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Stretchable Electronics and Electrics 2015-2025: Technologies, Markets, Forecasts - Product Image

Stretchable Electronics and Electrics 2015-2025: Technologies, Markets, Forecasts

  • ID: 3031193
  • Report
  • January 2016
  • Region: Global
  • 303 Pages
  • IDTechEx
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Over $1 Billion Has Been Spent On Research On Stretchable Electronics In 35 Year


  • ACREO Sweden
  • Avery Dennison USA
  • Freudenberg Germany
  • IntAct USA
  • Philips Netherlands
  • Stanford University USA
  • MORE

Stretchable electronics concerns electrical and electronic circuits and combinations of these that are elastically or inelastically stretchable by more than a few percent while retaining function. For that, they tend to be laminar and usually thin. No definitions of electronics and electrical sectors are fully watertight but it is convenient to consider stretchable electronics as a part of printed electronics, a term taken to include printed and potentially printed (eg thin film) electronics and electrics. This is because the cost, space and weight reduction sought in most cases is best achieved by printing and printing-like technologies.


Commercialization is elusive, though there are some initial adoption such as moldable parts in vehicles and shape changing electroactive polymers for haptic response. New devices also include Reebok's head impact indicator "CheckLight". These are just the beginning, with end users and participants seeing huge potential.


Electronics that are very elastic or deformable without loss of function has seen several hundred million dollars spent by universities on such research so far and more modest tens of millions of dollars has been raised by companies to pursue the opportunity. A notable example of this was the 2012 round of $12.5 million by MC10 in the USA, a company exclusively dedicated to commercialising stretchable electronics. Others are involved in the materials to enable stretchable electronics such as carbon nanotubes.

Market and territory analysis:

The applications targeted are primarily in healthcare, including health-related monitoring and management for military purposes and sport. About 40% of the research and commercialisation of stretchable electronics takes place in the USA, with the UK, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Korea and Japan, also making a broad impact. This report examines who is bringing what to market and why and it analyses where the most promising opportunities lie. It scopes the emerging stretchable technologies, many of which promise huge improvements, opening yet more potential markets.

Main areas the report covers:

The report examines how stretchable technology fits into the electronics and end user markets, the materials and applications that look most promising, and the lessons of success and failure. Profiles of 56 organizations that have made significant advances are provided.


At this early stage forecasting is difficult but we give some indications for the next ten years and reveal many key trends. We provide forecasts for allied sectors such as printed and flexible electronics which interrelate to stretchable electronics.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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  • ACREO Sweden
  • Avery Dennison USA
  • Freudenberg Germany
  • IntAct USA
  • Philips Netherlands
  • Stanford University USA
  • MORE
1.1. Forecasts 2015-2025
1.1.1. The market for e-textiles and e-fibers 2014-2024
1.2. Challenges and opportunities
1.3. Results of survey of e-fiber projects for e-textiles
1.4. Market for wearable electronic devices and e-textiles 2014-2024
1.4.1. Market for wearable electronics 2014-2024
1.5. e-fiber technology
1.5.1. The market for printed electronics 2014-2024
1.6. Definition and purpose
1.7. Commercial success
1.8. Unbalanced value chain
1.9. Four types of stretchable electronics
1.10. Categories of printed electronics and the place of stretchable
1.11. The three most promising types
1.12. Popular approach of islands
1.13. Extreme stretchability
1.14. Potential benefits
1.15. Activities by organisation
1.16. The potential significance of flexible and stretchable electronics
1.17. Stretchability in order to manufacture formed parts

2.1. Ubiquitous electronics
2.2. Characteristics of the new electronics
2.3. Demographic timebomb
2.4. The evolving toolkit
2.5. Very different from the traditional value chain
2.6. Stretchable electronics
2.7. Stretchable, bendable electronics - a stretchable highway for light
2.8. Foldable electronics
2.9. Removing pressure points from electronic skin patches and bandages
2.10. Printing sensors
2.11. Wide repertoire
2.12. Lessons from Samsung Future Technology Needs, London 16 June 2014
2.13. Basis for electronics that stretch at the molecular level
2.14. A Stretchable Highway for Light
2.15. A stretchable, foldable transparent electronic display
2.16. A gel that is clearly revolutionary

3.1. Value chain
3.2. Failures
3.3. Key enabling technology
3.4. Conductive yarns
3.5. Solid state electrolytes
3.6. Parallel work on improved DSSC
3.7. Lessons from Samsung Future Technology Needs, London 16 June 2014
3.8. Structural components are the future
3.9. Electrically and electronically active fibers
3.10. Conductive fibers
3.10.1. CETEMMSA Spain
3.10.2. Clothing+ Finland
3.10.3. Cornell University USA, Bologna & Cagliari Universities Italy
3.10.4. ETHZ Switzerland
3.10.5. Florida State University USA
3.10.6. National Physical Laboratory NPL UK
3.10.7. Textronics (adidas) Germany
3.11. Piezoelectrics
3.11.1. Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
3.11.2. University of Bolton UK
3.12. Flexible piezoelectric fabric
3.12.2. Concordia University XS Labs Canada
3.12.3. Cornell University USA
3.12.4. Georgia Institute of Technology USA
3.12.5. Southampton University UK
3.12.6. University of California Berkeley USA
3.12.7. University of California, Berkeley USA
3.13. OLED display
3.13.1. Technical University of Darmstadt Germany
3.14. Solid phase change display
3.15. Photovoltaics
3.15.1. CETEMMSA and DEPHOTEX Spain
3.15.2. Illuminex USA
3.15.3. Konarka (no longer trading) USA, EPFL Switzerland
3.15.4. Penn State University USA and Southampton University UK
3.15.5. University of Southampton UK
3.16. Supercapacitors
3.16.1. Drexel University USA
3.16.2. Imperial College London
3.16.3. Powerweave European Commission
3.16.4. Supercapacitor yarn in China
3.16.5. Stanford University USA
3.16.6. University of Delaware USA
3.16.7. University of Wollongong Australia
3.16.8. Stretchable supercapacitors in 2014-15
3.17. Electro-optics and sensors
3.17.1. MIT's Research Lab of Electronics USA
3.17.2. Purdue University USA
3.18. Batteries
3.18.1. Polytechnic School of Montreal Canada
3.18.2. Self-healing polymers University of Illinois USA
3.18.3. Host CNT web University of Texas at Dallas USA
3.18.4. Superelastic battery
3.19. Transistors
3.20. Memory
3.20.1. NASA USA

4.1. Active monitoring hardware
4.2. Birubin blanket
4.3. Controlling brain seizures
4.4. Epidermal electronics
4.5. Heart monitoring and control
4.5.1. Driving defibrillator and pacemaker implants
4.5.2. Mapping heart action and providing therapy
4.5.3. Bio-integrated electronics for cardiac therapy
4.6. Medical micropackaging
4.7. Monitoring compression garments
4.8. Monitoring babies
4.9. Monitoring shoe insoles of those with diabetes
4.10. Monitoring vital signs with smart textiles
4.11. Stretchable electronic fibers: supercapacitors
4.12. Non-invasive sensing and analysis of sweat
4.13. Renal function monitoring
4.14. Remote monitoring and telemetry of vital signs
4.14.1. Body Area Networks BAN
4.14.2. Skin sensors with telemetry

5.1. Wearable electronics
5.1.1. Energy harvester
5.1.2. Stretchable watch
5.2. Sport and leisure
5.2.1. Electronic eyeball camera
5.2.2. Baseball demonstrator of stretchable transistors
5.3. Automotive electronics
5.4. Ultralight solar cells designed to drive drones
5.5. Haptic actuators for consumer and industrial electronics
5.6. Heating circuits
5.7. Light emitting textiles
5.8. Stretchable supercapacitors

6.1. Morphology and geometry
6.2. Basic choices of construction
6.3. Extensibility sought
6.4. Choice of electronic sophistication
6.5. Rigid islands as an option
6.5.1. Nanowire springs - a possible next generation
6.6. Stretchable materials
6.6.1. Example - transparent skin-like pressure sensor
6.6.2. Example - First polymer LED that stays lit up when stretched and scrunched
6.7. Possible stretchable technology evolution
6.8. Printed and stretchable electronics need new design rules

7.1. Stretchable conductors
7.1.1. Options
7.1.2. Stretchable carbon nanotube conductors
7.1.3. Stretchable conductors on textiles
7.2. Stretchable electronic and electrical components
7.2.1. UNIST Korea new transparent, stretchable electrode in 2013
7.2.2. Panasonic stretchable insulating resin film with electronic circuit
7.3. The first fully stretchable OLED
7.4. Energy harvesting
7.4.1. Energy harvesting compared with alternatives
7.4.2. Power requirements of different devices
7.4.3. Harvesting options to meet these requirements
7.4.4. Ubiquitous photovoltaics
7.4.5. Sensor power requirements
7.4.6. Stanford's new stretchable solar cells
7.4.7. Engineers monitor heart health using paper-thin flexible 'skin'
7.4.8. Trend towards multiple energy harvesting
7.4.9. Stretchable capacitive harvesting up to 1 kW?
7.4.10. Timeline
7.5. Stretchable batteries
7.6. Electroactive polymers

8.1. ACREO Sweden
8.2. AIST
8.3. AIST Japan
8.4. Artificial Muscle USA
8.5. Air Force Laboratory USA
8.6. Avery Dennison USA
8.7. Body Media USA
8.8. Cambrios Technologies USA
8.9. Canatu
8.10. East Japan Railway Company Japan
8.11. École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)Switzerland
8.12. Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute ETRI Korea
8.13. Fraunhofer IZM
8.14. French National Centre for Scientific Research CNRS France
8.15. Freudenberg Germany
8.16. G24 Innovations UK
8.17. Georgia Institute of Technology USA
8.18. Holst Centre Netherlands
8.19. Idaho National Laboratory USA
8.20. Imec Belgium
8.21. Imperial College UK
8.22. Infinite Corridor Technology ICT
8.23. IntAct USA
8.24. ITRI Taiwan
8.25. Johannes Kepler University Austria
8.26. Korea Electronics Technology Institute Korea
8.27. Lockheed Martin Corporation USA
8.28. Massachusetts Institute of Technology USA
8.29. MC10 USA
8.30. Michigan Technological University USA
8.31. Micromuscle Sweden
8.32. Nokia Research Centre Cambridge UK
8.33. Northwestern University USA
8.34. Palo Alto Research Center PARC USA
8.35. Pelikon UK
8.36. Philips Netherlands
8.37. Physical Optics Corporation USA
8.38. POWERLeap USA
8.39. PowerFilm USA
8.40. Shimmer Research USA
8.41. Simon Fraser University Canada
8.42. Smartex Italy
8.43. Southampton University Hospital UK
8.44. Stevenage Circuits UK
8.45. Stanford University USA
8.46. Sungkyunkwang University Korea
8.47. T-ink
8.48. Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan
8.49. Tyndall National Institute Ireland
8.50. University of Cambridge UK
8.51. University of Gent Belgium
8.52. University of Heidelberg Germany
8.53. University of Illinois Urbana Champaign USA
8.54. University of Michigan USA
8.55. University of Pittsburgh USA
8.56. University of Princeton USA
8.57. University of Tokyo
8.58. Uppsala University Sweden
8.59. Urgo France
8.60. Verhaert, Belgium

9.1. Interviews
9.1.1. Accenture USA
9.1.2. Anitra Technologies UG Germany
9.1.3. Antje Paul Knessel Netherlands and Germany
9.1.4. Conductr Canada
9.1.5. Eyeqido Germany
9.1.6. ICE Germany
9.1.7. Intel USA
9.1.8. NanJing KeLiWei Electronic Equipment China
9.1.9. Sony Japan
9.1.10. Sunfriend Corp
9.1.11. SwiftAlarm Germany
9.1.12. ULOCS Sweden
9.2. Company profiles
9.2.1. adidas
9.2.2. MC10
9.2.3. Reebok International
9.3. Report on Wearable technology Conference Munich Germany January 2014
9.4. Report on Wearable Tech London March 2014

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- ACREO Sweden
- AIST Japan
- Air Force Laboratory USA
- Artificial Muscle USA
- Avery Dennison USA
- Body Media USA
- Cambrios Technologies USA
- Canatu
- East Japan Railway Company Japan
- École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)Switzerland
- Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute ETRI Korea
- Fraunhofer IZM
- French National Centre for Scientific Research CNRS France
- Freudenberg Germany
- G24 Innovations UK
- Georgia Institute of Technology USA
- Holst Centre Netherlands
- ITRI Taiwan
- Idaho National Laboratory USA
- Imec Belgium
- Imperial College UK
- Infinite Corridor Technology ICT
- IntAct USA
- Johannes Kepler University Austria
- Korea Electronics Technology Institute Korea
- Lockheed Martin Corporation USA
- MC10 USA
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology USA
- Michigan Technological University USA
- Micromuscle Sweden
- Nokia Research Centre Cambridge UK
- Northwestern University USA
- Palo Alto Research Center PARC USA
- Pelikon UK
- Philips Netherlands
- Physical Optics Corporation USA
- PowerFilm USA
- Shimmer Research USA
- Simon Fraser University Canada
- Smartex Italy
- Southampton University Hospital UK
- Stanford University USA
- Stevenage Circuits UK
- Sungkyunkwang University Korea
- T-ink
- Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan
- Tyndall National Institute Ireland
- University of Cambridge UK
- University of Gent Belgium
- University of Heidelberg Germany
- University of Illinois Urbana Champaign USA
- University of Michigan USA
- University of Pittsburgh USA
- University of Princeton USA
- University of Tokyo
- Uppsala University Sweden
- Urgo France
- Verhaert, Belgium

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown