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Analyzing Nuclear Power in Russia

  • ID: 651894
  • Report
  • May 2013
  • Region: Russia
  • 360 Pages
  • Aruvian's R'search
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Russia has substantial resources of uranium, with about 10% of world’s assured resources plus inferred resources up to US$ 130/kg - 487,000 tons. Exploration expenditure has nearly doubled in two years to about US$ 52 million in 2010. Plans announced in 2006 for 28,600 t/yr U3O8 output by 2020, 18,000t of this from Russia and the balance from Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Mongolia have since taken shape.

In March 2008 AtomEnergoProm signed a general framework agreement with Japan's Toshiba Corporation under which they will explore collaboration in the civil nuclear power business. The Toshiba partnership is expected to include cooperation in areas including design and engineering for new nuclear power plants, manufacturing and maintenance of large equipment, and "front-end civilian nuclear fuel cycle business". In particular the construction of an advanced Russian centrifuge enrichment plant in Japan is envisaged, also possibly one in the USA. The companies say that the "complementary relations" could lead to the establishment of a strategic partnership. Toshiba owns 77% of US reactor builder Westinghouse and is also involved with other reactor technology.

In June 2010, Rosatom also signed a major framework agreement with the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) covering "nuclear energy development strategy, nuclear fuel cycle, development of next-generation reactors, future gas coolant reactor systems, radiation safety and nuclear material safety, prevention and emergency measures." Much of the collaboration will be focused on reprocessing and wastes, also sodium-cooled fast reactors. Subsequently EdF and Rosatom signed a further cooperation agreement covering R&D, nuclear fuel, and nuclear power plants - both existing and under construction.

A major recent emphasis of the Russian government has been on the improvement in operation of present reactors with better fuels and greater efficiency in their use, closing much of the gap between Western and Russian performance. Fuel developments include the use of burnable poisons - gadolinium and erbium, as well as structural changes to the fuel assemblies.

This research report – Analyzing Nuclear Power in Russia – explores the importance of nuclear power in today’s world, with Section One being dedicated to Understanding the Basics of Nuclear Power. The report looks at the basics of the nuclear industry that is, how a plant works, analyzing and understanding the fuel cycle, the various components which are involved in the working of a nuclear power plant, and much more. Economics, issues and barriers, and other such factors are also explored in-depth in this report.

Our offering includes a complete analysis of the Russian Nuclear Power Industry, including an analysis of the nuclear power stations in Russia, the major Russian players in nuclear power, and much more. Industry profile, industry developments, technological developments, non-proliferation issues, Uranium fuel cycle developments, and lots more information is included in this research report. This research offering is a comprehensive A to Z guide on the Russian nuclear power industry.
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A. Executive Summary

Section 1: Understanding Nuclear Power

B. Basics of the Nuclear Industry
B.1 History of Nuclear Power
B.2 Types of Nuclear Reactors
B.2.1 Fission Reactor
B.2.2 Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator
B.3 New & Upcoming Nuclear Technologies
B.4 Components & Parts of a Nuclear Power Plant
B.5 Analyzing the Fuel Cycle
B.6 Managing the Radioactive Waste

C. Profiling the Global Nuclear Power Industry
C.1 Industry Overview
C.2 Uranium Market
C.3 Market Features
C.4 Price Trends
C.5 Managing the Risk in Nuclear Power
C.6 Industry Trends
C.7 Economic Trends
C.8 Nuclear Hedging
C.9 Future Outlook

D. Global Climate Change & Nuclear Power

E. Challenges & Barriers to Nuclear Power
E.1 Air Pollution
E.2 Financial Challenges
E.3 Nuclear Safety
E.4 Nuclear Proliferation
E.5 Leadership Challenges
E.6 Regulatory Barriers
E.7 Water Pollution
E.8 Other Challenges

F. Fukushima Nuclear Accident of 2011
F.1 Overview
F.2 History of Earthquakes in Japan, the Nuclear Site and Tsunamis
F.3 History of the Fukushima Daiichi Reactors
F.4 Fukushima Daiichi Reactors 1-3 & 4
F.4.1 Summary of the Incident
F.5 Fukushima Daiichi Reactors 5 & 6
F.6 Impact of the Earthquake on the Fukushima Daini Plant
F.7 Impact on the Global Economy
F.8 Radioactivity Concerns from Fukushima Accident
F.8.1 Introduction
F.8.2 Contamination of Basements, Wiring Trenches, and Pipe Tunnels
F.8.3 Release of Radioactivity into the Air
F.8.4 Water Contamination
F.8.5 Exposure to Radiation and Issues Arising from it
F.8.6 Radiation Impact on Other Countries
F.9 Assessing the Accident on an International Level
F.10 Rating of the Accident
F.11 International Community Responds to the Fukushima Disaster & Impact on Nuclear Power

G. Future of the Nuclear Power Industry

Section 2: Analyzing the Russian Energy Industry

A. Introduction to the Industry

B. Drivers of Energy Demand
B.1 Demand Drivers
B.2 Final Energy Demand per Industry
B.2.1 Industrial Use
B.2.2 Transportation Energy Consumption
B.2.3 Residential & Commercial Use
B.3 Primary Energy Demand

C. Major Issues in the Russian Energy Industry
C.1 Lowering of Energy Intensity
C.2 Development of Export Outlets & Facilities
C.3 Development of the Nuclear Energy Industry

D. Role of the State in the Russian Energy Industry

E. Analyzing Russia’s Energy Policy
E.1 Introduction
E.2 Objectives of the Russian Energy Strategy
E.3 Primary Energy Resources in Russia
E.3.1 Natural Gas
E.3.2 Oil
E.3.4 Non-Conventional Oil
E.3.5 Coal
E.3.6 Electricity
E.4 Climate Change Factor
E.5 EU-Russia Energy Dialogue
E.6 Russia & the Ratification of the Energy Charter Treaty
E.7 Major Challenges for the Russian Energy Policy

Section 3: Analyzing the Russian Nuclear Power Industry

A. History of Nuclear Power in the Soviet Times

B. Analyzing Nuclear Power in Russia
B.1 Introduction & Market Profile
B.2 Russia’s Electricity Supply
B.3 Nuclear Capacity
B.4 Developing the Nuclear Capacity
B.5 Sector Organization
B.6 Export Scenario
B.7 Research & Development
B.8 Public Support for Nuclear Power

C. Analyzing the Reactor Technology
C.1 Looking at Russia’s Reactor Technology
C.1.1 VVER-1000, AES-92
C.1.2 VVER-1200, AES-2006
C.1.3 VVER-1500
C.1.4 Others
C.1.5 Floating VVERs
C.1.6 VBER-300
C.1.7 VK-300 BWR
C.1.8 RBMK
C.1.9 HTRs
C.2 Fast Reactors

D. Looking at the Resources for Uranium & Uranium Mining
D.1 Uranium Resources & Uranium Mining
D.2 Fuel Cycle Facilities
D.3 Looking at the International Uranium Enrichment Centre (IUEC) Concept

E. Russian Policy on Used Fuel & Reprocessing

F. Decommissioning of Nuclear Reactors

G. Non-Proliferation in the Industry

H. Analyzing the Nuclear Power Stations in Russia
H.1 Used Fuel & BN-600 Reactor
H.2 Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
H.3 Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Station
H.4 Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant
H.5 Kaliningrad Nuclear Power Plant
H.6 Kola Nuclear Power Plant
H.7 Kursk Nuclear Power Plant
H.8 Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant
H.9 Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant
H.10 Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant II
H.11 Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant
H.12 Russian Floating Nuclear Power Station

I. Russia Nuclear Power: Future Perspective

J. Leading Industry Players
J.1 Atomstroyexport
J.2 Energoatom
J.3 Rosatom Nuclear Energy State Corporation (Rosatom)

Section 3: Conclusion

A. Appendix
A.1 Case Studies of Nuclear Accidents
A.1.1 The Chernobyl Accident
A.1.2 Three Mile Island
A.1.3 Tokaimura Accident
A.2 Nuclear Trade & Industry Organizations
A.3 Regulation & Regulators for the Nuclear Industry
A.4 Worldwide Nuclear Research Centers
A.5 Major Nuclear Power Plants around the World
A.6 Non Proliferation & Safeguards Organizations
A.7 Figures & Tables

B. Glossary of Terms
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Rosatom Nuclear Energy State Corporation (Rosatom)
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