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Nanotechnologies for Environmental Applications Product Image

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Applications

  • Published: October 2006
  • 95 Pages
  • Nanoposts.com

This report covers technology providers currently engaged in areas related to environmental applications of nanotechnology. The document underlines how nanotechnologies are enhancing environmental technology, offering potential applications in monitoring and measuring technologies; processing technologies applied in the use of chemicals and emission waste; and new clean-manufacturing technologies.

This report describes nanotechnologies, nanomaterials, nanotechnology companies, universities and research centres related to nanotechnologies for new environmental technologies.

Areas covered by are leading edge research in emission reduction, environmental remediation and monitoring, green manufacturing, water filtration and treatment, energy conversion and storage, alternative energy and toxicology.

Applications featured include:
- Catalysts
- Nanoporous Membranes
- Sensors for Environmental Detection and Analysis
- Biodefence
- Photocatalytic water disinfection
- Fuel cells
- Solar Cells
- Rechargeable Batteries
- Thermoelectrics

1 INTRODUCTION

2 EMISSION REDUCTION

2.1 TECHNOLOGY AREAS
2.1.1 Catalysts
2.1.2 Membranes
2.1.3 Fuel Additives
2.1.4 Green Manufacturing

2.2 TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS

2.2.1 COMPANIES
2.2.1.1 Company 1 USA: Hybrid coating that provides corrosion protection for aluminium alloys, without using the hazardous chromium ions used in the most effective existing coatings
2.2.1.2 Company 2 USA: Fuels enhancers utilizing nanoclusters
2.2.1.3 Company 3 USA: Nano catalysts
2.2.1.4 Company 1 Sweden: Production of nanoparticulate additives for improvement
of combustion and preventing of fouling and corrosion
2.2.1.5 Company 1 Israel: Highly chemical resistant polymer materials
2.2.1.6 Company 1 Germany: Corrosion protection with sol-gel coatings
2.2.1.7 Company 1 UK: Nanoscale organometallic catalysts
2.2.1.8 Company 2 UK: Nanoscale cerium oxide as a catalyst in catalytic converters
2.2.1.9 Company 1 France: Nanotechnologies for environmental applications;
Membranes (ultra-micro-nano filtration); Catalyst membranes; Nanoparticles (ceramic oxides and catalyst).

2.2.2 UNIVERSITIES
2.2.2.1 University 1 UK: Novel coating systems and chromium alternatives that will reduce the environmental impact of automobiles
2.2.2.2 University 2 UK: Electronic nose
2.2.2.3 University 1 USA: SWNTs as catalysts
2.2.2.4 University 2 USA: MWNT as catalysts
2.2.2.5 University 1 Belgium: Active catalysts for automotive pollution control

2.2.3 RESEARCH CENTRES
2.2.3.1 Research Centre 1 USA: Active catalysts based on nanoparticles of vanadia
2.2.3.2 Research Centre 1 Denmark: Nanocluster catalysts
2.2.3.3 Research Centre 1 Greece: Nanostructured catalysts for the emission control
systems

3 MONITORING AND MEASURING

3.1 TECHNOLOGY AREAS
3.1.1 Detection
3.1.2 Gas sensors
3.1.3 Chemical and biochemical sensors
3.1.4 Remediation
3.1.5 Biodefence

3.2 TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS

3.2.1 COMPANIES
3.2.1.1 Company 1 UK: Rapid detection of soil contamination
3.2.1.2 Company 2 UK: Ultra-Sensitive chemical sensor coatings
3.2.1.3 Company 1 USA: Nanoparticle immunoassay for pollution monitoring
3.2.1.4 Company 2 USA: Coating system with the continuous ability to decontaminate a surface exposed to biological agents including spores
3.2.1.5 Company 3 USA: Nanomaterials for surface and air space decontamination, protective textiles, air and water purification and filtration
3.2.1.6 Company 1 The Netherlands: Waste heat and molecular separation
3.2.1.7 Company 1 Ireland: Surface engineering technology with multi-sectoral
application
3.2.1.8 Company 1 France: Surface structures as sensors for water/air pollutants

3.2.2 UNIVERSITIES
3.2.2.1 University 1 UK: Luminescence ceramic coatings where the luminescence is introduced by doping with rare earth ions
3.2.2.2 University 2 UK: Polyurethanes containing nano-cages for anti-fouling
3.2.2.3 University 3 UK: Nanoparticle sensors for the detection of pathogens and chemical agents
3.2.2.4 University 4 UK: Redox enzymes
3.2.2.5 University 1 Denmark: The use of electrodes to destroy unwanted organic compounds and to monitor wear and corrosion
3.2.2.6 University 1 USA: Quantum dot sensors for biological detection.
3.2.2.7 University 2 USA: Nanostructured chemical sensors for energy and environmental monitoring
3.2.2.8 University 3 USA: Chemically/electrically tuned carbon nanotube composites as effective self cleaning materials and molecular sensors
3.2.2.9 University 4 USA: Nanoscale biosensors
3.2.2.10 University 1 Georgia: Boron isotopes based semiconductors as sensitive elements

3.2.3 RESEARCH CENTRES
3.2.3.1 Research Centre 1 UK: Sensors based in silicon carbide (SiC) for harsh environments
3.2.3.2 Research Centre 1 Israel: Smart dust
3.2.3.3 Research Centre 1 Norway: Nanostructured hybrid and polymer materials for catalysis, selective separation and purification, chemical and biological sensing as well as optical communications
3.2.3.4 Research Centre 1 Spain: Development of chemical transducers based on different transduction principles and/or signal propagation media

4 WATER FILTRATION AND TREATMENT

4.1 TECHNOLOGY AREAS
4.1.1 Water treatment
4.1.2 Photocatalytic water disinfection

4.2 TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS
4.2.1 COMPANIES
4.2.1.1 Company 1 Japan: Photocatalysis
4.2.1.2 Company 1 USA: Silica-based nanocomposite that selectively removes heavy metals such as silver, gold, palladium, platinum, mercury, cadmium and lead from water using a proprietary nanopore reactive adsorbent structure
4.2.1.3 Company 2 USA: Nano alumina arsenic filter
4.2.1.4 Company 1 Denmark: Water purification using bionano
4.2.1.5 Company 1 Australia: Nanosilver catalysts for wastewater treatment
4.2.1.6 Company 2 Australia: Photocatalytic water purification
4.2.1.7 Company 1 UK: Colloidal suspension of nanoparticles

4.2.2 UNIVERSITIES
4.2.2.1 University 1 UK: Nanostructured metal oxides for photocatalytic treatment of water
4.2.2.2 University 2 UK: Nano titania for the clean-up of detergents and waste treatment
4.2.2.3 University 1 Hong Kong: Photocatalytic oxidation
4.2.2.4 University 1 Germany: Nanostructured environmental biochemical sensor for water monitoring

4.2.3 RESEARCH CENTRES
4.2.3.1 Research Centre 1 Poland: Silver nano colloids
4.2.3.2 Research Centre 1 Spain: Water purification via photocatalysis

5 ENERGY CONVERSION AND STORAGE (ENERGY EFFICENCY)

5.1 TECHNOLOGY AREAS
5.1.1 Fuel cells
5.1.2 Solar Cells
5.1.3 Rechargeable Batteries
5.1.4 Thermoelectrics

5.2 TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS

5.2.1 COMPANIES
5.2.1.1 Company 1 USA: Highly efficient hydrogen generation via water electrolysis
using nanometal electrodes
5.2.1.2 Company 2 USA: Flexible solar cells
5.2.1.3 Company 3 USA: Nano solar cells
5.2.1.4 Company 4 USA: Nano polymer photovoltaic materials
5.2.1.5 Company 1 UK: Novel solar cells and solar cell concentrators
5.2.1.6 Company 1 Australia: Nanoscale solid oxide fuel cells
5.2.1.7 Company 2 Australia: Nanomaterials for hydrogen storage technology

5.2.2 UNIVERSITIES
5.2.2.1 University 1 Belgium: Inorganic nanotubes tribology, resistance to shock wave impact, catalytic storage, photocatalysts and energy storage
5.2.2.2 University 1 USA: Photovoltaics, sensors and radiation shielding using
nanocomposite materials
5.2.2.3 University 2 USA: Nanocomposite membranes for PEM fuel cells
5.2.2.4 University 3 USA: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes as fuel cell electrocatalysts
5.2.2.5 University 4 USA: Polymer photovoltaic and thermophotovoltaic devices
5.2.2.6 University 5 USA: Organic Semiconductors for Low-Cost Solar Cells
5.2.2.7 University 1 UK: Synthesis and characterization of composite metal
nanoparticles for magnetic storage media
5.2.2.8 University 2 UK: Photoelectrocatalytic fuel cell
5.2.2.9 University 3 UK: Crystalline metal oxide nanotubes
5.2.2.10 University 4 UK: Thermoelectric conversion systems for waste heat recovery
5.2.2.11 University 5 UK: Nanostructured quantum wells for thermophotovoltaics and smart windows
5.2.2.12 University 1 France: Design, synthesis and characterization of novel materials containing nanometric phases, in the form of powders and dense materials

5.2.3 RESEARCH CENTRES
5.2.3.1 Research Centre 1 Taiwan: Nanomaterials for energy storage

6 TOXICOLOGY

7 GLOSSARY OF TERMS

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