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Fuel Cell Transportation Market Opportunities, Strategies, and Forecasts, 2007 to 2013

  • ID: 72205
  • May 2004
  • Region: Global
  • 481 pages
  • Wintergreen Research, Inc
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Avista Labs
  • Fuel Cell Technologies
  • General Motors
  • Hydrogenics
  • Palcan
  • Sanyo Electric
  • MORE

Fuel cell trials of the hydrogen-powered busses are going well. The busses operate efficiently, are powered from a fueling station, and passengers like them.

Commercialization of fuel cells for transportation relate to making vehicle fuel cells cost competitive. Challenges are low-cost infrastructure, range, and power density. Cost reduction, component integration, complexity reduction, and increasing safety are needed.

Innovative changes in vehicle design and materials to reduce vehicle weight and improve aerodynamics will benefit fuel cell vehicles as we ll as conventional vehicles. The use of platinum is a central issue. Platinum is used in the core of the PEM fuel cell that is used for transport. The price of the core has to be drastically reduced for fuel cell vehicles to be viable.

A unique and integrated fuel cell power system is aimed directly at low output applications where smaller internal combustion engines (ICE) and batteries are the power source. These include personal transport and fleet type vehicles used in closed range environments (airports, amusement parks, golf courses, malls, delivery circuits).
Two and three wheeled scooters represent a target market. Stationary, marine and portable power applications are a target market.

Hybrid and personal power represent the most likely avenue for fuel cell vehicular development. People will begin to own more than one vehicle. The personal vehicle will provide for moving around a local region, READ MORE >

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 4

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Avista Labs
  • Fuel Cell Technologies
  • General Motors
  • Hydrogenics
  • Palcan
  • Sanyo Electric
  • MORE

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Fuel Cell Transportation Market Development
Integrated Fuel Cell Personal Transport Power System Market Driving Forces
Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Shares
Total Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecasts
Major Issues Affecting The Commercialization Of Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Hydrogen Delivered By Pipeline
Governments Exist To Create Infrastructure
Hydrogen Gas, H2, Essential To Power Fuel Cell Engines
Fundamental Difference Between Methanol Stations And Natural Gas Refueling Stations

1. FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION
1. FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION
1.1 Fuel Cell Bus Demonstrations Illustrate Compelling Technology
1.1.1 European Fuel Cell Bus Project
1.1.2 Sustainable Transport Energy for Perth (STEP)
1.2 Fundamental Shift In Transportation Technology
1.3 Conventional Transportation Energy Devices
1.3.1 Rechargeable Batteries
1.4 Hydrogen Storage Methods
1.5 Global Trends Driving Fuel Cell Development
1.6 Fuel Cell Transportation Competitive Landscape
1.6.1 Adoption of Fuel Cells When Users See Advantages
1.6.2 Hybrid Systems
1.6.3 Public Awareness Of Fuel Cell Technology
1.6.4 Growth Of Fuel Cell Component And Fuel Supply Base
1.7 Vehicular Applications For Fuel Cells
1.7.1 Parameters For Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles
1.7.2 Energy Security
1.7.3 Fuel-Cell Drives
1.7.4 Fuel Cells For Passenger Cars
1.8 Fuel Cell Vs. Internal Combustion Engine
1.8.1 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology National Mandates Require Automakers To Sell Low-Polluting Cars
1.9 Commercializing Fuel Cell Vehicles
1.9.1 Automotive Use Of Fuel Cells
1.9.2 Vehicle Fuel Cell Engine As A Portable Generator
1.9.3 Environmental Benefits Of Fuel Cell Technology 1
1.10 Emission Challenges
1.11 Mass Transit Growth - State Mandates Require Automakers To Sell Low-Polluting Cars
1.12 Fuel Cell Supply Infrastructure
1.13 Types of Fuel Cell Technology
1.13.1 Types Of Fuel Cells
1.13.2 Alkaline Fuel Cells
1.13.3 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
1.13.4 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
1.13.5 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
1.13.6 PEM Technology
1.13.7 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells
1.13.8 PEM Fuel Cells
1.13.9 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell - Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Membranes And Catalysts

2. FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION MARKET SHARES, MARKET OPPORTUNITIES, AND MARKET FORECASTS
2.1 Fuel Cell Transportation Market Development
2.2 Integrated Fuel Cell Personal Transport Power System Market Driving Forces
2.2.1 Hydrogen Delivered By Pipeline
2.2.2 Investment in a Regional Hydrogen Infrastructure
2.3 Automotive Market Initiatives
2.3.1 DaimlerChrysler
2.3.2 UTC Fuel Cells / Nissan
2.3.3 DaimlerChrysler Expands On-Road Fleet of Fuel Cell Vehicles to 100 in 2004
2.3.4 Fuel Cell Vehicles
2.4 Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Shares
2.5 Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Forecasts
2.5.1 Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, 2003 to 2006 and 2007-2013, Dollars
2.5.2 Vehicle Fuel Cell Markets 2007-2013
2.5.3 PEM Units
2.5.4 Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, 2007 to 2013, Units
2.6 Automotive Fuel Cell Analysis
2.6.1 Automotive Fuel Cell Dollar Analysis of Total, Personal, Midsize, Large And SUV
Vehicles
2.6.2 Automotive Fuel Cell Unit Analysis of Total, Personal, Midsize, Large And SUV
Vehicles
2.6.3 Cost per Fuel Cell Automotive System
2.6.4 Dollars Per Kilowatt Analysis for Automotive Fuel Cells
2.7 Fuel Cell Truck And Bus Markets
2.8 Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Delivery
2.8.1 Natural Gas As A Direct Fuel And A Fuel To Manufacture Hydrogen
2.8.2 Solar and Wind Power to Fuel Manufacture of Hydrogen
2.8.3 Infrastructure for Power to Manufacture Hydrogen
2.9 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Penetration
2.10 Global Sales Of Automobiles
2.11 Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Dollars Per System
2.11.1 Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Dollars Per Kilowatt and Dollars Per System
2.12 Mass Transit Fuel Cell Market Forecasts
2.12.1 Mass Transit Fuel Cell Market Penetration
2.13 Fuel Cell Cost Analysis
2.13.1 Fuel Cell Cost
2.13.2 Refueling Infrastructure
2.13.3 Natural Gas
2.13.4 Natural Gas Refueling Infrastructure
2.13.5 Methanol
2.13.6 Methanol Refueling Infrastructure
2.13.7 Fuel Alternatives
2.13.8 Methanol
2.13.9 Methanol Portable Energy Plant
2.14 Vehicle Fuel Cell Regional Analysis
2.14.1 Japanese 50,000 FCVs
2.14.2 DuPont
2.15 Fuel Cells Vehicle Impact On Oil Use
2.15.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions
2.16 Fuel Cell Fuel Economy
2.17 Progress In Fuel Cells
2.18 Developmental Drivers in the Transportation Fuel Cell Market
2.18.1 Commercially Available Fuel Cell Vehicles
2.18.2 Honda And Toyota Could Have 100,000 Vehicles On The Road Before The U.S.
Automakers Place Their First
2.18.3 DaimlerChrysler F-Cell
2.18.4 DaimlerChrysler Seeks 60 Fuel Cell Fleet Vehicles
2.18.5 General Motors Wants To Be The First Auto Company To Sell 1 Million Hydrogen-
Powered Cars
2.18.6 Ford Projection For Initial Release Of Commercial-Ready Fuel Cell Vehicles By 2012
2.18.7 Ford Fuel Cell Basics
2.18.8 Ford Focus FCV
2.18.9 Hyundai Places Fuel Cell Vehicles Into Fleet Applications Beginning In 2004, With
Limited Consumer Availability Planned For 2010
2.18.10 Vehicle Sales Market Penetration
2.18.11 Fuel Cell Transit Fleets
2.18.12 Regional Analysis
2.18.13 Fuel Cell Passenger Vehicles
2.19 Medium-Duty Fuel Cell Vehicles
2.19.1 Heavy-Duty Fuel Cell Vehicles
2.20 Off-Road Fuel Cell Vehicles
2.20.1 Vehicle Range
2.20.2 Vehicular Fuel Cell Engineering Issues
2.21 Stack Fuel Cell Issues
2.21.1 Balance of Plant Issues
2.21.2 Power Density
2.22 Hybrid Technology and Fuel Cells
2.22.1 U.S., Europe, Canada, and Asia
2.22.2 Manitoba Canada Hydrogen Energy Development Initiative
2.22.3 Renewable Hydrogen Is The Aim
2.22.4 Early Stage Opportunities For Manitoba Clean Energy
2.22.5 Research / Scientific Center of Excellence
2.22.6 Hydrogen Market Price Variables
2.22.7 Correlation between Vehicles and Fuel Cells
2.22.8 Hydrogen Supply Cost
2.22.9 Transit Buses
2.22.10 Passenger Vehicle Sales
2.23 Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Trends
2.23.1 Fuel Cell Vehicle Cost
2.23.2 Cost Of Fuel Cells For Transportation Applications
2.23.3 Build-Up Of Vehicle Production
2.23.4 North America Has 260 Million Vehicles
2.23.5 750 Million Vehicles Worldwide
2.23.6 Hydrogen Fuel Cells Cost 10 Times As Much To Produce The Same Energy As The
Drive Train Of A Car Powered By A Gasoline-Powered Internal-Combustion Engine
2.24 Fuel Cell Vehicle Uses Hydrogen Fuel
2.24.1 Direct Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle
2.24.2 Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicle
2.24.3 Movement Of Electrons Generates Electricity
2.24.4 Direct Hydrogen vs. Reformers
2.24.5 Refueling Possibilities
2.24.6 Japanese Government-Sponsored Millennium Project
2.24.7 Energy Security
2.25 The Total Fuel Additive Market Potential
2.25.1 Diesel and Other Consumption

3. FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION
3.1 Innovative Fuel Cell Applications
3.2 Ballard Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Power Systems
3.2.1 Ballard® Fuel Cell Description
3.2.2 Ballard Seeks to Reduce The Costs Of The Fuel Cell Engine To Be Competitive With The
Conventional Internal Combustion Engine
3.2.3 Core Of The Ballard® Fuel Cell
3.2.4 Ballard Transition From Prototype To Small Series Manufacturing Of Heavy-Duty Fuel Cell Engines
3.2.5 Ebara Ballard For The Japanese Residential Market
3.2.6 Ballard Nexa™ Power Module
3.2.7 Ballard Nexa™ Volume-Produced Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)
3.2.8 Ballard Electric Drive Systems, Power Electronics And Carbon Fiber Products
3.2.9 Ballard Portable Fuel Cell Products
3.2.10 Ballard Commercializing Electric Drives
3.2.11 Ballard Transportation Fuel Cell Products
3.2.12 Ballard Powers First Ford Production Fuel Cell-Powered Focus
3.2.13 Buses Powered With Ballard® Fuel Cells
3.2.14 Millennium Cell Partnership With Ballard
3.3 Automobile Fuel Cell Initiatives
3.3.1 Major Automaker Fuel Cell Initiatives
3.3.2 Ballard Transportation Products
3.3.3 Ballard Strategic Alliance With DaimlerChrysler And Ford
3.4 General Motors
3.4.1 Ballard Fuel Cell Engine Powers Mitsubishi Fuel Cell Vehicle
3.5 DaimlerChrysler
3.5.1 DaimlerChrysler Seeks 60 Fuel Cell Fleet Vehicles
3.5.2 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cell Operating Under Everyday Conditions
3.5.3 Mercedes-Benz Citaro
3.5.4 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cell Vehicles
3.5.5 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cell Technology
3.5.6 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cell Drive
3.6 Ford Fuel Cells
3.6.1 Ford Crown Victoria
3.6.2 Ford Explorer
3.6.3 Ford Focus Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV) Ballard Power Systems
3.7 Toyota Fuel Cell Cars
3.7.1 Toyota Hydrogen Re-Fueling Stations
3.8 Honda Motor Fuel Cell Cars
3.8.1 Honda Uses Ballard® Fuel Cells
3.9 Ballard / Mitsubishi Grandis Minivan
3.10 UTC Fuel Cells
3.10.1 UTC Fuel Cells / Hyundai
3.10.2 UTC Fuel Cells / Nissan
3.11 Nissan Uses Ballard® Fuel Cells
3.12 PSA Peugeot Citroën
3.13 BMW Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)
3.13.1 Alternative Fuel Sources
3.14 Millennium Cell / PSA Peugeot Citroen Fuel Cell Vehicle
3.15 Nuvera
3.15.1 Nuvera Fuel Cells Small-Scale, On-Board Fuel Processing
3.15.2 Nuvera Fuel Cells Agreement With TotalFinaElf
3.15.3 Nuvera Cross-Platform Product Line
3.15.4 Nuvera Andromeda
3.15.5 Nuvera Star
3.15.6 Nuvera / Renault
3.15.7 Nuvera Forza Product
3.16 Sustainable Mobility Technologies
3.17 Hydrocarbon Strategy
3.17.1 Methanol Is Common
3.17.2 Methanol Efficient and Versatile
3.17.3 Methanol Fuel Service Solutions
3.17.4 IdaTech Hydrocarbon Strategy
3.18 Hybrid Solutions
3.18.1 Strength Of A Photovoltaic (PV) Solar System
3.18.2 Strength Of A Fuel Cell System
3.18.3 IdaTech Solar-Fuel Cell Hybrid System
3.19 Development Of Fuel Cells For Automobiles
3.19.1 Challenge In Developing Fuel Cells For Operating In Freezing Conditions
3.20 Mellinum Cell Fuel Cell Boat
3.20.1 Anuvu
3.20.2 Newport Beach Water Taxi
3.21 Fuel Cell Vehicle Fueling
3.22 Fuel Cell Transportation Applications
3.22.1 Reversible Fuel Cell
3.22.2 Natural Gas Alternative Fuels
3.22.3 Natural Gas Vehicles Have A Co2 Advantage
3.22.4 Optimized Natural Gas Engine Technology
3.22.5 Long-Distance Gas Distribution Infrastructure Is Required
3.22.6 Liquefied Petroleum Gas
3.22.7 Natural Gas Codes And Standards Harmonization
3.22.8 European Commission Targets For Alternative Fuels
3.23 Light Duty Fuel Cell Applications
3.24 Proton Exchange Membrane
3.24.1 Fuel Cells Require Hydrogen
3.25 Bus Fuel Cell Initiatives
3.25.1 Ballard Fuel Cell Bus Engines for Santa Clara, CA
3.25.2 Ballard Fuel Cell Bus Engines for the City of London
3.25.3 Ballard Fuel Cell Bus Engines for Australia
3.25.4 Mercedes-Benz Citaro Fuel Cell Powered Buses
3.25.5 Mercedes-Benz Citaro Buses
3.25.6 Ballard 205 kW PEM Fuel Cell Bus Engine
3.25.7 Ballard / DaimlerChrysler Fleet Vehicle Fuel Cell Bus Project
3.25.8 Ballard / Gillig Corporation
3.25.9 Ballard Next Generation Heavy-Duty PEM Fuel Cell Engines
3.25.10 ZEbus Demonstration Program
3.26 Electric Drive Systems
3.26.1 Palcan Fuel Cells
3.26.2 Palcan Fuel Cells Fuel Cell Stacks
3.27 Fuel Cells In Airports
3.27.1 Ballard Strategic Alliances In The Airport Industry
3.28 Natural Gas Vehicles
3.28.1 General Motors Hydrogen, Hybrids
3.29 GreenVOLT Modular Systems
3.30 IdaTech Multi-Fuel Solutions

4. FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS
4.1 Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology
4.1.1 Fuel Cell Transportation Technology
4.1.2 Vehicular Application Issues
4.2 Hydrogen Flow
4.2.1 Paste On Both Sides Of Film Produces The Core Of A Fuel Cell
4.2.2 Graphite Dust Embedded With Ultra-fine Platinum Particles
4.2.3 Flow Field Plates
4.2.4 Hydrogen Consumption For Fuel Cell Buses
4.2.5 Hydrogen Consumption For Fuel Cell Light-Duty Vehicles
4.2.6 Hydrogen From Renewable Sources
4.2.7 Hydrogen Gas, H2, Essential To Power Fuel Cell Engines
4.3 Fuel Cell Testing
4.3.1 Hundreds Of Tiny Fuel Cell Modules
4.3.2 Fuel cell Test Vehicles
4.4 Difference Between Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Technology And Solid
Oxide And Phosphoric Acid
4.5 Fuel Cell Activities Of Industry Associations And Industry / Government Partnerships
4.5.1 U.S., Europe, Canada, and Asia
4.5.2 United States Comprehensive Energy Bills
4.5.3 California Fuel Cell Partnership
4.5.4 California Air Resources Board (CARB)
4.5.5 European Fuel Cell Bus Project
4.5.6 European Intelligent Energy for Europe Program
4.5.7 European Union Automotive Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Technology Positions
4.5.8 European Commission
4.5.9 Canadian Climate Change Mitigation Strategy
4.5.10 Manitoba Canada Hydrogen Energy Development Initiative
4.5.11 Early Stage Opportunities For Manitoba Clean Energy
4.5.12 Atomic Energy of Canada Research / Scientific Center of Excellence
4.5.13 Iceland
4.5.14 Millennium Cell / Icelandic New Energy
4.5.15 Asian Government Support For Fuel Cells
4.5.16 Japanese Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
4.5.17 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
4.5.18 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
4.5.19 Role of Government in Fuel Cell Market Development
4.6 Vehicle Range
4.7 Fuel Cell Stack Issues
4.7.1 Balance of Plant Issues
4.7.2 Power Density
4.8 Hybrid Technology and Fuel Cells
4.9 Onboard Reformation vs. Off-Board Hydrogen Production
4.9.1 Centralized vs. Distributed Generation
4.9.2 Hydrogen Storage
4.9.3 Compressed Hydrogen Storage
4.9.4 Storage vs. Vehicle Efficiency
4.9.5 Advanced Hydrogen Storage
4.10 Transportation Industry Hydrogen Sources
4.11 Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Technologies Alternatives
4.11.1 Natural Gas Engine Technology
4.11.2 Renewable Hydrogen Is The Aim
4.12 Fuel Cell Codes And Standards Issues
4.12.1 Fuel Cell Organizations Reach Co-operation Agreement
4.13 Duke University and the General Motors Corp
4.14 Advanced Hybrid Systems
4.14.1 Carbon Fiber
4.15 FreedomCAR
4.16 Center for the Commercial Deployment of Transportation Technologies (CCDoTT)

5. FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION COMPANY PROFILES
5.1 Fuel Cell Companies
5.2 Air Products
5.3 Anuvu
5.4 Ballard
5.4.1 Ballard Chief Technology Officer Change
5.4.2 Ballard Power Systems Revenue
5.4.3 Ballard Revenue
5.4.4 Ballard Government / Industry Partnerships
5.4.5 Michelin Challenge Bibendum
5.4.6 Ballard Nexa
5.4.7 Ballard AirGen
5.4.8 Ballard AirGen Fuel Cell Generators
5.4.9 Ebara Ballard
5.4.10 Ballard Acquisition Of Coleman Powermate
5.4.11 Ballard / Coleman Powermate AirGen™ Fuel Cell Generator
5.4.12 Ballard Next Generation Transportation Fuel Cell Engine
5.4.13 Ballard Strategy
5.4.14 Ballard Carbon Fiber Products
5.4.15 Ballard Ecostar™ Power Converter
5.4.16 Ballard Plans For PEM Fuel Cell Products
5.4.17 Ballard Customers
5.4.18 DaimlerChrysler and Ford Funding
5.4.19 Ballard Power Electronics
5.4.20 Ballard Discontinued Internal Combustion Engine Generator Sets
5.4.21 Ballard Acquisition Of FirstEnergy Stationary Power Subsidiary
5.4.22 Ballard Power Systems
5.5 California Fuel Cell Partnership
5.6 DaimlerChrysler
5.6.1 DaimlerChrysler Balanced Portfolio Of Environmental Initiatives
5.6.2 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cell Drive System Planned Investment
5.7 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
5.8 Dynetek
5.8.1 Lightweight Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Storage Cylinder
5.8.2 Dynetek Revenue Fourth Quarter and the Year Ended 2003
5.8.3 Dynetek Industries Strategic Positioning
5.9 Ebara
5.9.1 Environmental Engineering Group Product Set
5.9.2 Ebara Corporation Strategic Positioning
5.10 Energy Conversion Devices
5.10.1 Energy Conversion Devices Synthesis Of New Materials
5.10.2 Multi-Disciplinary Business, Scientific, Technical And Manufacturing Organization
5.10.3 Energy Conversion Devices Proprietary technologies
5.10.4 Energy Conversion Devices Business Strategy
5.10.5 Energy Conversion Devices Battery And Photovoltaic Products
5.10.6 Energy Conversion Devices Information Technology Activities
5.10.7 Energy Conversion Devices Revenue
5.11 Energy Partners Ltd.
5.12 Ford
5.13 FuelCell Energy
5.13.1 FuelCell Energy Commercial Distribution Alliances
5.13.2 FuelCell Energy / Versa Power Systems
5.13.3 FuelCell Energy and Marubeni
5.13.4 FuelCell Energy / Global Thermoelectric
5.14 Fuel Cell Technologies
5.14.1 5 kW SOFC Undergoing Tests In Alaska
5.14.2 Fuel Cell Technologies Revenue
5.14.3 Fuel Cell Technologies Operations
5.15 GE Energy
5.15.1 GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell System Benefits
5.15.2 GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell System Improved Efficiency
and Reduced Emissions
5.15.3 How The GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Systems Work
5.15.4 GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Processor
5.15.5 GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Stack
5.15.6 GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Power Conditioner
5.16 General Motors
5.16.1 General Motors Invested $1 Billion In Developing Fuel Cell Technology
5.17 GreenVolt Power
5.18 HERA Hydrogen Storage Systems Private Company Owned By Shell Hydrogen and
Hydro-Quebec CapiTech
5.18.1 Shell Hydrogen Storage
5.18.2 Shell Hydrogen Manufacturing
5.18.3 Shell Hydrogen Marketing and Business Development
5.18.4 HERA Hydrogen Storage Systems / Ergenics
5.19 Hitachi / Tokai
5.20 Hydrogenics
5.20.1 Hydrogenics Clean Power Generation
5.20.2 Hydrogenics Test Division, Greenlight Power Technologies
5.20.3 Fuel Cell Power Generation Products In Premium Power Markets
5.20.4 Hydrogenics Strategy
5.20.5 Hydrogenics Revenue
5.21 Hyundai Motor
5.22 Icelandic New Energy
5.22.1 Icelandic New Energy Ltd Research
5.23 IdaCorp / IdaTech
5.24 Impco
5.25 Johnson Controls / Optima Batteries
5.25.1 Johnson Controls Building Automation Systems
5.25.2 Johnson Controls Acquires Borg Instruments AG
5.26 Marubeni
5.27 Matsushita
5.27.1 Matsushita Plans To Develop Fuel Cells Into Small Cogeneration Systems For
Home Use
5.28 Messer
5.29 Millennium Cell
5.29.1 Millennium Cell Patents
5.29.2 Millennium Cell Core Business Strategy
5.29.3 Millennium Cell Proprietary Rights Agreement With DaimlerChrysler
5.29.4 Millennium Cell and Borax/ Rio Tinto
5.29.5 Millennium Cell and Air Products
5.29.6 Millennium Cell Development Agreement With Aperion Energy Systems
5.30 Mitsui
5.31 NEC
5.32 Niagara Mohawk Power Corp.
5.33 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
5.34 Nuvera
5.34.1 Nuvera Fuel Cells Small-Scale, On-Board Fuel Processing
5.34.2 Nuvera Fuel Cells Agreement With TotalFinaElf
5.34.3 Nuvera Cross-Platform Product Line
5.34.4 Nuvera Andromeda
5.34.5 Nuvera Star
5.34.6 Nuvera / Renault
5.34.7 Nuvera Gemini
5.34.8 Nuvera Strategy
5.35 Northern Power Systems
5.36 Palcan
5.36.1 Palcan Fuel Cells / Singapore's CET Technologies
5.37 Polar
5.37.1 DurAlt - The Technology
5.37.2 DurAlt Key Market Drivers
5.38 Proton Energy Systems
5.38.1 Proton Energy Systems Contracts
5.38.2 Proton Energy Systems Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)
5.38.3 Proton Energy Systems Strategic Positioning
5.38.4 Proton Energy Systems / Acquisition of Northern Power Systems
5.38.5 Proton Energy Systems Products
5.39 Plug Power
5.39.1 Plug Power Acquires H Power
5.39.2 H Power
5.40 PSA Peugeot Citroen
5.40.1 PSA Peugeot Citroen Vehicles Sold
5.41 PolyFuel
5.42 Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
5.43 Sanyo
5.44 Siemens Westinghouse
5.44.1 Siemens Power Generation
5.45 Snow Leopard
5.46 Teledyne Technologies / Teledyne Energy Systems
5.46.1 TESI Advanced Power Group
5.46.2 TESI Combined With Energy Partners
5.46.3 Teledyne Energy Systems
5.46.4 Teledyne MedUSA
5.46.5 Teledyne Perry NG Fuel Cell
5.46.6 Teledyne's TITAN™ Water Electrolysis Products
5.46.7 Teledyne Medusa™ Fuel Cell Test Stations
5.47 Tokyo Gas
5.47.1 Tokyo Gas Profile
5.48 Toshiba
5.49 TotalFinaElf
5.50 Toyota
5.50.1 Toyota Motor Sales
5.50.2 Toyota Revenue
5.50.3 Toyota Fuel-Cell Hybrid Vehicles
5.50.4 Toyota Prius Gas-Electric Hybrid Vehicle
5.50.5 Toyota FCHV-3
5.50.6 Toyota FCHV-5
5.50.7 Toyota Jointly Developed Fuel-Cell Hybrid Bus, the FCHV-BUS1
5.50.8 Toyota Fuel Cell-Friendly Model Communities
5.50.9 Toyota, UC Irvine and Horiba Expand the Hydrogen Community
5.51 UTC Fuel Cells
5.51.1 UTC Fuel Cells / Hyundai
5.51.2 UTC Fuel Cells for NASA Space Shuttle Orbiter
5.51.3 HydrogenSource - UTC Fuel Cells Partnered With Shell Hydrogen
5.51.4 HydrogenSource Power Systems and Integration
5.51.5 UTC Fuel Cells Distributed Generation And Transportation
5.52 Ultralife Batteries

List of Tables and Figures

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table ES-1 ES-1
Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive, Truck, and Bus Fuel Cell Industry
Table ES-2 ES-4
Integrated Fuel Cell Personal Transport Power Systems
Figure ES-3 ES-5
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2003
Figure ES-4 ES-6
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Table ES-5 ES-8
Major Issues Affecting The Commercialization Of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Automobiles
Table ES-6 ES-9
Fuel Cell Infrastructure Investment Needed

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION
Table 1-1 1-4
Global Trends Driving Fuel Cell Development
Table 1-2 1-7
Vehicular Applications For Fuel Cells
Table 1-3 1-8
Parameters Of Fuel Cell Unit Powered Vehicles
Table 1-4 1-11
Traditional Internal Combustion Engine Type Of Work
Table 1-5 1-12
Fuel Economy Standards
Table 1-6 1-15
Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology
Table 1-7 1-16
Fuel Cell Advantages Compared To Internal Combustion Engine
Table 1-8 1-18
Fuel Cell Issues
Table 1-9 1-22
Types Of Fuel Cells
Table 1-10 1-23
Classes Of Fuel Cells
Table 1-11 1-24
Fuel Cell Applications
Table 1-12 1-25
Alkaline Fuel Cell Features
Table 1-13 1-26
Phosphoric acid fuel cells applications
Table 1-14 1-27
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Features
Table 1-15 1-28
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
Table 1-16 1-30
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Features
Table 1-17 1-32
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Functions

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION MARKET SHARES MARKET OPPORTUNITIES, AND
MARKET FORECASTS
Table 2-1 2-1
Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive, Truck, and Bus Fuel Cell Industry
Table 2-2 2-4
Integrated Fuel Cell Personal Transport Power Systems
Table 2-3 2-7
Regional Investment Needed For Hydrogen Infrastructure
Figure 2-4 2-11
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2003
Table 2-5 2-12
Global Transportation Fuel Cell Market Shares, Dollars, 2003
Figure 2-6 2-13
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2003-2006
Figure 2-7 2-14
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Units, 2003-2006
Table 2-8 2-15
Global Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Dollars per Kilowatt, Unit and Dollars, 2003-2006
Table 2-9 2-16
Global Vehicle Shipments per Year, Units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-10 2-17
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-11 2-18
Global Vehicle Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-12 2-19
Global Fuel Cell Bus Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-13 2-20
Global Number of Fuel Cell Truck Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-14 2-21
Global Truck, Bus, and Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-15 2-21
Global Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Personal Vehicles, Mid Size Vehicles, and SUV Units and Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-16 2-22
Global Bus Mass Transit and Truck Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-17 2-26
Global Number of Vehicle Fuel Cell Shipments, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-18 2-27
Global Number of Fuel Cell Bus Shipments, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-19 2-28
Global Number of Fuel Cell Truck Shipments, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-20 2-29
Global Personal Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, System Units, 2007-2013
Table 2-21 2-30
Global Truck, Bus, and Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-22 2-32
Global Automobile Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-23 2-33
Global Personal Vehicle Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-24 2-34
Global Mid Size Vehicle Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-25 2-35
Global Large Vehicle and SUV Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-26 2-37
Global Automobile Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, System Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-27 2-38
Global Personal Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, System Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-28 2-39
Global Mid Size Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, System Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-29 2-40
Global Large Vehicle and SUV Fuel Cell Market Forecast, System Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-30 2-41
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Dollars per System, 2007-2013
Figure 2-31 2-42
Global Personal Vehicle Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Dollars per System, 2007-2013
Figure 2-32 2-43
Global Mid Size Vehicle Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Dollars per System, 2007-2013
Figure 2-33 2-44
Global Large Vehicle and SUV Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Dollars per System, 2007-2013
Figure 2-34 2-45
Global Automotive Vehicular Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Dollars per Kilowatt, 2007-2013
Figure 2-35 2-46
Global Personal Vehicle Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Kilowatts per System,2007-2013
Figure 2-36 2-47
Global Mid Size Vehicle Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Kilowatts per System, 2007-2013
Figure 2-37 2-48
Global Large Vehicle and SUV Fuel Cell, Market Forecast, Kilowatts per System, 2007-2013
Table 2-38 2-49
Global Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Personal Vehicles, Mid Size Vehicles, and SUV Units, and Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-39 2-50
Global Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Personal Vehicles, Mid Size Vehicles, and SUV Units, and Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-40 251
Global Truck, Bus, and Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-41 2-52
Global Truck, Bus, and Passenger Vehicle Hybrid Fuel Cell Market Forecast Units, 2007-2013
Table 2-42 2-52
Global Bus Mass Transit and Truck Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-43 2-53
Global Mass Transit Bus Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Dollars per Kilowatt, Units, and Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-44 2-54
Global Truck Fuel Cell Market Forecast, Dollars per Kilowatt, Units, and Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-45 2-56
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Infrastructure Annual Construction Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-46 2-57
Global Hydrogen From Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Infrastructure Annual Construction Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-47 2-59
Global Hydrogen Manufacture From Wind and Solar Power Fuel Cell New Refueling Station
Infrastructure Annual Construction Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-48 2-60
Global Hydrogen From Water Using Off Peak Electricity Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Infrastructure
Annual Construction Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-49 2-62
Global Natural Gas and Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Infrastructure Annual Construction Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-50 2-63
Global Refueling Station Fuel Cell Infrastructure Costs By Fuel Type, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-51 2-64
Global Number of Fuel Cell Vehicles Market Penetration, 2005-2011
Table 2-52 2-65
Global Mass Transit Bus and Light Transport Fuel Cell Market Forecasts, Units and Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-53 2-65
Global Fuel Cell Penetration of Passenger and Sport Utility Vehicle Sales per Year, Shipments, Units, 2005-2011
Table 2-54 2-66
Global Fuel Cell Penetration of Mass Transit Vehicle Sales per Year, Shipments, Units, 2005-2011
Table 2-55 2-67
Fuel Cell Vehicle Forecasts, 2005-2020
Table 2-56 2-69
Global Vehicle Shipments Per Year, Units, 2005-2011
Table 2-57 2-71
Hydrogen Cost Analysis Dollars Per Kilowatt, 2002-2012
Figure 2-58 2-72
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell, Dollars Per System, Market Forecasts, 2003-2006
Figure 2-59 2-73
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell, Dollars Per Kilowatt, Market Forecasts, 2003-2006
Figure 2-60 2-75
Global Number of Fuel Cell Vehicles Market Penetration, 2007-2013
Figure 2-61 2-76
Global Fuel Cell Truck Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-62 2-77
Global Fuel Cell Bus Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-63 2-78
Global Vehicle Fuel Cell Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Figure 2-64 2-79
Global Number of Fuel Cell Truck Shipments, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-65 2-80
Global Number of Fuel Cell Bus Shipments, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-66 2-81
Global Number of Vehicle Fuel Cell Shipments, Units, 2007-2013
Figure 2-67 2-90
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments By Region, Dollars, 2007
Figure 2-68 2-91
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments By Region, Dollars, 2013
Table 2-69 2-92
Global Vehicle Shipment Destinations, Regional Analysis, Percent, 2007-2013
Table 2-70 2-92
Global Regional Vehicle Shipments, Dollars, 2007-2013
Table 2-71 2-98
Progress Made In Fuel Cells in 2003
Table 2-72 2104
Fuel Cell Vehicle Adoption Commercial Release Timeframes
Table 2-73 2-105
Ford Fuel Cell Alliances
Table 2-74 2-112
Vehicular Fuel Cell Engineering Issues
Table 2-75 2-113
Stack Fuel Cell Issues
Table 2-76 2-118
Fuel Cell Opportunity Areas Identified By Manitoba Government Energy Development Initiative
Table 2-77 2-120
Priority Niche Hydrogen Market Areas For Manitoba
Table 2-78 2-121
Manitoba Working Groups and Steering Committee Recommendations
Table 2-79 2-125
Hydrogen Market Price Variables
Table 2-80 2-128
Key Drivers For Development Of Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Transportation Technology
Table 2-81 2-129
Fuel Cell Vehicle Cost Variables
Table 2-82 2-132
Volume to Reach Target Cost
Table 2-83 2-137
Alternatives For Supplying Hydrogen For The Proton Exchange Membrane
Table 2-84 2-141
Diesel and Other Consumption Analysis
Table 2-85 2-142
Gasoline Consumption Analysis

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION
Table 3-1 3-3
Ballard® Fuel Cell Stack
Figure 3-2 3-5
Ballard® Fuel Cell Stack
Table 3-3 3-7
Ballard Proton Exchange Membrane PEM Features
Table 3-4 3-8
Different Fuels That Can Be Used in the Ballard Proton Exchange Membrane PEM
Table 3-5 3-13
Ballard Partners
Table 3-6 3-14
Automotive Companies to Which Ballard Has Supplied Fuel Cells
Table 3-7 3-16
Millennium Cell Sodium Borohydride Technology Problems and Advantages
Table 3-8 3-17
Power Ball’s Sodium Hydride Technology Problems and Advantages
Table 3-9 3-18
Power Ball’s Sodium Hydride Technology
Table 3-10 3-20
Ballard Vehicular Positioning
Table 3-11 3-20
Ballard Fuel Cell Positioning
Figure 3-12 3-27
DaimlerChrysler Fuel-Cell A-Class Vehicle
Table 3-13 3-30
Ford Fuel Cell Initiatives
Figure 3-14 3-34
Honda Motor Company Hydrogen-Fuelled FCX Fuel Cell Vehicle
Table 3-15 3-37
UTC Fuel Cells Participation In The Transportation Market
Table 3-16 3-41
Fuel Cell Vehicle Adoption Demonstration Timeframes
Table 3-17 3-49
Primary Fuel Cell Challenges With Traditional Hydrocarbon Fuels
Table 3-18 3-50
Hydrocarbon Fuels For Fuel Cells
Table 3-19 3-52
Methanol Advantages
Table 3-20 3-55
Advantages of a Solar-Fuel Cell Hybrid System
Table 3-21 3-60
Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuelling Infrastructure Issues
Table 3-22 3-62
Role of Government in Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuelling Infrastructure
Table 3-23 3-63
Applications For Fuel Cell Transportation Alternatives
Table 3-24 3-71
Pathways Allow Specifying A Range For Well To Tank Base
Table 3-25 3-72
Hydrogen Infrastructure Buildout
Table 3-26 3-74
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Function
Table 3-27 3-76
Ballard Power Systems Miles Per Kilogram
Table 3-28 3-77
Automotive Fuel Cell Positioning
Table 3-29 3-83
Mercedes-Benz Citaro Bus Locations
Table 3-30 3-87
Palcan Fuel Cell Stacks
Table 3-31 3-89
Palcan Fuel Cells Metal hydrides
Table 3-32 3-90
Palcan Fuel Cells Systems Level Optimization
Table 3-33 3-95
GreenVOLT Focus On Stationary Power Applications

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS
Table 4-1 4-1
Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology Uses
Table 4-2 4-2
Vehicular Application Issues
Table 4-3 4-7
Hydrogen-Based Light Duty Vehicle Systems
Table 4-4 4-8
Hydrogen-Based Light Duty Vehicle System Objectives
Table 4-5 4-16
European Union Automotive Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Technologies Positions
Table 4-6 4-17
European Union Stationary Fuel Cell Installation Hydrogen And Fuel Cell Technologies Positions
Table 4-7 4-20
Priority Niche Hydrogen Market Areas For Manitoba
Table 4-8 4-21
Manitoba Working Groups and Steering Committee Recommendations
Table 4-9 4-25
Asian Government Support For Fuel Cells
Table 4-10 4-26
Vehicular Application Opportunities
Table 4-11 4-30
Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC) Recommended Practices
Table 4-12 4-32
Role of Government in Fuel Cell Market Development
Table 4-13 4-35
Vehicular Fuel Cell Engineering Issues
Table 4-14 4-36
Stack Fuel Cell Issues
Table 4-15 4-44
Advanced Hydrogen Storage Materials
Table 4-16 4-45
Advanced Hydrogen Storage Issues
Table 4-17 4-49
Fuel Cell Opportunity Areas Identified By Manitoba Government Energy Development Initiative
Table 4-18 4-51
Fuel Cell Organizations Co-operation Agreement Issues
Table 4-19 4-52
Fuel Cells And Hydrogen Research Institutions
Table 4-20 4-55
FreedomCAR Cooperative Research Effort Aims
Table 4-21 4-56
Fuel Cell Internet Sites
Table 4-22 4-57
Fuel Cell Hydrogen Technology Internet Sites

FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION COMPANY PROFILES
Table 5-1 5-1
Selected Companies Participating In Fuel Cell Markets
Table 5-2 5-3
Selected Publically Traded Fuel Cell Companies
Table 5-3 5-18
Ballard Plans To Bring PEM Fuel Cell Products To Market
Table 5-4 5-33
Environmental Engineering Group Products
Table 5-5 5-34
Environmental Engineering Group New Energy Systems
Table 5-6 5-37
Energy Conversion Devices Proprietary Technologies
Table 5-7 5-43
Ford Fuel Cell and Hybrid Vehicles
Table 5-8 5-45
FuelCell Energy Commercial Distribution Alliances
Table 5-9 5-54
GE Energy Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell System Major Components
Table 5-10 5-68
IMPCO Go To Market Strategy
Table 5-11 5-77
Millennium Cell Patents
Table 5-12 5-83
Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC) Recommended Practices
Table 5-13 5-102
Proton Energy Systems Design Goals
Table 5-14 5-106
Plug Power Strategic Partners
Table 5-15 5-116
Teledyne MedUSA™ Fuel Cell Test Stations Typical Applications
Table 5-16 5-117
Teledyne Modular PEM Fuel Cell Stacks
Table 5-17 5-119
TESI PEM Fuel Cell Stacks And Systems
Table 5-18 5-127
Toyota FCHV-3 Fuel-Cell Hybrid Vehicle Features
Table 5-19 5-132
UTC Fuel Cells Participation In The Transportation Market

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 4

Ballard
Toyota Motor Corporation
Global Thermoelectric
Fuel Cell Technologies
Palcan
Hydrogenics
Avista Labs
Ebara Ballard
FuelCell Energy
GE Microgen
UTC Fuel Cells
General Motors
H Power
Idatech
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd
Nuvera
Plug Power
Proton Energy Systems
Sanyo Electric
Siemens Westinghouse Power
Teledyne Energy Systems

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
4 of 4
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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