- Published: August 2014
- Region: Global
Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
- Published: January 2011
- 512 Pages
- Elsevier Science and Technology
Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies.
The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms.
With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle.
- Provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes
- Explores radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies including the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning
- Assesses the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction SHOW LESS READ MORE >
Radioactive waste characterisation. Part 1 Radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies: Compaction processes
Incineration and plasma processes
Application of inorganic cements
Calcination and vitrification processes
Historical development of glass and ceramic waste forms for high level radioactive wastes
Decommissioning of nuclear facilities and environmental remediation. Part 2 Advanced materials and technologies for the immobilisation of radioactive wastes: Geopolymers
Development of waste packages: French experience
Development and use of metal containers. Part 3 Long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques: Failure mechanisms of nuclear waste forms
Long-term performance models
Knowledge management techniques.
Ojovan, M. I.
Dr Michael I. Ojovan is an Associate Professor (Reader) in Materials Science and Waste Immobilisation at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK.