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Opportunities for Textile and Clothing in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • ID: 38751
  • January 2002
  • Region: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 40 pages
  • Textiles Intelligence
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The prospects for the textile and clothing industries in Sub-Saharan Africa have improved markedly under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (Agoa), which provides African garments with duty-free and quota-free access to the US market.

Already, US retail buyers have switched to the region from Mexico and Asia, and the region is attracting foreign investment from Asian companies looking to gain easier access to the US market.

New investment opportunities in textile manufacture will open up after September 2004 when African garment manufacturers will have to use materials made locally or in the USA to retain Agoa benefits. But international competition will get tougher in 2005 when quotas restricting textile and clothing trade are eliminated on a global basis.

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Summary
Agoa Export Fever in Southern Africa
Regional Trade Agreements
South African Customs Union (SACU)
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Cotonou
African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Botswana
The world's fastest growing economy
Development and structure of the textile and clothing industry in Botswana
Employment and salaries
Raw materials
Foreign trade
Transportation
Trade agreements
Foreign direct investment
Future prospects
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Zambia
Development of the industry
Production and leading companies
Human resources
Raw materials
Investments
Domestic market
Foreign trade
Future prospects
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Lesotho
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Madagascar
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Malawi
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Mozambique
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Namibia
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Swaziland
Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Zimbabwe
Contact Information

List of tables
Table 1: Botswana: macro-economic indicators, 1997-2001
Table 2: Botswana: garment production, 2001
Table 3: Botswana: fabric consumption by the garment industry, by garment category, 2000
Table 4: Zambia: development of GDP and contribution of the textile and leather sector to GDP, 1994-2000
Table 5: Zambia: main fabric end uses, 2001
Table 6: Zambia: garment production, 2001
Table 7: Zambia: fabric types used by the garment industry, 2001

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This report surveys the textile and clothing industries in nine Sub-Saharan African countries: Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The prospects for these industries have improved markedly under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)—which provides African garments with duty-free and quota-free access to the US market.

Indeed, US imports of African-made garments are expected to multiply from US$250 mn in 2000 to more than US$4.2 bn by 2008.

AGOA should also boost investment in textile manufacturing: after September 2004 AGOA benefits will only be available to garments assembled from materials made in the region or in North America.

However, this change of rules will make it harder for the region’s apparel industries to remain competitive. Also, after 2004 garment makers in Sub-Saharan Africa will lose one of their main competitive weapons when quotas restricting textile and clothing trade are eliminated globally.

To maintain their impetus, the region’s industries will need to improve their competitiveness quickly relative to countries in Latin America, the Caribbean Basin and Asia—especially China. This will require further significant foreign investment in addition to the inflows which have already been attracted from companies based in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Sri Lanka.

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