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Product and Systems Development. A Value Approach - Product Image

Product and Systems Development. A Value Approach

  • ID: 2330783
  • June 2013
  • 280 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

A thorough treatment of product and systems development in terms of value to all stakeholders

Product and Systems Development compiles more than twenty years of research and practice from a value perspective, from vision and marketing to design, manufacturing, delivery, operations, and maintenance. It defines stakeholder value and identifies specific stakeholders in the product and system development process; covers best practices in development; and examines systems engineering, current industry views, and the life cycle of a value stream.

Featuring appendices written by professionals in the field on topics such as Design Structure Matrices, Lean Enablers for systems engineering, and MDAO and simulations, this indispensable guide:
- Explains why stakeholders' values can hold the key to fulfillment or defeat of the developer's vision
- Emphasizes the succession of value-contributing practices and tools that form a framework for development success
- Integrates the technical, productivity, and customer/end-user elements in product and system development
- Uses more than 100 tables and figures to illustrate the above processes, as well as corollary elements of risk, failure analysis, and fault-tolerant design
- Includes numerous case studies and links to online material

Product and Systems Development is an excellent coursebook for senior and graduate students in aerospace, mechanical, civil, electrical, and material engineering, as well as management science and engineering. It is also a useful reference for practicing engineers in a variety of technology-based industries.

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Preface xi

Acknowledgments xv

1 Preview of Best Practices 1

Resource and Note 3

Review Checklist 4

2 Stakeholder Values 5

2.1. Value and Stakeholder Identities 6

2.2. The Stakeholder Connection 7

Resources and Notes 11

Review Checklist 11

3 Role of Systems Engineering 13

3.1. Definition of a System 13

3.2. Industry Views 16

3.3. Stakeholders and Systems 17

3.4. System Value Stream 18

Resources and Notes 19

Review Checklist 19

4 Stakeholder Value Drivers 21

4.1. Value Analysis in a Strategic Framework 22

4.2. The QFD Stakeholder Values Matrix Process 22

4.3. QFD Process Summary 24

Resources and Notes 27

Review Checklist 27

5 Value-Driven Requirements Development 29

5.1. Establishing the Parameters 29

5.2. Translating Values to Requirements 32

5.3. Changing Requirements 34

5.4. Quantifying Requirements 35

5.5. Requirements Process Summary 37

Resources and Notes 39

Review Checklist 40

6 Functional Analysis 41

6.1. Functional Flows 41

6.2. Functional Block Diagrams 43

Resources and Notes 46

Review Checklist 46

7 Interface Definition and Management 47

7.1. Interface Complexity 48

7.2. The N-Squared Matrix 50

7.3. Interface Control 53

Resources and Notes 54

Review Checklist 54

8 Concept Selection and Trades 55

8.1. Concept Options 55

8.2. Concept Creativity 57

8.3. Decision Processes 59

8.4. Multidiscipline Analysis and Optimization 66

Resources and Notes 67

Review Checklist 67

9 Architectures and “Architecting” 69

9.1. Selecting an Architecture 69

9.2. Architectural Design 71

9.3. Architectural Imperatives and Precautions 72

Resources and Notes 78

Review Checklist 79

10 Failure Modes and Fault Tolerance 81

10.1. Causes of Failure 81

10.2. Failure Modes and Effects 84

10.3. Fault Tolerance 87

10.4. Redundancy Concepts 88

10.5. Human Factors and Hazards 91

10.6. Programmatic Failures and Fault Tolerance 93

10.7. Summary 93

Resources and Notes 94

Review Checklist 94

11 Risk Analysis 95

11.1. Risk Philosophies 95

11.2. Risk Management 96

11.3. Risk Mitigation Practices 100

Resources and Notes 105

Review Checklist 105

12 Integration, Verification, and Validation 107

12.1. Definitions 107

12.2. Planning Issues 109

12.3. Design Verification and Validation 109

12.4. Quality Assurance 110

12.5. Test Considerations 113

Resources and Notes 115

Review Checklist 116

13 Integrated Product and Process Development 117

13.1. Definitions 117

13.2. Integrated Project Teams 119

13.3. IPPD Benefits 123

Resources and Notes 125

Review Checklist 125

14 Design for X 127

Resources and Notes 130

Review Checklist 130

15 Development Management 131

15.1. Key Integrations 131

15.2. Strategic Approaches 132

15.3. Measuring Progress 133

Resources and Notes 141

Review Checklist 142

16 Cost Estimating 143

16.1. Stakeholder Involvement 143

16.2. Costing Factors 144

16.3. Estimating Methods 144

16.4. Learning Curves 148

16.5. Cost-Estimating Problems 149

Resources and Notes 151

Review Checklist 151

17 Lean Principles and Practices 153

17.1. Thinking Lean Precepts 154

17.2. Dealing with Waste 156

17.3. Lean Models 159

Resources and Notes 161

Review Checklist 162

18 Value Stream Mapping 163

18.1. Streamlining the Process 163

18.2. Adapting to New Developments 167

Resources and Notes 170

Review Checklist 171

19 Case Studies 173

Case Study 1: Health Management System for a Next-Generation UAV 173

Case Study 2: Product and Systems Development for the Unique Identification Authority of India 189

Case Study 3: Software Development for a Photovoltaic System Construction Project 196

Review Checklist 208

20 Process Summary and Tools 209

Appendix I: Notes on the Design Structure Matrix 215
Tyson R. Browning

Appendix II: Lean Systems Engineering and Lean Enablers for Systems Engineering 221
Bohdan W. Oppenheim

Appendix III: Introduction to Modeling and Simulation 235
Heinz Stoewer

Appendix IV: Introduction to Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization 241
Juan J. Alonso

Bibliography 247

Index 251

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STANLEY I. WEISS, PhD, has served as a Consulting Professor at Stanford University since 2000. He earned his PhD in theoretical and applied mechanics at the University of Illinois and is a graduate of the Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School. Dr. Weiss developed much of his research and practice in the fields of product design and manufacturing at MIT and Stanford and during thirty years in industry and government. He is a past chairman and current advisory board member at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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