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Industrial and Specialty Gases - Global Strategic Business Report Product Image

Industrial and Specialty Gases - Global Strategic Business Report

  • Published: April 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 504 Pages
  • Global Industry Analysts, Inc

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Industrial and Specialty Gases in billion cubic feet by the following Product Segments: Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Latin America. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2009 through 2017. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets.

The report profiles 82 companies including many key and niche players such as Air Liquide, American Air Liquide Holdings, Inc., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Airgas, Inc., Praxair, Inc., Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation, and The Linde Group. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based upon search engine sources in the public domain.

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I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-3
Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3
Acetylene I-4
Argon I-4
Carbon Dioxide I-4
Hydrogen I-5
Nitrogen I-5
Oxygen I-5
Other Industrial and Specialty Gases I-6

II. Executive Summary

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
Upbeat Outlook for Industrial and Specialty Gases II-1
Table 1: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases Analyzed - Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-3

Table 2: World Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty
Gases Analyzed - Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for the
Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-3
Opportunities in Store: A Synopsis II-4
Impact of Recession in Retrospect II-4
Industry Fundamentals II-4
Key Input in Majority of Industrial Processes II-4
Relatively Stable II-5
Demand Grows at Premium to GDP II-5
Highly Capital-Intensive II-6
High Barriers to Entry II-6
Limited International/National Trade II-6
Differentiation by Service/Application/Price II-6
Highly Innovative Industry II-6
New Applications are Vital II-7
Potential New Applications II-7
Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel II-7
High-Pressure Jet Cleaning Using Dry Ice Pellets of CO2 II-7
Neutralization of Alkaline Wastewater with Carbon Dioxide II-7

2. MARKET TRENDS II-8
Changing Paradigms for Growth: The Two H Engine II-8
Increasing Investments, New Applications and Outsourcing -
Accelerate Growth II-8
Need for Containing Costs Sparks New Demand II-8
Higher Capital Investments Limit The Profitability II-9
Increasing Capacity Utilization Absorbs Idle Capacity II-9
Environmental Applications Driving Growth II-9
Investments Continue Despite Economic Slouch II-10
Industrial Gases en route the Developing Economies II-10
Market Maturity Doesn't Bar New Growth II-10
The BOC Take over Fiasco: Axing the Industry's Consolidation
Spirit II-10
Feeble Pricing Flattens the Liquid Gases Market II-11
Liquid Nitrogen Market Softens II-11
Outsourcing Industrial Gases is a Growing Trend II-11
Onsite Gas Generators: One Time Investment for on Time Supply II-11
Companies Initiate Value Added Services II-12
Scrubbing in Petrochemicals II-12
Sand-Jet Process II-12
Test Gases II-12
Water Ice and CO2 Jets II-12
Cooling Chemical Reactors II-13
Drying Out Large Plants II-13

3. COMPETITIVE SCENARIO II-14
An Overview II-14
Table 3: Leading Players in Global Market for Industrial and
Specialty Gases (2010): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales
for Air Liquide, The Linde Group, Praxair, Air Products,
TNSC, Airgas and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14

Table 4: Leading Players in Global Market for Packaged Gas
(2010): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Airgas,
Praxair PDI, Matheson Tri-Gas, Air Liquide, Linde and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14
Focus on Key Growth Strategies II-15
Industry Vibes in Quest for Profitability II-15
Reinforcing the Core Competencies II-15
Trend Towards Globalization in the Industrial Gases Industry II-15
Consolidation: A Solid Industrial Growth Strategy II-15
The Linde Group Breaks the Shackles II-16
Competing Globally and Co-operating Locally: The New Mantra
for Survival II-16
Smart Targeting Opportunities for Industrial Gas Companies II-16
Competitors' Profiles II-17
L' Air Liquide II-17
Table 5: Leading Geographic Markets for L'Air Liquide
(2008): Percentage Breakdown for Gas and Services Value
Sales by Region - Europe, Americas, Asia-Pacific and Middle
East & Africa (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17
Focusing on the Southeast Asian Markets II-17
Strong Presence in the Electronics Market II-17
Table 6: Leading End-Use Markets for L' Air Liquide (2008):
Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales by Industrial Customer,
Large Industries, Health Care and Electronics (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18
Proven Expertise in Non-Cryogenic Processes II-18
The Linde Group II-18
Strategic Positioning in Geographic Regions and Product
Segments II-18
Market Leader in Cylinder and Bulk Sales II-18
Table 7: The Linde Group's Distribution Channel (2007 ) -
Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Cylinders,
Merchant/Bulk, Onsite and Healthcare (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19
Focus Towards High-Growth Gases II-19
Table 8: Leading Gas Segments for The Linde Group (2007) -
Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Healthcare,
Hydrogen, Electronics and Other (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-19
Key Player in Electronic Gases II-19
Table 9: World Leaders in Electronic Gases (2009):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Players-Air Products, Taiyo
Nippon Sanso, Air Liquide, Linde, Praxair and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-20
Praxair II-20
Industrial and Specialty Gases, Largest Volume Products II-20
Major Market Position in Non-Cryogenic Market Technology II-20
Sales Break-up II-21
Table 10: Leading Geographic Markets for Praxair (2009):
Percentage Breakdown for Value Sales by North America,
South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-21
Air Products and Chemicals II-21
Non-Cryogenic Business to Provide Volume Growth in Future II-21
Sales Break-up by Distribution Channel II-21
Table 11: Air Products' Distribution Channels for
Industrial Gases (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value
Sales for Onsite, Packages Gases & Specialty Materials,
Liquid/Bulk and Equipment & Services (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-21

Table 12: Leading End-Use Market for Air Products and
Chemicals' (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for
Energy, Chemicals, General Manufacturing, Electronics,
Metals, Medical, Food, and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-22
Airgas II-22
The Hub-and-Spoke Strategy: The Key to Successful Business
Expansion II-22
Objective to be the Lowest Cost Supplier II-23

4. A SEGMENTAL ANALYSIS II-24
Table 13: Leading Companies in Worldwide Hydrogen Market
(2008): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales for Air Products,
Praxair, Linde, Air Liquide, and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-24
Carbon Dioxide II-24
Future Demand Growth Likely in Markets Other than the US II-24
Other Industrial and Specialty Gases II-24
Profile of the Specialty Gases Industry II-24
Table 14: World Specialty Gas Market (2009): Percentage
Share Breakdown by Types -Atmospheric gases, Noble gases,
Carbon gases, Halogen gases and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-25

5. A PROFILE OF END USER INDUSTRIES II-26
End User Profile for Industrial and Specialty Gases II-26
Table 15: World Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases
(2009): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Sales by End-Use
Industry - Refining and Chemicals Processing, Metal
Fabrication and Production, Medical, Electronics, Food, Pulp
& Paper, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-27
Major End-User Industries II-27
Chemical Process Industry II-27
Main End Use Segments in the Chemical Industry II-27
Major Growth Determinants II-27
Metal Industry II-28
Steel Industry - A Major End User of Oxygen and Nitrogen II-28
Electronics and Semiconductors Industry II-28
Table 16: Leading Players in Global Electronic Industrial
Gas Market (2009): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
Air Products, Taiyo Nippon Sanso, Air Liquide, Linde,
Praxair, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-28
Ultra Pure Gases: Ongoing Slowdown Blues II-28
Changing Demand Profile for Industrial Gases II-29
Healthcare Showing Healthy Growth Opportunities II-29

6. PRICING II-30
Pricing - An Influential Factor II-30
Distribution Mode: A Key Pricing Factor II-30
Power Costs: Other Major Determinant of Gas Prices II-31
Merchant Market in the US: Most Visible II-31
Key Players Announce Price Hikes II-31
Price Fluctuations II-32
Nitrogen II-32
Carbon Dioxide II-32
Chilled Seasonal Supplies II-32
Price Fixation for CO2 Quotas II-32
Helium II-32
Industry Outlook on the Pricing Pattern and Changing Prerogatives II-33

7. MODES OF DELIVERY II-34
Tonnage/On-Site/Pipeline II-34
Cryogenic On-Site II-35
Piggyback Liquefiers II-35
Non-Cryogenic Air Separation II-35
Factors Determining System Choice II-36
Positive Growth to Continue II-36
Current Investment Geared towards On-Site Projects II-37
Liquid/Merchant/Bulk II-37
Small-Scale Non-Cryogenic On-Site Plants Also Serve Liquid
Market II-38
Compressed/Cylinders/Packaged Gas II-38
Low-Margin ‘Hardgoods II-38
Packaged Gas Business Generates Strong Cash Flows II-39
The ‘Hub and Spoke' Strategy of Airgas II-39
Advances in Cylinder Gas Business II-40

8. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-41
Nitrogen II-41
Application Areas II-42
New Applications Fueling Growth II-43
High-tech Industry Processes Need Increasingly Pure N2 II-43
Liquid Nitrogen Provides Shear Cooling Solution II-43
Nitrogen Critical for Production of Semiconductor Chips II-44
Petroleum Industry- Important Source of Incremental Demand II-44
Oxygen II-44
Table 17: End Use Markets for Oxygen (2008): Percentage
Breakdown by Volume Sales* for Metal Production, Chemicals,
Cutting & Welding, Medical, Pulp & Paper, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-44
Application Areas II-45
Steel and Chemical Industries: Major Consumers of Oxygen II-46
Mode of Delivery II-47
Trends Boosting the Oxygen Market II-47
Environmental Regulations Drive the Oxygen Market II-47
Growing Market in Environmental Remediation II-47
Blast Furnaces Replacing Coke with O2 II-47
Mandatory Cuts in Noxious Fume Emissions Drives Demand for O2 II-48
O2 Increasingly Replacing Chlorine in Pulp Bleaching II-48
New Bleaching Recipes Spell Opportunity for Suppliers II-48
Increased Demand in Primary Metal Production II-48
Emerging Applications II-49
Pure O2 Replaces Air in Oxidation II-49
Oxygen as an Oxidant in Gasification II-49
Oxygen for Bleaching Textiles II-49
Oxygen to Recover Gold From Refractory Ore and Toxic Tailings II-49
Oxygen in Hydrotreating of Crude II-50
Hydrogen II-50
Application Areas II-51
Refining and Chemicals - Major End-Use Applications of Hydrogen II-51
Table 18: World Market for Hydrogen (2007): Percentage
Breakdown of Value Sales by End-Use Application - Refining,
Chemicals, Metals, Food, Electronics, Glass and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-52
New Applications for Hydrogen II-52
Clean Gains in the Green Backdrop II-52
Fuel Cells: An Important Future Application of Hydrogen II-53
Growing Use of Hydrogen in Batch-Annealing by Steel Makers. II-53
Hydrogen for Heat Treating: Hotting Up Worldwide II-54
Delivery Mechanisms for Hydrogen II-54
Developments Impacting Hydrogen Market II-55
Petroleum Industry Likely to Lead in the Production of Hydrogen II-55
Clean Air Act Fuels Demand for Hydrogen II-55
Challenges for Hydrogen in Penetrating into Automobile Market II-56
Carbon Dioxide II-56
Uses of Carbon Dioxide II-56
Table 19: End Users of Carbon Dioxide (2009): Percentage
Breakdown by Volume Sales* for Food Industry, Beverage
Industry, Welding and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-57
Trailblazing Applications for CO2 II-57
Food-Safety Interventionism Buoys the Growth II-57
Carbon Dioxide for Water Treatment and Other Potential
Applications II-58
Super Critical Carbon Dioxide for Super Cleaning of Wafers
and Extraction of Toxic Metals II-58
High-Pressure Jet Cleaning Using Dry Ice II-59
CO2 Foam Blowing to Replace CFCs and HCFCs II-59
CO2 for Manufacturing Acetylene II-59
Formic Acid Direct from CO2 II-59
CO2 Dissolved in Water To Produce Methane & Acetic Acid II-60
Greener Way to Process Bio-molecules II-60
Solid CO2 to Clean Sensitive Electronic Test Equipment II-60
Carbon Dioxide as an Alternative to Chlorofluorocarbons II-61
CO2 as an Extinguishing Agent II-61
Carbon Dioxide to Pasteurize Fruit Juices II-61
Carbon Dioxide in Recycling of Sludge from Metalworks II-61
Carbon Dioxide in Development of Extremely Fine Particles in
Paint and Drug Industry II-61
Carbon Dioxide Washes Brownstock in Paper and Pulp Industry II-62
Carbon Dioxide to Lower pH of Alkaline Water II-62
Carbon Dioxide as Coolant in Automobiles II-62
Carbon Dioxide as Coolant in Food and Beverage Industry II-62
Carbon Dioxide to Treat Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil II-63
Argon II-63
Application Areas II-63
New Applications II-64
Making Halon-based Fire Extinguishers Gone! II-64
Betting with the Best in Packaging II-64
Compounding Possibilities with New Compounds II-65
Liquid Argon from Cryo: Dispelling the Cylinders II-65
Acetylene II-65
Chemical Sector Largest End-Use Segment II-65
Acetylene in Internal Combustion Engines II-65
Cheaper Petrochemical Feedstock Replacements: A Potential
Threat II-66
Technology Enhancements: Turning Corners in the Sagging Markets II-66
New Applications II-66
Go-Tec Develops Acetylene-based, Dual-Fuel System II-66
Specialty Gases II-67
Helium II-67
Uses of Helium II-68
Table 20: Helium Application Areas Worldwide (2008):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Cryogenic Applications,
Pressurizing and Purging, Welding Cover Gas, Controlled
Atmospheres, Leak Detection and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68
Special Gas Mixes for Use-Specific Applications II-69
Patented Helium Recovery Systems: Set in the Cycle Again II-69
Other Specialty Gases II-70

9. PRODUCTION PROCESS II-71
Two Production Processes II-71
Cryogenic Production II-71
Non-Cryogenic Production II-71
Pressure/Vacuum Swing Adsorption (PVSA) II-71
Membrane Technology II-72
Dynamics of Non-Cryogenic Market II-72
Purity - A Crucial Limiting Factor II-72
Effect of Non-Cryogenic Gases on Merchant Market II-73
Company Specific Technology Strengths II-73
New Technology Shaping Industrial Gases Industry II-73
Complex Plants Built by Gas Companies II-73
Electricity - Major Input Cost for Producing Gases II-74

10. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN RECENT PAST II-75
Parker Domnick Hunter Develops 40H-ICP Hydrogen Generator II-75
Praxair Commercializes High Purity Hydrogen II-75
Carbon Dioxide from Power Plant Flue Gas II-75
SC Fluids and Air Products to Develop Photoresist Stripping Agent II-75
Improvements in Steam Methane Reforming Technology II-75
New Nitrogen Manufacturing Machine from Alliance Gas Systems II-76
CO2 Solution Develops Bioreactor-based Carbon Dioxide
Recycling Technology II-76
Engelhard Corporation Launches New Method for Nitrogen Extraction II-76
Nitrogen to Cool Plastic Extrusion Process II-76
Nitrogen to Facilitate Gas-Assisted Injection Molding II-76
Potential Applications of Nitrogen in Semiconductor Industry II-76
Vacuum Carburizing: A Budding Opportunity II-77
Cojet Gas Injection System Technology for Basic Oxygen
Furnaces in Steel Industry II-77
Oxygen to Add Fizz to Soft Drinks II-77
Steam Methane Reforming Technology Now Economical for Small
Plants II-77
Messer Griesheim Manages Hydrogen Supply in a Novel Way II-77
Hydrogen from Risky Hydrocarbon Waste II-77
Hydrogen from Seawater II-78
Natural Gas - Source for Hydrogen Supply II-78
Kemgas Technology for Acetylene Production II-78
Air Products Develops the World's Largest Helium Liquefier II-78
Air Products Augments the BIP Helium and Nitrogen Cylinder
Technology Suite II-78

11. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS/INNOVATIONS II-79
Linde Canada Launches ECOCYL OSQ Specialty Gas Cylinder II-79
Linde Gases Introduces New Series of Welded Panels II-79
Linde Launches Ionic Compressor Systems II-79
Linde Gases Introduces HiQ® 60 Range of Calibration Gases II-79
Phymetrix Introduces New Analyzers for Specialty and Process
Gases II-80
Air Liquide Launches 2 Scott™ EPA Protocols II-80
MOCON Unveils New Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Analyzer II-80
Shell Canada Introduces Gasolines with Nitrogen Enrichment II-81
Air Products Launches New Models of XeCovery® Xenon Recovery
System II-81
Linde North America Introduces New LINSPRAY® CO2 Cooling
Technology II-81
Linde North America Unveils New LASGON® H Shielding Gaseous
Mixtures II-81
Air Products Extends Series of Certified Calibration Gas Mixtures II-82
Drax Introduces BEAT2 in the UK II-82
Air Products Launches New GASGUARD® Very High Flow System II-82

12. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-83
Air Liquide Takes Over Cryogas II-83
MTG Takes Over Western International II-83
MTG and K-Air Gases India Form JV II-83
The Gas Co. Teams Up with General Motors for Hydrogen Project II-84
Air Liquide Collaborates with Sasol Synfuels II-84
Praxair China Inks Agreement with Marcegaglia II-84
SCIPIG Receives Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen Supply Order from
BPUS II-84
Praxair Bags Contract from SAIL II-85
Air Liquide to Expand Capacity in India II-85
Linde Gases to Upgrade Specialty Gases Plant in South Africa II-85
Linde Merges Customer Services Operations at New Facility in
the US II-85
Messer Group Commissions New CO2 Liquefaction Plant II-85
Airgas Acquires Tri-Tech II-86
Airgas Takes Over Fitch Industrial and Welding Supply II-86
MTG Acquires Valley National Gases II-86
Kyiv Carbon Dioxide Plant and OJSC Linde Gas Ukraine to Merge II-86
CIGI Merges with BPC Gas II-87
Air Liquide Acquires Majority Interest in Al Khafrah
Industrial Gases II-87
Xebec Adsorption Merges Operations with QuestAir II-87
Investcorp to Buy Stake in Gulf Cryo II-87
Spectra Gases Renames to Linde II-87
INOX Air Products Inks Two New Deals with PV Makers II-88
Air Products Wins Supply Order from CHINT Solar II-88
Praxair Secures Contract from IOC II-88
Linde Gases to Supply Helium to NASA II-88
Linde Gases to Supply Specialty Gases to Nestle Oil II-89
Linde Bags Supply Contract from Bosch Solar II-89
Air Liquide Establishes New Facilities in Muscat and Sohar II-89

13. STRATEGIC CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS - A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE BUILDER II-90
Airgas Acquires Northeast Gas Technologies II-90
Praxair Distribution Pockets Kirk Welding Supply Inc. II-90
Airgas Acquires Merriam-Graves II-90
Air Liquide Group Takes Over Pure Helium II-90
KOGAS to Form Joint Venture with UNG II-91
Air Products Inks Agreement with Nestlé Waters North America II-91
Rivoira to Supply Gas Delivery Equipments to Silfab SpA II-91
Linde Gases and Tartu University Sign Agreement II-91
The Linde Group Divests Cryogas to Indura II-92
Air Liquide Acquires Scott Specialty Gases II-92
Air Liquide Acquires Lurgi II-92
Air Liquide to Acquire Linde Gas UK II-92
Air Liquide Acquires Team One Technologies Inc. II-93
Air Products Supplies Specialty Gas and Chemical Equipment to
New Austin Site II-93
Praxair to Form Joint Venture for Supply of Packaged Gases II-93
Praxair to Acquire AGA S.A. de C.V. II-94
The Linde Group Pockets Birlesic Oksijen Sanayi A.S II-94
Air Liquide Acquires Controlling Interests in its Joint
Venture Companies II-94
Private Group of CCMP Acquires Vacuum & Semiconductor
Operations of BOC Edwards II-95
Air Products & Chemicals Acquires BOC Gazy Sp zoo II-95
Airgas Acquires Lehner & Martin II-95
Airgas Acquires Major Portion of Linde AG's US Packaged Gas
Business II-96
Valley National Gases Acquires Mitchell Industrial Supply II-96
Discount Investment Signs Agreement to Acquire Additional
Stake In Maxima II-96
Praxair Distribution Acquires Rite Weld Supply II-96
Praxair Distribution Acquires Wilson Welding & Medical Gases II-96
Linde Group Forms Joint Venture with ADNOC II-96
SOL to Erect a New Plant in Hoechst Industry Park II-97
Praxair Wins EU Approval to Acquire 50% Interest in Yara
Industrial Gases Unit II-97
Air Liquide to Construct a New Industrial Gas Plant in the
Germany II-97
Airgas Pockets Central Welding Supply, and Texas Industrial Gas II-97
Messer Group and Hoa Phat Join Forces for New Industrial Gas
Plant Establishment II-97
Linde Acquires Controlling Interest in Malaysian Oxygen II-98
Air Liquide Inaugurates Research Complex in Newark II-98
Air Liquide Severstal Establishes Gas Production Unit II-98
Linde Signs Agreement with Ningbo Wanhua Polyurethane II-98

14. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-99
Air Liquide (L' Air Liquide S.A.) (France) II-99
American Air Liquide Holdings, Inc. (US) II-99
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (US) II-100
Airgas, Inc. (US) II-100
Praxair, Inc. (US) II-101
Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation (Japan) II-101
The Linde Group (Germany) II-102

15. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-103
Table 21: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle
East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009
through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-103

Table 22: World Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty
Gases by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-104

Table 23: World 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for
Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-105

Table 24: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Acetylene by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-106

Table 25: World Historic Review for Acetylene by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding
Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-107

Table 26: World 15-Year Perspective for Acetylene by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 &
2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-108

Table 27: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Argon by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-109

Table 28: World Historic Review for Argon by Geographic Region
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),-
Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003
through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-110

Table 29: World 15-Year Perspective for Argon by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,
and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-111

Table 30: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Carbon Dioxide by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-112

Table 31: World Historic Review for Carbon Dioxide by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific
(excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-113

Table 32: World 15-Year Perspective for Carbon Dioxide by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 &
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-114

Table 33: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Hydrogen by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-115

Table 34: World Historic Review for Hydrogen by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-116

Table 35: World 15-Year Perspective for Hydrogen by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,
and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-117

Table 36: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Nitrogen by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-118

Table 37: World Historic Review for Nitrogen by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding
Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-119

Table 38: World 15-Year Perspective for Nitrogen by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,
and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-120

Table 39: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Oxygen by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-121

Table 40: World Historic Review for Oxygen by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-122

Table 41: World 15-Year Perspective for Oxygen by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,
and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-123

Table 42: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Other Industrial and Specialty Gases* by Geographic Region -
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years
2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-124

Table 43: World Historic Review for Other Industrial and
Specialty Gases* by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin
American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-125

Table 44: World 15-Year Perspective for Other Industrial and
Specialty Gases* by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown
of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for
years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-126

III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Petroleum Refining, Metal Processing: Key Drivers of Future
Growth III-1
Oxygen and Nitrogen: Chief Industrial Gases III-2
Industry Consolidation on the Move III-2
Trade Dynamics III-3
Imports III-3
Table 45: Imports of Argon in the US (2008 & 2009): Annual
Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3

Table 46: Imports of Hydrogen in the US (2008 & 2009):
Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) III-4

Table 47: Imports of Nitrogen in the US (2008 & 2009):
Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 48: Imports of Oxygen in the US (2008 & 2009):
Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5
Exports III-6
Table 49: US Exports of Argon (2008 & 2009): Annual
Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 50: US Exports of Hydrogen (2008 & 2009): Annual
Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 51: US Exports of Nitrogen (2008 & 2009): Annual
Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8

Table 52: US Exports of Oxygen (2008 & 2009): Annual
Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9
Restructuring Attempts: In Quest for Resurgence III-9
Landscape of the US Industrial and Specialty Gases III-10
Table 53: Leading Players in US Industrial Gas Market
(2008): Percentage Share Breakdown by Value Sales for Air
Liquide, Linde, Praxair, Air Products, TNS, Airgas and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10
Statistics in the Past III-11
Table 54: Leading Players in US Liquid Carbon Dioxide
Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales
for BOC, Praxair, Airgas, Air Liquide, EPCO and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11

Table 55: Leading Companies in US Merchant Gaseous Carbon
Monoxide Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by
Production Capacity for Air Liquide, Air Product, BOC,
Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-12

Table 56: Leading Companies in US Merchant Gaseous Hydrogen
Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Production
Capacity for Air Liquide, Air Products, BOC, Linde AG,
Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13
Distribution Scenario for Packaged Gas III-13
Prices on a Roller Coaster Ride III-14
New Capacity Expansions III-14
Focus on Select Key Players III-14
B.Market Analytics III-15
Table 57: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15

Table 58: US Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty
Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,
Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and
Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003
through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-16

Table 59: US 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-17

2. CANADA III-18
A.Market Analysis III-18
Leading Companies III-18
Market Trends III-18
Environmental Regulations Drive Demand for Oxygen III-18
Oxygen Recovers Gold from Refractory Ore and Toxic Tailings III-18
B.Market Analytics III-19
Table 60: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 61: Canadian Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 62: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

3. JAPAN III-22
A.Market Analysis III-22
Industry Overview III-22
An Analysis of Select Segments III-22
Favorable Demand for Hydrogen & Nitrogen III-22
Low Demand for Oxygen III-22
Reflects the Economy III-22
Declining Unit Prices III-23
Research on the Use of Hydrogen as a Source of Energy III-23
Key Player III-23
B.Market Analytics III-24
Table 63: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

Table 64: Japanese Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-25

Table 65: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-26

4. EUROPE III-27
A.Market Analysis III-27
Industry Overview III-27
Market Share of Leading Players III-27
Table 66: European Market for Industrial and Specialty
Gases (2006): Market Shares of the Leading Players by
Value Sales- Linde, Air Liquide, Air Products, Praxair and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27
Market Trends III-27
Renewables Directive: The Pacemaker for the Growth of Hydrogen III-27
Environmental Applications: Greener Pastures for Growth III-27
Changing Landscape in the Eastern European Marketplace III-28
Nitrogen and Oxygen: Best Sales Prospects in Eastern Europe III-28
Market for Oxygen Driven by Environmental Regulations III-28
Increase in Demand for Hydrogen by European Refineries III-28
Increasing Liaison with FTC: Axing Industry's Consolidation
Spirit III-29
B.Market Analytics III-30
Table 67: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region -
France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and
Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009
through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

Table 68: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 69: European Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - France, Germany,
United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 70: European Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-33

Table 71: European 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown
of Volume Sales for France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy,
Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2003,
2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 72: European 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

4a. FRANCE III-36
A.Market Analysis III-36
Market Share of Leading Players III-36
Table 73: French Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases
(2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales -
Air Liquide, Linde, Air Products, Praxair and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36
Key Player III-36
B.Market Analytics III-37
Table 74: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-37

Table 75: French Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 76: French 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

4b. GERMANY III-40
A.Market Analysis III-40
Competitive Scenario III-40
Table 77: German Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases
(2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales -
Linde, Air Liquide, Praxair, Air Products and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40
Focus on Key Player III-40
B.Market Analytics III-41
Table 78: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 79: German Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 80: German 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

4c. ITALY III-44
Market Analytics III-44
Table 81: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

Table 82: Italian Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-45

Table 83: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-47
A.Market Analysis III-47
Competitive Scenario III-47
Table 84: UK Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases
(2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales -
Linde, Air Products, Air Liquide and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47
B.Market Analytics III-48
Table 85: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 86: UK Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty
Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,
Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and
Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003
through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 87: UK 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

4e. SPAIN III-51
Market Analytics III-51
Table 88: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51

Table 89: Spanish Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-52

Table 90: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

4f. RUSSIA III-54
Market Analytics III-54
Table 91: Russian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 92: Russian Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-55

Table 93: Russian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

4g. REST OF EUROPE III-57
Market Analytics III-57
Table 94: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product
Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 95: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-58

Table 96: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Industrial
and Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon
Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial
and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

5. ASIA-PACIFIC III-60
A.Market Analysis III-60
Key Markets III-60
China III-60
China - A Potential Hub for Industrial Gases III-60
Accession to WTO - Fortifies China's Position III-60
Table 97: Leading End-Use Market for Industrial Gases in
China (2009): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for
Steel, Chemicals, Medical, Electronics, Medical, Glass,
Food, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61
China - A Promising Market III-61
Acetylene Market in China III-61
Market Share of Leading Players III-62
Table 98: Leading Players in Industrial and Specialty Gases
Market in Asia-Pacific (2008): Percentage Breakdown by
Value Sales for Air Liquide, Linde, Air Products, Praxair
and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

Table 99: Leading Players in Chinese Market for Industrial
and Specialty Gases (2008): Percentage Breakdown of Value
Sales for Linde/BOC, Praxair, Yingde, Air Products, Air
Liquide, Messer, Harbin Liming Gas, Nippon Sanso, Shanghai
Jiali, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62
Major Trends III-63
Consumption to Grow at Premium to GDP III-63
Joint Ventures Present Mode of Entry into Asian Markets III-63
Demand Growth for Hydrogen Fueled by Secular Trends III-63
Prospects Hinge on Long-Term Contracts III-64
B.Market Analytics III-65
Table 100: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product
Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 101: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-66

Table 102: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Industrial
and Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon
Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial
and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-67

6. THE MIDDLE EAST III-68
Market Analytics III-68
Table 103: Middle East Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic
Region - Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia,
and UAE Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 104: Middle East Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product
Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

Table 105: Middle East Historic Review of Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Iran, Iraq, Israel,
Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and UAE Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

Table 106: Middle East Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-71

Table 107: Middle East 15-Year Perspective for Industrial
and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Sales for Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait,
Syria, Saudi Arabia, and UAE Markets for Years 2003, 2011 &
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 108: Middle East 15-Year Perspective for Industrial
and Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon
Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial
and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 &
2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

6a. IRAN III-74
Market Analytics III-74
Table 109: Iranian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 110: Iranian Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-75

Table 111: Iranian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-76

6b. IRAQ III-77
Market Analytics III-77
Table 112: Iraqi Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 113: Iraqi Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-78

Table 114: Iraqi 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-79

6c. ISRAEL III-80
Market Analytics III-80
Table 115: Israeli Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

Table 116: Israeli Historic Review of Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-81

Table 117: Israeli 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-82

6d. KUWAIT III-83
Market Analytics III-83
Table 118: Kuwaiti Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-83

Table 119: Kuwaiti Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-84

Table 120: Kuwaiti 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-85

6e. SYRIA III-86
Market Analytics III-86
Table 121: Syrian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-86

Table 122: Syrian Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-87

Table 123: Syrian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-88

6f. SAUDI ARABIA III-89
Market Analytics III-89
Table 124: Saudi Arabian Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product
Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89

Table 125: Saudi Arabian Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-90

Table 126: Saudi Arabian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial
and Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon
Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial
and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 &
2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-91

6g. THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES III-92
Market Analytics III-92
Table 127: UAE Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -
Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,
Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion
Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-92

Table 128: UAE Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty
Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,
Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and
Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003
through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-93

Table 129: UAE 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-94

7. LATIN AMERICA III-95
A.Market Analysis III-95
Market Shares of Leading Players III-95
Table 130: Industrial and Specialty Gases Market in Latin
America (2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value
Sales for Praxair, Linde, Air Liquide, Air Products and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-95
Key Markets III-95
Chile - Luring Major Players III-95
B.Market Analytics III-96
Table 131: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product
Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96

Table 132: Latin American Historic Review for Industrial and
Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,
Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other
Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for
the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-97

Table 133: Latin American 15-Year Perspective for Industrial
and Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon
Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial
and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 &
2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 82 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 151)

------------------------------------------
Region/Country Players
------------------------------------------
The United States 25
Canada 2
Japan 7
Europe 57
France 4
Germany 9
The United Kingdom 5
Italy 9
Spain 3
Rest of Europe 27
Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) 54
Latin America 3
Africa 3
------------------------------------------

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