A better understanding of the ultrafast relaxation dynamics of excited carriers is crucial for designing and engineering novel carbon–based optoelectronic devices. This book introduces the reader to the ultrafast nanoworld of graphene and carbon nanotubes including their unique properties and future perspectives. The authors review the recent progress in this field by combining theoretical and experimental achievements on microscopic processes in carbon nanostructures. The opening part provides the theoretical framework for the characterization of nanomaterials. Recent experimental breakthroughs as well as techniques on pump–probe spectroscopy accessing the ultrafast carrier relaxation are reviewed within a guest contribution by Stephan Winnerl. The main part is devoted to electronic properties of grapheme and nanotubes. Here, ultrafast Coulomb– and phonon–induced relaxation dynamics is discussed. The second part deals with optical properties focusing on absorption spectra of semiconducting, metallic, and functionalized nanotubes.
This volume offers a clear theoretical foundation, which is based on microscopic equations derived within an in–depth appendix including the formalism of second quantization as well as mean–field and many–particle correlation effects. By combining both theory and experiment and presenting a review of recent achievements in the field of optics and relaxation dynamics, the book addresses a broad audience from graduate students to researchers in physics, materials science, and electrical engineering.
1. Introduction –
The Carbon Age
2. Theoretical Framework
3. Experimental techniques for the Study of Ultrafast Nonequilibrium Carrier Dynamics in Graphene
Part One: Electronic Properties –
Carrier Relaxation Dynamics
4. Relaxation dynamics in graphene
5. Carrier Dynamics in Carbon Nanotubes
Part Two: Optical Properties –
6. Absorption Spectra of Carbon Nanotubes
7. Absorption Spectrum of Graphene
A Introduction to the Appendices
B Observables in Optical Experiments
C Second Quantization
D Equations of Motion
E Mean–Field and Correlation Effects
Ermin Malic graduated in Physics from Technical University (TU) Berlin. During his PhD thesis, he was a visiting researcher at the MIT and the University of Modena, Italy. From 2003 to 2008, he was a fellow of the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes and the Friedrich–Ebert Stiftung. He received the DAAD and the Chorofas award for outstanding scientific research. After a post–doctoral stay at CIN2 in Barcelona, he is now leading the Einstein Junior Research Group on Microscopic Study of Carbon–based Hybrid Nanostructures at TU Berlin.
. Professor Andreas Knorr works in the field of nonlinear optics and quantum electronics of nanostructured solids.
. His research is focused on the interaction of light and matter, self–consistent solutions of Maxwell– and material equations and many body effects in open quantum systems. Since 2000 Andreas Knorr has a professorship at the Technical University of Berlin. His scientific career, which started at the Friedrich–Schiller–University Jena led him to the Universities of New Mexico, Arizona (College of Optical Sciences), Marburg, Gottingen and to Sandia National Labs Albuquerque and NTT Tokio.