It is reasonable to extrapolate that globally, many nano enable products are entering the marketplace, being bought and sold by companies and the general public and then, at the end of their use, these products need to be recycled. The question posed is whether there is scope to recover/recycle the nanomaterials embedded in these products and transforming waste into high-value applications giving some companies a new business opportunity and new income streams.
Can materials such as TiO2, ZnO, Ag, CNTs, Fe2O3 be recovered from products at the end of their useful life? Also, what about graphene and two-dimensional materials such as molybdenum disulfide and silicence? This is of particular interest as the Graphene Flagship – one of Europe’s first ten-year, 1,000 million Euro flagships in Future and Emerging Technologies was recently launched.
Can waste be a valuable feedstock for future nanomaterial development?
To further investigate the notion that nanomaterials can be recycled and waste can be transformed into high-value applications, academic, industrial and waste management experts were asked the following questions:
- In terms of Life Cycle and aging – what should be considered for Recycling and Recovery?
- Is the recovery/recycling of nanomaterials and NPs from nanocomposites / waste commercially viable?
- Can companies take advantage of this process for improving products and products?
- What else should companies take into account when transforming waste into high-value applications?
Also, key government, legislative and trade organisations were asked for position statements on recycling/recovery.
- Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) - Switzerland
- Safe Work Australia
- The Nanotechnology Industries Association
Expert Views for Recycling and Recovery of Nanomaterials
- Carol S.K. Lin, Assistant Professor, City University of Hong Kong
- Dr. Yiannis A. Levendis, Northeastern University
- Dr Anna Luisa Costa, CNR-ISTEC Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramics
Project Coordinator of the SANOWORK Project
- Professor Dusan Losic, School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Adelaide
- Professor Arturo A. Keller, Co-Director UC Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology, University of California
- Professor Yao-Jen Tu, National Cheng-Kung University
- Lynn L. Bergeson (Co-authored by Barbara P. Karn)
General Description of Graphene
Expert Views for Recycling and Recovery of Graphene:
- Prof. Andrea C. Ferrari, Director of the Cambridge Graphene Centre
- Prof. Chao Gao, Nanopolymer Lab, Zhejiang University
- Dr Xinmiao Xu, Fuzhou University
- Dr. Elena Polyakova, CEO of Graphene Laboratories
- Professor Micah J. Green, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University
- Professor Gautam Mukhopadhyay, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
- Jesus de la Fuente, CEO of Graphenea
Companies working in the field of Nanomaterial Recycling and Recovery
Examples of Pyrolysis Companies
Examples of Reverse Polymerization Companies
Views from Waste Industry Experts
Related European Projects
Related NSF Projects
Recycling and Recovery - Universities and or Institutes working in the field
Interesting Finds - Universities and or Institutes working in the field
Other References of Interest
Interesting Finds For potential high-value applications - Universities and Institutes research