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The 2009-2014 World Outlook for X-Ray Contrast Media - Product Image

The 2009-2014 World Outlook for X-Ray Contrast Media

  • Published: January 2009
  • Region: Global
  • 195 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if a market is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

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1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Overview 1
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 1
1.3 The Methodology 2
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 4
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 5
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 6
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 6
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 7
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 7
1.3.7 Step 7. Latent Demand Density: Allocating Across Cities 7
2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 9
2.1 The Worldwide Market Potential 9
3 AFRICA 11
3.1 Executive Summary 11
3.2 Algeria 12
3.3 Angola 13
3.4 Benin 14
3.5 Botswana 14
3.6 Burkina Faso 15
3.7 Burundi 16
3.8 Cameroon 16
3.9 Cape Verde 17
3.10 Central African Republic 18
3.11 Chad 18
3.12 Comoros 19
3.13 Congo (formerly Zaire) 20
3.14 Cote dIvoire 21
3.15 Djibouti 21
3.16 Egypt 22
3.17 Equatorial Guinea 23
3.18 Ethiopia 23
3.19 Gabon 24
3.20 Ghana 25
3.21 Guinea 26
3.22 Guinea-Bissau 26
3.23 Kenya 27
3.24 Lesotho 28
3.25 Liberia 28
3.26 Libya 29
3.27 Madagascar 30
3.28 Malawi 30
3.29 Mali 31
3.30 Mauritania 32
3.31 Mauritius 32
3.32 Morocco 33
3.33 Mozambique 34
3.34 Namibia 34
3.35 Niger 35
3.36 Nigeria 36
3.37 Republic of Congo 37
3.38 Reunion 37
3.39 Rwanda 38
3.40 Sao Tome E Principe 39
3.41 Senegal 39
3.42 Sierra Leone 40
3.43 Somalia 41
3.44 South Africa 41
3.45 Sudan 42
3.46 Swaziland 43
3.47 Tanzania 43
3.48 The Gambia 44
3.49 Togo 45
3.50 Tunisia 46
3.51 Uganda 47
3.52 Western Sahara 47
3.53 Zambia 48
3.54 Zimbabwe 49
4 ASIA 50
4.1 Executive Summary 50
4.2 Bangladesh 51
4.3 Bhutan 52
4.4 Brunei 53
4.5 Burma 53
4.6 Cambodia 54
4.7 China 55
4.8 Hong Kong 56
4.9 India 56
4.10 Indonesia 57
4.11 Japan 58
4.12 Laos 59
4.13 Macau 60
4.14 Malaysia 61
4.15 Maldives 62
4.16 Mongolia 62
4.17 Nepal 63
4.18 North Korea 64
4.19 Papua New Guinea 65
4.20 Philippines 65
4.21 Seychelles 66
4.22 Singapore 67
4.23 South Korea 67
4.24 Sri Lanka 68
4.25 Taiwan 69
4.26 Thailand 70
4.27 Vietnam 70
5 EUROPE & THE MIDDLE EAST 72
5.1 Executive Summary 72
5.2 Afghanistan 73
5.3 Albania 74
5.4 Andorra 75
5.5 Armenia 75
5.6 Austria 76
5.7 Azerbaijan 77
5.8 Bahrain 78
5.9 Belarus 79
5.10 Belgium 80
5.11 Bosnia and Herzegovina 81
5.12 Bulgaria 81
5.13 Croatia 82
5.14 Cyprus 83
5.15 Czech Republic 83
5.16 Denmark 84
5.17 Estonia 85
5.18 Finland 86
5.19 France 87
5.20 Georgia 88
5.21 Germany 88
5.22 Greece 89
5.23 Hungary 90
5.24 Iceland 91
5.25 Iran 92
5.26 Iraq 93
5.27 Ireland 94
5.28 Israel 94
5.29 Italy 95
5.30 Jordan 96
5.31 Kazakhstan 97
5.32 Kuwait 98
5.33 Kyrgyzstan 99
5.34 Latvia 99
5.35 Lebanon 100
5.36 Liechtenstein 101
5.37 Lithuania 101
5.38 Luxembourg 102
5.39 Malta 103
5.40 Moldova 103
5.41 Monaco 104
5.42 Norway 105
5.43 Oman 105
5.44 Pakistan 106
5.45 Palestine 107
5.46 Poland 107
5.47 Portugal 108
5.48 Qatar 109
5.49 Romania 110
5.50 Russia 111
5.51 San Marino 112
5.52 Saudi Arabia 112
5.53 Slovakia 113
5.54 Slovenia 114
5.55 Spain 114
5.56 Sweden 115
5.57 Switzerland 116
5.58 Syrian Arab Republic 117
5.59 Tajikistan 118
5.60 The Netherlands 119
5.61 The United Arab Emirates 120
5.62 The United Kingdom 120
5.63 Turkey 121
5.64 Turkmenistan 122
5.65 Ukraine 123
5.66 Uzbekistan 124
5.67 Yemen 125
6 LATIN AMERICA 126
6.1 Executive Summary 126
6.2 Argentina 127
6.3 Belize 128
6.4 Bolivia 129
6.5 Brazil 130
6.6 Chile 131
6.7 Colombia 132
6.8 Costa Rica 133
6.9 Ecuador 133
6.10 El Salvador 134
6.11 French Guiana 135
6.12 Guatemala 135
6.13 Guyana 136
6.14 Honduras 137
6.15 Mexico 138
6.16 Nicaragua 139
6.17 Panama 139
6.18 Paraguay 140
6.19 Peru 141
6.20 Suriname 142
6.21 The Falkland Islands 142
6.22 Uruguay 143
6.23 Venezuela 144
7 NORTH AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN 145
7.1 Executive Summary 145
7.2 Antigua and Barbuda 146
7.3 Aruba 147
7.4 Barbados 148
7.5 Bermuda 148
7.6 Canada 149
7.7 Cuba 150
7.8 Dominica 151
7.9 Dominican Republic 151
7.10 Greenland 152
7.11 Grenada 153
7.12 Guadeloupe 154
7.13 Haiti 155
7.14 Jamaica 155
7.15 Martinique 156
7.16 Puerto Rico 157
7.17 St. Kitts and Nevis 158
7.18 St. Lucia 158
7.19 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 159
7.20 The Bahamas 160
7.21 The British Virgin Islands 160
7.22 The Cayman Islands 161
7.23 The Netherlands Antilles 162
7.24 The U.S. Virgin Islands 162
7.25 The United States 163
7.26 Trinidad and Tobago 164
8 OCEANA 165
8.1 Executive Summary 165
8.2 American Samoa 166
8.3 Australia 167
8.4 Christmas Island 168
8.5 Cook Islands 168
8.6 Fiji 169
8.7 French Polynesia 170
8.8 Guam 170
8.9 Kiribati 171
8.10 Marshall Islands 172
8.11 Micronesia Federation 172
8.12 Nauru 173
8.13 New Caledonia 174
8.14 New Zealand 174
8.15 Niue 175
8.16 Norfolk Island 176
8.17 Palau 176
8.18 Solomon Islands 177
8.19 The Northern Mariana Island 178
8.20 Tokelau 178
8.21 Tonga 179
8.22 Tuvalu 180
8.23 Vanuatu 180
8.24 Wallis and Futuna 181
8.25 Western Samoa 182
9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 183
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 183
9.2 Icon Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 184

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