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Egypt - Key Statistics, Regulatory and Telecom Market Insights

Egypt has the largest fixed-line market in Africa and the Arab region, with a profitable incumbent telco (Telecom Egypt) which was partially privatised through an IPO. However, the country's political crisis following the Arab Spring' revolution that started in 2011 has not left the telecom sector unaffected. Revenue has remained stable, ARPU has actually risen, but profit margins and capital expenditure are down due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013.

Previously abandoned plans for a second fixed-line licence and a fourth mobile licence have been revived. They will take the form of unified licences which will give Telecom Egypt (TE) the right to operate as a Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) while the mobile operators would gain access to TE's fixed-line infrastructure.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, a national fibre backbone, and some of Africa's first Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) deployments.

Key developments:

Political crisis affects the telecom sector; Telecom Egypt receives Unified Telecom Licence, set to enter the mobile market; mobile operators able to enter the fixed-line market under new unified licensing regime; consortium signs contract to build the EA-ME-WE 5 cable; operator data to Q1 2014; recent market developments.

Companies covered in this report:

Telecom Egypt; Orascom Telecom; Menatel; NilePhone; Raya Telecom; Zhone Technologies; Ericsson; NEC; Nortel Networks; Qualcomm; ZTE; Huawei Technologies; Alcatel; Lucent Technologies;
1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Egypt's telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Creation of a new regulatory framework
4.3 Telecommunications Master Plan
4.4 Legislative reform
4.5 Unified Telecom License (UTL)
4.6 Regulatory authority
4.6.1 National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
4.6.2 Ministry of Communications & Information Technology
4.7 Telecom sector liberalisation in Egypt
4.7.1 International gateway licences
4.7.2 International submarine cable licence
4.7.3 Second fixed-line licence, unified licences
4.7.4 Triple-play licences
4.7.5 Fourth mobile licence
4.7.6 Local loop unbundling (LLU, ULL)
4.8 Interconnection
4.9 Tariffs
5. Fixed network operators in Egypt
5.1 Telecom Egypt
5.1.1 Network infrastructure
5.1.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
5.1.3 Services
5.1.4 Wholesale
5.1.5 Financial results
5.1.6 Privatisation
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 Fixed-line statistics
6.2 Public payphones
6.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
6.4 Smart grid infrastructure
6.5 International infrastructure
6.5.1 Terrestrial
6.5.2 Submarine fibre
6.5.3 Satellite
7. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics 2014
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2014
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2014
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2014
Table 5 Broadband statistics December 2013
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2014
Table 7 National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 Telecom Egypt key performance indicators 2003 - 2014
Table 9 Telecom Egypt fixed voice vs. data ARPU 2010 - 2013
Table 10 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 1995 - 2004
Table 11 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 2005 - 2014
Table 12 Public payphones by operator in Egypt 2002 - 2014
Table 13 International bandwidth in Egypt 2003 - 2014
Chart 1 Telecom Egypt key performance indicators 2003 2014
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 2005 - 2014
Exhibit 1 Major licences issued in Egypt 2013
Companies Mentioned
Telecom Egypt

Orascom Telecom



Raya Telecom

Zhone Technologies



Nortel Networks



Huawei Technologies


Lucent Technologies,
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