Hungary Commercial Banking Report Q3 2008
- ID: 651753
- August 2008
- Region: Hungary
- 40 Pages
- Business Monitor International
The Hungary Commercial Banking Report provides independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on Hungary's commercial banking industry.
Over the last year the crisis in the inter-bank market and the soaring prices of oil and other raw materials tended to obscure several other important trends. In most of the developing world (i.e. the vast majority of the countries whose banking industries we survey), lending has been growing quickly. In many emerging markets inflationary pressures have been boosted by a rapid increase in credit, and in a number of emerging markets macro-economic imbalances are evident.
The figures on the tables above provide a snapshot of the banking sector in Greece and the changes that have taken place within it over the last year. To place the figures in context, it may be useful to bear in mind certain aspects of the 59 countries whose banking sectors we currently survey. Across this sample the median growth in assets in local currency terms was 21.3% (in Colombia), the median loan growth was 21.6% (in India), and the median growth in deposits was 17.9% (in Brazil).
On their own, the ratios of loans to deposits, assets, and GDP mean little; however, they can provide useful hints when combined with other data. Across the 59 countries the median loan/deposit ratio was 92.3% (in Greece), the median loan/asset ratio was 56.0% (in Poland), and the median loan/GDP ratio was 63.9% (in India).
From 3Q08, we have included a new section that examines the risks associated with each country’s banking sector in a new way. We have essentially sought to ask to what extent the banking sector will likely need source funding from banks in the rest of the world over the course of 2008. Given that the answer is not necessarily meaningful on its own, we have looked at other key issues such as the size and recent movement in the loan/deposit ratio, macro-economic developments, and recent movements in financial markets.
In general, the first half of 2008 has been kind to fixed-income investors and money market participants in Central and Eastern Europe. Inter-bank lending rates have come down thanks to the actions of the European Central Bank and the Federal Reserve, among others. Benchmark bond yields have generally fallen in absolute terms and, in some cases, relative to yields in developed countries. This is in spite of the fact that in many of the countries in the region, the statistics from the banking sector are worrying given the economic imbalances that persist.
As in previous reports, we include a SWOT analysis for Hungary. The banking sector benefits from being within a full member of the eurozone and a country where the regulatory framework is sound. The main challenges come from the adjustments that will have to be made in Hungary to resolve major imbalances, such as the current account.
Since Q108 we have on a consistent basis calculated a Commercial Bank Business Environment Rating (CBBER) for each of the 59 countries surveyed. The CBBER includes an assessment of the limits of potential returns: it does this by taking into account the size, growth potential, and bancassurance potential of the banking sector, as well as aspects of the economy in 2007. The CBBER also depends on an assessment of the risks to the realisation of potential returns. This reflects our assessments of overall country risk, together with the regulatory and competitive environment.
Hungary’s overall CBBER is 65.1. The banking market structure of the limits to potential returns has a significantly lower score than the country structure (54.4 versus 70.5). Conversely, the banking market risks of the risks to the realisation of returns have a slightly higher score than the country risks rating (76.7 versus 74.1). In the context of the region, Hungary’s CBBER is high. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
Executive Summary 5
Table: Levels (HUFbn) 5
Table: Levels (US$bn) 5
Table: Levels At December 31 2007 5
Table: Annual Growth Rate Projections, 2007-2012 (%) 6
Table: Ranking Out Of 59 Countries Reviewed In Q208 6
Table: Projected Levels (HUFbn) 6
Table: Projected Levels (US$bn) 6
Key Issues 7
Changes To The Commercial Banking Report 9
Commercial Banking SWOT 10
Hungary Commercial Banking SWOT 10
Commercial Banking Business Environment Rating 11
Table: Poland’s Commercial Banking Business Environment Ratings 11
Table: Central And Eastern Europe Commercial Banking Business Environment Ratings 13
Anticipated Development 14
Anticipated Development in 2008 14
Table: Anticipated Developments In 2008 – Loans And 14
Table: Anticipated Developments In 2008 – Interbank Rates And Bond Yields 15
Bank Lending 20
Lending Overview 20
Table: Lending Overview (HUFbn) 20
Total Assets, Client Loans And Client Deposits 21
Table: Comparison Of Total Assets, Client Loans And Client Deposits (US$bn) 21
Per-Capita Deposits 22
Table: Comparison Of Per-Capita Deposits, Late 2007 ( 22
Macroeconomic Trends And Developments 23
Table: Hungary Economic Activity 25
Industry Forecast Scenario 26
Table: Annual Growth Rate Projections, 2007-2012 (%) 26
Table: Projected Levels (HUFbn) 26
Table: Projected Levels (US$bn) 26
Comment On Developments Over Last Year 26
Comment On Forecasts 27
Comment On Trends and Ratios 28
Table: Comparison Of Loan/Deposit, Loan/Asset And Loan/GDP Ratios Central & Eastern Europe, Late 2007/ Early 2008 . 28
Banks’ Bond Portfolios 31
Table: Bond Portfolios, Late 2007 . 31
Competitive Landscape And Protagonists 33
Basis Of Projections 36
Commercial Bank Business Environment Rating. 36
Table: Commercial Banking Business Environment Indicators And Rationale 38
Table: Weighting Of Indicators 39