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The 2007-2012 World Outlook for Lubricating Oils Made in a Refinery - Product Image

The 2007-2012 World Outlook for Lubricating Oils Made in a Refinery

  • Published: May 2006
  • Region: Global
  • 187 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable, or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if a market is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

The latent demand for lubricating oils READ MORE >

1 INTRODUCTION 10
1.1 Overview 10
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 10
1.3 The Methodology 11
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 12
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 13
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 13
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 14
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 14
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 15
1.3.7 Step 7. Latent Demand Density: Allocating Across Cities 15
2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 16
2.1 The Worldwide Market Potential 16
3 AFRICA 18
3.1 Executive Summary 18
3.2 Algeria 19
3.3 Angola 20
3.4 Benin 21
3.5 Botswana 21
3.6 Burkina Faso 22
3.7 Burundi 23
3.8 Cameroon 23
3.9 Cape Verde 24
3.10 Central African Republic 25
3.11 Chad 25
3.12 Comoros 26
3.13 Congo (formerly Zaire) 27
3.14 Cote dIvoire 28
3.15 Djibouti 28
3.16 Egypt 29
3.17 Equatorial Guinea 30
3.18 Ethiopia 30
3.19 Gabon 31
3.20 Ghana 32
3.21 Guinea 32
3.22 Guinea-Bissau 33
3.23 Kenya 34
3.24 Lesotho 35
3.25 Liberia 35
3.26 Libya 36
3.27 Madagascar 37
3.28 Malawi 37
3.29 Mali 38
3.30 Mauritania 39
3.31 Mauritius 39
3.32 Morocco 40
3.33 Mozambique 41
3.34 Namibia 41
3.35 Niger 42
3.36 Nigeria 43
3.37 Republic of Congo 44
3.38 Reunion 44
3.39 Rwanda 45
3.40 Sao Tome E Principe 46
3.41 Senegal 46
3.42 Sierra Leone 47
3.43 Somalia 48
3.44 South Africa 48
3.45 Sudan 49
3.46 Swaziland 50
3.47 Tanzania 50
3.48 The Gambia 51
3.49 Togo 52
3.50 Tunisia 52
3.51 Uganda 53
3.52 Western Sahara 54
3.53 Zambia 54
3.54 Zimbabwe 55
4 ASIA 57
4.1 Executive Summary 57
4.2 Bangladesh 58
4.3 Bhutan 59
4.4 Brunei 60
4.5 Burma 60
4.6 Cambodia 61
4.7 China 62
4.8 Hong Kong 63
4.9 India 63
4.10 Indonesia 64
4.11 Japan 65
4.12 Laos 66
4.13 Macau 67
4.14 Malaysia 68
4.15 Maldives 69
4.16 Mongolia 69
4.17 Nepal 70
4.18 North Korea 71
4.19 Papua New Guinea 72
4.20 Philippines 72
4.21 Seychelles 73
4.22 Singapore 74
4.23 South Korea 74
4.24 Sri Lanka 75
4.25 Taiwan 76
4.26 Thailand 77
4.27 Vietnam 77
5 EUROPE & THE MIDDLE EAST 79
5.1 Executive Summary 79
5.2 Afghanistan 80
5.3 Albania 81
5.4 Andorra 81
5.5 Armenia 82
5.6 Austria 83
5.7 Azerbaijan 84
5.8 Bahrain 84
5.9 Belarus 85
5.10 Belgium 86
5.11 Bosnia and Herzegovina 87
5.12 Bulgaria 87
5.13 Croatia 88
5.14 Cyprus 89
5.15 Czech Republic 89
5.16 Denmark 90
5.17 Estonia 91
5.18 Finland 92
5.19 France 93
5.20 Georgia 94
5.21 Germany 94
5.22 Greece 95
5.23 Hungary 96
5.24 Iceland 97
5.25 Iran 97
5.26 Iraq 98
5.27 Ireland 99
5.28 Israel 100
5.29 Italy 100
5.30 Jordan 101
5.31 Kazakhstan 102
5.32 Kuwait 103
5.33 Kyrgyzstan 104
5.34 Latvia 104
5.35 Lebanon 105
5.36 Liechtenstein 106
5.37 Lithuania 106
5.38 Luxembourg 107
5.39 Malta 108
5.40 Moldova 108
5.41 Monaco 109
5.42 Netherlands 110
5.43 Norway 111
5.44 Oman 111
5.45 Pakistan 112
5.46 Palestine 113
5.47 Poland 113
5.48 Portugal 114
5.49 Qatar 115
5.50 Romania 115
5.51 Russia 116
5.52 San Marino 117
5.53 Saudi Arabia 118
5.54 Slovakia 119
5.55 Slovenia 119
5.56 Spain 120
5.57 Sweden 121
5.58 Switzerland 122
5.59 Syrian Arab Republic 123
5.60 Tajikistan 124
5.61 Turkey 125
5.62 Turkmenistan 126
5.63 Ukraine 126
5.64 United Arab Emirates 127
5.65 United Kingdom 128
5.66 Uzbekistan 129
5.67 Yemen 130
6 LATIN AMERICA 131
6.1 Executive Summary 131
6.2 Argentina 132
6.3 Belize 133
6.4 Bolivia 134
6.5 Brazil 134
6.6 Chile 135
6.7 Colombia 136
6.8 Costa Rica 137
6.9 Ecuador 138
6.10 El Salvador 139
6.11 Falkland Islands 139
6.12 French Guiana 140
6.13 Guatemala 141
6.14 Guyana 141
6.15 Honduras 142
6.16 Mexico 143
6.17 Nicaragua 144
6.18 Panama 144
6.19 Paraguay 145
6.20 Peru 146
6.21 Suriname 147
6.22 Uruguay 147
6.23 Venezuela 148
7 NORTH AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN 150
7.1 Executive Summary 150
7.2 Antigua and Barbuda 151
7.3 Aruba 152
7.4 Bahamas 153
7.5 Barbados 153
7.6 Bermuda 154
7.7 British Virgin Islands 155
7.8 Canada 155
7.9 Cayman Islands 156
7.10 Cuba 157
7.11 Dominica 158
7.12 Dominican Republic 158
7.13 Greenland 159
7.14 Grenada 160
7.15 Guadeloupe 161
7.16 Haiti 161
7.17 Jamaica 162
7.18 Martinique 163
7.19 Netherlands Antilles 163
7.20 Puerto Rico 164
7.21 St. Kitts and Nevis 165
7.22 St. Lucia 165
7.23 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 166
7.24 Trinidad and Tobago 167
7.25 United States 167
7.26 Virgin Islands, US 168
8 OCEANA 170
8.1 Executive Summary 170
8.2 American Samoa 171
8.3 Australia 172
8.4 Christmas Island 173
8.5 Cook Islands 173
8.6 Fiji 174
8.7 French Polynesia 174
8.8 Guam 175
8.9 Kiribati 176
8.10 Marshall Islands 176
8.11 Micronesia Federation 177
8.12 Nauru 177
8.13 New Caledonia 178
8.14 New Zealand 178
8.15 Niue 179
8.16 Norfolk Island 180
8.17 Northern Mariana Island 180
8.18 Palau 181
8.19 Solomon Islands 181
8.20 Tokelau 182
8.21 Tonga 182
8.22 Tuvalu 183
8.23 Vanuatu 183
8.24 Wallis and Futuna 184
8.25 Western Samoa 184
9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 186
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 186
9.2 User Agreement Provisions 187

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