Biaxial Stretching of Film
- ID: 2719495
- July 2011
- 288 Pages
- Elsevier Science and Technology
Biaxial (having two axes) stretching of film is used for a range of applications and is the primary manufacturing process by which products are produced for the food packaging industry. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications provides an overview of the manufacturing processes and range of applications for biaxially stretched films.
Part one reviews the fundamental principles of biaxial stretching. After an introductory chapter which defines terms, chapters discuss equipment design and requirements, laboratory evaluations, biaxial film structures and typical industrial processes for the biaxial orientation of films. Additional topics include post production processing of biaxially stretched films, the stress-strain behaviour of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and academic investigations of biaxially stretched films. Part two investigates the applications of biaxial films including fresh cut produce, snack packaging and product labelling. A final chapter investigates potential future trends for biaxially oriented films and orienting lines.
Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications is a valuable reference tool for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from polymer and fibre engineers to electrical engineers. It will also be suitable for professionals in the food packaging and paper industries.
- A valuable reference tool for polymer and fibre engineers, electrical engineers and professionals in the food packaging and paper industries
- Provides a comprehensive overview of the manufacturing processes of biaxially stretched films and includes a discussion of their future applications
- Places emphasis on the technology as well as the different types of polymers used
Part 1 Fundamental principles of biaxial stretching: Fundamentals of biaxial stretching and definitions of terms
Equipment design and requirements of biaxially stretched films
Laboratory evaluations of biaxially stretched films
Polyolefins used in biaxial stretched films
Other polymers used for biaxial films
Biaxial film structures
Typical industrial processes for the biaxial orientation of films
Post-production processing of biaxially oriented films
Strain energy function and stress-strain model for uniaxial and biaxial orientation of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)
Academic investigations of biaxially stretched films
Biaxial stretched polyamide film. Part 2 Applications of biaxial films: Fresh cut produce packaging and the use of biaxial stretched films
Biaxial stretched films for use in snack packaging
Biaxially stretched films for product labelling
Applications of biaxial stretched films
Future trends for biaxially oriented films and orienting lines.