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Egypt - Key Statistics, Regulatory and Fixed-Line Telecoms Overviews

Egypt has the largest fixed-line market in Africa and the Arab region, with a profitable incumbent telco (Telecom Egypt) which was partially privatised through an IPO. However, the country's political crisis following the ‘Arab Spring' revolution that started in 2011 has not left the telecom sector unaffected. Revenue has remained stable, ARPU has actually risen, but profit margins and capital expenditure are down due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013.

Previously abandoned plans for a second fixed-line licence and a fourth mobile licence may be revived in the near future. Telecom Egypt is planning to enter the mobile market as an MVNO, and in return the mobile operators may be allowed to enter the fixed-line market.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, a national fibre backbone, and some of Africa's first Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) deployments.

Key developments:
Political crisis affects the telecom sector;
Telecom Egypt set to enter the mobile market as MVNO;
Mobile operators may enter fixed-line market;
FttH deployments;
New international fibre optic cables.

Companies covered in this report:

Telecom Egypt; Orascom Telecom; Menatel; NilePhone; Raya Telecom; Zhone Technologies; Ericsson; NEC; Nortel Networks; Qualcomm; ZTE; Huawei Technologies; Alcatel; Lucent Technologies.
1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Egypt's telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Creation of a new regulatory framework
4.3 Telecommunications Master Plan
4.4 Legislative reform
4.5 Regulatory authority
4.5.1 National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
4.5.2 Ministry of Communications & Information Technology
4.6 Telecom sector liberalisation in Egypt
4.6.1 International gateway licences
4.6.2 International submarine cable licence
4.6.3 Second fixed-line licence
4.6.4 Triple-play licences
4.6.5 Fourth mobile licence
4.6.6 Local loop unbundling (LLU, ULL)
4.7 Interconnection
4.8 Tariffs
5. Fixed network operators in Egypt
5.1 Telecom Egypt
5.1.1 Network infrastructure
5.1.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
5.1.3 Services
5.1.4 Wholesale
5.1.5 Financial results
5.1.6 Privatisation
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 Fixed-line statistics
6.2 Public payphones
6.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
6.4 FttH
6.5 International infrastructure
6.5.1 Terrestrial
6.5.2 Submarine fibre
6.5.3 Satellite
7. Related reports
Table 1 – Country statistics – 2013
Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2013
Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2013
Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2013
Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2013
Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2013
Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 – Telecom Egypt key performance indicators – 2003 - 2013
Table 9 – Telecom Egypt fixed voice vs. broadband ARPU – 2010 - 2012
Table 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 - 2013
Table 11 – Public payphones by operator in Egypt – 2002 - 2013
Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2000 - 2013
Exhibit 1 – Major licences issued in Egypt – 2013
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