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The 2009-2014 World Outlook for New Gasoline Engine Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valves for Motor Vehicles - Product Image

The 2009-2014 World Outlook for New Gasoline Engine Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valves for Motor Vehicles

  • ID: 675392
  • September 2008
  • Region: Global
  • 198 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable, or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if a market is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

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1 INTRODUCTION 10
1.1 Overview 10
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 10
1.3 The Methodology 11
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 12
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 13
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 13
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 14
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 14
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 15
1.3.7 Step 7. Latent Demand Density: Allocating Across Cities 15
2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 16
2.1 The Worldwide Market Potential 16
3 AFRICA 18
3.1 Executive Summary 18
3.2 Algeria 19
3.3 Angola 20
3.4 Benin 21
3.5 Botswana 22
3.6 Burkina Faso 23
3.7 Burundi 23
3.8 Cameroon 24
3.9 Cape Verde 25
3.10 Central African Republic 25
3.11 Chad 26
3.12 Comoros 27
3.13 Congo (formerly Zaire) 27
3.14 Cote dIvoire 28
3.15 Djibouti 29
3.16 Egypt 30
3.17 Equatorial Guinea 31
3.18 Ethiopia 31
3.19 Gabon 32
3.20 Ghana 33
3.21 Guinea 34
3.22 Guinea-Bissau 34
3.23 Kenya 35
3.24 Lesotho 36
3.25 Liberia 36
3.26 Libya 37
3.27 Madagascar 38
3.28 Malawi 38
3.29 Mali 39
3.30 Mauritania 40
3.31 Mauritius 40
3.32 Morocco 41
3.33 Mozambique 42
3.34 Namibia 42
3.35 Niger 43
3.36 Nigeria 44
3.37 Republic of Congo 45
3.38 Reunion 45
3.39 Rwanda 46
3.40 Sao Tome E Principe 47
3.41 Senegal 47
3.42 Sierra Leone 48
3.43 Somalia 49
3.44 South Africa 50
3.45 Sudan 51
3.46 Swaziland 52
3.47 Tanzania 52
3.48 The Gambia 53
3.49 Togo 54
3.50 Tunisia 55
3.51 Uganda 56
3.52 Western Sahara 57
3.53 Zambia 57
3.54 Zimbabwe 58
4 ASIA & THE MIDDLE EAST 60
4.1 Executive Summary 60
4.2 Afghanistan 61
4.3 Armenia 62
4.4 Azerbaijan 63
4.5 Bahrain 64
4.6 Bangladesh 65
4.7 Bhutan 66
4.8 Brunei 66
4.9 Burma 67
4.10 Cambodia 68
4.11 China 68
4.12 Hong Kong 69
4.13 India 70
4.14 Indonesia 71
4.15 Iran 72
4.16 Iraq 73
4.17 Israel 74
4.18 Japan 75
4.19 Jordan 76
4.20 Kuwait 76
4.21 Kyrgyzstan 77
4.22 Laos 78
4.23 Lebanon 78
4.24 Macau 79
4.25 Malaysia 80
4.26 Maldives 81
4.27 Mongolia 81
4.28 Nepal 82
4.29 North Korea 83
4.30 Oman 84
4.31 Pakistan 84
4.32 Palestine 85
4.33 Papua New Guinea 86
4.34 Philippines 86
4.35 Qatar 87
4.36 Saudi Arabia 88
4.37 Seychelles 89
4.38 Singapore 89
4.39 South Korea 90
4.40 Sri Lanka 91
4.41 Syrian Arab Republic 92
4.42 Taiwan 93
4.43 Tajikistan 94
4.44 Thailand 94
4.45 The United Arab Emirates 95
4.46 Turkey 96
4.47 Turkmenistan 97
4.48 Uzbekistan 97
4.49 Vietnam 98
4.50 Yemen 99
5 EUROPE 100
5.1 Executive Summary 100
5.2 Albania 101
5.3 Andorra 102
5.4 Austria 103
5.5 Belarus 104
5.6 Belgium 105
5.7 Bosnia and Herzegovina 106
5.8 Bulgaria 106
5.9 Croatia 107
5.10 Cyprus 108
5.11 Czech Republic 109
5.12 Denmark 110
5.13 Estonia 111
5.14 Finland 111
5.15 France 112
5.16 Georgia 113
5.17 Germany 114
5.18 Greece 115
5.19 Hungary 116
5.20 Iceland 117
5.21 Ireland 118
5.22 Italy 118
5.23 Kazakhstan 119
5.24 Latvia 120
5.25 Liechtenstein 121
5.26 Lithuania 122
5.27 Luxembourg 122
5.28 Malta 123
5.29 Moldova 124
5.30 Monaco 124
5.31 Norway 125
5.32 Poland 126
5.33 Portugal 127
5.34 Romania 128
5.35 Russia 129
5.36 San Marino 130
5.37 Slovakia 130
5.38 Slovenia 131
5.39 Spain 132
5.40 Sweden 133
5.41 Switzerland 134
5.42 The Netherlands 135
5.43 The United Kingdom 136
5.44 Ukraine 137
6 LATIN AMERICA 138
6.1 Executive Summary 138
6.2 Argentina 139
6.3 Belize 140
6.4 Bolivia 141
6.5 Brazil 142
6.6 Chile 143
6.7 Colombia 144
6.8 Costa Rica 145
6.9 Ecuador 145
6.10 El Salvador 146
6.11 French Guiana 147
6.12 Guatemala 147
6.13 Guyana 148
6.14 Honduras 149
6.15 Mexico 150
6.16 Nicaragua 151
6.17 Panama 152
6.18 Paraguay 153
6.19 Peru 154
6.20 Suriname 155
6.21 The Falkland Islands 155
6.22 Uruguay 156
6.23 Venezuela 157
7 NORTH AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN 158
7.1 Executive Summary 158
7.2 Antigua and Barbuda 159
7.3 Aruba 160
7.4 Barbados 161
7.5 Bermuda 161
7.6 Canada 162
7.7 Cuba 163
7.8 Dominica 164
7.9 Dominican Republic 164
7.10 Greenland 165
7.11 Grenada 166
7.12 Guadeloupe 167
7.13 Haiti 168
7.14 Jamaica 168
7.15 Martinique 169
7.16 Puerto Rico 170
7.17 St. Kitts and Nevis 171
7.18 St. Lucia 171
7.19 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 172
7.20 The Bahamas 173
7.21 The British Virgin Islands 173
7.22 The Cayman Islands 174
7.23 The Netherlands Antilles 175
7.24 The U.S. Virgin Islands 175
7.25 The United States 176
7.26 Trinidad and Tobago 177
8 OCEANA 179
8.1 Executive Summary 179
8.2 American Samoa 180
8.3 Australia 181
8.4 Christmas Island 182
8.5 Cook Islands 182
8.6 Fiji 183
8.7 French Polynesia 184
8.8 Guam 184
8.9 Kiribati 185
8.10 Marshall Islands 186
8.11 Micronesia Federation 186
8.12 Nauru 187
8.13 New Caledonia 188
8.14 New Zealand 188
8.15 Niue 189
8.16 Norfolk Island 190
8.17 Palau 190
8.18 Solomon Islands 191
8.19 The Northern Mariana Island 192
8.20 Tokelau 192
8.21 Tonga 193
8.22 Tuvalu 194
8.23 Vanuatu 194
8.24 Wallis and Futuna 195
8.25 Western Samoa 196
9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 197
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 197
9.2 ICON Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 198

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