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Air Transport Logistics Market Focus 2003

  • ID: 34763
  • March 2003
  • Region: United Kingdom
  • Key Note Ltd
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The movement of goods from point of manufacture to the end user relies upon the four basic transport modes: road, rail, water and air. Each mode has evolved independently of the others, and each has its roots embedded in its own particular social and industrial history. The four sectors have become industries in their own right with their own infrastructure, cultures, jargon and identity.

It is, therefore, not surprising that these industries - road haulage, the railways, shipping and aviation - are often seen taking robust positions to lobby for, and protect, their particular interests. Today, however, there is a greater awareness of the benefits of integrating one transport mode with another: this has resulted in providers of one type of distribution service moving across into what was the traditional domain of others.

Since 1997, there have been radical changes in the way freight transport and distribution is organised. Today, the principles of logistics are applied to the distribution industry to achieve savings and efficiencies. These changes have come about as a result of competitive market forces, through political, economic and social pressures, and as a result READ MORE >

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TABLE OF CONTENTS:
<BR>
<BR>Executive Summary 7
<BR>
<BR>1. Strategic Overview 9
<BR>
<BR>INTRODUCTION 9
<BR>DEFINITION 9
<BR>SCOPE OF REPORT 9
<BR>Other Key Note Reports 10
<BR>SUSTAINABILITY 10
<BR>Modal Shift 10
<BR>Intermodalism 11
<BR>Just-in-Time 11
<BR>Government Incentives 11
<BR>Optimising the Supply Chain 12
<BR>Penetrating the Supply Chain 12
<BR>STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATIONS 12
<BR>60.10/2 — Other Transport via Railways 12
<BR>60.24 — Freight Transport by Road 13
<BR>61.10/2 — Freight Sea and Coastal Water Transport 13
<BR>61.20/2 — Other Inland Water Transport 13
<BR>62.10/2 — Other Scheduled Air Transport 13
<BR>62.20/2 — Other Non-Scheduled Air Transport 13
<BR>63.11 — Cargo Handling 13
<BR>63.21 — Other Supporting Land-Transport Activities 13
<BR>63.22 — Other Supporting Water-Transport Activities 14
<BR>63.23 — Other Supporting Air-Transport Activities 14
<BR>63.40 — Activities of Other Transport Agencies 14
<BR>64.12 — Courier Activities Other Than National Post Activities 14
<BR>MARKET SIZE 15
<BR>Table 1: The UK Market for Freight-Logistics Services by Value and Volume (£m and million tonnes), 1997-2002 15
<BR>Table 2: Output of Key Sectors of the UK Economy — Gross Value Added at Current Basic Prices (£bn), 1997-2002 16
<BR>MARKET SEGMENTATION 17
<BR>By Major Sector 17
<BR>Domestic Freight 17
<BR>Table 3: Volume of Domestic Freight Transported in Great Britain by Mode of Transport (million tonnes), 1997-2002 17
<BR>International Freight 18
<BR>Table 4: Volume of International Freight Transported to and from the UK by Mode of Transport (million tonnes), 1997-2002 18
<BR>By Mode 19
<BR>Road 19
<BR>Rail 19
<BR>Water 20
<BR>Inland Waterway 20
<BR>Sea 20
<BR>Air 20
<BR>Infrastructure 20
<BR>NUMBER OF COMPANIES 21
<BR>Table 5: Number of UK Vat-Based Enterprises by Turnover Sizeband (£), 2002 21
<BR>EMPLOYMENT 24
<BR>Trends in Employment 24
<BR>Table 6: Number of Employees in the Major Transport and Distribution Sectors in Great Britain (000), June 2000 25
<BR>TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL BODIES 26
<BR>Institute of Logistics and Transport 26
<BR>Freight Transport Association Ltd 26
<BR>
<BR>2. PEST Analysis 28
<BR>
<BR>INTRODUCTION 28
<BR>POLITICAL FACTORS 28
<BR>Political Background 28
<BR>Transport Legislation 28
<BR>Transport Regulation 28
<BR>ECONOMIC FACTORS 29
<BR>The Euro 29
<BR>Fuel Taxes 29
<BR>The Influence of the Economy 29
<BR>SOCIAL FACTORS 30
<BR>Environmental Awareness 30
<BR>Employment and Other Social Legislation 30
<BR>Consumer Power 30
<BR>TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS 31
<BR>Information Technology 31
<BR>Emission Controls 31
<BR>Other Technologies 31
<BR>EU Transport Policy 31
<BR>
<BR>3. Freight Logistics in the Supply Chain 33
<BR>
<BR>SUPPLY-CHAIN MANAGEMENT 33
<BR>TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 34
<BR>Globalisation of Production and Sourcing 34
<BR>Inventory Management 35
<BR>Service Performance 35
<BR>Integration of Logistics Providers into the Supply Chain 36
<BR>Factory-Gate Pricing 36
<BR>E-Fulfilment 37
<BR>Information Technology 37
<BR>
<BR>4. Transport Modes — Air 38
<BR>
<BR>DEFINITION 38
<BR>MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 38
<BR>Table 7: Volume of Domestic and International Air Freight† Transported by UK Airlines (000 tonnes), 1997-2002 39
<BR>COMPANY STRUCTURES 40
<BR>Table 8: Breakdown of VAT-Based Enterprises in the UK Air-Transport Sector by Type of Activity by Turnover (£000 and number), 2000 40
<BR>EMPLOYMENT 41
<BR>TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 41
<BR>Growth of the Express Sector and Integrators 41
<BR>Time-Definite Products 41
<BR>IT Developments 41
<BR>Performance Measurement 42
<BR>Aircraft Design 42
<BR>FORECASTS 43
<BR>Table 9: Forecast Turnover of UK Companies from Air-Freight Transport at Current Prices (£m and %), 2002-2007 43
<BR>
<BR>5. Freight Forwarding 44
<BR>
<BR>DEFINITION 44
<BR>MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 44
<BR>Table 10: Trends in UK Freight Forwarding and Related Sectors by Turnover (£bn), 1997-2002 44
<BR>The Freight Forwarder as Logistics Provider 45
<BR>Third-Party Logistics Provider 45
<BR>Fourth-Party Logistics Provider 46
<BR>NUMBER OF COMPANIES 47
<BR>Table 11: Breakdown of VAT-Based Enterprises in the UK Freight-Forwarding Sector by Turnover (£000, number and %), 2000 47
<BR>EMPLOYMENT 48
<BR>TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 48
<BR>Penetration of the Customer's Supply Chain 48
<BR>Opportunities for the Small Forwarder 48
<BR>IT Developments 49
<BR>FORECASTS 49
<BR>Table 12: Forecast Turnover of UK Freight-Forwarding Companies at Current Prices (£m and %), 2002-2007 49
<BR>
<BR>6. Infrastructure 50
<BR>
<BR>DEFINITION 50
<BR>ROADS 50
<BR>RAILWAYS 50
<BR>The Rail Network 50
<BR>Freight Route Strategy 51
<BR>Key Routes 51
<BR>Document Current Capability 51
<BR>Development of Freight Terminals 52
<BR>Secure Former Route Sections and Relevant Land 52
<BR>Additional Development 52
<BR>PORTS 52
<BR>AIRPORTS 53
<BR>
<BR>7. Company Profiles 55
<BR>
<BR>INTRODUCTION 55
<BR>ASSOCIATED BRITISH PORTS 56
<BR>Corporate Strategy 56
<BR>Profitability 56
<BR>Table 13: Financial Results for Associated British Ports (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 57
<BR>BRITISH AIRWAYS WORLD CARGO 57
<BR>Corporate Strategy 57
<BR>Profitability 57
<BR>ENGLISH WELSH & SCOTTISH RAILWAYS LTD 58
<BR>Corporate Strategy 58
<BR>Profitability 58
<BR>Table 14: Financial Results for English Welsh & Scottish Railways Ltd (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st March 1999-2001 58
<BR>EUROTUNNEL PLC 59
<BR>Corporate Strategy 59
<BR>Profitability 59
<BR>Table 15: Financial Results for Eurotunnel PLC (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 59
<BR>EXEL PLC 59
<BR>Corporate Strategy 59
<BR>Profitability 60
<BR>Table 16: Financial Results for Exel PLC (£m and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 60
<BR>IKEA LTD 60
<BR>Corporate Strategy 60
<BR>Profitability 61
<BR>Table 17: Financial Results for Ikea Ltd (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st August 1999-2001 62
<BR>PENINSULA AND ORIENTAL STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY 62
<BR>Corporate Strategy 62
<BR>Profitability 63
<BR>Table 18: Financial Results for Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (£m and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 63
<BR>J SAINSBURY PLC 63
<BR>Corporate Strategy 63
<BR>Profitability 64
<BR>Table 19: Financial Results for J Sainsbury PLC (£m and %), Years Ending January 28th 2000, 2nd February 2001 and 1st February 2002 64
<BR>TNT LTD 65
<BR>Corporate Strategy 65
<BR>Profitability 65
<BR>Table 20: Financial Results for TNT Ltd (AUD000 and %), Years Ending 30th December 2000 and 31st December 2001 65
<BR>
<BR>8. Security 66
<BR>
<BR>INTRODUCTION 66
<BR>ROAD 66
<BR>RAIL 67
<BR>WATER 67
<BR>AIR 68
<BR>THE SUPPLY CHAIN 69
<BR>
<BR>9. Legislation and Regulation 70
<BR>
<BR>INTRODUCTION 70
<BR>THE WORKING TIME DIRECTIVE 70
<BR>ROAD PRICING 70
<BR>CUSTOMS DECLARATIONS 71
<BR>THE BILL OF LADING 71
<BR>REGULATION 4056/86 72
<BR>OPEN SKIES 72
<BR>IATA DENSITY RULES 72
<BR>US STEEL TARIFFS 73
<BR>
<BR>10. The Future 74
<BR>
<BR>FORECASTS 2002 TO 2007 74
<BR>Table 21: Forecast Turnover of UK Companies from Freight Transport and Distribution Services by Major Sector and GDP at Current Prices (£m and £bn), 2002-2007 74
<BR>CONCLUSION 75
<BR>
<BR>11. Further Sources 76
<BR>
<BR>Associations 76
<BR>Publications 79
<BR>Directories 80
<BR>General Sources 81
<BR>Bonnier Information Sources 81
<BR>Government Publications 82
<BR>Other Sources 83

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