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Africa - Internet and Fixed Broadband Market - Product Image

Africa - Internet and Fixed Broadband Market

  • Published: June 2014
  • Region: Africa
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd

Report highlights:

- Key developments in the internet and broadband sectors of African countries;
- Profiles of major Internet Service Providers (ISPs);
- Overview of DSL services and WiMAX networks, with pricing comparisons;
- Updates on CDMA-2000 network rollouts;
- Market developments relating to international and national infrastructure projects
- FttP developments;
- Regulatory policies affecting investment strategies.

Mobile data as well as third and fourth generation (3G and 4G) mobile broadband services are covered in a separate report: Africa – Mobile Broadband, Data and Mobile Media Market.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Researcher:- Peter Lange, Henry LancasterCurrent publication date:- June 2014 (8th Edition)

1. Market Overview
1.1 Internet Statistics
1.2 Fixed Broadband Statistics

2. Algeria
2.1 Internet market Overview
2.1.1 Internet statistics
2.1.2 Internet cafes
2.1.3 PC penetration
2.2 Algeria’s ISP market
2.2.1 Djaweb
2.2.2 EEPAD
2.2.3 Swan Informatique, Satlinker
2.2.4 IcosNet
2.2.5 Smart Link Communication (SLC)
2.2.6 Lacom (defunct)
2.3 Broadband market
2.3.1 Government support
2.3.2 ADSL

3. Angola
3.1 Internet market
3.1.1 A difficult beginning in war times
3.1.2 Internet statistics
3.1.3 Public telecentres and cybercafes
3.1.4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
3.1.5 Angola’s ISP market
3.2 Broadband market
3.2.1 ADSL

4. Benin
4.1 Internet market
4.1.1 Overview
4.1.2 Public Internet Access Locations
4.1.3 ISP market
4.1.4 Benin Internet Society
4.2 Broadband market
4.2.1 ADSL

5. Botswana
5.1 Internet market
5.1.1 Overview
5.1.2 Public internet access facilities
5.1.3 Botswana’s ISP market
5.1.4 Botswana Internet Exchange (BINX)
5.2 Broadband market
5.2.1 ADSL

6. Burkina Faso
6.1 Internet market
6.1.1 Overview
6.1.2 Public Internet access locations
6.1.3 Low-cost computers
6.1.4 ISP market
6.1.5 E-government
6.2 Broadband market
6.2.1 Overview
6.2.2 ADSL

7. Cameroon
7.1 Internet market
7.1.1 Overview
7.1.2 Cameroon’s ISP market
7.1.3 Public access locations
7.2 Broadband market
7.2.1 ADSL

8. Chad
8.1 Internet and broadband market
8.1.1 Overview

9. Cote d’Ivoire
9.1 Internet market
9.1.1 Overview
9.1.2 Public Internet access locations
9.1.3 ISP market
9.1.4 Internet via satellite
9.1.5 VoIP
9.1.6 E-Commerce
9.2 Broadband
9.2.1 ADSL

10. Democratic Republic of Congo
10.1 Broadband and Internet market
10.1.1 Overview
10.1.2 ISP market
10.1.3 Internet cafes
10.1.4 Internet exchange points (IXP)

11. Djibouti
11.1 Telecom, mobile and broadband market overview
11.1.1 Broadband statistics

12. Egypt
12.1 Internet market
12.1.1 Overview
12.1.2 Internet statistics
12.1.3 Free Internet project
12.1.4 Affordable Personal Computer (APC) programs
12.1.5 E-schools
12.1.6 Public Internet access locations
12.1.7 Facebook and LinkedIn
12.2 ISP and data service providers in Egypt
12.2.1 Data service operators
12.2.2 Data centres
12.2.3 ISP market
12.2.4 Internet gateways
12.2.5 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
12.2.6 VSAT networks
12.3 Broadband market
12.3.1 Broadband initiative
12.3.2 DSL
12.3.3 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)

13. Eritrea
13.1 Telecom, mobile and internet market overview
13.2 Internet statistics

14. Ethiopia
14.1 Internet market
14.1.1 Overview
14.1.2 Internet statistics
14.1.3 National connectivity
14.1.4 Public internet access locations
14.1.5 VoIP grey market
14.1.6 E-government
14.1.7 E-learning
14.1.8 ISP market
14.2 Broadband market
14.2.1 ADSL

15. Gabon
15.1 Broadband and internet market
15.1.1 Overview
15.1.2 ISP market
15.1.3 Broadband market

16. Gambia
16.1 Internet market
16.1.1 Overview
16.1.2 Internet connectivity
16.1.3 ISP market
16.1.4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
16.2 Broadband market
16.2.1 ADSL/SDSL

17. Ghana
17.1 Internet market
17.1.1 Overview
17.1.2 Facebook and LinkedIn
17.1.3 PC penetration, Affordable computer programs
17.1.4 Public Internet Access Venues (PAVs)
17.1.5 Dial-up
17.2 ISP market
17.2.1 Major ISPs
17.2.2 Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA)
17.2.3 Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
17.3 Broadband market
17.3.1 Overview
17.3.2 Broadband statistics
17.3.3 ADSL

18. Guinea
18.1 Internet market
18.1.1 Overview
18.1.2 ISP market
18.2 Broadband market Overview

19. Kenya
19.1 Internet market
19.1.1 Overview
19.1.2 PC penetration, e-waste ban
19.1.3 Public internet access locations
19.1.4 Internet backbone infrastructure
19.1.5 Internet exchange points (IXP)
19.1.6 Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
19.2 ISP market
19.2.1 Africa Online Kenya
19.2.2 AccessKenya (Dimension Data)
19.2.3 Wananchi Online
19.2.4 MTN Business Kenya (formerly UUNet)
19.2.5 Swift Global (KDN)
19.2.6 InterConnect, Internet Solutions Kenya
19.2.7 Orange Kenya (Telkom)
19.3 Broadband market
19.3.1 Overview
19.3.2 ADSL
19.3.3 Fibre to the Home (FttH)

20. Lesotho
20.1 Internet market
20.1.1 Overview
20.1.2 Lesotho’s ISP market
20.2 Broadband market
20.2.1 Overview
20.2.2 ADSL
20.2.3 Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP)

21. Liberia
21.1 Internet market
21.1.1 Overview
21.1.2 ISP market
21.1.3 Internet banking
21.2 Broadband market Overview

22. Libya
22.1 Internet market
22.1.1 Overview
22.1.2 Internet statistics
22.1.3 Computer initiatives – One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
22.1.4 Libya’s ISP market
22.1.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
22.2 Broadband market
22.2.1 Broadband statistics
22.2.2 ADSL
22.2.3 FttP

23. Madagascar
23.1 Internet market
23.1.1 Overview of the internet in Madagascar
23.1.2 Public internet access locations
23.1.3 Data licensees
23.1.4 Madagascar’s ISP market
23.2 Broadband market
23.2.1 ADSL

24. Malawi
24.1 Internet market
24.1.1 Overview
24.1.2 Malawi’s ISP market
24.2 Broadband market
24.2.1 ADSL

25. Mali
25.1 Internet market
25.1.1 Overview
25.1.2 Internet cafes
25.1.3 Multipurpose Community Telecentres (MCTs)
25.1.4 The Cybertigi project
25.1.5 SchoolNet
25.1.6 One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
25.1.7 ISP market
25.2 Broadband market
25.2.1 ADSL

26. Mauritius
26.1 Internet market
26.1.1 Overview
26.1.2 Personal computers
26.1.3 Cyber City Project
26.1.4 ISP market
26.1.5 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
26.2 Broadband market
26.2.1 ADSL
26.2.2 Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP)

27. Morocco
27.1 Internet market
27.1.1 Overview
27.1.2 Internet user statistics
27.2 Internet connectivity
27.2.1 National fibre backbone
27.2.2 The MARWAN network
27.3 Morocco’s ISP market
27.3.1 MTDS
27.4 Broadband market
27.4.1 ADSL
27.4.2 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
27.4.3 National Broadband Plan 2012-2022

28. Mozambique
28.1 Internet market
28.1.1 Overview
28.1.2 Internet connectivity
28.1.3 Public internet access locations
28.1.4 Cost of personal computers
28.1.5 Mozambique’s ISP market
28.1.6 Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
28.1.7 E-government
28.2 Broadband market
28.2.1 ADSL
28.2.2 Broadband via cable TV (TV Cabo)
28.2.3 Fibre to the Home (FttH)

29. Namibia
29.1 Internet market
29.1.1 Overview
29.1.2 Internet connectivity
29.1.3 Namibia’s ISP market
29.1.4 SchoolNet Namibia
29.2 Broadband market
29.2.1 ADSL
29.2.2 FttX

30. Nigeria
30.1 Internet market
30.1.1 Overview
30.1.2 Internet statistics
30.1.3 Limited availability of PCs
30.1.4 Public Internet access locations
30.1.5 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
30.1.6 Country code top level domain (ccTLD) administration
30.2 ISP market
30.2.1 Internet Service Providers Association of Nigeria (ISPAN)
30.2.2 Selected ISPs
30.3 Broadband market Overview
30.3.1 National Broadband Plan
30.3.2 ADSL

31. Rwanda
31.1 Internet market
31.1.1 Overview
31.1.2 ISP market
31.1.3 Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)
31.1.4 Cybercafes and telecentres
31.1.5 One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
31.1.6 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
31.2 Broadband market
31.2.1 Overview
31.2.2 ADSL

32. Senegal
32.1 Internet market
32.1.1 Overview
32.1.2 Internet connectivity
32.1.3 Low-cost computers
32.1.4 ISP market
32.1.5 VoIP
32.2 Broadband market
32.2.1 ADSL

33. Sierra Leone
33.1 Internet Market Overview
33.1.1 Internet statistics
33.2 ISPs and converged service providers
33.2.1 Access Point Africa
33.2.2 Afcom
33.2.3 AITH
33.2.4 Datatel
33.2.5 FGC
33.2.6 icom.net (Comium)
33.2.7 IPTEL/Sierra-Com
33.2.8 LimeLine
33.2.9 MultiNet
33.2.10 Sierratel
33.2.11 Sierra WiFi
33.3 Broadband market overview

34. South Africa
34.1 Internet market
34.1.1 Overview
34.1.2 Internet demographics
34.1.3 Community access projects
34.2 South Africa’s ISP market
34.2.1 Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA)
34.2.2 Selected major ISPs
34.3 Broadband market
34.3.1 Overview
34.3.2 ADSL
34.3.3 Broadband over powerlines (BPL)

35. Sudan
35.1 Internet market
35.1.1 Overview
35.1.2 ISP market
35.1.3 Sudan Internet Society (SiS)
35.2 Broadband market
35.2.1 ADSL

36. Swaziland
36.1 Internet market
36.1.1 Overview
36.1.2 Public Internet access locations
36.1.3 Computer Education Trust (CET)
36.1.4 E-banking
36.1.5 Swaziland’s ISP market
36.1.6 Swaziland Internet Exchange Point
36.2 Broadband market
36.2.1 Overview
36.2.2 ADSL

37. Tanzania
37.1 Internet market
37.1.1 Overview
37.1.2 Limited availability of PCs
37.1.3 Public internet access locations
37.1.4 Tanzania’s ISP market
37.1.5 ccTLD management
37.2 Broadband market
37.2.1 Overview
37.2.2 ADSL

38. Tunisia
38.1 Internet market Overview
38.1.1 Internet statistics
38.1.2 PC market and penetration
38.1.3 Public Internet access locations
38.1.4 Agence Tunisienne d’Internet (ATI)
38.1.5 Internet censorship, Net neutrality
38.1.6 Tunisia’s ISP market
38.2 Broadband market Overview
38.2.1 DSL

39. Uganda
39.1 Internet market
39.1.1 Overview
39.1.2 Public Internet access locations
39.1.3 Personal computer market
39.1.4 Dial-up
39.1.5 International bandwidth
39.2 Uganda’s ISP market
39.2.1 Overview, licensing
39.2.2 Selected ISPs
39.2.3 Uganda Internet Exchange Point (UiXP)
39.3 Broadband market
39.3.1 Overview
39.3.2 ADSL

40. Zambia
40.1 Internet market
40.1.1 Overview
40.1.2 Public internet access locations
40.1.3 Zambia’s ISP market
40.2 Broadband market
40.2.1 Overview
40.2.2 ADSL

41. Zimbabwe
41.1 Broadband and Internet market
41.1.1 Overview
41.1.2 Public Internet access locations
41.1.3 Data carriers
41.1.4 Zimbabwe’s ISP market
41.1.5 Zimbabwe Internet Exchange (ZINX)
41.1.6 Broadband in Zimbabwe

42. Glossary of Abbreviations

Table 1 – Africa – Internet users in selected African countries – 2009 – 2014
Table 2 – Africa – Internet user penetration in selected African countries – 2009 – 2014
Table 3 – Fixed broadband subscribers in selected African countries – 2009 - 2014
Table 4 – Algeria – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 5 – Algeria – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2013
Table 6 – Algeria – Djaweb DSL pricing residential – April 2014
Table 7 – Algeria – Djaweb WiFi/DSL pricing business – April 2014
Table 8 – Angola – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2004
Table 9 – Angola – Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 2005 - 2014
Table 10 – Benin’s International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
Table 11 – Benin – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 12 – Benin – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 13 – Benin – Internet subscribers by technology – 2009 - 2013
Table 14 – Benin – DSL subscribers – 2004 - 2013
Table 15 – Botswana – Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana – 2000 - 2014
Table 16 – Botswana – DSL broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2014
Table 17 – Burkina Fasos international internet bandwidth – 2002 - 2012
Table 18 – Burkina Faso – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2004
Table 19 – Burkina Faso – Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2005 - 2014
Table 20 – Burkina Faso – Internet subscribers – 2006 - 2014
Table 21 – Burkina Faso – FasoNet (Onatel) internet subscribers – 2006 - 2013
Table 22 – Burkina Faso – ADSL (Onatel) subscribers in Burkina Faso – 2005 - 2014
Table 23 – Burkina Faso – FasoNet (Onatel) ADSL pricing – 2009/10 vs. 2011/12
Table 24 – Cameroon – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 - 2004
Table 25 – Cameroon – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 26 – Cameroon – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 27 – International Internet bandwidth in Chad – 1999 - 2012
Table 28 – Internet users and penetration rate in Chad – 1998 - 2014
Table 29 – Internet users and penetration rate in Cote dIvoire – 2000 - 2013
Table 30 – Internet subscribers and penetration rate in Cote dIvoire – 2011 - 2013
Table 31 – Cote dIvoir – Market share of internet accesses by technology – 2012 - 2013
Table 32 – Cote dIvoir – Market share of internet subscribers by ISP – 2013
Table 33 – Cote dIvoir – ISP market share of subscribers – 2012 – 2013
Table 34 – Cote dIvoir – Aviso unlimited (business) ADSL pricing – 2012 vs. 2010
Table 35 – Cote dIvoir – VipNet ADSL pricing – 2013
Table 36 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in the DRC – 1999 - 2004
Table 37 – Internet users and penetration rate in the DRC – 2005 - 2014
Table 38 – Djibouti – ADSL subscribers – 2006 - 2014
Table 39 – Egypt – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 1999 - 2014
Table 40 – Egypt – DSL subscribers in Egypt, total vs TE – 2002 - 2014
Table 41 – Internet users and penetration rate in Eritrea – 1999 - 2014
Table 42 – Eritrea – International Internet bandwidth – 1999 - 2012
Table 43 – Ethiopia – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 - 2004
Table 44 – Ethiopia – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 45 – Ethiopia – Historic - Internet subscribers – 1997 - 2004
Table 46 – Ethiopia – Internet subscribers – 2005 - 2014
Table 47 – Ethiopia – Ethio-Telecom capped ADSL pricing – September 2013
Table 48 – Ethiopia – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2013
Table 49 – Gabon – Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate – 2002 - 2013
Table 50 – Gabon – Fixed-line internet subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2014
Table 51 – Gabon – Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 52 – Gabon – Broadband subscribers and penetration – 2003 - 2013
Table 53 – Gabon Telecom internet subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 54 – Gabon – Broadband subscribers and penetration – 2003 - 2013
Table 55 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Gambia – 1999 - 2004
Table 56 – Internet users and penetration rate in Gambia – 2005 - 2014
Table 57 – Gambias international internet bandwidth – 2002 - 2012
Table 58 – Gambia – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2013
Table 59 – Ghana – Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 - 2014
Table 60 – Ghana – Fixed-line internet subscribers – 2005 - 2014
Table 61 – Ghana – DSL, mobile broadband and dial-up subscribers – 2005 - 2013
Table 62 – Guinea – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 63 – Guinea – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 64 – Guinea – ISP market share of subscribers – Jun 2013
Table 65 – Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999 - 2014
Table 66 – Internet/data subscriptions in Kenya by access technology – 2010 - 2013
Table 67 – Internet subscribers in Kenya by operator and market share – December 2013
Table 68 – AccessKenya corporate leased-line customers – 2006 – 2012
Table 69 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Lesotho – 1999 - 2004
Table 70 – Internet users and penetration rate in Lesotho – 2005 - 2014
Table 71 – Lesotho – Fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2014
Table 72 – Lesotho – ETL capped DSL pricing – 2014
Table 73 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Liberia – 1999 - 2004
Table 74 – Internet users and penetration rate in Liberia – 2005 - 2014
Table 75 – Liberia – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2014
Table 76 – Libya – LTT prices for .LY domain names – 2013
Table 77 – Internet users and penetration rate in Libya – 1999 - 2014
Table 78 – ADSL broadband subscribers in Libya – 2006 - 2012
Table 79 – LibyaADSL pricing – 2008 - 2013
Table 80 – Madagascar – Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 - 2014
Table 81 – Madagascar – Internet KPIs: international internet bandwidth, traffic and revenue – 2007 - 2011
Table 82 – Malawi – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2013
Table 83 – Malawi – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2013
Table 84 – Malawi – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 85 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Mali – 1999 - 2004
Table 86 – Internet users and penetration rate in Mali – 2005 - 2014
Table 87 – Internet subscribers, Sotelma vs Orange Mali – 2008 - 2012
Table 88 – Mali – DSL subscribers – 2006 - 2014
Table 89 – Mauritius – Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 90 – Mauritius – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 91 – Mauritius – Internet subscribers by type – 2006 - 2013
Table 92 – Mauritius – International internet bandwidth – 1999 - 2012
Table 93 – Mauritius – Broadband subscribers by type – 2004 - 2014
Table 94 – Mauritius – Broadband penetration (fixed and mobile) – 2006 - 2014
Table 95 – Mauritius – Telecom Plus broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2014
Table 96 – Mauritius – MT ADSL and dial-up subscribers – 2005 - 2012
Table 97 – Internet users and penetration rate in Morocco – 2000 - 2014
Table 98 – Morocco – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2011 - 2014
Table 99 – Morocco – Market share of internet subscribers by ISP – 2012 - 2014
Table 100 – Morocco – Average revenue per internet subscriber – 2012 - 2013
Table 101 – Morocco – Maroc Telecom internet subscribers by access technology – 2003 - 2014
Table 102 – Morocco – Internet subscribers and penetration – 2004 - 2014
Table 103 – Morocco – Internet subscribers ADSL and total – 2003 - 2014
Table 104 – Distribution of ADSL access in Morocco by speed– 2012 - 2013
Table 105 – Morocco – Internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile – 2009 - 2014
Table 106 – Mozambique – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 - 2004
Table 107 – Mozambique – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2013
Table 108 – Mozambique – TDM ADSL pricing – 2012 vs. 2011
Table 109 – Mozambique – NetCabo cable broadband pricing – 2012 vs. 2011
Table 110 – Namibia – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 - 2004
Table 111 – Namibia – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 112 – Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 - 2014
Table 113 – International internet bandwidth in Nigeria – 2001 - 2012
Table 114 – Hyperia Nigeria broadband pricing – 2013
Table 115 – Rwanda – Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 116 – Rwanda – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005- 2014
Table 117 – Rwanda – Internet subscribers by platform – 2005- 2014
Table 118 – Rwanda – Internet subscribers by ISP – 2011 - 2014
Table 119 – Rwanda – Fixed-line internet subscribers by ISP – Sept 2013
Table 120 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Senegal – 1999 - 2004
Table 121 – Internet users and penetration rate in Senegal – 2005 - 2014
Table 122 – Internet subscribers in Senegal – 2000 - 2014
Table 123 – Senegal – Internet subscriber penetration – 2011 - 2014
Table 124 – Senegal – Market share of internet connections by platform – 2011 - 2013
Table 125 – Senegal – Internet subscribers by platform – 2011 - 2013
Table 126 – Senegal – Market share of internet subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2013
Table 127 – Senegal – International internet bandwidth in Senegal – 2002 - 2012
Table 128 – ADSL subscribers in Senegal – 2004 - 2013
Table 129 – Senegal – Sonatel/Orange ADSL pricing – 2009; 2010; 2012
Table 130 – Sierra Leone – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 131 – Sierra Leone – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 132 – Sierra Leone – icom.net wireless internet pricing – 2010 - 2012
Table 133 – South Africa – Internet users and penetration rate in South Africa – 1999 - 2014
Table 134 – Broadband subscribers in South Africa – 2004 - 2014
Table 135 – Telkom South Africa ADSL subscribers – 2003 - 2013
Table 136 – Telkom South Africa residential ADSL tariffs – 2013
Table 137 – Sudan – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 - 2004
Table 138 – Sudan – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 139 – Sudan – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2004 – 2014
Table 140 – Internet users and penetration rate in Swaziland – 2000 - 2014
Table 141 – International internet bandwidth in Swaziland – 2009 - 2013
Table 142 – Swaziland – Real Image ADSL pricing – 2010 (discontinued)
Table 143 – Swaziland – SPTC ADSL pricing – 2012 - 2014
Table 144 – Tanzania – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 145 – Tanzania – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 146 – Tanzania – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2014
Table 147 – Tanzania – Internet subscribers – 2008 - 2014
Table 148 – Tunisia’s International Internet bandwidth – 2001; 2006 - 2013
Table 149 – Internet subscribers, users and penetration rate in Tunisia – 1999 - 2014
Table 150 – PC penetration in Tunisia – 1999 - 2013
Table 151 – Active mobile broadband subscribers in Tunisia – 2010 - 2012
Table 152 – ADSL subscribers vs total Internet subscribers in Tunisia – 2002 - 2013
Table 153 – Internet users and penetration rate in Uganda – 1995 - 2014
Table 154 – Fixed vs. mobile internet subscriptions in Uganda – 2007 - 2013
Table 155 – Ugandas international internet bandwidth – 1999 - 2013
Table 156 – Uganda Telecom ADSL and ISDN pricing – 2010 - 2013
Table 157 – Zambia – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2004
Table 158 – Zambia – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 159 – Zambia – Zamtel DSL pricing – 2012/13; 2011; 2008/09
Table 160 – Internet users and penetration rate in Zimbabwe – 2000 - 2014
Table 161 – Zimbabwe – DataOne leased-line tariffs – Feb. 2009
Table 162 – Zimbabwe – DataOne leased-line tariffs, dedicated and shared bandwidth – 2009 - 2014
Table 163 – Zimbabwe – ZOL broadband pricing – 2009; 2012
Table 164 – Zimbabwe – ZOL unlimited broadband pricing, residential vs. business – 2014
Table 165 – Zimbabwe – TelOne ADSL pricing – 2012; 2014

Chart 1 – Algeria – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2013
Chart 2 – Angola – Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 2005 – 2014
Chart 3 – Benin – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 4 – Botswana – Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana – 2000 – 2014
Chart 5 – Burkina Faso – Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2005 – 2014
Chart 6 – Cameroon – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2014
Chart 7 – Internet users and penetration rate in the DRC – 2005 – 2014
Chart 8 – Egypt – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 2002 - 2014
Chart 9 – Internet users and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2002 - 2014
Chart 10 – Ethiopia – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2014
Chart 11 – Internet users and penetration rate in Gambia – 2005 – 2014
Chart 12 - Ghana – Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2014
Chart 13 - Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999 - 2014
Chart 14 – Internet users and penetration rate in Lesotho – 2005 – 2014
Chart 15 – Internet users and penetration rate in Liberia – 2005 – 2014
Chart 16 – Malawi – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2013
Chart 17 – Internet users and penetration rate in Mali – 2005 – 2014
Chart 18 – Mauritius – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2015
Chart 19 – Mauritius – Internet subscribers by type – 2006 – 2013
Chart 20 – Mauritius – Broadband subscribers by type – 2004 – 2014
Chart 21 – Internet users and penetration rate in Morocco – 2000 – 2014
Chart 22 – Morocco – Internet subscribers and penetration – 2004 – 2014
Chart 23 – Morocco – Internet subscribers, ADSL and total – 2003 – 2015
Chart 24 – Mozambique – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2013
Chart 25 – Namibia – Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2014
Chart 26 - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 - 2014
Chart 27 – Rwanda – Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005- 2014
Chart 28 – Internet users and penetration rate in Senegal – 2005 – 2014
Chart 29 – Sierra Leone – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2014
Chart 30 – South Africa – Internet users and penetration rate in South Africa – 2002 - 2014
Chart 31 – Availability and cost of international internet bandwidth in South Africa – 2004 - 2012
Chart 31 – Availability and cost of international internet bandwidth in South Africa – 2004 - 2012
Chart 31 – Availability and cost of international internet bandwidth in South Africa – 2004 - 2012
Chart 32 – Sudan – Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2014
Chart 33 – Internet users and penetration rate in Swaziland – 2000 – 2014
Chart 34 – Internet users and penetration rate in Uganda – 2003 - 2014
Chart 35 – Zambia – Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 – 2014

Exhibit 1 – Egypt – Data service provider licences in Egypt with year of issue
Exhibit 2 – Libya – An overview of the One Laptop per Child project
Exhibit 3 – Orange Mali wireless broadband pricing – 2008 - 2012

Improved international connectivity reducing internet access pricing for consumers across the continentA number of new international submarine cable links connecting nations on Africa’s east and west coast have considerably improved internet access to the continent. Terrestrial links have enabled land-locked countries to benefit from this connectivity by dramatically reducing the cost of services for telcos and customers alike. The new WASACE cable, linking Brazil and other South American landing points, connects directly with Angola, with branch lines to Nigeria and South Africa.

In addition to these developments, there continue to be improvements to the Central African Backbone (CAB), a $215 million program funded by the World Bank and the African Development Bank to build fibre-optic infrastructure serving 11 countries in the Central African region.

Additional international bandwidth has prompted telcos to invest in local backbone infrastructure upgrades to extend networks to population centres. Countries which had previously relied on satellite connectivity have seen wholesale access prices tumble by as much as 90% in recent years.

There have also been significant investments in building local Internet Exchange Points to reduce dependence on international connectivity for local internet services, so lowering the cost of developing local hosting and application development. A number of new IXPs, including that in Namibia (opened in May 2014) have been supported by the African Internet Exchange System, an African Union project implemented by the Internet Society. This wide-ranging program aims to have 80% of African users’ internet traffic exchanged within Africa by 2020.

Despite these encouraging developments, most investment at the local level is handicapped by the poor condition of fixed-line infrastructure in many parts of various countries, particularly in rural areas which also suffer from no or intermittent electricity supply. As a result, many of the local improvements in internet access seen in recent years have been confined to the principal cities. Nevertheless, in adapting to these restrictions telcos serving rural areas have elected to invest in mobile infrastructure to provide voice and 3G-based data services.

There is limited Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP) infrastructure, mainly serving select areas of some cities, though the sector continues to develop.

Top African internet user market penetration – 2014 (e)
Country | Market penetration |
Morocco | 59% |
Tunisia | 48% |
Egypt | 52% |
Mauritius | 60% |
Nigeria users | 55% |
Kenya users | 60% |
South Africa | 53% |
(Source: BuddeComm data)

Mobile data as well as third and fourth generation (3G and 4G) mobile broadband services are covered in a separate report: Africa – Mobile Broadband, Data and Mobile Media Market.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

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