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The Global Market for High Impact Nanomaterials: Nanocellulose, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and 2-D Nanomaterials

  • ID: 4036264
  • Report
  • January 2017
  • Region: Global
  • 1031 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc
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Many industries including electronics, automotive, aerospace, telecommunications and healthcare are exploring the use of high impact nanomaterials such as nanocellulose, carbon nanotubes and graphene. Other 2-D nanomaterials such as silicene, graphyne, graphdiyne, grapahane and molybdenum disulfide are also under intense study. CNTs and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibers known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material.

All of these materials possess outstanding properties and represent potentially the most economically viable and lucrative nanomaterials through to the middle of the next decade and beyond. Most are relatively new nanomaterials but are coming onto the market fast and will find widespread applications over the next decade in sectors such as composites, electronics, filtration, medical and life sciences, oil and energy, automotive, aerospace, coatings, military, consumer goods and sensors.

This 1031 page report outlines the global scenario for these materials including:

  • Industry growth and prospects
  • Industry structure
  • Historical data
  • Market forecasts
  • Key market drivers and restraints
  • Technology roadmaps and application timelines
  • Over 250 tables and figures
  • Producers, research centre and application developer profiles
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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1 Research Methodology
1.1 Nanomaterials Market Rating System
1.2 Commercial Impact Rating System
1.3 Market Challenges Rating System

2 Executive Summary
2.1 Carbon Nanotubes
2.1.1 Exceptional properties
2.1.2 Products and applications
2.1.3 Threat from the graphene market
2.1.4 Production
2.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
2.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
2.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes
2.1.5.1 Current products
2.1.5.2 Future products
2.1.6 Market drivers and trends
2.1.6.1 Electronics
2.1.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries
2.1.7 Market and production challenges
2.1.7.1 Safety issues
2.1.7.2 Dispersion
2.1.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality
2.1.7.4 Cost
2.1.7.5 Competition from other materials
2.2 Two-Dimensional (2D) Materials
2.3 Graphene
2.3.1 Products
2.3.2 Short-term opportunities
2.3.3 Medium-term opportunities
2.3.4 Remarkable properties
2.3.5 Global funding and initiatives
2.3.5.1 Europe
2.3.5.2 Asia
2.3.5.3 United States
2.3.6 Products and applications
2.3.7 Production
2.3.8 Market drivers and trends
2.3.8.1 Production exceeds demand
2.3.8.2 Market revenues remain small
2.3.8.3 Scalability and cost
2.3.8.4 Applications hitting the market
2.3.8.5 Wait and see?
2.3.8.6 Asia and US lead the race
2.3.8.7 Competition from other materials
2.3.9 Market and technical challenges
2.3.9.1 Inconsistent supply quality
2.3.9.2 Functionalization and dispersion
2.3.9.3 Cost
2.3.9.4 Product integration
2.3.9.5 Regulation and standards
2.3.9.6 Lack of a band gap
2.4 Nanocellulose
2.4.1 Applications
2.4.2 Production
2.4.3 Market drivers
2.4.3.1 Sustainable materials
2.4.3.2 Improved products
2.4.3.3 Unique properties
2.4.3.4 Recent improvements in production and product integration
2.4.4 Market and technical challenges
2.4.4.1 Characterization
2.4.4.2 Production
2.4.4.3 Functionalization
2.4.4.4 Moisture absorption and aggregation
2.4.4.5 Scalability
2.4.4.6 Lack of current products

3 Introduction
3.1 Properties of nanomaterials
3.2 Categorization

4 Carbon Nanotubes
4.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
4.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
4.2.1 Single-chirality
4.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
4.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
4.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
4.6 Carbon Onions
4.7 Fullerenes
4.8 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
4.9 Properties
4.10 Applications of carbon nanotubes
4.10.1 High volume applications
4.10.2 Low volume applications
4.10.3 Novel applications

5 Graphene
5.1 History
5.2 Forms of graphene
5.3 Properties
5.4 3D Graphene
5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots
5.5.1 Synthesis
5.5.2 Applications
5.5.3 Producers

6 Other 2D Materials
6.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene
6.1.1 Properties
6.1.2 Applications
6.2 C2N
6.2.1 Properties
6.2.2 Applications
6.3 Carbon nitride
6.3.1 Properties
6.3.2 Applications
6.4 Germanene
6.4.1 Properties
6.4.2 Applications
6.5 Graphdiyne
6.5.1 Properties
6.5.2 Applications
6.6 Graphane
6.6.1 Properties
6.6.2 Applications
6.7 Hexagonal boron nitride
6.7.1 Properties
6.7.2 Applications
6.7.3 Producers
6.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
6.8.1 Properties
6.8.2 Applications
6.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
6.9.1 Properties
6.9.2 Applications
6.10 Silicene
6.10.1 Properties
6.10.2 Applications
6.11 Stanene/tinene
6.11.1 Properties
6.12 Applications
6.13 Tungsten diselenide
6.13.1 Properties
6.13.2 Applications

7 Nanocellulose
7.1 What is nanocellulose?
7.2 Types of nanocellulose
7.3 NanoFibrillar Cellulose (NFC)
7.3.1.1 Applications
7.3.1.2 Production methods
7.3.2 NanoCrystalline Cellulose (NCC)
7.3.2.1 Applications
7.3.3 Bacterial Cellulose (BCC)
7.3.3.1 Applications
7.4 Synthesis of cellulose materials
7.4.1 Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)
7.4.2 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
7.4.3 Nanofibrillated cellulose (MFC)
7.4.4 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
7.4.5 Bacterial cellulose particles (CNC)
7.5 Properties of nanocellulose
7.6 Advantages of nanocellulose

8 Comparative Analysis Of Graphene And Carbon Nanotubes
8.1 Comparative properties
8.2 Cost and production
8.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
8.4 Competitive market analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene

9 Carbon Nanotube Synthesis
9.1 Arc discharge synthesis
9.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
9.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
9.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis
9.4.1 High Pressure CO (HiPco)
9.4.2 CoMoCAT
9.5 Flame synthesis
9.6 Laser ablation synthesis
9.7 Silane solution method

10 Graphene Synthesis
10.1 Large area graphene films
10.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
10.3 Production methods
10.3.1 Production directly from natural graphite ore
10.3.2 Alternative starting materials
10.3.3 Quality
10.4 Synthesis and production by types of graphene
10.4.1 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
10.4.2 Graphene nanoribbons
10.4.3 Large-area graphene films
10.4.4 Graphene oxide flakes (GO)
10.5 Pros and cons of graphene production methods
10.5.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
10.5.2 Exfoliation method
10.5.3 Epitaxial growth method
10.5.4 Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation)
10.5.5 Micromechanical cleavage method
10.5.6 Green reduction of graphene oxide
10.5.7 Plasma
10.6 Recent synthesis methods
10.6.1 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and University of Western Australia
10.6.2 Graphene Frontiers
10.6.3 MIT and the University of Michigan
10.6.4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory/University of Texas/General Graphene
10.6.5 University of Florida/Donghua University
10.6.6 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Case Western Reserve University
10.6.7 Trinity College Dublin
10.6.8 Sungkyunkwan University and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT)
10.6.9 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Chonbuk National University and KRICT
10.6.10 NanoXplore
10.6.11 Carbon Sciences Inc
10.6.12 California Institute of Technology
10.6.13 Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
10.6.14 Oxford University
10.6.15 University of Tokyo
10.7 Synthesis methods by company
10.8 Nanocellulose Synthesis
10.8.1 Production methods
10.8.1.1 Nanofibrillated cellulose production methods
10.8.1.2 Nanocrystalline celluose production methods

11 Carbon Nanotubes Market Structure

12 Graphene Market Structure

13 Nanocellulose Market Structure

14 Regulations And Standards
14.1 Europe
14.1.1 REACH
14.1.2 Biocidal Products Regulation
14.1.3 National nanomaterials registers
14.1.4 Cosmetics regulation
14.1.5 Food safety
14.2 United States
14.2.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
14.3 Asia
14.3.1 Japan
14.3.2 South Korea
14.3.3 Taiwan
14.3.4 Australia

15 Carbon Nanotubes Patents

16 Graphene Patents
16.1 Fabrication processes
16.2 Academia
16.3 Regional leaders

17 Nanocellulose Patents

18 Technology Readiness Level
18.1 Carbon nanotubes
18.2 Graphene
18.3 Nanodiamonds
18.4 Nanocellulose

19 Carbon Nanotubes End User Market Segment Analysis
19.1 Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2025
19.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities
19.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
19.3.1 Japan
19.3.2 China
19.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers
19.4.1 SWNT production
19.4.1.1 OCSiAl
19.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
19.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation
19.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
19.5.1 MWNTs
19.5.2 SWNTs
19.6 Applications

20 Graphene End User Market Segment Analysis
20.1 Graphene production volumes 2010-2025
20.2 Graphene producers and production capacities

21 Nanocellulose End User Market Segment Analysis
21.1 Production of nanocellulose
21.1.1 Microfibrillated cellulose
21.1.2 Cellulose nanofiber production
21.1.3 Cellulose nanocrystal production
21.1.4 Production volumes, by region
21.1.5 Applications
21.1.6 Prices

22 Adhesives
22.1 Market Drivers And Trends
22.1.1 Thermal management in high temperature electronics
22.1.2 Environmental sustainability
22.2 Properties And Applications
22.3 Market Size And Opportunity
22.3.1 Total market size
22.3.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
22.4 Market Challenges
22.5 Application And Product Developers
22.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
22.5.2 Graphene

23 Aerospace
23.1 Market Drivers And Trends
23.1.1 Safety
23.1.2 Reduced fuel consumption and costs
23.1.3 Increased durability
23.1.4 Multi-functionality
23.1.5 Need for new de-icing solutions
23.1.6 Weight reduction
23.1.7 Need for improved lightning protection materials
23.2 Properties And Applications
23.2.1 Composites
23.2.1.1 ESD protection
23.2.1.2 Conductive cables
23.2.1.3 Anti-friction braking systems
23.2.2 Coatings
23.2.2.1 Anti-icing
23.2.3 Sensors
23.3 Market Size And Opportunity
23.3.1 Total market size
23.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
23.4 Market Challenges
23.5 Application And Product Developers
23.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
23.5.2 Graphene

24 Automotive
24.1 Market Driver And Trends
24.1.1 Environmental regulations
24.1.2 Lightweighting
24.1.3 Increasing use of natural fiber composites
24.1.4 Safety
24.1.5 Cost
24.1.6 Need for enhanced conductivity in fuel components
24.1.7 Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications
24.2 Properties And Applications
24.2.1 Composites
24.2.2 Thermally conductive additives
24.2.3 Vehicle mass reduction
24.2.4 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles
24.2.5 Paints and coatings
24.3 Market Size And Opportunity
24.3.1 Composites
24.3.1.1 Total market size
24.3.1.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
24.3.2 Coatings
24.3.2.1 Total market size
24.3.2.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
24.3.3 Market Challenges
24.4 Application And Product Developers
24.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.4.2 Graphene
24.4.3 Nanocellulose

25 Biomedical & Healthcare
25.1 Market Drivers And Trends
25.1.1 Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy
25.1.2 Shortcomings of chemotherapies
25.1.3 Biocompatibility of medical implants
25.1.4 Anti-biotic resistance
25.1.5 Growth in advanced woundcare market
25.1.6 Growth in the wearable monitoring market
25.2 Applications
25.2.1 Cancer therapy
25.2.1.1 Immunotherapy
25.2.1.2 Thermal ablation
25.2.1.3 Stem cell therapy
25.2.1.4 Graphene oxide for therapy and drug delivery
25.2.1.5 Graphene nanosheets
25.2.1.6 Gene delivery
25.2.1.7 Photodynamic Therapy
25.2.2 Medical implants and devices
25.2.3 Drug delivery
25.2.4 Wound dressings
25.2.5 Biosensors
25.2.5.1 FRET biosensors for DNA detection
25.2.6 Medical imaging
25.2.7 Tissue engineering
25.2.8 Dental
25.2.9 Electrophysiology
25.2.10 Laterial flow immunosay labels
25.3 Market Size And Opportunity
25.4 Market Challenges
25.4.1 Potential toxicity
25.4.2 Safety
25.4.3 Dispersion
25.5 Application And Product Developers
25.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
25.5.2 Graphene
25.5.3 Nanocellulose

26 Coatings
26.1 Market Drivers And Trends
26.1.1 New functionalities and improved properties
26.1.2 Need for more effective protection
26.1.3 Sustainability and regulation
26.1.4 Cost of corrosion
26.1.5 Need for improved hygiene
26.1.6 Cost of weather-related damage
26.1.7 Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments
26.1.8 Increased demand for abrasion and scratch resistant coatings
26.1.9 Increased demand for UV-resistant coatings
26.1.10 Growth in superhydrophobic coatings market
26.2 Properties And Applications
26.2.1 Anti-static coatings
26.2.2 Anti-corrosion coatings
26.2.2.1 Marine
26.2.2.2 Oil and gas
26.2.3 Anti-microbial
26.2.4 Anti-icing
26.2.5 Barrier coatings
26.2.6 Heat protection
26.2.7 Anti-fouling
26.2.8 Wear and abrasion resistance
26.2.9 Smart windows
26.2.10 Anti-counterfeiting films
26.2.11 Gas barriers
26.3 Market Size And Opportunity
26.4 Market Challenges
26.4.1 High viscosity
26.4.2 Moisture sorption
26.4.3 Durability
26.4.4 Dispersion
26.4.5 Transparency
26.4.6 Production, scalability and cost
26.5 Product Developers
26.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.5.2 Graphene
26.5.3 Nanocellulose

27 Composites
27.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.1.1 Growing use of polymer composites
27.1.2 Increased need for advanced, protective materials
27.1.3 Improved performance over traditional composites
27.1.4 Multi-functionality
27.1.5 Growth in use in the wind energy market
27.1.6 Need for new flame retardant materials
27.1.7 Environmental impact of carbon fibers
27.1.8 Shortcomings of natural fiber composites and glass fiber reinforced composites
27.1.9 Growth in the bio-based packaging sector
27.1.10 Growth in the barrier food packaging sector
27.1.11 Shortcoming of packaging biopolymers
27.1.12 Sustainable packaging solutions
27.1.13 Demand for packaging with enhanced functionality
27.2 Properties And Applications
27.2.1 Polymer composites
27.2.2 Barrier packaging
27.2.2.1 Anti-bacterial
27.2.2.2 Gas barrier
27.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
27.2.4 Wind turbines
27.2.5 Ballistic protection
27.2.6 Cement additives
27.2.7 Sporting goods
27.2.8 Wire and cable
27.2.9 Thermal management
27.2.10 Rubber and elastomers
27.3 Market Size And Opportunity
27.3.1 Total market size
27.3.2 High Impact nanomaterials opportunity
27.4 Market Challenges
27.5 Application And Product Developers
27.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
27.5.2 Graphene
27.5.3 Nanocellulose

28 Electronics And Photonics
28.1 Carbon nanotubes in electronics
28.2 Graphene and 2D materials in electronics
28.2.1 Properties
28.2.2 Applications
28.3 Flexible Electronics, Conductive Films And Displays
28.3.1 Market Drivers And Trends
28.3.1.1 ITO replacement for flexible electronics
28.3.1.2 Growth in the wearable electronics market
28.3.1.3 Touch technology requirements
28.3.1.4 Need for improved barrier function
28.3.1.5 Energy needs of wearable devices
28.3.1.6 Increased power and performance of sensors with reduced cost
28.3.1.7 Growth in the printed sensors market
28.3.1.8 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
28.3.2 Properties And Applications
28.3.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics
28.3.2.2 SWNTs
28.3.2.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes
28.3.2.4 Graphene
28.3.2.5 Electronic paper
28.3.2.6 Wearable electronics
28.3.2.7 Flexible energy storage
28.3.2.8 Wearable sensors
28.3.2.9 Wearable gas sensors
28.3.2.10 Wearable strain sensors
28.3.2.11 Wearable tactile sensors
28.3.2.12 Wearable health monitoring
28.3.3 Market Size And Opportunity
28.3.3.1 Touch panel and ITO replacement
28.3.3.2 Wearable electronics
28.3.3.3 Wearable health monitoring
28.3.3.4 Wearable energy storage and harvesting devices
28.3.4 Challenges
28.3.4.1 Competing materials
28.3.4.2 Cost in comparison to ITO
28.3.4.3 Fabricating SWNT devices
28.3.4.4 Problems with transfer and growth
28.3.4.5 Improving sheet resistance
28.3.4.6 Difficulties in display panel integration
28.3.4.7 Manufacturing
28.3.4.8 Integration
28.3.4.9 Competing materials
28.3.5 Application And Product Developers
28.3.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.3.5.2 Graphene
28.3.5.3 Nanocellulose
28.4 Conductive Inks
28.4.1 Market Drivers And Trends
28.4.1.1 Increased demand for printed electronics
28.4.1.2 Limitations of existing conductive inks
28.4.1.3 Growth in the 3D printing market
28.4.1.4 Growth in the printed sensors market
28.4.2 Properties And Applications
28.4.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.4.2.2 Graphene
28.4.3 Market Size And Opportunity
28.4.3.1 Total market size
28.4.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
28.4.4 Market Challenges
28.4.5 Application And Product Developers
28.4.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.4.5.2 Graphene
28.5 Transistors And Integrated Circuits
28.5.1 Market Drivers And Trends
28.5.1.1 Scaling
28.5.1.2 Limitations of current materials
28.5.1.3 Limitations of copper as interconnect materials
28.5.1.4 Need to improve bonding technology
28.5.1.5 Need to improve thermal properties
28.5.2 Properties and Applications
28.5.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.5.2.2 Graphene
28.5.2.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits
28.5.2.4 Graphene spintronics
28.5.3 Market Size And Opportunity
28.5.4 Challenges
28.5.4.1 Device complexity
28.5.4.2 Competition from other materials
28.5.4.3 Lack of band gap
28.5.4.4 Transfer and integration
28.5.5 Application And Product Developers
28.5.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.5.5.2 Graphene
28.6 Memory Devices
28.6.1 Market Drivers And Trends
28.6.1.1 Density and voltage scaling
28.6.1.2 Growth in the smartphone and tablet markets
28.6.1.3 Growth in the flexible electronics market
28.6.2 Properties And Applications
28.6.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.6.2.2 Graphene
28.6.3 Market Size And Opportunity
28.6.3.1 Total market size
28.6.4 Application And Product Developers
28.6.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.6.4.2 Graphene
28.7 Photonics
28.7.1 Market Drivers And Trends
28.7.1.1 Increased bandwidth at reduced cost
28.7.1.2 Increasing sensitivity of photodetectors
28.7.2 Properties And Applications
28.7.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene
28.7.2.2 Optical modulators
28.7.2.3 Photodetectors
28.7.2.4 Plasmonics
28.7.2.5 Fiber lasers
28.7.3 Challenges
28.7.3.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene’s properties
28.7.3.2 Problems with transfer
28.7.3.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity
28.7.3.4 Stability and sensitivity
28.7.4 Market Size And Opportunity
28.7.4.1 Total market size
28.7.4.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
28.7.5 Market Challenges
28.7.6 Application And Product Developers

29 Energy Storage, Conversion And Exploration
29.1 Batteries
29.1.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.1.1.1 Growth in personal electronics, electric vehicles and smart grids markets
29.1.1.2 Reduce dependence on lithium
29.1.1.3 Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology
29.1.1.4 Reduced costs for widespread application
29.1.1.5 Power sources for flexible electronics
29.1.2 Properties And Applications
29.1.2.1 Li-ion batteries (LIB)
29.1.2.2 Lithium-air batteries
29.1.2.3 Sodium-ion batteries
29.1.3 Market Size And Opportunity
29.1.3.1 Total market size
29.1.3.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
29.1.4 Challenges
29.1.5 Application And Product Developers
29.2 Supercapacitors
29.2.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.2.1.1 Reducing costs
29.2.1.2 Demand from portable electronics
29.2.1.3 Inefficiencies of standard battery technology
29.2.1.4 Problems with activated carbon
29.2.2 Properties And Applications
29.2.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
29.2.2.2 Graphene
29.2.2.3 Graphene/CNT hybrids
29.2.3 Market Size And Opportunity
29.2.3.1 Total market size
29.2.3.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
29.2.4 Challenges
29.2.4.1 Low energy storage capacity of graphene
29.2.5 Application And Product Developers
29.3 Photovoltaics
29.3.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.3.1.1 Need for new materials and novel devices
29.3.1.2 Need for cost-effective solar energy for wider adoptions
29.3.1.3 Varying environmental conditions require new coating technology
29.3.2 Properties And Applications
29.3.2.1 Solar cells
29.3.2.2 Solar coatings
29.3.3 Market Size And Opportunity
29.3.3.1 Total market size
29.3.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
29.3.4 Market Challenges
29.3.5 Application And Product Developers
29.4 Fuel Cells And Hydrogen Storage
29.4.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.4.1.1 Need for alternative energy sources
29.4.1.2 Demand from transportation and portable and stationary power sectors
29.4.1.3 Temperature problems with current fuel cell technology
29.4.1.4 Reducing corrosion problems
29.4.1.5 Limitations of platinum
29.4.1.6 Reducing cost and increasing reliability of current fuel cell technology
29.4.2 Application And Product Developers
29.4.3 Properties And Applications
29.4.3.1 Fuel cells
29.4.3.2 Hydrogen storage
29.4.4 Market Size And Opportunity
29.4.4.1 Total market size
29.4.4.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
29.4.5 Challenges
29.5 LED Lighting And UVC
29.5.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.5.1.1 Need to develop low-cost lighting
29.5.1.2 Environmental regulation
29.5.1.3 Limited efficiency of phosphors in LEDs
29.5.1.4 Shortcomings with LED lighting technologies
29.5.1.5 Improving flexibility
29.5.1.6 Improving performance and costs of UV-LEDs
29.5.2 Properties And Applications
29.5.3 Market Size And Opportunity
29.5.3.1 Total market size
29.5.3.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
29.5.4 Market Challenges
29.5.5 Application And Product Developers
29.6 Oil And Gas Exploration
29.6.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.6.1.1 Need to reduce operating costs and improve operation efficiency
29.6.1.2 Increased demands of drilling environments
29.6.1.3 Need for improved drilling fluids
29.6.1.4 Increased exploration in extreme environments
29.6.1.5 Environmental and regulatory
29.6.2 Properties And Applications
29.6.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management
29.6.2.2 Coatings
29.6.2.3 Drilling fluids
29.6.2.4 Sorbent materials
29.6.2.5 Separation
29.6.2.6 Extraction
29.6.3 Market Size And Opportunity
29.6.3.1 Total market size
29.6.3.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
29.6.4 Market Challenges
29.7 Application And Product Developers
29.7.1 Carbon nanotubes
29.7.2 Graphene
29.7.3 Nanocellulose

30 Filtration And Separation
30.1 Market Drivers And Trends
30.1.1 Water shortage and population growth
30.1.2 Need for improved and low cost membrane technology
30.1.3 Need for improved groundwater treatment technologies
30.1.4 Cost and efficiency
30.1.5 Growth in the air filter market
30.1.6 Need for environmentally, safe filters
30.2 Properties And Applictions
30.2.1 Desalination and water filtration
30.2.2 Gas separation
30.2.3 Air filtration
30.2.4 Virus filtration
30.3 Market Size And Opportunity
30.4 Market Challenges
30.4.1.1 Uniform pore size and distribution
30.4.1.2 Cost
30.5 Application And Product Developers
30.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
30.5.2 Graphene
30.5.3 Nanocellulose

31 Lubricants
31.1 Market Drivers And Trends
31.1.1 Need for new additives that provide “more for less”
31.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
31.1.3 Environmental concerns
31.2 Properties And Applications
31.3 Market Size And Opportunity
31.3.1 Total market size
31.3.2 High impact nanomaterials opportunity
31.4 Challenges
31.5 Application And Product Developers
31.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
31.5.2 Graphene

32 Sensors
32.1 Market Drivers And Trends
32.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost
32.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity
32.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes
32.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
32.1.5 Improved thermal stability
32.2 Properties And Applications
32.2.1 Gas sensors
32.2.2 Strain sensors
32.2.3 Biosensors
32.2.4 Food sensors
32.2.5 Infrared (IR) sensors
32.2.6 Optical sensors
32.2.7 Pressure sensors
32.2.8 Humidity sensors
32.2.9 Acoustic sensors
32.2.10 Wireless sensors
32.3 Market Size And Opportunity
32.4 Challenges
32.5 Application And Product Developers
32.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
32.5.2 Graphene

33 Textiles And Apparel
33.1 Market Drivers And Trends
33.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market
33.1.2 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics
33.1.3 Growth in the market for anti-microbial textiles
33.1.4 Need to improve the properties of cloth or fabric materials
33.1.5 Environmental and regulatory
33.1.6 Reduction in size, appearance and cost of sensors
33.1.7 Increasing demand for smart fitness clothing
33.1.8 Improved medical analysis
33.1.9 Smart workwear for improved worker safety
33.2 Properties And Applicatons
33.2.1 Protective textiles
33.2.2 Electronic textiles
33.3 Market Size And Opportunity
33.3.1.1 Protective textiles
33.3.1.2 Electronic textiles
33.4 Application And Product Developers
33.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
33.4.2 Graphene

34 3D Printing
34.1 Market Drivers And Trends
34.1.1 Improved materials at lower cost
34.1.2 Limitations of current thermoplastics
34.2 Properties And Applications
34.3 Market Size And Opportunity
34.4 Challenges
34.5 Application And Product Developers
34.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
34.5.2 Graphene
34.5.3 Nanocellulose

35 Paper & Board
35.1 Market drivers and trends
35.1.1 Environmental
35.1.2 Need to develop innovative new products in the paper and board industry
35.2 Applications
35.2.1.1 Paper packaging
35.2.1.2 Paper coatings
35.2.1.3 Anti-microbials
35.3 Market size
35.4 Nanocellulose opportunity
35.5 Market challenges
35.6 Commercial activity

36 Aerogels
36.1 Market drivers and trends
36.1.1 Energy efficiency
36.1.2 Demand for environmentally-friendly, lightweight materials
36.2 Market size
36.3 Applications
36.3.1 Thermal insulation
36.3.2 Medical
36.3.3 Shape memory
36.4 Product developers in aerogels

37 Rheology Modifiers
37.1 Applications
37.1.1 Food
37.1.2 Pharmaceuticals
37.1.3 Cosmetics
37.2 Commercial activity

38 Carbon Nanotubes Producers And Product Developers (183 Company Profiles)

39 Graphene Producers And Product Developers (187 Company Profiles)

40 Nanocellulose Company Profiles
40.1 Producers and types of nanocellulose produced (NCF, NCC, BCC)
40.2 Target markets for producers
40.3 Nanofibrillar Cellulose (Nfc) Producers
40.4 Cellulose Nanocrystal (Cnc) Producers
40.5 Bacterial Cellulose (Bc) Producers
40.6 Other Producers And Application Developers

References

List of Tables

Table 1: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes
Table 2: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications
Table 3: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 4: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT producers
Table 5: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
Table 6: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Table 7: Consumer products incorporating graphene
Table 8: Graphene target markets-Applications potential addressable market size
Table 9: Graphene producers annual production capacities
Table 10: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Table 11: Graphene types and cost per kg
Table 12: Markets and applications for nanocellulose
Table 13: Nanocellulose production plants worldwide and production status
Table 15: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications
Table 16: Categorization of nanomaterials
Table 17: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 18: Properties of carbon nanotubes
Table 19: Properties of graphene
Table 20: Graphene quantum dot producers
Table 22: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2
Table 23: Markets and applications of phosphorene
Table 24: Markets and applications of C2N
Table 25: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
Table 26: Markets and applications of graphdiyne
Table 27: Marets and applications of graphane
Table 28: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
Table 29: Markets and applications of MoS2
Table 30: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
Table 31: Markets and applications of silicene
Table 32: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene
Table 33: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide
Table 34: Nanocellulose properties
Table 35: Applications of nanofibrillar cellulose (NFC)
Table 36: Production methods of NFC producers
Table 37: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
Table 38: Applications of bacterial cellulose (BC)
Table 39: Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications
Table 40: Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications
Table 41: Nanofibrillated cellulose (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications
Table 42: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications
Table 43: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications
Table 44: Properties and applications of nanocellulose
Table 45: Comparative properties of carbon materials
Table 46: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
Table 47: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025
Table 48: SWNT synthesis methods
Table 49: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 50: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 51: Main production methods for graphene
Table 52: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
Table 53: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials
Table 54: Nanocellulose nanocrystal sources and scale
Table 55: Nanofibrillated cellulose production methods
Table 56: Cellulose nanocrystals (NCC) production methods
Table 57: Carbon nanotubes market structure
Table 58: Graphene market structure
Table 59: Nanocellulose market structure
Table 60: Current and potential end users for nanocellulose, by market and company
Table 61: Current and potential nanocellulose end users
Table 62: National nanomaterials registries in Europe
Table 63: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia
Table 64: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015
Table 65: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Table 66: Leading graphene patentees
Table 67: Industrial graphene patents in 2014
Table 68: Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 1997-2013
Table 69: Nanocellulose patents as of May 2015
Table 70: Research publications on nanocellulose materials and composites, 1996-2013
Table 71: Nanocellulose patents by organisation
Table 72: Nanocellulose patents by organisation, 2014
Table 73: Main patent assignees for NCC, as of May 2015
Table 74: Main patent assignees for NFC, as of May 2015
Table 75: Main patent assignees for BCC, as of May 2015
Table 76: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
Table 77: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers
Table 78: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
Table 79: Example carbon nanotubes prices
Table 80: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Table 81: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for graphene in key applications
Table 82: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Table 83: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets
Table 86: Production capacities of CNF producers per annum in tons, current and planned
Table 87: Production capacities of CNC producers per annum in tons, current and planned
Table 88: Markets and applications for nanocellulose
Table 89: Product/price/application matrix of nanocellulose producers
Table 90: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
Table 91: Applications in adhesives, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 92: Carbon nanomaterials in the adhesives market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 93: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the adhesives market
Table 94: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 95: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 96: Applications in aerospace composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 97: Applications in aerospace coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 98: Carbon nanomaterials in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 99: Market challenges rating for high impact nanomaterials in the aerospace market
Table 100: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 101: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 102: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers
Table 103: Applications in automotive composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 104: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry
Table 105: Application markets, competing materials, high impact nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector
Table 106: Carbon nanomaterials in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 107: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in the automotive industry
Table 108: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market for high impact nanomaterials
Table 109: Market challenges rating for high impact nanomaterials in the automotive market
Table 110: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry
Table 111: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive industry
Table 112: Companies developing Nanocellulose products in the automotive industry, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 113: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
Table 114: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
Table 115: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the drug formulation and delivery market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 116: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in medical implants and devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 117: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the wound care market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 118: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Table 119: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
Table 120: Nanocellulose product developers in medical and healthcare applications
Table 121: Properties of nanocoatings
Table 122: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
Table 123: Markets for nanocoatings
Table 124: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 125: Grahene and 2D materials in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 126: Market assessment for nanocellulose in coatings and films
Table 127: Application markets, competing materials, nanocellulose advantages and current market size in coatings and films
Table 128: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in coatings and films
Table 129: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 130: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 131: Companies developing NFC products in paper coatings and non-packaging coating products, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 132: Examples of antimicrobial immobilization into cellulose nanofibers
Table 133: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites
Table 134: Applications in polymer composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 135: Equivalent cost of nanocellulose and competitive materials in polymer composites
Table 136: Applications of nanocellulose in polymer composites by cellulose type
Table 137: Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum based materials and other polymers
Table 138: Applications in ESD and EMI shielding composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 139: Applications in thermal management composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 140: Applications in rubber and elastomers, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 141: Potential addressable market size for carbon nanomaterials composites in tons
Table 142: Carbon nanomaterials in the composites market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 143: Market assessment for nanocellulose in polymer composites
Table 144: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in polymer composites
Table 145: Limitations of nanocellulose in the development of polymer nanocomposites
Table 146: Market challenges rating for high impact nanomaterials in the composites market
Table 148: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry
Table 149: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry
Table 150: Companies developing nanocellulose products in bio packaging, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 151: Comparison of ITO replacements
Table 152: Properties of SWNTs and graphene relevant to flexible electronics
Table 153: Comparative cost of TCF materials
Table 154: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 155: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 156: Applications in patch-type skin sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 157: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in flexible substrates
Table 158: Market assessment for nanocellulose in the flexible and printed electronics sector
Table 159: Market opportunity assessment for Nanocellulose in flexible electronics
Table 160: Global market for wearables, 2014-2021, units and US$
Table 161: Potential addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare
Table 162: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries
Table 163: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the wearable energy storage (printed and flexible battery) market
Table 164: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the wearable energy harvesting market
Table 165: Market challenges rating for high impact nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market
Table 166: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays
Table 167: Graphene product and application developers in in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays
Table 168: Companies developing Nanocellulose products in paper electronics, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 169: Comparative properties of conductive inks
Table 170: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 171: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics
Table 172: Nanomaterials in the conductive inks market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 173: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market
Table 174: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 175: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 176: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials
Table 177: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 178: Carbon nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 179: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 180: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in integrated circuits, transistors and other components
Table 181: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
Table 182: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 183: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices
Table 184: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
Table 185: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 186: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
Table 187: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 188: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market
Table 189: Graphene product and application developers in photonics
Table 190: Applications in LIB, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 191: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 192: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 193: Carbon nanomaterials opportunity in the batteries market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 194: Market challenges in batteries
Table 195: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the batteries market
Table 196: Carbon nanomaterials application and product developers in batteries
Table 197: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
Table 198: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors
Table 199: Carbon nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 200: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in supercapacitors
Table 201: Applications in solar, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 202: Applications in solar coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 203: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 204: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar
Table 205: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market
Table 206: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in solar
Table 207: Carbon nanonomaterials application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 208: Applications in fuel cells, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 209: Applications hydrogen storage, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 210: Carbon nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 211: Applications in lighting, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 212: Carbon nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 213: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market
Table 214: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in lighting
Table 215: Applications in sensing and reservoir management, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 216: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 217: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 218: Applications in oil & gas exploration sorbent materials, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 219: Applications in separation, by carbon anomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 220: Carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 221: Application markets, competing materials, NFC advantages and current market size in oil and gas
Table 222: Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas
Table 223: Nanocellulose in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 224: Market challenges rating for high-impact nanomaterials in the oil and gas exploration market
Table 225: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry
Table 226: Graphene product and application developers in the energy industry
Table 227: Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration
Table 228: Types of filtration
Table 229: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 230: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 231: Application markets, competing materials and current market size in filtration
Table 232: Graphene and 2D materials in the filtration and separation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 233: Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration
Table 234: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in the filtration industry
Table 235: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market
Table 236: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 237: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 238: Companies developing NFC products in filtration, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 239: Applications in lubricants, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 240: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 241: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 242: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lubricants market
Table 243: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 244: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 245: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 246: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 247: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 248: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 249: Applications in food sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 250: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 251: Applications in optical sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 252: Applications in pressure sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 253: Applications in humidity sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 254: Applications in acoustic sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 255: Applications in wireless sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 256: Carbon nanomaterials in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 257: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market
Table 258: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 259: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 260: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of high impact nanomaterials
Table 261: Applications in textiles, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 262: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications
Table 263: Global market for smart clothing and apparel, 2014-2021, units and revenues (US$)
Table 264: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the smart clothing and apparel market
Table 265: Carbon nanomaterials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 266: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board
Table 267: Potential volume estimates (tons) and penetration of nanocellulose into textiles
Table 268: Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles
Table 269: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 270: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 271: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
Table 272: Carbon nanomaterials in the 3D printing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 273: Application markets, competing materials, nanocellulose advantages and current market size in 3D printing
Table 274: Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D printing
Table 275: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in 3D printing
Table 276: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the textiles and apparel market
Table 277: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 278: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 279: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products,
Table 280: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the paper and board markets
Table 281: Global packaging market, billions US$
Table 282: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board
Table 283: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the paper and board market
Table 284: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 285: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the aerogels market
Table 286: Product developers in aerogels
Table 287: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the rheology modifiers market
Table 288: Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers
Table 289: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to
Table 290: Graphene producers and types produced
Table 291: Graphene industrial collaborations and target markets
Table 292: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced
Table 293: Target market, by nanocellulose producer

List of Figures

Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT
Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014
Figure 3: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
Figure 4: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
Figure 5: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD
Figure 6: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Figure 7: Global consumption of graphene 2015, by region
Figure 8: Scale of cellulose materials
Figure 9: Cellulose nanofiber transparent sheet
Figure 10: CNF transparent sheet
Figure 11: Running shoes incorporating cellulose nanofibers
Figure 12: Ballpoint pen incorporating cellulose nanofibers
Figure 13: CNF wet powder
Figure 14: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 15: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model
Figure 16: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
Figure 17: TEM image of carbon onion
Figure 18: Fullerene schematic
Figure 19: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Figure 20: Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 21: Graphite and graphene
Figure 22: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.
Figure 23: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1-4)
Figure 24: Graphene quantum dots
Figure 25: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 26: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
Figure 27: Schematic of germanene
Figure 28: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 29: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 30: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 31: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 32: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 33: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Figure 34: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
Figure 35: Silicene structure
Figure 36: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 37: Silicene transistor
Figure 38: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 39: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 40: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 41: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
Figure 42: Scale of cellulose materials
Figure 43: Types of nanocellulose
Figure 44: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses
Figure 45: TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals
Figure 46: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
Figure 47: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames
Figure 48: Arc discharge process for CNTs
Figure 49: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
Figure 50: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
Figure 51: CoMoCAT® process
Figure 52: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
Figure 53: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
Figure 54: Graphene synthesis methods
Figure 55: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF
Figure 56: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
Figure 57: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
Figure 58: Roll-to-roll graphene production process
Figure 59: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
Figure 60: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene
Figure 61: Main steps involved in the preparation of NCC
Figure 62: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer
Figure 63: Schematic of typical commercialization route for nanocellulose producer
Figure 64: Volume of industry demand for nanocellulose by nanocellulose producer sales
Figure 65: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015
Figure 66: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country
Figure 67: CNT patents filed 2000-2014
Figure 68: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014
Figure 69: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Figure 70: Nanocellulose patents by field of application, 2013
Figure 71: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
Figure 72: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
Figure 73: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds
Figure 74: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanocellulose
Figure 75: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
Figure 76: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014
Figure 77: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market
Figure 78: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2015, by region
Figure 79: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in batteries
Figure 80: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in Polymer reinforcement
Figure 81: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Figure 82: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market
Figure 83: Production volumes of nanodiamonds, 2010-2025
Figure 84: Production volumes of nanodiamonds 2015, by region
Figure 85: Production volumes of nanocellulose 2015, by region
Figure 86: Nanomaterials-based automotive components
Figure 87: The Tesla S’s touchscreen interface
Figure 88: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel
Figure 89: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis
Figure 90: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
Figure 91: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating
Figure 92: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
Figure 93: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
Figure 94: Example process for producing NFC packaging film
Figure 95: Graphene-enabled bendable smartphone
Figure 96: 3D printed carbon nanotube sensor
Figure 97: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
Figure 98: Flexible transistor sheet
Figure 99: Foldable graphene E-paper
Figure 100: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF
Figure 101: NFC computer chip
Figure 102: NFC translucent diffuser schematic
Figure 103: Panasonic CTN stretchable Resin Film
Figure 104: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper
Figure 105: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF
Figure 106: Wearable gas sensor
Figure 107: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor
Figure 108: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs
Figure 109: Graphene medical patch
Figure 110: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018
Figure 111: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm)
Figure 112: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $)
Figure 113: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, %
Figure 114: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, %
Figure 115: Global market revenues for smart wearable devices 2014-2021, in US$
Figure 116: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart wearable devices 2014-2021 in US$, conservative estimate
Figure 117: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart wearable devices 2014-2021 in US$, optimistic estimate
Figure 118: Potential addressable market for nanotech-enabled medical smart textiles and wearables
Figure 119: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2015, by market
Figure 120: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2025, by market
Figure 121: Potential addressable market for nanotech-enabled thin film, flexible or printed batteries
Figure 122: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
Figure 123: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Figure 124: Nanotube inks
Figure 125: Graphene printed antenna
Figure 126: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 127: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics
Figure 128: Transistor architecture trend chart
Figure 129: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 130: CMOS Technology Roadmap
Figure 131: Figure 38: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 132: Graphene IC in wafer tester
Figure 133: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 134: Emerging logic devices
Figure 135: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
Figure 136: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate
Figure 137: Emerging memory devices
Figure 138: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 139: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 140: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)
Figure 141: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt
Figure 142: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Figure 143: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors
Figure 144: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries
Figure 145: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
Figure 146: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module
Figure 147: Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery
Figure 148: Perforene graphene filter
Figure 149: Nanocellulose virus filter paper
Figure 150: Global market revenues for smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$
Figure 151: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate
Figure 152: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate
Figure 153: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament
Figure 154: Paper and board global demand
Figure 155: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
Figure 156: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
Figure 157: CNF transparent film
Figure 158: CNF wet powder
Figure 159: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
Figure 160: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
Figure 161: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:
Figure 162: NCCTM Process
Figure 163: Plantrose process

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