- Language: English
- 518 Pages
- Published: October 2008
- Region: Global
- Published: February 2006
- Region: Global
- 608 pages
- Woodhead Publishing Ltd
Polymer nanocomposites are a class of reinforced polymers with low quantities of nanometric-sized clay particles which give them improved barrier properties, fire resistance and strength. Such properties have made them valuable in components such as panels and as barrier and coating materials in automobile, civil and electrical engineering as well as packaging. "Polymer Nanocomposites" provides a comprehensive review of the main types of polymer nanocomposite and their properties.
Part I reviews the range of layered silicates and discusses such properties as flammability and thermal stability, barrier properties, wear resistance and biodegradability. Part II considers nanotubes, nanoparticles and inorganic-organic hybrid systems, and analyses elasticity and strength as well as magnetic and light-emitting properties.
With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, "Polymer Nanocomposites" will be a standard reference on this important new range of materials for R&D managers in such sectors as automotive and civil engineering.
PART 1 LAYERED SILICATES
M Kato and A Usuki,TOYOTA Central R&D Labs.inc., Japan
Introduction. Nylon 6-Clay Hybrid (NCH). Synthesis of Nylon 6-Clay Hybrid (NCH). Characterization of NCH. Crystal structure of NCH (Kojima, 1995). Properties of NCH (Kojima, 1993a). Synthesizing NCH using different types of clay (Usuki, 1995). Improving the synthesis method of NCH. Other types of nylon. Conclusions. Perspective. References.
Epoxy nanocomposites based on layered silicates and other nanostructured fillers
O Becker, G P Simon, Monash University, Australia
Introduction. Epoxy-Layered Silicate Nanocomposites. Epoxy-Nanocomposites based on other Nanofillers. Ternary Epoxy Nanocomposite Systems. Future trends. References.
Biodegradable polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites
S S Ray and M Bousmina, Laval University, Canada
Introduction. Definition and categories of biodegradable polymers. Properties and drawbacks of biodegradable polymers. Polymer/layered silicate nanocomposite technology. Structure and properties of layered silicates. Techniques used for the characterization of nanocomposites. Biodegradable polymers and their nanocomposites. Properties. Biodegradability. Melt rheology and structure-property relationship. Foam processing of biodegradable nanocomposites. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References.
Polypropylene layered silicate nanocomposites
K Jayaraman and S Kumar, Michigan State University, USA
Introduction. Chemical compatibilization and compounding. Nanostructure. Performance. Conclusions. Acknowledgments. References.
D-R Yei and F-C Chang, National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan
Introduction. Organically modified clay. Surface-initiated polymerization (SIP). Syndiotactic Polystyrene (s-PS)/Clay Nanocomposite. Properties of Nanocomposites. Conclusions. References.
Poly(ethyl acrylate)/bentonite nanocomposites
T Tang, X Tong, Z Feng, Baotong Huang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Introduction. Materials and characterisation. Synthesis of PEA/Bentonite nanocomposites through in situ emulsion polymerization. Preparation and microstructure of casting-film of PEA/Bentonite nanocomposites from emulsion. Performance of PEA/Bentonite nanocomposites. Conclusions and future trends. Acknowledgments. References.
Clay-acrylate nanocomposite photopolymers
C Decker, Université de Haute, France
Introduction. Synthesis of clay/acrylate nanocomposites. Properties of clay-acrylic nanocomposites. Conclusions. References.
Nanocomposites based on water soluble polymers and unmodified smectide clays
K E Strawhecker, Veeco Instruments Inc, USA and E Manias, The Pennsylvania State University, USA
Introduction. Dispersion of Na+ Montmorillonite in water soluble polymers. Crystallization behavior. Overview of nanocomposite structure and crystallization behavior. Materials Properties of Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Na+ Montmorillonite Nanocomposites. Conclusions.
Poly(butylene terephthlate) (PBT) based nanocomposites
C-S Ha, Pusan National University, Korea
Introduction. Impact modification of PBT by blending. PBT/organoclay nanocomposite. EVA/organoclay nanocomposite. PBT/EVA-MAH/organoclay ternary nanocomposite. Conclusions. Acknowledgments. References.
Flammability and thermal stability of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites
M Zanetti, University of Turin, Italy
Introduction. Nanocomposites and fire. Flame retardant mechanism. Nanocomposites and conventional flame retardants. Conclusion and future trends. References.
Barrier properties of polymer/clay nanocomposites
A Sorrentino, G Gorrasi, M Tortora, V Vittoria, University of Salerno, Italy
Introduction. Background on polymer barrier properties. Experimental methods. Permeation and diffusion models relevant to polymer nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites diffusivity. Polymer nanocomposites sorption. Polymer nanocomposites permeability. Conclusions and future trends. References.
Wear resisting polymer nanocomposites: preparation and properties
M Q Zhang, M Z Rong, Zhongshan University, China, K Friedrich, Institute for Composite Materials (IVW), Germany
Introduction. Surface treatment. Composites manufacturing. Wear performance and mechanisms. Conclusions and future trends. Sources of further information and advice. Acknowledgements. References.
A Mohammed and George P Simon, Monash University, Australia
Introduction. Overview of rubbers (elastomers). Fillers predominantly used in the rubber Industry. Rubber cross-lilnking systems. Types of rubber-clay nanocomposite. Comparison of properties achieved in rubber-clay nanocomposites. Conclusions. References.
PART 2 NANOTUBES, NANOPARTICLES AND INORGANIC-ORGANIC HYBRID SYSTEMS
Single walled carbon nanotubes in epoxy composites
K Liao, Y Ren, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, T Xiao, Shantaou University, China
Introduction. Mechanical properties: elastic properties and strength. Carbon nanotube – polymer interface. Long term performance of unidirectional CNT/epoxy composites. Conclusions. References.
Fullerene/carbon nanotube (CNT) composites
T Kuzumaki, University of Tokyo, Japan
Introduction. Fabrication of the composite by the drawing process. Fabrication of the composite by ultra high pressure sintering. Application potential. Conclusions. References.
Filled polymer nanocomposites containing functional nanoparticles
O O Park, J H Park, T Kim, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea, Y T Lim, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Korea,
Introduction. Organic and polymer materials for light-emitting diodes. Luminescent. Nanoparticles approaches to enhance the lifetime of emitting polymers. Conclusions and future trends. References.
Polymer/calcium carbonate nanocomposites
X Lu, Nanyang Technological University, Republic of Singapore, Tianxi Lui, Institute of Advanced Materials, PR China
Introduction. Preparation and surface modification of nano-CaCO3. Fabrication of polymer/CaCO3 nanocomposites. Characterization. Applications. Conclusion and future trends. References.
Magnetic polymer nanocomposites
A Millan, F Palacio, University of Zaragoza, Spain, E Snoeck, V Serin and P Lecante, CEMES-CNRS, France
Introduction. Classification of magnetic polymer nanocomposites. Synthesis. Magnetic properties. Future trends. References.
Phenolic resin/SiO2 organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites
C-L Chiang, Hung-Kuang University, Taiwan and C-C M Ma*, National Tsing-Hua University, Taiwan
Introduction. Experimental. Results when IPTS was used as a coupling agent. Results when GPTS was used a coupling agent. Conclusions. References.
Y Meng, Sun Yat-Sen University, China
Introduction. Features of graphite. Structures of polymer/graphite nanocomposites. Preparations of polymer/graphite nanocomposites. Properties. Conclusive remarks. Acknowledgments. References.