• +353-1-415-1241(GMT OFFICE HOURS)
  • 1-800-526-8630(US/CAN TOLL FREE)
  • 1-917-300-0470(EST OFFICE HOURS)
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) - Global Strategic Business Report Product Image

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) - Global Strategic Business Report

  • Published: October 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 365 Pages
  • Global Industry Analysts, Inc

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) in US$ Million. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Europe, Japan, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2009 through 2018. The report profiles 66 companies including many key and niche players such as Acumentrics Corporation, Adaptive Materials, Inc., Adelan Ltd., Bloom Energy Corporation, Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd., Ceres Power Limited, Cummins Power Generation Inc, DD Energy, Inc., Delphi Automotive PLC, Elcogen AS, FuelCell Energy, Inc., Hexis AG, LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc., NexTech Materials Ltd., Protonex Technology Corporation, Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S, Toto Ltd., Versa Power Systems, Inc., and Ztek Corporation. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based upon search engine sources in the public domain.

Please note: Reports are sold as single-site single-user licenses. Electronic versions require 24-48 hours as each copy is customized to the client with digital controls and custom watermarks.

For information on site licence pricing please click on Enquire before buying

SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS (SOFCs)

A GLOBAL STRATEGIC BUSINESS REPORT

CONTENTS

I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-2
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3

II. Executive Summary

1. MARKET OVERVIEW II-1
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells - A Curtain Raiser II-1
SOFCs: The Newest Theme for Clean Energy II-1
Outlook II-2
Present Levels of Commercialization II-2
The Role of the Government in Driving the Market's Future II-2
Environmental Benefits Make SOFCs Irresistible II-3
SOFCs: A Technology of Interest to the Developed Countries II-3
SOFCs Preferred for Providing Power in High Temperature
Applications II-4
Table 1: Worldwide SOFC Market (2012 & 2018): Percentage
Breakdown of Sales Value by Application Segments-CPUs,
Generators, APUs & Remote Power Units, and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4
SOFCs: Ideal for Distributed Power Generation II-5
SOFCs Takes On Market Leader PEMFC Head On II-5
Technological Developments Widen Scope of Applications for SOFCs II-6
Stationary Fuel Cell Market to Sail Through Economic Crisis II-6
Table 2: Worldwide Micro-CHP Market (2012): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Volume Sales by Driving Technologies- Internal
Combustion Engine, PEM Fuel Cell and Stirling Engine
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6
SOFCs Gather Momentum in Stationary Fuel Cell Market II-7
SOFC Demand Not Disruptive to Supplies of Rare Earth Elements II-7
Tempered by Uncertainty, Team Effort Prevails II-8
Conventional Power Companies Vie for the SOFC Pie II-8

2. FUEL CELLS MARKET IN RETROSPECT II-9
Changing Energy Industry II-9
Fuel Cells - Technology for the Future II-9
Recent Surge in Commercialization II-9
Developed Markets at the Vanguard, Emerging Regions to Gather
Pace II-10
Fuel Cells Demand - Largely Recession-Proof II-11
Table 3: Global Fuel Cell Shipments by Geographic Region
(2010 & 2011): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Shipments for
Europe, North America, Asia and Rest of World (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-11

Table 4: Global Fuel Cell Shipments by Geographic Region
(2010 & 2011): Percentage Breakdown of Megawatt Capacity for
Europe, North America, Asia and Rest of World (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12
Low Shipment Volumes Magnify Volatility II-12
Whimsical Visions of an All-Hydrogen Economy Drives Interest
in Fuel Cells II-12
Commercial Portable Fuel Cell Market Wanes II-13
Table 5: Global Fuel Cell Shipments (2010 & 2011): Percentage
Breakdown of Unit Volumes by End-use Application
Segments-Portable, Stationary and Transport (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14

Table 6: Global Fuel Cell Shipments (2010 & 2011): Percentage
Breakdown of Megawatt Capacity by End-use Application
Segments-Stationary, Transport and Portable (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14
Positive Outlook for Fuel Cell Integrated Residential CHPs II-15
Table 7: Worldwide Residential CHP Markets (2011 & 2012):
Percentage Breakdown of Sales Volumes by Technology - Fuel
Cells and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15
Manufacturers Expand Production Hubs to New Shores II-16
Fuel Cell Manufacturers Foray into Newer Segments II-16
Fuel Cell Majors Snap Up Critical Component Vendors II-16
Table 8: Geographic Distribution of Commercial Suppliers for
Individual Fuel Cell Components (2012) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17
Cost: A Herculean Challenge II-17
Surface Area of Components: A Major Issue II-17
Miniaturization: A Major Challenge in Designing Portable Fuel
Cells II-18
Inadequate Infrastructure & Lack of Customer Confidence II-18

3. FUEL CELLS AND SOFCS: A TECHNOLOGY FREEZE FRAME II-19
Evolution of Fuel Cells II-19
Types of Fuel Cells II-19
Alkaline Fuel Cell (AFC) II-19
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) II-20
Solid Polymer or Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEM) II-20
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) II-20
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) II-20
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) II-21
Comparative Analysis of Fuel Cell Technologies II-21
Technical Features II-22
Major Application Areas for Various Fuel Cell Technologies II-22
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Technology II-22
Advantages II-22
Pollution Index II-23
Pitfalls II-23
High Manufacturing Costs II-23
High Operating Temperature II-23
A Working Model of a SOFC II-23
1. Reduction of Oxygen into Negatively Charged Oxygen Ions (O2-)
at Cathode II-24
2. Conduction Negatively Charged Oxygen Ions Through Electrolyte II-24
3. Oxidation of Hydrogen at Anode II-24
Architectural Dynamics II-24
Components of SOFCs II-25
Cathode II-25
Electrolyte II-25
Anode II-26
Interconnect II-26
SOFC Component Materials & Properties II-27
Yttria Stabilized Zirconia II-27
Nickel II-27
Strontium Doped Lanthanum Magnetite II-27
Lanthanum Chromite II-27
SOFCs: An Evolution Scan II-27
Types of SOFCs II-28
Classification by Design II-28
Planar SOFCs II-28
Electrolyte-Supported Planar SOFCs II-28
Electrode-Supported or Anode-Supported Planar SOFCs II-28
Drawbacks II-29
Tubular SOFCs II-29
What's More Popular - Planar or Tubular? II-29
Classification by Operating Temperatures II-29
High Temperature SOFCs II-29
Advantages II-30
Disadvantages II-30
Intermediate Temperature SOFC II-30
The Math of Reducing Operating Temperature II-31
Other Implications II-31
Research Focus II-31
Advantages of Reducing Operating Temperatures II-32
Disadvantages of Reducing Operating Temperatures II-32
Applications of SOFCs II-32
Stationary Power Applications II-32
Standalone Power Generator II-32
Transportation II-33
The PEMFC Edge II-33
Mobile Electronic Equipments/Portable Energy Applications II-34
Space & Military II-34
What Makes SOFCs Such a Cherished Technology? II-34
What's in the Material? II-35
Lanthanum Chromite: A Possible Material for Interconnects II-35
Solid Oxide Regenerative Fuel Cells (SORFC) II-35

4. PRODUCT/TECHNOLOGY INTRODUCTION/ DEMONSTRATION II-37
Delphi Automotive Demonstrates SOFC APU for Fleet Trucks II-37
Osaka Gas to Launch ENE-FARM Type S Systems II-37
Heraeus Launches Range of Materials for SOFC II-38
DDI Energy Rolls Out New SOFC Products II-38
ORNL Study Analyses Oxygen Voids in Fuel Cell Cathodes II-38
Harvard University Demonstrates Long-life SOFC with VOx Anode II-38
NexTech Materials Develops Durable MCO Coatings for SOFC
Interconnects II-38
University of Maryland Develops Gasoline SOFC II-38
Hitachi Metals Introduces Improved Alloy for SOFC Metal
Interconnects II-39
VTT Unveils Planar SOFC-based Power Generation System II-39
Harvard School and SiEnergy Systems Develop Novel Macro-scale
Thin-film SOFCs II-39
Oak Ridge NL, Georgia Tech, New Jersey Institute Develop Self
-Cleaning Anodes II-39
DARPA Develops SOFC for Small UAS II-39
University of Illinois, ANL to Co-Develop Intermediate
Temperature SOFCs II-40
JX Nippon Oil & Energy Announces Commercial Launch of
Residential SOFC CHPs II-40
COMSOL Launches Batteries & Fuel Cells Module II-40
Wärtsilä Completes Field Trial of FC20 SOFC System II-40
Cummins Demonstrates SOFC APS System for Commercial Trucks II-40
Bloom Energy Corp Unveils Bloom Energy Server II-41

5. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-42
LG Electronics Snaps Up 51% Interest in Rolls- Royce Fuel Cell
Systems II-42
FuelCell Energy to Form a JV with Fraunhofer IKTS II-42
FuelCell Energy Enters into an Agreement with Southern
California Edison II-42
Lockheed Martin Secures US Naval Contract for Military-purpose
SOFCs II-42
FuelCell Energy Wins US Navy Contract for UUV SOFC-Battery Units II-43
JX Nippon Oil & Energy Sets Up Fuel Cell Technology Center in
Germany II-43
Topsoe Fuel Cell Inks MoU with SK Holdings for Commercializing
SOFCs II-43
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to Develop FHCC System II-44
NexTech Materials Wins US Navy Contract for UUV SOFC Module II-44
Coca-Cola Installs Bloom Energy Servers at California Plant II-44
Adobe Installs Bloom Energy Servers at San Francisco Branch II-44
Cox Communications Installs Five Bloom Energy Servers II-44
AT&T to Set Up Bloom Energy Servers at 11 Sites in California II-45
Ultra Electronics Acquires Adaptive Materials II-45
Elcogen Purchases Intellectual Property Rights from VTT
Technical Research II-45
WATT Fuel Cell and Solar Acquisitions Set Up JV Evolution Fuel
Cell II-45
Bloom Energy Raises US$150 Million VC Funding II-46
FuelCell Energy to Partner with Abengoa for Marketing DFC Plants II-46
The Crown Estate Purchases FuelCell Energy's DFC300 for
Quadrant 3 Project II-46
Daegu City Fuel Cell Park Commences Operations II-46
FuelCell Energy to Expand Market Presence in Indonesia II-46
Solid Cell Secures SOFC Grant from NYSERDA II-47
Ultra Electronics, AMI Receives US Army Contract for SOFCs II-47
AFRL Extends Optomec SOFC Technology Development Contract II-47
FuelCell Energy Secures US DOE Funding for SECA Phase III II-47
Wärtsilä to Integrate Versa Power's SOFCs in Products II-48
Topsoe Fuel Cell to Expand SOFC Stacks Manufacturing
Facilities in Denmark II-48

6. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-49
Acumentrics SOFC (USA) II-49
Adaptive Materials, Inc. (USA) II-49
Adelan Ltd. (UK) II-49
Bloom Energy Corporation (USA) II-50
Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd. (Australia) II-50
Ceres Power Limited (UK) II-50
Cummins Power Generation Inc (USA) II-51
DD Energy, Inc. (Canada) II-51
Delphi Automotive PLC (USA) II-51
Elcogen AS (Estonia) II-52
FuelCell Energy, Inc. (USA) II-52
Hexis AG (Germany) II-52
LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. (UK) II-53
NexTech Materials Ltd (USA) II-53
Protonex Technology Corporation (USA) II-54
Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S (Denmark) II-54
Toto Ltd. (Japan) II-54
Versa Power Systems, Inc. (USA) II-55
Ztek Corporation (USA) II-55

7. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-56
Table 9: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis For
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Europe, Japan, and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years
2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-56

Table 10: World 10-Year Perspective For Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
(SOFCs) By Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown Of
Revenues For US, Canada, Europe, Japan, And Rest Of World
Markets for Years 2009, 2012 And 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-57

III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Outlook III-1
Market Drivers In a Capsule III-1
Market Inhibitors In a Capsule III-1
SECA: A Unique Initiative III-2
Core Technology Program Members of SECA SOFC Program III-2
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-3
Major Trends III-4
US DOE Cuts Spending on Fuel Cell Research III-4
Stationary Power Application: The Largest End-Use Market III-5
Table 11: Stationary SOFC Market in North America: Revenue
Contribution by SOFC Power Units by Output for Years 2004,
2006 and 2009 (In %) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5
Key Market Trends III-5
The Shadow of Competition Grows Longer III-5
An Unstructured Retail Space III-6
SOFC: Popular With Traditional Power Giants III-6
SOFC Benefits from the Power Hungry World Population III-6
Clampdown on Pollution Encourages Technological Shift III-7
Government Backing Speeds Up Commercialization Process III-7
Strong Economy Leads to Faster Penetration/Adaptation III-7
Sluggish Deregulation Process of Power Industry Affects
SOFC Market III-7
Product/Technology Introductions/ Demonstrations III-8
Strategic Corporate Activity III-10
Key Players III-14
B.Market Analytics III-18
Table 12: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues
in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-18

2. CANADA III-19
A.Market Analysis III-19
Outlook III-19
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-19
Strategic Corporate Developments III-19
Key Player III-19
B.Market Analytics III-20
Table 13: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual
Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 III-20

3. JAPAN III-21
A.Market Analysis III-21
A Primer III-21
Outlook III-21
History of Fuel Cell Innovation in Japan III-21
Bird's Eye View of Government's Fuel Cell Projects III-22
NEDO's SOFC Initiatives III-22
SOFC Types Under Development in NEDO Program III-23
SOFC Unit Installations Completed Under NEDO Program III-23
ENE-FARM Project III-23
Table 14: Japanese Government Subsidies for ENE-FARM
Residential CHP Unit Installations (2009-2012) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-24
Market Trends III-25
Sales of Micro-CHPs Surge in Japan Following Tsunami III-25
DRSOFC's Residential SOFC Units Slow to Take off III-25
Kyushu - Japan's Fuel Cell Center III-26
Japan Lures Foreign Investments III-26
Product/Technology Introduction/Demonstration III-27
Strategic Corporate Activity III-27
Key Player III-28
B.Market Analytics III-29
Table 15: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual
Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-29

4. EUROPE III-30
A.Market Analysis III-30
Outlook III-30
A Primer III-30
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-30
Major Trends III-31
Stationary SOFC Systems on the Upward Trajectory III-31
Table 16: European SOFC Stationary Power Market:
Percentage Revenue Breakdown of SOFC Systems by Power
Output for the years 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32
High Costs: A Major Issue III-33
Mixed Results for Micro-CHPs in Europe III-33
B.Market Analytics III-34
Table 17: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) by Geographic Region -
France, Germany, Italy, UK, and Rest of Europe Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million
for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 18: European 9-Year Perspective for Solid Oxide Fuel
Cells (SOFCs) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Revenues for France, Germany, Italy, UK, and Rest of Europe
Markets for the Years 2009, 2012 & 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

4a. FRANCE III-36
A.Market Analysis III-36
Outlook III-36
B.Market Analytics III-36
Table 19: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues
in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36

4b. GERMANY III-37
A.Market Analysis III-37
Outlook III-37
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-37
Snapshot of Germany's Callux Micro- CHP Field Trial III-37
Strategic Corporate Development III-37
Key Player III-38
B.Market Analytics III-39
Table 20: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues
in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

4c. ITALY III-40
A.Market Analysis III-40
Outlook III-40
B.Market Analytics III-40
Table 21: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues
in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-41
A.Market Analysis III-41
Outlook III-41
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-41
Strategic Corporate Development III-41
Key Player III-41
B.Market Analytics III-43
Table 22: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues
in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

4e. REST OF EUROPE III-44
A.Market Analysis III-44
Outlook III-44
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-44
Product/Technology Introduction/Demonstration III-44
Strategic Corporate Activity III-45
Key Player III-46
B.Market Analytics III-47
Table 23: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with
Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through
2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47

5. REST OF WORLD III-48
A.Market Analysis III-48
A Primer III-48
Outlook III-48
Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-48
Asia-Pacific III-48
South Korea III-48
China III-48
India III-49
Australia III-49
Africa III-49
Major Trends III-49
Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Market Set for Stellar Growth III-49
Chinese Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Economy Yet to Bloom III-50
Chinese Telecom Backup Market - A Hotspot for Fuel Cells III-50
South Korean Government Nurtures Fuel Cell Economy III-51
Green Home Project III-51
Fuel Cell Technology Development Roadmap III-52
India - Moving Towards Fuel Cell Technology III-52
Rising Adoption of Fuel Cell Technology in the Middle East III-52
Strategic Corporate Developments III-52
Key Players III-54
B.Market Analytics III-55
Table 24: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with
Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through
2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 66 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 70)

The United States (32)
Canada (3)
Japan (8)
Europe (21)
- Germany (7)
- The United Kingdom (3)
- Rest of Europe (11)
Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (6)

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

RELATED PRODUCTS

Our Clients

Our clients' logos