE

THE INDUSTRIAL PLAYING FIELD FOR THE CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO RENEWABLE FUELS AND CHEMICALS

Introduction

The Renewables Arena

Renewable Fuels

Renewable Chemicals

Conclusions

SELECTING TARGETS

Introduction

Target Selection Can Focus on Specific Structures or General Technologies

Previous Selection Efforts

Corroboration of the Value of Screening Studies

The Importance of Outcomes and Comparisons of Outcomes

Evaluation Processes Can be Comprised of a Variety of Criteria

Catalysis Aspects

Conclusions

THE DEVELOPMENT OF CATALYTIC PROCESSES FROM TERPENES TO CHEMICALS

Introduction

Strain Engineering for the Production of Terpenes

Terpene Building Blocks of Commercial Interest

Sesquiterpenes as Chemical Building Blocks: ?–Farnesene

Polymers

Lubricants

Conclusions

FURAN–BASED BUILDING BLOCKS FROM CARBOHYDRATES

Importance of Furans as Building Blocks

Sources of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrate Dehydration

Conclusions and Further Perspectives

A WORKFLOW FOR PROCESS DESIGN – USING PARALLEL REACTOR EQUIPMENT BEYOND SCREENING

Introduction

The Evolution of Parallel Reactor Equipment

The Evolution of Research Methodology – Conceptual Process Design

Essential Workflow Elements

Other Examples of Parallel Reactor Equipment Applied Beyond Screening – Long–Term Catalyst Performance

Concluding Remarks

BRASKEM'S ETHANOL TO POLYETHYLENE PROCESS DEVELOPMENT

Introduction

Ethanol and Brazil

Commercial Plants for Ethanol Dehydration

Legislation and Certification

Process Description

Polymerization

Conclusion

FATS AND OILS AS RAW MATERIAL FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

Introduction – Setting the Scene, Definitions

Why Fats and Oils Need Catalytic Transformation

Catalytic Process Development – Conceptual

Fatty Alcohols: Then and Now, a Case Study

Conclusion and Outlook: Development Challenges for the Future

PRODUCTION OF AROMATIC CHEMICALS FROM BIOBASED FEEDSTOCK

Introduction

Chemical Routes to Aromatic Chemicals from Biomass

Biological Routes to Specific Aromatic Chemicals

Lignin – The Last Frontier

Considerations for Scale–Up and Commercialization

Conclusion

ORGANOSOLV BIOREFI NING: CREATING HIGHER VALUE FROM BIOMASS

Introduction

Concepts and Principles of Biorefinery Technologies

Catalytic Processes Employed in Biorefining

An Organosolv Biorefinery Process for High–Value Products

Conclusions

BIOMASS–TO–LIQUIDS BY THE FISCHER –

TROPSCH PROCESS

Basics of Fischer –

Tropsch Chemistry and BTL

Cobalt Fischer –

Tropsch Catalysis

Fischer –

Tropsch Reactors

Biomass Pretreatment and Gasification

Biomass–to–Liquids Process Concepts

BTL Pilot and Demonstration Plants

XTL Energy and Carbon Efficiencies

BTL Summary and Outlook

CATALYTIC TRANSFORMATION OF EXTRACTIVES

Introduction

Fine and Special Chemicals from Crude Tall Oil Compounds

Fine and Special Chemicals from Turpentine Compounds

Conclusions

Acknowledgment

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF NOVEL CATALYTIC PROCESSES BASED ON RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS – CASE STUDY FOR FURANICS

Introduction

Energy Savings by Catalytic Processes

LCA Methodology

Case Study: Energy Analysis and GHG Balance of Polyethylene Furandicarboxylate (PEF) as a Potential Replacement for Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)

Discussion and Conclusions

CARBON DIOXIDE: A VALUABLE SOURCE OF CARBON FOR CHEMICALS, FUELS AND MATERIALS

Introduction

The Conditions for Industrial Use of CO2

Carbon Dioxide Conversion

Energy Products from CO2

Production of Inorganic Carbonates

Enhanced Fixation of CO2 into Aquatic Biomass

Conclusion and Future Outlook

INDEX

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Overall, especially for an edited book, this is a well organized book showing the overall story, rather than giving only pieces of a puzzle . . . It makes for an entertaining read. The book is certainly more suited to researchers in the field or at least with some background information.   (Green Processing and Synthesis, 1 August 2013)

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