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The 2007-2012 World Outlook for Manufacturing Pens, Ballpoint Pen Refills and Cartridges, Mechanical Pencils, and Felt-Tipped Markers - Product Image

The 2007-2012 World Outlook for Manufacturing Pens, Ballpoint Pen Refills and Cartridges, Mechanical Pencils, and Felt-Tipped Markers

  • Published: May 2006
  • Region: Global
  • 201 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable, or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if a market is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

The latent demand for manufacturing pens, READ MORE >

1 INTRODUCTION 10
1.1 Overview 10
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 10
1.3 The Methodology 11
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 12
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 15
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 15
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 16
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 16
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 16
1.3.7 Step 7. Latent Demand Density: Allocating Across Cities 17
2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 18
2.1 The Worldwide Market Potential 18
3 AFRICA 20
3.1 Executive Summary 20
3.2 Algeria 21
3.3 Angola 22
3.4 Benin 23
3.5 Botswana 24
3.6 Burkina Faso 25
3.7 Burundi 25
3.8 Cameroon 26
3.9 Cape Verde 27
3.10 Central African Republic 27
3.11 Chad 28
3.12 Comoros 29
3.13 Congo (formerly Zaire) 29
3.14 Cote dIvoire 30
3.15 Djibouti 31
3.16 Egypt 32
3.17 Equatorial Guinea 33
3.18 Ethiopia 33
3.19 Gabon 34
3.20 Ghana 35
3.21 Guinea 36
3.22 Guinea-Bissau 36
3.23 Kenya 37
3.24 Lesotho 38
3.25 Liberia 38
3.26 Libya 39
3.27 Madagascar 40
3.28 Malawi 40
3.29 Mali 41
3.30 Mauritania 42
3.31 Mauritius 42
3.32 Morocco 43
3.33 Mozambique 44
3.34 Namibia 44
3.35 Niger 45
3.36 Nigeria 46
3.37 Republic of Congo 47
3.38 Reunion 47
3.39 Rwanda 48
3.40 Sao Tome E Principe 49
3.41 Senegal 49
3.42 Sierra Leone 50
3.43 Somalia 51
3.44 South Africa 52
3.45 Sudan 53
3.46 Swaziland 54
3.47 Tanzania 54
3.48 The Gambia 55
3.49 Togo 56
3.50 Tunisia 57
3.51 Uganda 58
3.52 Western Sahara 59
3.53 Zambia 59
3.54 Zimbabwe 60
4 ASIA 62
4.1 Executive Summary 62
4.2 Bangladesh 63
4.3 Bhutan 64
4.4 Brunei 65
4.5 Burma 66
4.6 Cambodia 67
4.7 China 67
4.8 Hong Kong 68
4.9 India 69
4.10 Indonesia 70
4.11 Japan 71
4.12 Laos 72
4.13 Macau 72
4.14 Malaysia 73
4.15 Maldives 74
4.16 Mongolia 75
4.17 Nepal 75
4.18 North Korea 76
4.19 Papua New Guinea 77
4.20 Philippines 77
4.21 Seychelles 78
4.22 Singapore 79
4.23 South Korea 80
4.24 Sri Lanka 81
4.25 Taiwan 82
4.26 Thailand 83
4.27 Vietnam 84
5 EUROPE 85
5.1 Executive Summary 85
5.2 Albania 86
5.3 Andorra 87
5.4 Austria 88
5.5 Belarus 89
5.6 Belgium 90
5.7 Bosnia and Herzegovina 91
5.8 Bulgaria 91
5.9 Croatia 92
5.10 Cyprus 93
5.11 Czech Republic 94
5.12 Denmark 95
5.13 Estonia 96
5.14 Finland 96
5.15 France 97
5.16 Georgia 98
5.17 Germany 99
5.18 Greece 100
5.19 Hungary 101
5.20 Iceland 102
5.21 Ireland 103
5.22 Italy 103
5.23 Kazakhstan 104
5.24 Latvia 105
5.25 Liechtenstein 106
5.26 Lithuania 107
5.27 Luxembourg 107
5.28 Malta 108
5.29 Moldova 109
5.30 Monaco 109
5.31 Netherlands 110
5.32 Norway 111
5.33 Poland 112
5.34 Portugal 113
5.35 Romania 114
5.36 Russia 115
5.37 San Marino 116
5.38 Slovakia 116
5.39 Slovenia 117
5.40 Spain 118
5.41 Sweden 119
5.42 Switzerland 120
5.43 Ukraine 121
5.44 United Kingdom 122
6 OCEANA 123
6.1 Executive Summary 123
6.2 American Samoa 124
6.3 Australia 125
6.4 Christmas Island 126
6.5 Cook Islands 126
6.6 Fiji 127
6.7 French Polynesia 128
6.8 Guam 128
6.9 Kiribati 129
6.10 Marshall Islands 130
6.11 Micronesia Federation 130
6.12 Nauru 131
6.13 New Caledonia 132
6.14 New Zealand 132
6.15 Niue 133
6.16 Norfolk Island 134
6.17 Northern Mariana Island 134
6.18 Palau 135
6.19 Solomon Islands 136
6.20 Tokelau 136
6.21 Tonga 137
6.22 Tuvalu 138
6.23 Vanuatu 138
6.24 Wallis and Futuna 139
6.25 Western Samoa 140
7 THE AMERICAS 141
7.1 Executive Summary 141
7.2 Antigua and Barbuda 142
7.3 Argentina 143
7.4 Aruba 144
7.5 Bahamas 144
7.6 Barbados 145
7.7 Belize 146
7.8 Bermuda 146
7.9 Bolivia 147
7.10 Brazil 148
7.11 British Virgin Islands 149
7.12 Canada 149
7.13 Cayman Islands 150
7.14 Chile 151
7.15 Colombia 152
7.16 Costa Rica 153
7.17 Cuba 153
7.18 Dominica 154
7.19 Dominican Republic 155
7.20 Ecuador 156
7.21 El Salvador 157
7.22 Falkland Islands 157
7.23 French Guiana 158
7.24 Greenland 159
7.25 Grenada 160
7.26 Guadeloupe 160
7.27 Guatemala 161
7.28 Guyana 162
7.29 Haiti 162
7.30 Honduras 163
7.31 Jamaica 164
7.32 Martinique 164
7.33 Mexico 165
7.34 Netherlands Antilles 166
7.35 Nicaragua 167
7.36 Panama 168
7.37 Paraguay 169
7.38 Peru 170
7.39 Puerto Rico 171
7.40 St. Kitts and Nevis 172
7.41 St. Lucia 172
7.42 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 173
7.43 Suriname 174
7.44 Trinidad and Tobago 174
7.45 United States 175
7.46 Uruguay 176
7.47 Venezuela 177
7.48 Virgin Islands, US 178
8 THE MIDDLE EAST 180
8.1 Executive Summary 180
8.2 Afghanistan 181
8.3 Armenia 182
8.4 Azerbaijan 183
8.5 Bahrain 184
8.6 Iran 185
8.7 Iraq 186
8.8 Israel 187
8.9 Jordan 188
8.10 Kuwait 188
8.11 Kyrgyzstan 189
8.12 Lebanon 190
8.13 Oman 190
8.14 Pakistan 191
8.15 Palestine 192
8.16 Qatar 192
8.17 Saudi Arabia 193
8.18 Syrian Arab Republic 194
8.19 Tajikistan 195
8.20 Turkey 195
8.21 Turkmenistan 196
8.22 United Arab Emirates 197
8.23 Uzbekistan 198
8.24 Yemen 199
9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 200
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 200
9.2 User Agreement Provisions 201

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