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Oil and Gas Industry - Global Outlook Product Image

Oil and Gas Industry - Global Outlook

  • Published: January 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 221 Pages
  • Global Industry Analysts, Inc

The global outlook series on the Oil and Gas Industry provides a collection of statistical anecdotes, market briefs, and concise summaries of research findings. The report offers an aerial view of the global industry, identifies major short to medium term market challenges, and growth drivers. Market discussions in the report are punctuated with fact-rich market data tables. Regional markets elaborated upon include United States, Canada, Japan, France, Germany, UK, Russia, China, India, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, among others.

Also included is an indexed, easy-to-refer, fact-finder directory listing the addresses, and contact details of 739 companies worldwide.

Please note: Reports are sold as single-site single-user licenses. Electronic versions require 24-48 hours as each copy is customized to the client with digital controls and custom watermarks.

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OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

A GLOBAL OUTLOOK, JANUARY 2012Global Directory

CONTENTS

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 1
Industry Recovers from Recession 1
Spike in Oil & Gas Demand 1
Emerging Scenario 2
Depleting Reserves Fuel Search for Alternative Sites & Sources 2
Advanced Technologies to Improve Recovery 3
Oil Consumption Trends 3
Transportation Sector: Primary Driver for Oil Demand 3
Constant Technological Advancements - Key for Success 4
Oil Prices: Impact on Economic Growth 4
Decoupling - Reality or Myth 4
Energy Demand Supply Gap 4
Table 1: Global Primary Energy Consumption by Source (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Oil, Coal, Natural Gas,
Hydroelectric, Nuclear Energy, and Renewables 5
Impact of Energy Policies 5
Increased Demand for Unconventional Oil and Gas 5
Natural Gas: An Emerging Fuel 6
Natural Gas: The Fuel of Choice 6
OPEC Plays a Major Role in Determining Oil Prices 7
Shale Gas: Prospects and Challenges 8
Competition 8
Table 2: Leading Oil & Gas Exploration Companies Worldwide
(2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Revenues for Saudi
Aramco, Chevron Corp., ExxonMobil Corp., BP plc and Others 8

Table 3: Leading Oil and Gas Storage and Transportation Firms
Worldwide (2011E): Percentage Share Breakdown of Revenues for
BP Plc, OAO Gazprom, Chevron Corp, RoyalDutch/Shell and
Others 9

Table 4: Leading Global Manufacturers of Automotive Lubricant
(2011E): Percentage Share Breakdown of Demand for Shell, BP,
Valvoline, ExxonMobil, ConocoPhillips, Chevron, Citgo and
Others 9
Trade Outlook 9

2. TRENDS AND ISSUES 11
Consumption of Petroleum to Rise 11
Crude Oil Demand Shoots Up in Asia-Pacific 11
Non-OPEC Liquids Production: Prospects and Challenges 11
Post-Recession Oil and Gas Pipeline Market 12
Demand Rising for Natural Gas as a Clean Source for Generating
Power 12
Oversupply Hits Gas Market 12
Domestic Oil Deficits Propel China to Invest Abroad 13
Growing Competition from Renewable Energy Sources 13
South East Asia to Dominate Production of Biodiesel 13

3. CRUDE OIL 14
Crude Oil Reserves 14
Table 5: World Proven Crude Oil Reserves (2010) (In Billion
Barrels) 14

Table 6: Global Crude Oil Market By Region (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Proven Reserves for Middle East, Latin
America, Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia- Pacific, North
America, and Western Europe 15
Demand and Supply Scenario 15
Table 7: World Current and Future Analysis for Oil Industry
by Geographic Region -US, Canada, Europe, Asia-Pacific,
Middle East & Africa, and Latin America Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Barrels
Per Day for Years 2010 through 2015 16

Table 8: World 5-Year Perspective for Oil Industry by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
US, Canada, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and
Latin America for Years 2011 and 2015 17
Key Statistics 18
Table 9: Leading Global Producers of Crude Oil (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume for Russia,
Saudi Arabia, US, China, Iran, Venezuela, Venezuela, Mexico,
Iraq, UAE, Kuwait, and Others 18

Table 10: Global Production of Crude Oil by Region (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume for Middle
East, Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia-Pacific, and North
America 18

Table 11: Number of Active Rigs by Region (2010) 19
Table 12: World Refinery Capacity by Region (2010) (In
Million b/cd) 19
Table 13: Global Crude Oil Exports by Region (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Export Volume for Middle East,
Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America, Western Europe, Asia
Pacific, and North America 19

Table 14: Global Crude Oil Imports by Region (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Export Volume for Asia Pacific,
Western Europe, North America, Latin America, Eastern Europe,
Africa, Middle East 20

Table 15: Global Oil and Gas Storage and Transportation
Market (2009): Percentage Share Breakdown of Revenues for
Liquid Tankers, Liquid Pipelines, Gas Tankers, Gas Storage,
and Gas Pipelines 20
Rising Crude Oil Price Depresses Profitability 20
World Oil Outlook 20

4. NATURAL GAS 22
Natural Gas Market 22
Table 16: World Current and Future Analysis for Natural Gas
by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Europe, Asia-Pacific,
Middle East & Africa, and Latin America Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Billion Cubic
Meters for Years 2010 through 2015 22

Table 17: World 5-Year Perspective for Natural Gas by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
US, Canada, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and
Latin America Markets for Years 2011 & 2015 23
Proven Natural Gas Reserves 24
Table 18: World Proven Natural Gas Reserves (2010) (In
Billion Cubic Meters) 24

Table 19: World Natural Gas Reserves by Region (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Proven Reserves for Middle
East, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia- Pacific,
North America, and Western Europe 25
Key Statistics 25
Table 20: World Natural Gas Production by Region (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Marketed Production Volume for
Eastern Europe, North America, Middle East, Asia Pacific,
Western Europe, Africa, and Latin America 25

Table 21: World Natural Gas Production by Country (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Marketed Production Volume for
US, Russia, Iran, Canada, Norway, Qatar, China, Saudi Arabia,
and Others 26

Table 22: Global Dry Natural Gas Market (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Consumption for US, Russia, Iran, Japan,
Germany, UK, China, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Italy, and Others 26
Liquefied Natural Gas Market 27
Table 23: Global LP Gas Production by Country (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume for US, Saudi
Arabia, China, Russia, India, and Others 27

Table 24: World LP Gas Production by Region (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume for North
America, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, Europe, Latin America,
and Africa 27

Table 25: Global LP Gas Consumption by Country (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Demand Volume for US, China,
Japan, India, Saudi Arabia, Russia, and Others 28

5. MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS 29

6. STRATEGIC CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS 48

7. PRODUCT/SERVICE LAUNCHES 75

A REGIONAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE 78

1. NORTH AMERICA 78
Natural Gas 78

1a. UNITED STATES 79
Crude Oil 79
Petroleum Products 79
Globally Integrated Markets Drive Exports of Finished
Petroleum Products 79
Oil and Gas Drilling to Pick Up Momentum 79
Domestic Oil Production Bucks Declining Trend 80
Hiring in Oil & Gas Sector Returns to a Buoyant Phase 80
Depleting Oil Reserves - A Cause for Concern 80
Table 26: Annual Consumption of Energy in the US (2011E):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Source - Petroleum Products,
Natural Gas, Coal, Nuclear, Hydro Electric and Others 81

Table 27: US Market for Finished Petroleum Products (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown if Volume Sales for Gasoline,
Distillate Fuel Oil, Jet Fuel, and Others 81
Natural Gas Outlook Brightens 81
Table 28: Natural Gas Consumption in the US (2011E):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Usage by Sector - Electric
Power, Industrial, Residential, Commercial and Others 82

Table 29: Leading Producers of Natural Gas in the US (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume for
ExxonMobil, Chesapeake Energy, Anadarko, Devon Energy, BP,
Encana, ConocoPhillips, Southwestern Energy Co., and Others 82

Table 30: US Natural Gas Market (2011E): Percentage Breakdown
of Exports of Natural Gas to Countries- Canada, Mexico, Japan
and Others 82
Transformation of Natural Gas Industry Structure 83
Demand from Transportation Sector 83
Regulations on Industrial Air Emissions 84
Technological Developments 84
General Barriers against Increasing the Supply Land Access 84
Pipeline Infrastructure 84
Financial Implications 84
Factors Affecting Natural Gas Production 85
Drilling Equipment Availability 85
Approval and Exploration Activities 85
Weather Patterns and Delivery Anomalies 85
Natural Gas Price Trends 85
Shale Plays Offer Attractive Prospects 86
Distribution Outlets 86

1b. CANADA 87
Overview 87
Table 31: Canadian Natural Gas Market by Segment (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Volume Sales for Industrial,
Direct, Residential, and Commercial 87

Table 32: Canadian Natural Gas Market by Province (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Volume Sales for Alberta ,
Ontario, British Columbia, Yukon & NWT, Saskatchewan, Quebec,
and Rest of Canada 87
Exploration and Production Scenario in Canada 88
GHG Reductions: An Environmental Initiative in Alberta 88
Impact of Regulations on Labor Demand 88

2. EUROPE 89
Oil & Gas Industry 89
Table 33: European Current and Future Analysis for Oil
Industry by Geographic Region - France, Germany, UK, Italy,
Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Barrels
Per Day for Years 2010 through 2015 89

Table 34: European 5-Year Perspective for Oil Industry by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Oil Consumption
for France, Germany, UK, Italy, Spain, Russia & Rest of
Europe Markets for Years 2011 and 2015 90

Table 35: European Current and Future Analysis for Natural
Gas by Geographic Region - France, Germany, UK, Italy, Spain,
Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Billion Cubic Meters for Years
2010 through 2015 91

Table 36: European 5-Year Perspective for Natural Gas by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
France, Germany, UK, Italy, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe
Markets for Years 2011 and 2015 92
Natural Gas Market - An Overview 93
Table 37: Primary Energy Consumption in Europe (2009):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Source - Oil, Solid Fossil
Fuels, Natural Gas, Nuclear Electricity, Renewables, and
Others 93

Table 38: European Natural Gas Market by End-Use Segment
(2009): Percentage Share Breakdown of Sales for Residential &
Commercial, Industry, Power Plants, and Others 93
Growing Demand for Natural Gas in Western Europe 93
Natural Gas Imports to Play Major Role 94

2a. RUSSIA 95
Overview 95
Crude Oil 95
Natural Gas 95

2b. UNITED KINGDOM 97
Overview 97
Oil Resources at Saturation Level 97
UK Enhances Investments to Step up Production 97
Government Regulations 97
Natural Gas 98
Government Initiatives 98
Import-Export Scenario 99
Table 39: Crude Oil Market in the UK (2011E): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Imports by Country of Origin - Norway,
Russia, Libya, Nigeria, Tunisia and Others 99

Table 40: Crude Oil Market in the UK (2011E): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Exports by Destination Country - the
Netherlands, Germany, US, France, Sweden and Others 99

2c. HUNGARY 100
Oil and Gas Industry - A Review 100

2d. FINLAND 101
Clean Energy Initiatives 101

3. ASIA-PACIFIC 102
Overview 102
Oil and Natural Gas Consumption 103
Table 41: Asia-Pacific Current and Future Analysis for Oil
Industry by Geographic Region - China, India, Japan, South
Korea and Rest of Asia Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Barrels Per Day for
Years 2010 through 2015 103

Table 42: Asia-Pacific 5-Year Perspective for Oil Industry by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
China, India, Japan, South Korea and Rest of Asia Markets for
Years 2011 & 2015 104

Table 43: Asia-Pacific Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas by Geographic Region - China, India, Japan, South
Korea and Rest of Asia Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Billion Cubic Meters for Years
2010 through 2015 105

Table 44: Asia-Pacific 5-Year Perspective for Natural Gas by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
China, India, Japan, South Korea and Rest of Asia Markets for
Years 2011 and 2015 106

3a. AUSTRALIA 107
Australian Oil and Gas Industry-A Review 107
Table 45: Production of Oil and Gas Products in Australia
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume for
Crude Oil, LPG, LNG, and Others 107
Industry Bounces Back from Recession 107

3b. CHINA 108
Booming Economy Propels Enhanced Consumption 108
Sources of Crude Oil Imports 108
Strategy to Reduce Dependence on Oil Imports 108
Natural Gas 108
Table 46: Chinese Crude Oil Market (2011E): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Import Volume by Country of Origin - Saudi
Arabia, Angola, Iran, Russia, Sudan, Oman, Iraq, Kuwait,
Libya, Kazakhstan, Venezuela and Others 109

3c. INDIA 110
Overview 110
Government Policies Boost E&P Activity 110
Rising Prices of Natural Gas 110

3d. INDONESIA 111
Oil & Gas Market: Exploring the Unexplored 111
Table 47: Proven and Potential Oil Reserves in Indonesia (In
Billion STB) 111
Liquefied Natural Gas Exports 111

3e. JAPAN 112
Oil and Gas Industry- A Review 112
Sources of Energy and Consumption 112
Nuclear Energy Faces Substitution 112
Overseas Exploration Activity 112
Export-Import Scenario 113
Table 48: Japanese Crude Oil Market (2011E): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Import Volume by Country of Origin - Saudi
Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Iran, Russia and
Others 113

Table 49: Japanese Liquefied Natural Gas Market (2011E):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Import Volume by Country of
Origin - Malaysia, Australia, Indonesia, Qatar, Russia,
Brunei, UAE, Oman and Others 113

3f. UZBEKISTAN 114
Industry Review 114
Oil Pipeline System 114
Gas Pipeline System 114

4. MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 116
Oil Prices Surge Amidst Political Turmoil 116
Table 50: Middle East Current and Future Analysis for Oil
Industry by Geographic Region - Iran, Saudi Arabia and Rest
of Middle East & Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Barrels Per Day for
Years 2010 through 2015 116

Table 51: Middle East 5-Year Perspective for Oil Industry by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
Iran, Saudi Arabia and Rest of Middle East & Africa Markets
for Years 2011 and 2015 117

Table 52: Middle East Current and Future Analysis for Natural
Gas by Geographic Region - Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Rest of
Middle East & Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Billion Cubic Meters for Years
2010 through 2015 118

Table 53: Middle East 5-Year Perspective for Natural Gas by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for
Iran, Saudi Arabia and Rest of Middle East & Africa Markets
for Years 2011 and 2015 119

Table 54: Oil Product Demand in the Middle East (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Diesel Oil, Gasoline, Fuel
Oil, LPG, Kerosene, and Others 119

4a. IRAN 120
Oil Production on the Rise 120
Factors Affecting Oil & Gas Industry 120
Need for Modernization 120
Surging Domestic Demand 120
Natural Gas - A Blessing 121
Natural Gas Exports 121
Organizations in Control of the Sector 121
Orthodox Foreign Investments and Contract Procedures 121
International Sanctions & Consequences 122

4b. IRAQ 123
Oil & Gas Importance for Iraq 123
Iraq: A Latent but Crucial Market 123
Political and Economic Scenario 124

4c. QATAR 124

4d. SAUDI ARABIA 125
Overview 125
Nationalized Sector 125
The Richest in Natural Oil Reserves 125
Privatization 125
Pipelines & Terminals - Aiding in Oil Export 126
Reforms & Liberalization 126

4e. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 127
Oil Resources - Primary Source of Revenue for UAE Federation 127
Abu Dhabi - Hub of Oil Resources 127
Largest Non-Associated Natural Gas Resource 127
Future Prospects 127

5. AFRICA 128

5a. ALGERIA 129
A Potential but Under-explored Economy 129
Socioeconomic and Political Problems Impede Economy's Growth 129
Strong Upstream and Downstream Sectors: Vital to the
Development of Algeria 129

5b. EGYPT 130
Overview 130
Crude Oil and Natural Gas 130

5c. NIGERIA 131
Nigeria Leads African Oil Export Market 131
Latest Reserves Found in Deep Water Offshore 131
New Ventures for Upstream Oil Sector 131
Oil Extraction Sector in Need of Foreign Investment 131
Social Constraints - Hindering Growth of the Industry 132
Nigeria Looking Ahead for Better Prospects 132

5d. SOUTH AFRICA 133

6. LATIN AMERICA 134
Rich Oil Reserves Attract Foreign Players to Latin America 134
Table 55: Latin American Current and Future Analysis for Oil
Industry by Geographic Region - Argentina, Brazil, Mexico,
Venezuela, Rest of Latin America Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Barrels
Per Day for Years 2010 through 2015 135

Table 56: Latin American 5-Year Perspective for Oil Industry
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
for Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Rest of
Latin-America Markets for Years 2011 and 2015 136

Table 57: Latin American Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas by Geographic Region - Argentina, Brazil, Mexico,
Venezuela, Rest of Latin America Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Billion Cubic
Meters for Years 2010 through 2015 137

Table 58: Latin American 5-Year Perspective for Natural Gas
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown Consumption for
Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Rest of Latin America
Markets for Years 2011 and 2015 138

6a. BRAZIL 139
Brazilian Oil and Gas Industry: An Overview 139
Natural Gas 139

6b. VENEZUELA 140
Overview 140
Self-Sufficient in Natural Gas 140
Government Inviting Foreign Investment 140
Gearing to Explore the Unexplored 140

6c. PERU 141
An Untapped Market 141

GLOBAL DIRECTORY

The global oil and gas industry is making a steady recovery from economic crisis, as evident by the steady rise in investments and rising prices of crude oil. Increasing demand for electricity, growing need for feedstock in petrochemical industries, and rising consumption of transportation fuel are some of the factors contributing to this recovery. Growth in the market is further spurred by unprecedented demand emanating from developing countries including India, China, Latin America and the Middle East. Demand for oil and natural gas is influenced by factors such as change in consumer behavior, government policies, and weather conditions. While the global demand for oil and gas continues to rise, the supply scenario has been volatile in recent years, largely due to the uncertain conditions prevailing in the Middle East. The instability significantly affected the output of region’s countries, thereby affecting the global prices. Further, the depletion of oil reserves at existing sites is driving the search for oil bed reserves in inhospitable regions such as the Arctic zone, which use entirely different petroleum extraction techniques. Several companies are focused on developing alternative sources of energy such as biodiesel.

Consumption of petroleum and other fuels is expected to increase over the next few years with increased economic activity across the globe. Major chunk of demand is projected to emanate from developing non-OECD countries and the Middle East. While strong economic development is projected to propel demand in developing economies, availability of comparatively inexpensive fuel resources is expected to drive demand for liquid fuels in the Middle East. Natural gas is emerging as an important source of energy in North America, Western Europe and Eastern Europe as well as in industrialized nations of Asia. Availability and environmental friendliness make natural gas the primary energy resource and a major raw material in the chemical and petrochemical industries, especially in industrialized parts of the world. The market holds potential to replace oil due to its lower price. The escalating demand is further driving many companies to actively engage in the exploration and extraction of natural gas reserves. Most of major reserves of natural gas are located in and around Europe, Middle East and Africa with some deposits in Asia. China is emerging as a major consumer of oil and gas, globally, next only to the US, driven by fast paced economic growth and large population base. The country has also emerged as a net importer of oil from being a net exporter in the 1990s.

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