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Advanced Civil Infrastructure Materials: Science, Mechanics and Applications
Woodhead Publishing Ltd, April 2006, Pages: 376
In recent decades, material development in response to a call for more durable infrastructures has led to many exciting advancements. Fiber reinforced composite designs, with very unique properties, are now being explored in many infrastructural applications. Even concrete and steel are being steadily improved to have better properties and durability.
“Advanced Civil Infrastructure Materials” provides an up-to-date review of several emerging construction materials that may have a significant impact on repairs of existing infrastructures and/or new constructions. Each chapter explores the ‘materials design concept’ which leads to the creation of advanced composites by synergistically combining two or more constituents. Such design methodology is made possible by several key advancements in materials science and mechanics. Each chapter is concluded with selective examples of real world applications using these advanced materials. This includes relevant structural design guidelines and mechanics to assist readers in comprehending the uses of these advanced materials.
The contributors are made up of renowned authors who are recognized for their expertise in their chosen field. “Advanced Civil Infrastructure Materials” will be of value to both graduate and undergraduate students of civil engineering, and will serve as a useful reference guide for researchers and practitioners in the construction industry.
- a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the construction industry
- essential reading for graduate and undergraduate students of civil engineering
- written by an expert panel
About the editor
H C Wu is a professor at Wayne State University, currently researching advanced construction materials, structural mechanics and infrastructure retrofit and renewal.
Advanced concrete for use in civil engineering
S Mindess, University of British Columbia, Canada
Introduction. What is modern advanced concrete? Materials: Portland cements; Aggregates; Chemical admixtures; Mineral admixtures. Modern advanced concretes: High strength concretes; Ultra high strength concretes; Fibre reinforced concretes; Self-compacting concrete; High durability concrete; Polymer modified concretes; ‘Green’ concrete. Conclusions. Sources of further information. References.
Advanced steel for use in civil engineering
C W Roeder, University of Washington, USA and M Nakashima, Kyoto University, Japan
Introduction. Issues of concern. New developments: New materials; New components; New systems. Sample structures. Future trends. Sources of further information. Acknowledgments. References.
Advanced cement composites for use in civil engineering
H C Wu, Wayne State University, USA
Introduction: Infrastructure degradation; Material issues. Performance driven design with fiber reinforcement: Composite behaviour; Significance of performance driven design approach. Composite engineering: Matrix design (toughness control); Unit weight design (density contol); Workability design (rheology control); Interface design (bond control). Advanced cementitious composites: Short fiber composites; Continuous fiber composites; Durability. Engineering applications: Structural retrofit for compressive strength. Conclusions. Acknowledgments. References.
Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for use in civil engineering
J F Davalos, West Virginia University, USA, P Qiao and L Shan, University of Akron, USA
Introduction. Manufacturing process by pultrusion. Material properties and systematic analysis and design: Constituent materials and ply properties; Laminated panel engineering properties and Carpet plots; Member stiffness properties; Mechanical behaviours of FRP shapes; Equivalent analysis of FRP cellular decks; Macro-flexibility analysis of deck-and-stringer bridge systems. Design guidelines and examples: Design guidelines for FRP shapes; Design examples; Example 3: design of an FRP deck-and-stringer bridge. Conclusions. Acknowledgments. References.
Rehabilitation of civil structures using advanced polymer composites
V M Karbhari, University of California, USA
Introduction. Rehabilitation and FRP composites. Materials and manufacturing processes: Materials overview; Manufacturing processes. Characteristics and properties. Applications. Future trends. References.
Advanced engineered wood composites for use in civil engineering
H J Dagher, University of Maine, USA
Introduction: Enabling advances in science and engineering; AEWC significance. Characteristics and properties: Lessons from the past: compatibility and durability; FRP versatility can overcome compatibility and durability problems; Examples of mechanical properties improvements. Applications: FRP-glulams; FRP-reinforced wood-plastic composites; FRO-reinforced sheathing panels. Conclusions. References.
Sustainable materials for the built environment
J Harrison, TecEco Pty Ltd, Australia
Introduction: Major themes; Theme statement. The current situation. Sustainability. The earth’s natural systems: Carbon and oxygen flows; Biomimicry. The impact of current technology: Impacts; Combined impacts. Managing change: The need for change; Getting over barriers; The economics of change towards sustainability; Drivers for change; The process of change. Reducing the environmental impact of technology: Managing waste efficiently. Sustainable materials for the built environment: Lighter weight materials; Embodied energies and emissions; Lifetime energies; Heat-absorbing or releasing materials; Using waste in new materials; Healthy materials; Using recycled materials; More durable materials; Recycled materials. Creating more sustainable production: eco-cements: Sequestration processes; The practicalities of sequestration; Other sustainable binders. Making sustainability profitable: Entrepreneurs and innovation; The role of government; The role of professionals. Conclusion. Appendix: suggested policies for governments for a sustainable built environment. References.