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The 2009-2014 Outlook for Gold and Platinum Complete College, Fraternal, and School Rings Excluding Gold-And Platinum-Clad, Silver-Plated, and Non-Precious Metal-Plated Rings in the United States - Product Image

The 2009-2014 Outlook for Gold and Platinum Complete College, Fraternal, and School Rings Excluding Gold-And Platinum-Clad, Silver-Plated, and Non-Precious Metal-Plated Rings in the United States

  • Published: February 2009
  • Region: United States
  • 768 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable, or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if the United States is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

The latent demand for gold and READ MORE >

1 INTRODUCTION 9
1.1 Overview 9
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 9
1.3 The Methodology 10
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 11
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 12
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 12
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 13
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 13
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 13
2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 15
2.1 Latent Demand in The US 15
3 FAR WEST 17
3.1 Executive Summary 17
3.2 Latent Demand by Year - Alaska 18
3.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Alaska 19
3.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Alaska 21
3.5 Latent Demand by Year - California 23
3.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - California 24
3.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - California 45
3.8 Latent Demand by Year - Hawaii 67
3.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Hawaii 68
3.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Hawaii 71
3.11 Latent Demand by Year - Nevada 74
3.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - Nevada 75
3.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Nevada 77
3.14 Latent Demand by Year - Oregon 79
3.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - Oregon 80
3.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Oregon 84
3.17 Latent Demand by Year - Washington 89
3.18 Cities Sorted by Rank - Washington 90
3.19 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Washington 98
4 GREAT LAKES 106
4.1 Executive Summary 106
4.2 Latent Demand by Year - Illinois 108
4.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Illinois 109
4.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Illinois 124
4.5 Latent Demand by Year - Indiana 139
4.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - Indiana 140
4.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Indiana 147
4.8 Latent Demand by Year - Michigan 154
4.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Michigan 155
4.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Michigan 164
4.11 Latent Demand by Year - Ohio 174
4.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - Ohio 175
4.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Ohio 189
4.14 Latent Demand by Year - Wisconsin 203
4.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - Wisconsin 204
4.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Wisconsin 215
5 MID-ATLANTIC 227
5.1 Executive Summary 227
5.2 Latent Demand by Year - Delaware 229
5.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Delaware 230
5.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Delaware 231
5.5 Latent Demand by Year - District of Columbia 232
5.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - District of Columbia 234
5.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - District of Columbia 234
5.8 Latent Demand by Year - Maryland 235
5.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Maryland 236
5.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Maryland 243
5.11 Latent Demand by Year - New Jersey 250
5.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - New Jersey 251
5.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - New Jersey 261
5.14 Latent Demand by Year - New York 271
5.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - New York 272
5.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - New York 300
5.17 Latent Demand by Year - Pennsylvania 329
5.18 Cities Sorted by Rank - Pennsylvania 330
5.19 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Pennsylvania 347
6 NEW ENGLAND 365
6.1 Executive Summary 365
6.2 Latent Demand by Year - Connecticut 367
6.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Connecticut 368
6.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Connecticut 373
6.5 Latent Demand by Year - Maine 379
6.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - Maine 380
6.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Maine 386
6.8 Latent Demand by Year - Massachusetts 392
6.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Massachusetts 393
6.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Massachusetts 402
6.11 Latent Demand by Year - New Hampshire 412
6.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - New Hampshire 413
6.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - New Hampshire 418
6.14 Latent Demand by Year - Rhode Island 423
6.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - Rhode Island 424
6.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Rhode Island 426
6.17 Latent Demand by Year - Vermont 427
6.18 Cities Sorted by Rank - Vermont 428
6.19 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Vermont 432
7 PLAINS 436
7.1 Executive Summary 436
7.2 Latent Demand by Year - Iowa 437
7.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Iowa 438
7.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Iowa 443
7.5 Latent Demand by Year - Kansas 449
7.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - Kansas 450
7.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Kansas 454
7.8 Latent Demand by Year - Minnesota 458
7.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Minnesota 459
7.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Minnesota 466
7.11 Latent Demand by Year - Missouri 474
7.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - Missouri 475
7.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Missouri 482
7.14 Latent Demand by Year - Nebraska 488
7.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - Nebraska 490
7.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Nebraska 492
7.17 Latent Demand by Year - North Dakota 495
7.18 Cities Sorted by Rank - North Dakota 496
7.19 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - North Dakota 497
7.20 Latent Demand by Year - South Dakota 498
7.21 Cities Sorted by Rank - South Dakota 499
7.22 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - South Dakota 500
8 ROCKIES 502
8.1 Executive Summary 502
8.2 Latent Demand by Year - Colorado 504
8.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Colorado 505
8.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Colorado 510
8.5 Latent Demand by Year - Idaho 515
8.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - Idaho 516
8.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Idaho 518
8.8 Latent Demand by Year - Montana 520
8.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Montana 521
8.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Montana 523
8.11 Latent Demand by Year - Utah 525
8.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - Utah 526
8.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Utah 530
8.14 Latent Demand by Year - Wyoming 534
8.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - Wyoming 535
8.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Wyoming 536
9 SOUTHEAST 538
9.1 Executive Summary 538
9.2 Latent Demand by Year - Alabama 540
9.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Alabama 541
9.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Alabama 547
9.5 Latent Demand by Year - Arkansas 553
9.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - Arkansas 554
9.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Arkansas 558
9.8 Latent Demand by Year - Florida 562
9.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Florida 563
9.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Florida 579
9.11 Latent Demand by Year - Georgia 596
9.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - Georgia 597
9.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Georgia 604
9.14 Latent Demand by Year - Kentucky 612
9.15 Cities Sorted by Rank - Kentucky 613
9.16 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Kentucky 618
9.17 Latent Demand by Year - Louisiana 623
9.18 Cities Sorted by Rank - Louisiana 624
9.19 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Louisiana 629
9.20 Latent Demand by Year - Mississippi 634
9.21 Cities Sorted by Rank - Mississippi 635
9.22 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Mississippi 638
9.23 Latent Demand by Year - North Carolina 642
9.24 Cities Sorted by Rank - North Carolina 643
9.25 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - North Carolina 651
9.26 Latent Demand by Year - South Carolina 659
9.27 Cities Sorted by Rank - South Carolina 660
9.28 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - South Carolina 665
9.29 Latent Demand by Year - Tennessee 670
9.30 Cities Sorted by Rank - Tennessee 671
9.31 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Tennessee 677
9.32 Latent Demand by Year - Virginia 683
9.33 Cities Sorted by Rank - Virginia 684
9.34 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Virginia 689
9.35 Latent Demand by Year - West Virginia 695
9.36 Cities Sorted by Rank - West Virginia 696
9.37 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - West Virginia 698
10 SOUTHWEST 701
10.1 Executive Summary 701
10.2 Latent Demand by Year - Arizona 703
10.3 Cities Sorted by Rank - Arizona 704
10.4 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Arizona 708
10.5 Latent Demand by Year - New Mexico 712
10.6 Cities Sorted by Rank - New Mexico 713
10.7 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - New Mexico 715
10.8 Latent Demand by Year - Oklahoma 718
10.9 Cities Sorted by Rank - Oklahoma 719
10.10 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Oklahoma 723
10.11 Latent Demand by Year - Texas 728
10.12 Cities Sorted by Rank - Texas 729
10.13 Cities Sorted by Zipcode - Texas 748
11 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 767
11.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 767
11.2 ICON Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 768

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