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Higher Education and Post-Graduate Executive Programs in France: A Strategic Reference, 2006 - Product Image

Higher Education and Post-Graduate Executive Programs in France: A Strategic Reference, 2006

  • ID: 602150
  • July 2007
  • Region: France
  • 229 pages
  • ICON Group International

How to Strategically Evaluate France

Perhaps the most efficient way of evaluating France is to consider key dimensions which themselves are composites of multiple factors. Composite portfolio approaches have long been used by strategic planners. The biggest challenge in this approach is to choose the appropriate factors that are the most relevant to international planning. The two measures of greatest relevance to higher education and post-graduate executive programs are “latent demand” and “market accessibility”. The figure below summarizes the key dimensions and recommendations of such an approach. Using these two composites, one can prioritize all countries of the world. Countries of high latent demand and high relative accessibility (e.g. easier entry for one firm compared to other firms) are given highest priority. The figure below shows two different scenarios. Accessibility is defined as a firm’s ease of entering or supplying from or to a market (the “supply side”), and latent demand is an indicator of the potential in serving from or to the market (the “demand side”).
Framework for Prioritizing Countries

Demand/Market READ MORE >

1 INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY 1
1.1 What Does This Report Cover? 1
1.2 How to Strategically Evaluate France 1
1.3 Latent Demand and Accessibility in France 3
2 HIGHER EDUCATION AND POST-GRADUATE EXECUTIVE PROGRAMS IN FRANCE 5
2.1 Latent Demand and Accessibility: Background 5
2.2 Latent Demand: Market Composition 5
2.2.1 Higher Education 6
2.3 Accessibility: Obstacles 7
2.3.1 International Students Coming to the U.S. 7
2.3.2 Legal Studies in the U.S. 8
2.3.3 Business Studies in the U.S. 8
2.3.4 Learning English 8
2.3.5 Student Visas 9
2.4 Key Contacts 9
3 FINANCIAL INDICATORS: COLLEGES, UNIVERSITIES, AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS 10
3.1 Overview 10
3.1.1 Financial Returns and Gaps in France 11
3.1.2 Labor Productivity Gaps in France 13
3.1.3 Limitations and Extensions 14
3.2 Financial Returns in France: Asset Structure Ratios 15
3.2.1 Overview 15
3.2.2 Assets - Definitions of Terms 15
3.2.3 Asset Structure: Outlook 16
3.2.4 Large Variances: Assets 17
3.2.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 20
3.3 Financial Returns in France: Liability Structure Ratios 33
3.3.1 Overview 33
3.3.2 Liabilities and Equity - Definitions of Terms 33
3.3.3 Liability Structure: Outlook 35
3.3.4 Large Variances: Liabilities 36
3.3.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 39
3.4 Financial Returns in France: Income Structure Ratios 50
3.4.1 Overview 50
3.4.2 Income Statements - Definitions of Terms 50
3.4.3 Income Structure: Outlook 52
3.4.4 Large Variances: Income 53
3.4.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 56
3.5 Financial Returns in France: Profitability Ratios 63
3.5.1 Overview 63
3.5.2 Ratios - Definitions of Terms 63
3.5.3 Ratio Structure: Outlook 65
3.5.4 Large Variances: Ratios 66
3.5.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 69
3.6 Productivity in France: Asset-Labor Ratios 82
3.6.1 Overview 82
3.6.2 Asset to Labor: Outlook 82
3.6.3 Asset to Labor: International Gaps 83
3.6.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 86
3.7 Productivity in France: Liability-Labor Ratios 99
3.7.1 Overview 99
3.7.2 Liability to Labor: Outlook 99
3.7.3 Liability and Equity to Labor: International Gaps 100
3.7.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 103
3.8 Productivity in France: Income-Labor Ratios 114
3.8.1 Overview 114
3.8.2 Income to Labor: Outlook 114
3.8.3 Income to Labor: Gaps 115
3.8.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 118
4 MACRO-ACCESSIBILITY IN FRANCE 126
4.1 Executive Summary 126
4.2 Economic Fundamentals and Dynamics 126
4.2.1 Government Intervention Risks 126
4.2.2 Trade Barrier Risks 127
4.2.3 Labor Force 127
4.2.4 Major and Third Country Competitors 127
4.2.5 Infrastructure Development 128
4.3 Political Risks 128
4.4 Marketing Strategies 128
4.4.1 Distribution and Sales Channels for Food and Non-Food Items 129
4.4.2 Agents and Distributors 132
4.4.3 Finding a Partner 134
4.4.4 Contacting and Evaluating Potential Representatives 134
4.4.5 Negotiating an Agreement with a French Representative 135
4.4.6 Franchising Activities 135
4.4.7 Direct Marketing 135
4.4.8 E-Commerce 135
4.4.9 Joint Ventures and Licensing Options 136
4.4.10 Steps to Establishing an Office 136
4.4.11 Selling Strategies 136
4.4.12 Advertising and Trade Promotion 137
4.4.13 Pricing Issues 139
4.4.14 Terms of Payment 140
4.4.15 Logistics 140
4.4.16 Selling to the Government 140
4.4.17 Hiring Local Counsel 141
4.5 Intellectual Property Risks 142
4.5.1 Patents 142
4.5.2 Trademarks 144
4.5.3 Designs and Models 144
4.5.4 Copyrights 145
4.6 Import and Export Regulation Risks 146
4.6.1 Tariffs and Import Taxes 146
4.6.2 Trade Barrier Risks 147
4.6.3 Valuations on Imports 148
4.6.4 Internal Taxes 148
4.6.5 Controls on Exports 148
4.6.6 Documentation Required for Trade 149
4.6.7 Entering Temporary Imports 151
4.6.8 Labeling Issues 151
4.6.9 Restrictions on Imports 153
4.6.10 Local Standards 154
4.6.11 Adherence to Free Trade Agreements 157
4.7 Investment Climate 158
4.7.1 French Investment Regime 158
4.7.2 The Formal Investment Regime 159
4.7.3 Informal Impediments to Foreign Investors 160
4.7.4 Frances Privatization Program 161
4.7.5 French Government Participation in R&D Programs 161
4.7.6 Visas and Work Permits 162
4.7.7 Conversion and Transfer Policies 162
4.7.8 Expropriation and Compensation 162
4.7.9 Dispute Settlement 163
4.7.10 Performance Requirements and Incentives 163
4.7.11 Right to Private Ownership and Establishment 165
4.7.12 Intellectual Property Risks 166
4.7.13 Transparency of the Regulatory System 166
4.7.14 Capital Market Risks 166
4.7.15 Political Violence 167
4.7.16 Corruption 168
4.7.17 Bilateral Investment Agreements 168
4.7.18 OPIC and Other Investment Insurance 169
4.7.19 Labor 169
4.7.20 Free Trade Zone Options 170
4.7.21 Major Foreign Investors 170
4.7.22 Metals Industry 177
4.8 Trade and Project Financing 184
4.8.1 The Banking System 184
4.8.2 Foreign Exchange Control Risks 185
4.8.3 Export Financing 185
4.9 Travel Risks 187
4.9.1 Local Business Practices 187
4.9.2 Entry of Persons and Things 188
4.9.3 Electrical Characteristics and Communications 188
4.9.4 Transportation 188
4.9.5 Climate and Clothing 188
4.9.6 Bed and Board in Paris 189
4.9.7 Commercial Language 189
4.9.8 Useful Addresses 189
4.9.9 Country Data 190
4.10 Key Contacts 190
4.10.1 U.S. Embassy Trade-Related Contacts 190
4.10.2 U.S. Government Contacts in France 193
4.10.3 U.S. Government Contacts in Washington D.C. 194
4.10.4 U.S.-Based Multipliers 196
4.10.5 French Government Agencies 196
4.10.6 Market Research Firms in France 212
4.10.7 U.S. Banks in France 214
4.10.8 Logistics and Transportation Services 215
5 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 220
5.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 220
5.2 Icon Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 221

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