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Internet Services in China: A Strategic Reference, 2006 - Product Image

Internet Services in China: A Strategic Reference, 2006

  • Published: July 2007
  • Region: China
  • 242 pages
  • ICON Group International

How to Strategically Evaluate China

Perhaps the most efficient way of evaluating China is to consider key dimensions which themselves are composites of multiple factors. Composite portfolio approaches have long been used by strategic planners. The biggest challenge in this approach is to choose the appropriate factors that are the most relevant to international planning. The two measures of greatest relevance to internet services are “latent demand” and “market accessibility”. The figure below summarizes the key dimensions and recommendations of such an approach. Using these two composites, one can prioritize all countries of the world. Countries of high latent demand and high relative accessibility (e.g. easier entry for one firm compared to other firms) are given highest priority. The figure below shows two different scenarios. Accessibility is defined as a firm’s ease of entering or supplying from or to a market (the “supply side”), and latent demand is an indicator of the potential in serving from or to the market (the “demand side”).
Framework for Prioritizing Countries

Demand/Market Potential Driven READ MORE >

1 INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY 1
1.1 What Does This Report Cover? 1
1.2 How to Strategically Evaluate China 1
1.3 Latent Demand and Accessibility in China 3
2 INTERNET SERVICES IN CHINA 5
2.1 Latent Demand and Accessibility: Background 5
2.2 Latent Demand: Market Composition 5
2.3 Latent Demand: Market Data 5
2.3.1 Internet Users 5
2.3.2 Domain Names 6
2.3.3 Web Sites and Bandwidth 7
2.3.4 Usage 7
2.4 Latent Demand: Leading Segments 8
2.4.1 E-mail 8
2.4.2 Search Engines 9
2.4.3 Online Advertising 9
2.4.4 Instant Messaging 10
2.4.5 Online Recruiting 11
2.4.6 Online Games 11
2.4.7 E-Commerce 12
2.5 Key Suppliers 12
3 FINANCIAL INDICATORS: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING SERVICES 13
3.1 Overview 13
3.1.1 Financial Returns and Gaps in China 14
3.1.2 Labor Productivity Gaps in China 17
3.1.3 Limitations and Extensions 17
3.2 Financial Returns in China: Asset Structure Ratios 18
3.2.1 Overview 18
3.2.2 Assets - Definitions of Terms 18
3.2.3 Asset Structure: Outlook 21
3.2.4 Large Variances: Assets 22
3.2.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 25
3.3 Financial Returns in China: Liability Structure Ratios 40
3.3.1 Overview 40
3.3.2 Liabilities and Equity - Definitions of Terms 40
3.3.3 Liability Structure: Outlook 42
3.3.4 Large Variances: Liabilities 43
3.3.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 46
3.4 Financial Returns in China: Income Structure Ratios 59
3.4.1 Overview 59
3.4.2 Income Statements - Definitions of Terms 59
3.4.3 Income Structure: Outlook 61
3.4.4 Large Variances: Income 62
3.4.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 65
3.5 Financial Returns in China: Profitability Ratios 80
3.5.1 Overview 80
3.5.2 Ratios - Definitions of Terms 80
3.5.3 Ratio Structure: Outlook 82
3.5.4 Large Variances: Ratios 83
3.5.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 86
3.6 Productivity in China: Asset-Labor Ratios 101
3.6.1 Overview 101
3.6.2 Asset to Labor: Outlook 102
3.6.3 Asset to Labor: International Gaps 103
3.6.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 106
3.7 Productivity in China: Liability-Labor Ratios 121
3.7.1 Overview 121
3.7.2 Liability to Labor: Outlook 122
3.7.3 Liability and Equity to Labor: International Gaps 123
3.7.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 126
3.8 Productivity in China: Income-Labor Ratios 139
3.8.1 Overview 139
3.8.2 Income to Labor: Outlook 140
3.8.3 Income to Labor: Gaps 141
3.8.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 144
4 MACRO-ACCESSIBILITY IN CHINA 159
4.1 Executive Summary 159
4.1.1 Government Intervention Risks 159
4.1.2 Infrastructure Investment 160
4.2 Political Risks 160
4.3 Marketing Strategies 161
4.3.1 Distribution Channel Options 161
4.3.2 Establishing a Presence in China 163
4.3.3 Selling Strategies 164
4.3.4 Advertising and Trade Promotion 165
4.3.5 Pricing Issues 166
4.3.6 Selling to the Government 167
4.3.7 Intellectual Property Risks 167
4.3.8 Local Professional Services 172
4.3.9 Performing Due Diligence 173
4.4 Import and Export Regulation Risks 173
4.4.1 Import Tariffs and Customs Regulations 174
4.4.2 Trade Barrier Risks 175
4.4.3 Import Documentation Requirements 178
4.4.4 Controls on Exports 179
4.4.5 Export Controls 180
4.4.6 Inspection Standards 181
4.4.7 Labeling Issues 183
4.4.8 Additional Trade Issues 183
4.4.9 Restrictions on Imports 184
4.4.10 Customs Contact Information 185
4.5 Investment Climate 185
4.5.1 Openness to Foreign Investment 185
4.5.2 Laws Affecting Foreign Enterprise Establishment 188
4.5.3 Other Laws Relating to Investment 190
4.5.4 Conversion and Transfer Policies 192
4.5.5 Expropriation and Compensation 192
4.5.6 Dispute Settlement 192
4.5.7 Performance Requirements and Incentives 194
4.5.8 Right to Private Ownership and Establishment 195
4.5.9 Transparency of the Regulatory System 196
4.5.10 Capital Market Risks 197
4.5.11 Political Violence 198
4.5.12 Corruption 198
4.5.13 Bilateral Investment Agreements 199
4.5.14 OPIC and Other Investment Insurance 199
4.5.15 Labor 199
4.5.16 Free Trade Zone Options 201
4.6 Trade and Project Financing 201
4.6.1 Banking System 201
4.6.2 Foreign Exchange Control Risks 203
4.6.3 Financing Exports 204
4.6.4 Terms of Payment 206
4.6.5 Insurance 207
4.6.6 Financing Projects 207
4.6.7 Commercial Bank Contacts 207
4.7 Travel Risks 212
4.7.1 Planning and Logistics 213
4.7.2 Temporary Entry of Materials and Personal Belongings 214
4.7.3 Country Data 215
4.7.4 Major U.S. Investors in China 216
4.8 Key Contacts 217
4.8.1 State Commissions 217
4.8.2 Chinese Ministries 217
4.8.3 Associations and Corporations 226
4.8.4 American Chamber of Commerce 228
4.8.5 U.S. Embassy Contacts 229
4.8.6 Contacts in Washington D.C. 231
4.8.7 U.S.-Based Multipliers 232
5 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 233
5.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 233
5.2 Icon Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 234

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