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Medical Robotics. Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

  • ID: 2719768
  • October 2012
  • 326 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Advances in research have led to the use of robotics in a range of surgical applications. Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of this enabling technology.

Beginning with an introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the core technologies of the field are discussed, including localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics. Key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics are considered, as well as applications for ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, vitreoretinal surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Microscale mobile robots for the circulatory system and mesoscale robots for the gastrointestinal tract are investigated, as is MRI-based navigation for in vivo magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of ethical issues related to the use of robotics in surgery.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery is a comprehensive guide for all those working READ MORE >

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Contributor contact details

Dedication

Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

Introduction

Chapter 1: Introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Minimally invasive surgery and robotic integration

1.3 Definitions and development of surgical robotic systems

1.4 Perceptual docking for synergistic control

1.5 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 2: Localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Requirements for position sensors

2.3 Dynamic referencing

2.4 Types of position sensors

2.5 Future trends

Conclusion

Chapter 3: Robotics for neurosurgery

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction to neurosurgical progression

3.2 The evolution of neurosurgical robots

3.3 Maintaining operator control

3.4 Human-machine interface (HMI)

3.5 Future trends: informatic surgery

3.6 Conclusion

3.7 Acknowledgments

Chapter 4: Robotic systems for cardiovascular interventions

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Heart conditions and the evolving role of cardiac surgeons and cardiologists

4.3 Surgical robot requirements and availability for cardiovascular interventions

4.4 Proposed novel robots for cardiovascular interventions

4.5 Future trends

4.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 5: Robotics in orthopaedic surgery

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Existing orthopaedic robotic systems

5.3 Evaluation of impact of orthopaedic surgical robots

5.4 Conclusion

Chapter 6: Robotic-assisted knee replacement surgery

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Apex robotic technology (ART)

6.3 Clinical experience

6.4 Conclusions and future trends

6.5 Acknowledgments

Chapter 7: Robotics in ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Telemanipulators in ENT

7.3 Image-guided interventions

7.4 Computer numerical control (CNC)

7.5 Conclusions

Chapter 8: Robot-assisted vitreoretinal surgery

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Requirements for vitreoretinal surgery

8.3 Master console

8.4 Slave robot

8.5 Results

8.6 Conclusions and future trends

8.7 Acknowledgments

Chapter 9: Robotics for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

9.3 Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)

9.4 Future trends and conclusions

Chapter 10: Mesoscale mobile robots for gastrointestinal minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Commercial gastrointestinal wireless capsule endoscopes

10.3 Robotic capsule modules

10.4 Future trends in mobile surgical devices

10.5 Conclusion

Chapter 11: Real-time software platform using MRI for in vivo navigation of magnetic microrobots

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) navigation

11.3 Microrobot navigation

11.4 Conclusions and future trends

11.5 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 12: Robotic surgery and ethical challenges

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Types of robotic surgery

12.3 The patient experience of robotic surgery

12.4 The marketing of robotic surgery

12.5 Comparing robotic surgery with other types of surgery

12.6 The need for training

12.7 Costs versus benefits

12.8 Ethical issues relating to remotely operated surgery

12.9 The automated hospital

12.10 Conclusions

Index

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Gomes, Paula
Paula Gomes leads developments of surgical and interventional medical devices at Cambridge Consultants, a world leader in technology and product development. The former R&D Director of Acrobot, the company responsible for the world-first surgeon-controlled robotic device for orthopaedic surgery, she has extensive experience with surgical technology, surgical robotics and software-driven electromechanical medical devices.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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