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Pollution Control Equipment in Peru: A Strategic Reference, 2007 - Product Image

Pollution Control Equipment in Peru: A Strategic Reference, 2007

  • Published: July 2007
  • Region: Peru
  • 207 pages
  • ICON Group International

How to Strategically Evaluate Peru

Perhaps the most efficient way of evaluating Peru is to consider key dimensions which themselves are composites of multiple factors. Composite portfolio approaches have long been used by strategic planners. The biggest challenge in this approach is to choose the appropriate factors that are the most relevant to international planning. The two measures of greatest relevance to pollution control equipment are “latent demand” and “market accessibility”. The figure below summarizes the key dimensions and recommendations of such an approach. Using these two composites, one can prioritize all countries of the world. Countries of high latent demand and high relative accessibility (e.g. easier entry for one firm compared to other firms) are given highest priority. The figure below shows two different scenarios. Accessibility is defined as a firm’s ease of entering or supplying from or to a market (the “supply side”), and latent demand is an indicator of the potential in serving from or to the market (the “demand side”).
Framework for Prioritizing Countries

Demand/Market Potential READ MORE >

1 INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY 1
1.1 What Does This Report Cover? 1
1.2 How to Strategically Evaluate Peru 1
1.3 Latent Demand and Accessibility in Peru 3
2 POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT IN PERU 5
2.1 Latent Demand and Accessibility: Background 5
2.2 Latent Demand: Market Composition 6
2.2.1 Market Data 6
2.2.2 Imports 8
2.3 Soil and Water Remediation and Monitoring 8
2.4 Solid Waste 9
2.4.1 Composition 9
2.4.2 Collection 10
2.4.3 Transportation 10
2.4.4 Recycling 11
2.4.5 Treatment 11
2.5 Latent Demand: Dynamics 13
2.6 Latent Demand: Leading Segments 14
2.7 Accessibility: Market Entry 15
2.7.1 Market Issues and Obstacles 15
2.7.2 Tariff 16
2.8 Accessibility: Trade Events 16
3 FINANCIAL INDICATORS: REFUSE SYSTEMS 17
3.1 Overview 17
3.1.1 Financial Returns and Gaps in Peru 17
3.1.2 Labor Productivity Gaps in Peru 20
3.1.3 Limitations and Extensions 21
3.2 Financial Returns in Peru: Asset Structure Ratios 22
3.2.1 Overview 22
3.2.2 Assets - Definitions of Terms 22
3.2.3 Asset Structure: Outlook 25
3.2.4 Large Variances: Assets 26
3.2.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 29
3.3 Financial Returns in Peru: Liability Structure Ratios 44
3.3.1 Overview 44
3.3.2 Liabilities and Equity - Definitions of Terms 44
3.3.3 Liability Structure: Outlook 46
3.3.4 Large Variances: Liabilities 47
3.3.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 50
3.4 Financial Returns in Peru: Income Structure Ratios 63
3.4.1 Overview 63
3.4.2 Income Statements - Definitions of Terms 63
3.4.3 Income Structure: Outlook 65
3.4.4 Large Variances: Income 66
3.4.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 69
3.5 Financial Returns in Peru: Profitability Ratios 84
3.5.1 Overview 84
3.5.2 Ratios - Definitions of Terms 84
3.5.3 Ratio Structure: Outlook 86
3.5.4 Large Variances: Ratios 87
3.5.5 Key Percentiles and Rankings 90
3.6 Productivity in Peru: Asset-Labor Ratios 105
3.6.1 Overview 105
3.6.2 Asset to Labor: Outlook 106
3.6.3 Asset to Labor: International Gaps 107
3.6.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 110
3.7 Productivity in Peru: Liability-Labor Ratios 125
3.7.1 Overview 125
3.7.2 Liability to Labor: Outlook 126
3.7.3 Liability and Equity to Labor: International Gaps 127
3.7.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 130
3.8 Productivity in Peru: Income-Labor Ratios 143
3.8.1 Overview 143
3.8.2 Income to Labor: Outlook 144
3.8.3 Income to Labor: Gaps 145
3.8.4 Key Percentiles and Rankings 148
4 MACRO-ACCESSIBILITY IN PERU 163
4.1 Executive Summary 163
4.2 Marketing Strategies 163
4.2.1 Distribution Channel Options 163
4.2.2 Agents and Distributors 163
4.2.3 Franchising Activities 163
4.2.4 Direct Marketing Options 164
4.2.5 Joint Ventures and Licensing Options 164
4.2.6 Creating a Sales Office 164
4.2.7 Creating a Sales Office 165
4.2.8 Incorporating a Subsidiary 165
4.2.9 Selling Strategies 166
4.2.10 Advertising and Trade Promotion 167
4.2.11 Public Sector Marketing 168
4.2.12 Intellectual Property Risks 168
4.2.13 Hiring Local Counsel 169
4.3 Import and Export Regulation Risks 169
4.3.1 Trade Barrier Risks 169
4.3.2 Customs Regulations 169
4.3.3 Licenses Required for Imports 169
4.3.4 Controls on Exports 170
4.3.5 Documentation Required for Trade 170
4.3.6 Entering Temporary Imports 170
4.3.7 Labeling Issues 170
4.3.8 Packaging 171
4.3.9 Food Additive Regulations 171
4.3.10 Restrictions on Imports 171
4.3.11 Local Standards 171
4.3.12 Adherence to Free Trade Agreements 171
4.3.13 Customs Contact Information 172
4.4 Investment Climate 172
4.4.1 Openness to Foreign Investment 172
4.4.2 Conversion and Transfer Policies 173
4.4.3 Expropriation and Compensation 173
4.4.4 Dispute Settlement 173
4.4.5 Performance Requirements and Incentives 174
4.4.6 Right to Private Ownership and Establishment 175
4.4.7 Protection of Property Rights 175
4.4.8 Transparency of the Regulatory System 175
4.4.9 Capital Market Risks 176
4.4.10 Political Violence 176
4.4.11 Corruption 177
4.4.12 Bilateral Investment Agreements 177
4.4.13 OPIC and Other Investment Insurance 177
4.4.14 Labor 178
4.4.15 Free Trade Zone Options 178
4.5 Trade and Project Financing 178
4.5.1 Banking System 178
4.6 Travel Risks 180
4.6.1 Local Business Practices 180
4.6.2 Travel Issues 180
4.6.3 Infrastructure for Conducting Business 180
4.6.4 Entering Temporary Imports 181
4.6.5 Country Data 181
4.7 Key Contacts 182
4.7.1 U.S. Government Contacts 182
4.7.2 Private Sector Associations 185
4.7.3 Peruvian Government Contacts 188
4.7.4 Major Newspapers 190
4.7.5 B2B Web Sites 192
4.7.6 U.S.-affiliated Advertising Agencies in Peru 193
4.7.7 Consulting Firms in Peru 194
4.7.8 Pre-Shipment Inspection 196
5 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 198
5.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 198
5.2 Icon Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 199

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