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Rail Transport Logistics Market Focus 2003

  • ID: 35184
  • March 2003
  • Region: United Kingdom
  • Key Note Ltd
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The movement of goods from point of manufacture to the end user relies upon the four basic transport modes: road, rail, water and air. Each mode has evolved independently of the others, and each has its roots embedded in its own particular social and industrial history. The four sectors have become industries in their own right with their own infrastructure, cultures, jargon and identity.

It is, therefore, not surprising that these industries - road haulage, the railways, shipping and aviation - are often seen taking robust positions to lobby for, and protect, their particular interests. Today, however, there is a greater awareness of the benefits of integrating one transport mode with another: this has resulted in providers of one type of distribution service moving across into what was the traditional domain of others.

Since 1997, there have been radical changes in the way freight transport and distribution is organised. Today, the principles of logistics are applied to the distribution industry to achieve savings and efficiencies. These changes have come about as a result of competitive market forces, through political, economic and social pressures, and as a result READ MORE >

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TABLE OF CONTENTS:<BR><BR>Executive Summary 7<BR><BR>1. Strategic Overview 9<BR><BR>INTRODUCTION 9<BR>DEFINITION 9<BR>SCOPE OF REPORT 9<BR>Other Key Note Reports 10<BR>SUSTAINABILITY 10<BR>Modal Shift 10<BR>Intermodalism 11<BR>Just-in-Time 11<BR>Government Incentives 11<BR>Optimising the Supply Chain 12<BR>Penetrating the Supply Chain 12<BR>STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATIONS 12<BR>60.10/2 — Other Transport via Railways 12<BR>60.24 — Freight Transport by Road 13<BR>61.10/2 — Freight Sea and Coastal Water Transport 13<BR>61.20/2 — Other Inland Water Transport 13<BR>62.10/2 — Other Scheduled Air Transport 13<BR>62.20/2 — Other Non-Scheduled Air Transport 13<BR>63.11 — Cargo Handling 13<BR>63.21 — Other Supporting Land-Transport Activities 13<BR>63.22 — Other Supporting Water-Transport Activities 14<BR>63.23 — Other Supporting Air-Transport Activities 14<BR>63.40 — Activities of Other Transport Agencies 14<BR>64.12 — Courier Activities Other Than National Post Activities 14<BR>MARKET SIZE 15<BR>Table 1: The UK Market for Freight-Logistics Services by Value and Volume (£m and million tonnes), 1997-2002 15<BR>Table 2: Output of Key Sectors of the UK Economy — Gross Value Added at Current Basic Prices (£bn), 1997-2002 16<BR>MARKET SEGMENTATION 17<BR>By Major Sector 17<BR>Domestic Freight 17<BR>Table 3: Volume of Domestic Freight Transported in Great Britain by Mode of Transport (million tonnes), 1997-2002 17<BR>International Freight 18<BR>Table 4: Volume of International Freight Transported to and from the UK by Mode of Transport (million tonnes), 1997-2002 18<BR>By Mode 19<BR>Road 19<BR>Rail 19<BR>Water 20<BR>Inland Waterway 20<BR>Sea 20<BR>Air 20<BR>Infrastructure 20<BR>NUMBER OF COMPANIES 21<BR>Table 5: Number of UK Vat-Based Enterprises by Turnover Sizeband (£), 2002 21<BR>EMPLOYMENT 24<BR>Trends in Employment 24<BR>Table 6: Number of Employees in the Major Transport and Distribution Sectors in Great Britain (000), June 2000 25<BR>TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL BODIES 26<BR>Institute of Logistics and Transport 26<BR>Freight Transport Association Ltd 26<BR><BR>2. PEST Analysis 28<BR><BR>INTRODUCTION 28<BR>POLITICAL FACTORS 28<BR>Political Background 28<BR>Transport Legislation 28<BR>Transport Regulation 28<BR>ECONOMIC FACTORS 29<BR>The Euro 29<BR>Fuel Taxes 29<BR>The Influence of the Economy 29<BR>SOCIAL FACTORS 30<BR>Environmental Awareness 30<BR>Employment and Other Social Legislation 30<BR>Consumer Power 30<BR>TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS 31<BR>Information Technology 31<BR>Emission Controls 31<BR>Other Technologies 31<BR>EU Transport Policy 31<BR><BR>3. Freight Logistics in the Supply Chain 33<BR><BR>SUPPLY-CHAIN MANAGEMENT 33<BR>TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 34<BR>Globalisation of Production and Sourcing 34<BR>Inventory Management 35<BR>Service Performance 35<BR>Integration of Logistics Providers into the Supply Chain 36<BR>Factory-Gate Pricing 36<BR>E-Fulfilment 37<BR>Information Technology 37<BR><BR>4. Transport Modes — Rail 38<BR><BR>DEFINITION 38<BR>MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 38<BR>Domestic Rail Transport 38<BR>Table 7: Volume of Domestic Freight Transported by Rail in Great Britain by Commodity Grouping (million tonnes), 1997-2002 38<BR>COMPANY STRUCTURES 40<BR>Table 8: Breakdown of VAT-Based Enterprises in the UK Rail-Transport Sector by Turnover (£000, number and %), 2000 40<BR>English Welsh & Scottish Railways Ltd 40<BR>Freightliner 40<BR>Direct Rail Services 41<BR>GB Railfreight 41<BR>EMPLOYMENT 41<BR>Table 9: Number of Employees in the Rail-Transport Sector in Great Britain (000), June 2000 41<BR>TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 42<BR>The SRA's Strategy 42<BR>Network Rail 42<BR>Disruption at the Channel Tunnel 42<BR>Freight Multiple Units 43<BR>Design Innovations 43 <BR>Track Access Charges 43<BR>FORECASTS 44<BR>Table 10: Forecast Turnover of British Companies† from Rail-Freight Transport at Current Prices (£m and %), 2002-2007 44<BR><BR>5. Freight Forwarding 45<BR><BR>DEFINITION 45<BR>MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 45<BR>Table 10: Trends in UK Freight Forwarding and Related Sectors by Turnover (£bn), 1997-2002 45<BR>The Freight Forwarder as Logistics Provider 46<BR>Third-Party Logistics Provider 46<BR>Fourth-Party Logistics Provider 47<BR>NUMBER OF COMPANIES 48<BR>Table 11: Breakdown of VAT-Based Enterprises in the UK Freight-Forwarding Sector by Turnover (£000, number and %), 2000 48<BR>EMPLOYMENT 49<BR>TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 49<BR>Penetration of the Customer's Supply Chain 49<BR>Opportunities for the Small Forwarder 49<BR>IT Developments 50<BR>FORECASTS 50<BR>Table 12: Forecast Turnover of UK Freight-Forwarding Companies at Current Prices (£m and %), 2002-2007 50<BR><BR>6. Infrastructure 51<BR><BR>DEFINITION 51<BR>ROADS 51<BR>RAILWAYS 51<BR>The Rail Network 51<BR>Freight Route Strategy 52<BR>Key Routes 52<BR>Document Current Capability 52<BR>Development of Freight Terminals 53<BR>Secure Former Route Sections and Relevant Land 53<BR>Additional Development 53<BR>PORTS 53<BR>AIRPORTS 54<BR><BR>7. Company Profiles 56<BR><BR>INTRODUCTION 56<BR>ASSOCIATED BRITISH PORTS 57<BR>Corporate Strategy 57<BR>Profitability 57<BR>Table 13: Financial Results for Associated British Ports (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 58<BR>BRITISH AIRWAYS WORLD CARGO 58<BR>Corporate Strategy 58<BR>Profitability 58<BR>ENGLISH WELSH & SCOTTISH RAILWAYS LTD 59<BR>Corporate Strategy 59<BR>Profitability 59<BR>Table 14: Financial Results for English Welsh & Scottish Railways Ltd (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st March 1999-2001 59<BR>EUROTUNNEL PLC 60<BR>Corporate Strategy 60<BR>Profitability 60<BR>Table 15: Financial Results for Eurotunnel PLC (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 60<BR>EXEL PLC 60<BR>Corporate Strategy 60<BR>Profitability 61<BR>Table 16: Financial Results for Exel PLC (£m and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 61<BR>IKEA LTD 61<BR>Corporate Strategy 61<BR>Profitability 62<BR>Table 17: Financial Results for Ikea Ltd (£000 and %), Years Ending 31st August 1999-2001 63<BR>PENINSULA AND ORIENTAL STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY 63<BR>Corporate Strategy 63<BR>Profitability 64<BR>Table 18: Financial Results for Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (£m and %), Years Ending 31st December 1999-2001 64<BR>J SAINSBURY PLC 64<BR>Corporate Strategy 64<BR>Profitability 65<BR>Table 19: Financial Results for J Sainsbury PLC (£m and %), Years Ending January 28th 2000, 2nd February 2001 and 1st February 2002 65<BR>TNT LTD 66<BR>Corporate Strategy 66<BR>Profitability 66<BR>Table 20: Financial Results for TNT Ltd (AUD000 and %), Years Ending 30th December 2000 and 31st December 2001 66<BR><BR>8. Security 67<BR><BR>INTRODUCTION 67<BR>ROAD 67<BR>RAIL 68<BR>WATER 68<BR>AIR 69<BR>THE SUPPLY CHAIN 70<BR><BR>9. Legislation and Regulation 71<BR><BR>INTRODUCTION 71<BR>THE WORKING TIME DIRECTIVE 71<BR>ROAD PRICING 71<BR>CUSTOMS DECLARATIONS 72<BR>THE BILL OF LADING 72<BR>REGULATION 4056/86 73<BR>OPEN SKIES 73<BR>IATA DENSITY RULES 73<BR>US STEEL TARIFFS 74<BR><BR>10. The Future 75<BR><BR>FORECASTS 2002 TO 2007 75<BR>Table 22: Forecast Turnover of UK Companies from Freight Transport and Distribution Services by Major Sector and GDP at Current Prices (£m and £bn), 2002-2007 75<BR>CONCLUSION 76<BR><BR>11. Further Sources 77<BR><BR>Associations 77<BR>Publications 80<BR>Directories 81<BR>General Sources 82<BR>Bonnier Information Sources 82<BR>Government Publications 83<BR>Other Sources 84

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