The Global Market for Nanoelectronics

  • ID: 3673393
  • April 2016
  • Region: Global
  • 473 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc
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Nanomaterials to Greatly Impact the Electronics Market

The electronics industry will witness significant change and growth in the next decade driven by:

- Scaling - Growth of mobile wireless devices

- Huge growth in the Internet of Things (IoT)

- Data, logic and applications moving to the Cloud

- Ubiquitous electronics

To meet these market demands, power and functionality needs to improve hugely, while being cost effective, driving demand for nanomaterials that will allow for novel architectures, new types of energy harvesting and sensor integration. As well as allowing for greater power, improved performance and bandwith, decreased size and cost, improved flexibility and better thermal management, the exploitation of nanomaterials allows for new device designs, new package architectures, new network architectures and new manufacturing processes. This will lead to greater device integration and density, and reduced time to market.

Semiconducting inorganic nanowires (NWs), carbon nanotubes, nanofibers, nanofibers, quantum dots, graphene and other 2D materials have been extensively explored in recent years as potential building blocks for nanoscale electronics, optoelectronics and photonics components, coatings and devices.

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1 Executive Summary
1.1 Market drivers and trends
1.1.1 Scaling
1.1.2 Growth of mobile wireless devices
1.1.3 Internet of things (IoT)
1.1.4 Data, logic and applications moving to the Cloud
1.1.5 Ubiquitous electronics
1.1.6 Nanomaterials for new device design and architectures
1.1.7 Carbon and 2D nanomaterials

2 Properties Of Nanomaterials
2.1 Categorization

3 Nanomaterials In Electronics
3.1 Metal And Metal Oxide Nanoparticles
3.1.1 Properties
3.1.2 Applications In Electronics
3.2 Carbon Nanotubes
3.2.1 Properties Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT) Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs) Carbon onions Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
3.2.2 Applications in electronics
3.3 Nanofibers
3.3.1 Properties
3.3.2 Applications In Electronics
3.4 Nanowires
3.4.1 Properties Silver Nanowires
3.4.2 Applications In Electronics
3.5 Quantum Dots
3.5.1 Properties Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide And Other Materials Cadmium Free Quantum Dots
3.6 Fullerenes
3.6.1 Properties
3.6.2 Applications In Electronics
3.7 Nanocellulose
3.7.1 Properties
3.7.2 Applications In Electronics
3.8 Graphene
3.8.1 Properties 3D Graphene Graphene Quantum Dots Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
3.8.2 Applications in electronics
3.9 Other 2D Materials
3.9.1 Phosphorene/Black Phosphorus
3.9.2 Properties
3.9.3 Applications In Electronics
3.9.4 Silicene Properties Applications in electronics
3.9.5 Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) Properties Applications in electronics
3.9.6 Hexagonal Boronnitride Properties Applications In Electronics
3.9.7 Germanene Properties Applications In Electronics
3.9.8 Graphdiyne Properties Applications In Electronics
3.9.9 Graphane Properties Applications In Electronics
3.9.10 Stanene/Tinene Properties Applications In Electronics
3.9.11 Tungsten Diselenide Properties Applications In Electronics
3.9.12 Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) & Diselenide (ReSe2) Properties Applications in electronics
3.9.13 C2N Properties Applications in electronics
3.9.14 Comparative Analysis Of Graphene And Other 2D Materials

4 Flexible Electronics, Transparent Conductive Films And Displays
4.1 Market Drivers And Trends
4.1.1 ITO replacement ITO shortcomings Alternative materials
4.1.2 Growth in wearable electronics Physical monitoring
4.1.3 Touch technology requirements
4.1.4 Cost and environmental friendliness
4.1.5 Improved performance with less power
4.1.6 Lower cost compared to OLED in displays
4.1.7 Need for improved barrier function
4.2 Market Size And Opportunity
4.2.1 ITO replacement materials in TCF
4.2.2 Wearable electronics
4.2.3 QD-TVs and displays
4.3 Nanomaterials Applications
4.3.1 SWNTs
4.3.2 Double-walled carbon nanotubes
4.3.3 Graphene
4.3.4 Silver nanowires
4.3.5 Quantum dots On-edge (edge optic) On-surface (film) On-chip
4.3.6 Quantum rods
4.3.7 Quantum converters with red phosphors
4.3.8 Nanocellulose Flexible energy storage
4.3.9 Copper nanowires
4.4 Challenges
4.4.1 Fabricating SWNT devices
4.4.2 Fabricating graphene devices
4.4.3 Competing materials
4.4.4 Cost in comparison to ITO
4.4.5 Problems with transfer and growth
4.4.6 Improving sheet resistance
4.4.7 High surface roughness of silver nanowires
4.5 Product Developers

5 Printable Conductive Inks
5.1 Market Drivers And Trends
5.1.1 Increased demand for printed electronics
5.1.2 Limitations of existing conductive inks
5.1.3 Growth in the 3D printing market
5.1.4 Growth in printed sensors market
5.2 Market Size And Opportunity
5.3 Nanomaterials Applications
5.3.1 Carbon Nanotubes
5.3.2 Graphene
5.3.3 Nanocellulose
5.3.4 Silver Nanoparticle Inks
5.3.5 Copper Nanoparticle Inks
5.3.6 Silver Nanowires
5.4 Challenges
5.4.1 Processing
5.4.2 Oxidation
5.4.3 Cracking
5.4.4 Contact Resistance
5.4.5 Aggregation
5.5 Product Developers

6 Transistors, Integrated Circuits And Other Components.
6.1 Market Drivers And Trends
6.1.1 Scaling
6.1.2 Limitations Of Current Materials
6.1.3 Limitations Of Copper As Interconnect Materials
6.1.4 Need To Improve Bonding Technology
6.1.5 Need To Improve Thermal Properties
6.2 Market Size And Opportunity
6.2.1 Graphene and 2D materials
6.2.2 SWNTs
6.3 Nanomaterials Applications
6.3.1 Nanowires
6.3.2 Carbon nanotubes Thin film transistors(TFT) Carbon Nanotube (CNT) FET CMOS transistors Electronics packaging Thermal management Insulation
6.3.3 Graphene Integrated circuits Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits
6.3.4 Other 2D Materials
6.3.5 Quantum dots
6.4 Challenges
6.4.1 Device Complexity
6.4.2 Competition From Other Materials
6.4.3 Lack Of Band Gap
6.4.4 Transfer And Integration
6.5 Product Developers

7 Memory Devices
7.1 Market Drivers And Trends
7.1.1 Technological And Physical Limitations
7.1.2 Growth In The Smartphone And Tablet Markets
7.1.3 Growth In The Flexible Electronics Market
7.2 Market Size And Opportunity
7.3 Nanomaterials Applications
7.3.1 Carbon nanotubes
7.3.2 Graphene Properties ReRAM memory Applications
7.3.3 Magnetic nanoparticles
7.4 Challenges
7.5 Product Developers

8 Electronics Coatings
8.1 Market Drivers And Trends
8.1.1 Huge increase in touch panel usage
8.1.2 Demand for multi-functional,active coatings
8.1.3 Need for more effective protection
8.1.4 Waterproofing and permeability
8.1.5 Need for efficient moisture and oxygen protection in flexible and organic electronics
8.1.6 Improved aesthetics and reduced maintenance
8.1.7 Wearable electronics market growing
8.1.8 Electronics packaging
8.1.9 Growth in the optical and optoelectronic devices market
8.1.10 Improved performance and cost over traditional AR coatings
8.1.11 Growth in the solar energy market
8.2 Nanomaterials Applications
8.2.1 Waterproof Nanocoatings Barrier Films Hydrophobic Coatings
8.2.2 Anti-Fingerprint Nanocoatings
8.2.3 Anti-Reflection Nanocoatings
8.3 Market Size And Opportunity
8.3.1 Anti-Fingerprint Nanocoatings
8.3.2 Anti-Reflective Nanocoatings
8.3.3 Waterproof Nanocoatings
8.4 Challenges
8.4.1 Durability
8.4.2 Dispersion
8.4.3 Cost
8.5 Product Developers

9 Photonics
9.1 Market Drivers
9.1.1 Demand For High Speed Data Transfer
9.1.2 Emerging Field Of Quantum Computing
9.2 Nanomaterials Applications
9.2.1 Graphene Optical Modulators Photodetectors Plasmonics
9.2.2 Quantum Dots Quantum Photonics Spectroscopy
9.2.3 Lithium Niobate Nanoparticles
9.3 Challenges

10 Nanoelectronics Product Developers

List of Tables

Table 1: Semiconductor Components of IoT Devices
Table 2: Nanoelectronics in next generation information processing
Table 3: Nanomaterials, electronics applications, stage of commercialization and potential market impact
Table 4: Categorization of nanomaterials
Table 5: Nanomaterials in electronics
Table 6: Electronics markets and applications of nanoparticles
Table 7: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 8: Electronics markets and applications of carbon nanotubes
Table 9: Types of nanofibers, properties and applications
Table 10: Electronics markets and applications of nanofibers
Table 11: Electronics markets and applications nanowires
Table 12: Properties and applications of nanocellulose
Table 13: Properties of graphene
Table 14: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolyaer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.
Table 15: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.
Table 16: Comparative analysis of ITO replacement materials
Table 17: Overview of Metal-based TCFs
Table 18: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials, advantages and current market size in flexible substrates
Table 19: Properties of SWNTs and graphene relevant to flexible electronics.
Table 20: Comparative cost of TCF materials
Table 21: Advantages and disadvantagesof LCDs, OLEDs and QDs
Table 22: Approaches for integrating QDs into displays
Table 23: Commercially available quantum dot display products
Table 24: Nanomaterials product and application developers in flexible electronics, transparent conductive films and displays
Table 25: Comparative properties of conductive inks
Table 26: Comparative analysis of conductive inks
Table 27: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics
Table 28: Nanomaterials product and application developers in conductive inks.
Table 29: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials.
Table 30: Graphene properties relevant to transistors
Table 31: 2D Si replacement materials
Table 32: Challenges for implementation of nanomaterials in ICs, transistors etc.
Table 33: Nanomaterials product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 34: Graphene based ReRAM advantage versus other memory types.
Table 35: Challenges for implementation of nanomaterials in memory devices.
Table 36: Nanomaterials product and application developers in memory devices.
Table 37: Properties of nanocoatings
Table 38: Nanocoatings applied in the consumer electronics industry
Table 39: Anti-reflective nanocoatings - Markets and applications
Table 40: Market opportunity for anti-reflection nanocoatings
Table 41: Nanomaterials product and application developers in electronics coatings.
Table 42: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators.
Table 43: Quantum dots in quantum photonics
Table 44: Challenges with nanomaterials in photonics applications
Table 45: Nanoelectronics industrial collaborations and target markets

List of Figures

Figure 1: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 2: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model.
Figure 3: Schematic representation ofcarbon nanohorns
Figure 4: TEM image of carbon onion
Figure 5: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Figure 6: Quantum dot
Figure 7: Electronics markets and applications of fullerenes
Figure 8: Electronics markets and applications of nanocellulose
Figure 9: Phosphorene structure
Figure 10: Silicene structure
Figure 11: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 12: Silicene transistor
Figure 13: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 14: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.
Figure 15: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 16: Schematic of germanene
Figure 17: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 18: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 19: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 20: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 21: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 22: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
Figure 23: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
Figure 24: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode.
Figure 25: A large transparent conductive graphene film (about 20 × 20 cm2) manufactured by 2D Carbon Tech. Figure 24a (right): Prototype of a mobile phone produced by 2D Carbon Tech using a graphene touch panel
Figure 26: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-
Figure 27: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm).
Figure 28: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $).
Figure 29: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2012-2020, millions $
Figure 30: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, %
Figure 31: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, %
Figure 32: Global market for smart sports clothing (Millions US$)
Figure 33: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$)
Figure 34: Total QD display component revenues 2013-2025 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates
Figure 35: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
Figure 36: Flexible transistor sheet
Figure 37: Bending durability of Ag nanowires
Figure 38: Samsung QD-LCD TVs
Figure 39: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band
Figure 40: Methods for integrating QDs into LCD System. (a) On-chip (b) On-edge. (c) On-surface.
Figure 41: On-edge configuration
Figure 42: QD-film integration into a standard LCD display
Figure 43: Quantum phosphor schematic in LED TV backlight
Figure 44: NFC computer chip
Figure 45: NFC translucent diffuser schematic
Figure 46: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper
Figure 47: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF
Figure 48: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Figure 49: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics.
Figure 50: Global conductive ink market forecast by materials type, 2014-2020, millions $.
Figure 51: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products
Figure 52: Nanotube inks
Figure 53: Graphene printed antenna
Figure 54: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 55: Silver nanocomposite ink after sintering and resin bonding of discrete electronic components
Figure 56: Transistor architecture trend chart
Figure 57: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 58: CMOS Technology Roadmap.
Figure 59: Emerging logic devices
Figure 60: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 61: Graphene IC in wafer tester
Figure 62: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics.
Figure 63: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate
Figure 64: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)
Figure 64: Emerging memory devices
Figure 65: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 66: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 68: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt.
Figure 69: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank
Figure 70: Demo solar panels coated with nanocoatings
Figure 71: Schematic of barrier nanoparticles deposited on flexible substrates.
Figure 72: Schematic of anti-fingerprint nanocoatings
Figure 73: Toray anti-fingerprint film (left) and an existing lipophilic film (right).
Figure 74: Schematic of AR coating utilizing nanoporous coating
Figure 75: Schematic of KhepriCoat®.
Figure 76: Nanocoating submerged in water
Figure 77: Prototype graphene photosensor
Figure 78: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Figure 79: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.
Figure 80: Quantum dot spectrometer

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown






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