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Unattended Ground Sensors: Communications Technologies and Markets Product Image

Unattended Ground Sensors: Communications Technologies and Markets

  • Published: July 2008
  • Region: Global
  • PracTel Inc

FEATURED COMPANIES

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This is Issue II of the report, which was necessary to update previous information and to present new marketing data on WSN-UGS.

The topic of this report is Unattended Ground Sensors communications technologies and markets. UGSs are becoming common tools to obtain various information, including environmental, situational and other data from difficult reachable for humans places. They, initially, were utilized in the various military applications, and only lately found the place in the commercial sectors, starting from SCADA and going even to Personal Body LAN. The main advantage of such sensors is their ability to utilizing wireless communications between the area of deployment and an operator who may be located miles from the area of UGS operations.

Large-scale WSN-UGS represent an evolving generation of embedded communications structures and they have characteristics that differentiate them from traditional wireless networks. WSN-UGS have many constrains that are not typical for other wireless networks, such as:

-Node size
-Dependence on the battery life
-Bandwidth
-Extreme conditions for operations
-Large number of nodes.

These networks are READ MORE >

1.0 Introduction

1.1 General

1.1.1 Developments

1.2 UWB

1.2.1 Brief Description

1.3 ZigBee

1.4 UGS-based WSN

1.4.1 Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS)

1.5 Scope

1.6 Structure

1.7 Research Methodology

1.8 Target Audience

2.0 UWB: Technology and Market Specifics

2.1 General

2.1.2 History

2.1.3 Obstacles

2.2 Definition

2.2.1 Rates

2.3 Spectrum Allocation

2.3.1 Choices

2.4 Major Features

2.4.1 Communications Features

2.5 Standards and Regulations

2.5.1 Multiband OFDM

2.5.2 DS-UWB

2.5.3 Comparison

2.5.4 Standards Bodies

2.5.5 FCC and ETSI

2.5.6 ECMA International

2.5.7 European Regulators

2.5.8 Comparison

2.5.8.1 Impulse Radio– Pulse Link, Time Domain

2.5.8.2 DS-CDMA – Motorola and other

2.5.8.3 Multi-Band OFDM (FH) – MBOA

2.6 Applications

2.6.1 General

2.6.2 Home Security-UGS

2.6.3 Phones

2.6.4 RFID

2.6.5 Communications and Imaging

2.6.6 WPAN

2.6.7 Imaging systems

2.6.8 Vehicular radar systems

2.6.9 Ranging

2.6.10 Public Safety

2.7 WSN-UGS and UWB

2.7.1 General

2.7.2 UWB Role

2.7.2.1 UWB-structured WSN-UGS

2.7.2.2 Features

2.8 Issues

2.9 Applications Summary

2.10 UWB Market

2.10.1 General

2.10.1.1 Major Segments

2.10.2 Forecast

2.10.3 Comments

2.11 Industry: UWB and WSN

Aether Wire & Location (localization sensors)

AirGate (sensors)

Alereon (chipsets)

BBN (radio, first responders)

Belkin

Camero (radar, equipment for first responders)

Focus Enhancement (chipsets)

Fujitsu Components (antenna, filter)

General Atomics (chipsets)

Intel

Multispectral (RFID and others)

Parco (RFID-Health Care)

Pulse~ Link (chipsets)

Staccato (chipsets)

TriQuint (chipsets – homeland security applications)

Time Domain (chipsets-fusion of communications & radar)

Tzero (chipsets)

Ubisense (RFID-tracking)

Wisair (chipsets)

WiQuest (chipsets)

3.0 ZigBee

3.1 General

3.2 Technology

3.2.1 Major Features

3.2.2 Device Types

3.2.3 Protocol Stack

3.2.3.1 Physical and MAC Layers – IEEE802.15.4

3.2.3.1.1 Frame

3.2.3.2 Upper Layers

3.2.3.2.1 Interoperability

3.2.3.2.2 Security

3.2.4 Platform Considerations

3.2.4.1 Battery Life

3.2.5 ZigBee Technology Benefits and Limitations

3.3 Standardization Process

3.3.1 ZigBee Alliance

3.3.1.1 Objectives

3.3.2 802.15.4- ZigBee Basis

3.3.2.1 IEEE 802.15.4 Radio

3.3.2.2 Application Specifics

3.4 Applications

3.4.1 General

3.4.2 Home

3.4.2.1 PC

3.4.3 Manufacturing

3.4.4 WSN-UGS and ZigBee

3.4.4.1 General

3.4.4.2 ZigBee Role

3.4.4.2 ZigBee-structured WSN-UGS

3.5. Market

3.5.1 Expectations

3.5.2 Segments

3.5.3 Forecast

3.6 Industry

Airbee (Software)

Amber (RF Systems)

Arch Rock (WSN-UGS-ZigBee)

Atmel (Chipsets)

Chipcon –TI (Chipsets)

Cirronet (Modules)

Crossbow (WSN, motes)

Digi (Radio)

Duolog (Transceivers)

Eazix (Modules)

Ember (Chipsets)

Falcom (Modules)

GreenPeak

Helicomm (Modules)

Jennic (Chipsets-Modules)

Freescale (Chipsets)

MeshNetics (Modules)

Moteiv- Sentila (Modules, SW)

Nanotron (Chipsets)

Oki (Chipsets)

Renesas (Platforms)

Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules)

Synapse

Telegesis (Integrator)

4.0 Competition Landscape

4.1 Climate of Competition

4.1.1 Bluetooth and ZigBee

4.1.1.1 Air Interface

4.1.1.2 Battery Drain

4.1.1.3 Timing Considerations

5.0 UGS Technology–Specifics and Applications

5.1 Smart Sensor Structure

5.1.1 Classification

5.1.2 Details

2.7.2.1 WSN-UGS

2.7.2.2 Requirements

5.2 Networking

5.2.1 WSN-UGS: Examples

5.3 UGS Functioning

5.3.1 Parameters and Requirements

5.3.2 Details

5.3.2.1 Examples Of Functioning

5.3.3 Future Combat Systems

5.3.3.1 Subgroups

5.3.3.1.1 Tactical Subgroup

5.3.3.1.2 Urban/MOUT Advanced Sensor Systems

5.3.4 Intelligent Munitions System (IMS)

5.4 Standardization: IEEE 1451

5.4.1 General

5.4.2 Family

5.4.3 Description

5.5 Applications

5.5.1 General

5.5.2 Applications Examples

5.5.2.1 Military Example: REMBASS Family

5.5.2.2 Military: Future

5.6 Challenges

5.7Market Characteristics

5.7.1 Trends

6.0 UGS Vendors

BAE Systems

BBN

Crossbow (WSN)

Crane (WSN-ZigBee)

Dust Networks (USG-Mesh)

Elta

Exensor

Intel (Chipsets)

Freescale (sensors)

Harris (UGS)

IWT (Mesh)

L3 (UGS)

McQ (UGS)

MeshDynamics (Mesh)

Millennial Net (Mesh-UGS)

Moteiv-Sentilla (WSN)

MeshNetics (WSN Software)

Newtrax (WSN-mesh, UGS)

Nelco

NRL (UGS)

NorthropGrumman (UGS)

Octave Technologies (SW, WSN)

Plextek (Communications Platform for UGS)

Qual-Tron

Rheinmetall (UGS)

Selex (UGS)

Sensicast (WSN)

Strix (Mesh)

Telonics

TextRon (UGS)

Thales (UGS)

Trident (UGS-UWB)

Zeltech

7.0 Conclusions

List of Figures

Figure 1: UWB Spectrum

Figure 2: OFDM Frequency Segments

Figure 3: DS-UWB Spectrum Characteristics

Figure 4: Spectrum Regulations-UWB

Figure 5: Spectrum Illustration

Figure 6: WSN-UGS and UBW

Figure 7: Market Estimate: UWB Circuitry ($B)

Figure 8: Market Estimate: UWB IC Shipments (Unit M)

Figure 9: Estimate of UWB Market – Communications Applications ($B)

Figure 10: UWB IC-WSN-UGS Market Segment ($M)

Figure 11: ZigBee Protocol Stack

Figure 12: Estimate: ZigBee Chipsets Market Worlwide ($M)

Figure 13: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2008)

Figure 14: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2013)

Figure 15: Two Groups

Figure 16: UGS-Functions

Figure 17: UGS Technologies

Figure 18: Distribution Factor

Figure 19: WSN-UGS Node

Figure 20: Market Estimate: UGS Nodes Sale ($M)

Figure 21: Market Estimate: UGS Nodes Shipped (Million Units)

Figure 22: UGS Market Geographical Segmentation

Figure 23: UGS Network Sizing

List of Tables

Table 1: Comparison: Conventioanl Ad Hoc Network and WSN

Table 2: Comparison: DS-UWB and MB-OFDM

Table 3: FCC Emission Limits

Table 4: Comparison

Table 5: UWB Applications: Summary

Table 6: UWB Market Segments

Table 7: ZigBee Parameters

Table 8: Comparison

Table 9: UGS Node-Price Components

- Aether Wire & Location

- AirGate

- Alereon
- BBN

- Belkin

- Camero

- Focus Enhancement

- Fujitsu Components

- General Atomics

- Intel

- Multispectral
- Parco

- Pulse~ Link
- Staccato
- TriQuint
- Time Domain

- Tzero

- Ubisense

- Wisair

- WiQuest
- Airbee
- Amber

- Arch Rock

- Atmel

- Chipcon –TI

- Cirronet

- Crossbow

- Digi

- Duolog
- Eazix

- Ember
- Falcom

- GreenPeak

- Helicomm

- Jennic

- Freescale
- MeshNetics
- Moteiv- Sentila

- Nanotron
- Oki

- Renesas
- Silicon Laboratories
- Synapse

- Telegesis
- BAE Systems

- BBN

- Crossbow

- Crane
- Dust Networks
- Elta

- Exensor

- Intel

- Freescale
- Harris

- IWT

- L3

- McQ
- MeshDynamics

- Millennial Net

- Moteiv-Sentilla

- MeshNetics

- Newtrax

- Nelco

- NRL
- NorthropGrumman

- Octave Technologies
- Plextek
- Qual-Tron

- Rheinmetall
- Selex

- Sensicast
- Strix

- Telonics

- TextRon

- Thales

- Trident

- Zeltech

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