- Published: January 2002
Local Loop Unbundling: Myth, Reality and the Impact on DSL
- Published: January 2001
- 16 pages
- Pyramid Research, Inc
Local loop unbundling (LLU) is one of the key policy mechanisms adopted by the European Commission (EC) and Western Europe’s telecoms regulators to force competition into the last mile.
More than a year after the EC first issued its unbundling schedule, however, the process has proceeded far more slowly than planned - and very unevenly across the European Union (EU). The interim, unintended result: incumbents in most West European countries continue to control upward of 95% of access lines, and they have also gotten a jump on alternative carriers in the rollout of DSL services.
In this White Paper, Pyramid Research takes a close look at the progress to date of local loop unbundling across the EU, with a particular focus on Germany and the United Kingdom - the leader and laggard, respectively, among Western Europe’s major markets. Recognising that confusion surrounds the definition of progress as reported by regulators and operators, we will first attempt to clarify the definition and components of LLU, before proceeding to identify the key snags in the process and their effects specifically in Germany and the UK. Last, we will analyse the impact of LLU difficulties on the development of Western Europe’s fledgling digital subscriber line (DSL) markets. This paper is critical to carriers and equipment vendors looking to capitalise on the opening of Western Europe’s access markets.
Number of Exhibits: 8 SHOW LESS READ MORE >
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY<BR><BR>THE NATURE AND ROLE OF LOCAL LOOP UNBUNDLING<BR><BR>Defining the Terms <BR><BR>Regulators and Incumbents Take Baby Steps<BR><BR>NRAs Adopt a Wait-and-See Approach<BR><BR>GERMANY: A LEADER AMIDST LAGGARDS, BUT RESULTS ARE STILL SLOW IN COMING<BR><BR>The RegTP's "Selective Aggressiveness" Pays Dividends<BR><BR>"BROADBAND BRITAIN": NO MORE THAN HYPERBOLE TO DATE<BR><BR>BT Acts Like an Incumbent<BR><BR>THE IMPACT ON DSL GROWTH<BR><BR>CONCLUSION<BR><BR><BR><BR><b>List of Exhibits:</b><BR><BR>Exhibit 1 Despite Growing Competition, Incumbents Still Dominate the Local Loop<BR><BR>Exhibit 2 Various Options are Available to Telcos for Unbundled Access to the Local Loop <BR><BR>Exhibit 3 Few Euro-Incumbents Have Taken the Preliminary Steps for Effective LLU<BR><BR>Exhibit 4 New Entrant Requisition Process for Co-location, June 2000<BR><BR>Exhibit 5 Key Provisions of the RegTP's March 2001 Rulings on LLU and DSL<BR><BR>Exhibit 6 UK Charges the Most for Residential Broadband Services<BR><BR>Exhibit 7 Incumbents Also Dominate the Supply of DSL Services<BR><BR>Exhibit 8 Plenty of Fuel for DSL Growth in Western Europe, LLU or No<BR><BR><BR><BR><b>Companies Mentioned:</b><BR><BR>