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World Energy Market Shifts - Market Shifts, Forecasts and Strategies, 2007 to 2013 Product Image

World Energy Market Shifts - Market Shifts, Forecasts and Strategies, 2007 to 2013

  • Published: August 2007
  • Region: Global
  • 509 Pages
  • Wintergreen Research, Inc

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Acal Energy
  • Celex Power
  • EBZ Entwicklungs
  • Fuel Cells Canada
  • LOGANEnergy
  • Protonetics
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Nanotechnology is providing us next generation systems that rely on micro-generation of energy stored in thin film batteries. Nanotechnology works on both sides of the equation. Solar and wind generators are made more efficient by the use of nanoparticles in the drive and collector mechanisms. Thin film batteries use new materials created using nanotechnology to achieve components that are used to manufacture batteries 40 times more efficient than current batteries.

World energy market shifts are a result of these new renewable energy and storage technologies. Wind and solar energy can be generated and stored as DC current in residential settings. Wind and solar power can be stored by using thin film batteries that in turn are used to power electronics, LED lights, and small appliances in the home. Systems work using a direct current (DC) power system that supplements the power coming off the grid into the home.

Wind and solar generators operating in residential settings store energy in thin film batteries for use in autos. Wind and solar power stored in thin film batteries can be used to power cars by hooking the car battery to the home battery with a wire and a plug READ MORE >

1. WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS: - MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION 1-1
1.1 Cost-Effective And Efficient Generation Of Electricity, Heat, And Air Conditioning 1-1
1.2 Grid Energy 1-3
1.2.1 Grid Power Lines Threaten Natural Preservation Areas 1-3
1.3 Micro Generation Of Energy For Residential Markets 1-5
1.4 Stationary Fuel Cells on Campus 1-6
1.5 Transportation 1-8
1.5.1 Fundamental Shift In Transportation Technology 1-8
1.5.2 Conventional Transportation Energy Devices 1-9
1.5.3 Rechargeable Batteries 1-9
1.5.4 Fuel Environmental Issues 1-10
1.5.5 Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1-12
1.6 Battery Description 1-15
1.6.1 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction 1-16

2. WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS, SHARES, AND FORECASTS 2-1
2.1 Industrialization Requires Sustainable, Highly Efficient Energy 2-1
2.2 World Energy Segments and Forecasts 2-6
2.2.1 Worldwide Grid Electricity Supplemented by Off Grid Micro Generation of Power Stored in Thin Film Batteries 2-6
2.2.2 U.S. Grid Electricity Supplemented by Off Grid Micro Generation of Power Stored in Thin Film Batteries 2-11
2.3 Residential Use of Thin Film Batteries To Store Wind and Solar Energy 2-16
2.3.1 Residential Energy Sector In Developed Countries 2-18
2.3.2 Residential Energy Sector In Underdeveloped Countries 2-18
2.3.3 Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector 2-28
2.4 Commercial Energy Sector 2-28
2.4.1 Commercial Energy Sector In Developed Countries 2-32
2.4.2 Commercial Energy Sector In Underdeveloped Countries 2-33
2.5 Developed Economy Industrial Sector 2-36
2.6 Developed Economy Transportation Sector 2-37
2.6.1 Europe Energy Transport Sector 2-39
2.6.2 Japanese and Asia Developed Country Energy Transport Sector 2-40
2.6.3 Underdeveloped Country Energy Transport Sector 2-40
2.7 Worldwide Grid Electricity Shift To Residential Thin Film Batteries Market Forecasts 2-44

3. WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS: WIND AND SOLAR MICRO GENERATION OF ENERGY STORED IN THIN FILM BATTERIES PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 3-1
3.1 Thin Film Batteries 3-1
3.2 Front Edge Technology (FET) 3-1
3.2.1 Front Edge Technology (FET) NanoEnergyTM Ultra-Thin Rechargeable Battery Technical Information 3-4
3.2.2 Front Edge Technology (FET) NanoEnergyTM High Temperature Performance 3-8
3.2.3 Front Edge Technology (FET) NanoEnergyTM Low Temperature Performance 3-8
3.2.4 Front Edge Technology (FET) NanoEnergyTM Safety and toxicity 3-9
3.3 Excellatron High Rate Deposition Process (Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition) 3-9
3.3.1 Excellatron Process To Produce Thin Film Batteries 3-11
3.3.2 Excellatron Thin Film Battery Applications 3-11
3.4 Eveready 3-12
3.5 ORNL Thin-Film Lithium Battery 3-12
3.5.1 ORNL Battery On A Chip 3-13
3.5.2 ORNL Thin-Film Lithium Cells 3-16
3.5.3 ORNL Thin-Film Lithium Cell Film Deposition 3-19
3.5.4 Eveready 3-20
3.6 Solar Power 3-21
3.6.1 MEMS Research Laboratories 3-21
3.7 Teledyne 3-22
3.7.1 Teledyne Thin Film Battery Cycle life 3-25
3.8 Residential Wind Systems 3-26
3.9 Bergey Windpower 3-26
3.9.1 Bergey XL.1 Specifications 3-29
3.9.2 Vestas Wind Systems 3-31
3.9.3 Ampair 3-32
3.9.4 Wind & Water Generators Pacific 100 Wind Generator 3-33
3.9.5 Ampair Pacific 100 Wind Generator Product Features 3-34
3.10 Shell Solar Panels 3-38
3.11 BP Solar 380J 80W Solar Panel 3-39
3.12 GE Solar 3-43
3.13 Global Solar Sunlinq 6.5Watt 12V Portable Power Pack 3-47
3.14 Evergreen Solar 3-47
3.14.1 Evergreen Solar 3-52
3.14.2 Evergreen Solar Spruce Series 18V Photovoltaic Modules 3-52
3.14.3 Evergreen Solar String Ribbon Technology 3-54
3.14.4 Evergreen Solar Panels 3-57
3.15 Isofotón 3-58
3.16 Matrix Solar 3-60
3.17 Sanyo Solar 3-63
3.17.1 Sanyo's HIP-G751B 167W Solar Panel 3-64
3.18 Sharp 3-68
3.18.1 Sharp Solar 165 Watt Module 3-69
3.19 SolarWorld 24V Solar Panel 3-73
3.19.1 SolarWorld Models SW165 & SW175 Mono-crystalline PV Modules 3-73
3.20 Sun Tech Solar Panel 3-76

4. WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS: MICRO GENERATION OF ENERGY STORED IN THIN FILM BATTERIES TECHNOLOGY 4-1
4.1 Battery Cell Construction 4-1
4.1.1 Thin Film Solid State Battery Construction 4-2
4.1.2 Impact of Nanotechnology 4-8
4.1.3 Lithium Ion Cells Optimized For Capacity 4-8
4.1.4 Flat Plate Electrodes 4-9
4.1.5 Spiral Wound Electrodes 4-10
4.1.6 Multiple Electrode Cells 4-11
4.1.7 Fuel Cell Bipolar Configuration 4-11
4.1.8 Electrode Interconnections 4-12
4.1.9 Sealed Cells and Recombinant Cells 4-12
4.1.10 Battery Cell Casing 4-13
4.1.11 Button Cells and Coin Cells 4-14
4.1.12 Pouch Cells 4-15
4.1.13 Prismatic Cells 4-15
4.2 Thin Film Batteries 4-16
4.2.1 Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs 4-19
4.3 Naming Standards for Cell Identification 4-19
4.3.1 High Power And Energy Density 4-20
4.3.2 High Rate Capability 4-21
4.4 Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance 4-21
4.5 Thin-Film Rechargeable Lithium Batteries UT/Battelle Oak Ridge National Laboratory 4-27
4.5.1 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy 4-28
4.6 Polymer Film Substrate 4-28
4.7 Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte 4-29
4.8 Alternative Power for Autonomous MEMs 4-31
4.9 Lithium Technology 4-33
4.10 Sony Lithium-Ion Cells 4-33
4.11 Sanyo Electric Co. 4-33
4.11.1 BYD 4-33
4.12 Lithium-Ion/Polymer Cell Shipment Market Shares 4-34
4.13 Ultralife Batteries 4-34
4.13.1 Lithium Technology Corporation Technology Overview 4-37
4.14 Lithium Technology Corporation (LTC) 4-41
4.15 BYD 4-43
4.16 Industries International Incorporated (INDI), 4-43
4.17 Cymbet™ Corporation 4-44
4.17.1 Cymbet Application Specific Solid Energy Technology 4-47
4.17.2 Cymbet Cells Packaging 4-50
4.17.3 Cymbet Consumer Electronics 4-51
4.17.4 Cymbet Medical Electronic Thin-Film Battery System 4-53
4.17.5 Cymbet Military Electronic Thin-Film Battery System Military Device Systems 4-55
4.17.6 Cymbet Military Electronic Thin-Film Battery System MEMs And Nanotechnology Device Systems 4-57
4.17.7 Cymbet™: 4-59
4.17.8 Cymbet™ Combines The High Energy Density Of A Lithium Cobalt Oxide 4-60
4.17.9 Cymbet Thin Film Lithium Ion Cells 4-61
4.17.10 Cymbet Thin Film Battery System Advanced Features 4-62
4.17.11 Thin-Film Battery Rechargeable Solution 4-66
4.17.12 Thin-Film Battery Deposition Process 4-66
4.18 Power Paper Battery-Assisted UHF RFID Chips 4-67
4.19 Power Paper Thin and Flexible Energy Cells 4-68
4.20 Fuel Cell Operation 4-69
4.20.1 Fuel Cells Generate Electrical Power As Backup Technologies 4-70
4.20.2 Conventional Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 4-72
4.20.3 How-SOFC Works 4-76
4.21 Fuel Cell Operation 4-78
4.21.1 Fuel Cells Definition 4-80
4.22 Fuel Cell Issues 4-84
4.22.1 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 4-86
4.22.2 Fuel Cell Workings 4-86
4.22.3 Environmental Benefits Of Fuel Cells 4-89
4.22.4 Fuel-To-Electricity Efficiency 4-90
4.23 Battery Function 4-91
4.23.1 Ballard Secures Us$40 Million Carbon Fiber Materials Contract Extension With Major Automakers 4-93
4.24 Roadmap on Manufacturing R&D For The Hydrogen Economy 4-93
4.25 California Stationary Fuel Cell Collaborative 4-94
4.25.1 California Stationary Fuel Cell Collaborative Benchmarking Focus 4-95
4.26 Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) 4-96
4.26.1 U.S. Department of Energy's Solid State Energy Conversation Alliance (SECA) 4-96
4.27 SECA Program at the National Technical Energy Laboratory 4-97
4.27.1 Altergy Systems 4-97
4.27.2 FuelCell Energy (FCE) 4-98
4.28 Energy Conversion Factors 4-98

5. WORLD ENERGY COMPANY PROFILES 5-1
5.1 Acumentrics 5-1
5.1.1 Acumentrics / U.S. Department of Energy Solid-State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) 5-2
5.2 Acal Energy 5-2
5.3 Adaptive Materials 5-4
5.4 Adelan 5-5
5.5 Advent International / RWE Energy 5-5
5.6 Agni 5-6
5.7 Alca Torda Applications 5-7
5.8 ALLPS Fuel Cell System GMBH 5-8
5.8.1 System engineering 5-9
5.9 Anglo Platinum / Johnson Matthey Leading Researcher In Platinum Market 5-10
5.9.1 Anglo Platinum / Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells 5-10
5.10 Angstrom Power 5-12
5.11 Ansaldo Fuel Cells SpA-AFC 5-13
5.12 Apollo Energy Systems- 5-14
5.12.1 Apollo Energy Systems Stationary Applications 5-15
5.13 Aperion Energy Systems 5-15
5.13.1 Areva Ramping Up Investments For The Restart Of Nuclear Programs 5-19
5.13.2 AREVA Development Is Built On A Sound Financial Position 5-20
5.13.3 AREVA Has Development Is Built On A Sound Financial Position Objectives 5-20
5.13.4 Areva Plant Construction In Siberia 5-21
5.13.5 Areva Won Two Contracts In Tunisia 5-21
5.13.6 Areva Invests in Wind Power 5-21
5.13.7 Areva Won Two Contracts In The Middle East 5-21
5.13.8 Areva Contracts And Agreements In China 5-22
5.13.9 Areva Strengthens Presence In Brazil 5-22
5.13.10 Areva Proposes The Epr In China 5-22
5.13.11 In Brazil, Areva Builds Two Biomass Power Plants 5-23
5.13.12 Areva Workforce By Region 5-23
5.13.13 Areva Revenue 5-26
5.13.14 Areva Consulting and Information Systems. 5-27
5.13.15 Areva Uranium Mining 5-28
5.13.16 AREVA NC Pierrelatte 5-28
5.13.17 COGEMA Pierrelatte wins ISO 14001 certification 5-29
5.13.18 AREVA Environmental Protection 5-30
5.13.19 COMURHEX Malvési 5-31
5.13.20 As of March 1st; 2006, COGEMA becomes AREVA NC 5-32
5.13.21 COMURHEX Pierrelatte 5-32
5.13.22 AREVA and URENCO Joint Venture ETC (Enrichment Technology Company) 5-33
5.13.23 Cameco Construction on the Cigar Lake Mine 5-36
5.13.24 AREVA / TENEX Technology Sales Agreement 5-37
5.13.25 COGEMA Begins Work On Treating Australian Used Fuel 5-38
5.14 Astris Energi 5-38
5.14.1 Astris Alkaline Fuel Cell Electric Generators 5-39
5.15 Air Liquide / Axane Fuel Cell Systems 5-41
5.16 Finmeccanica Group / Ansaldo Fuel Cells 5-42
5.16.1 Ansaldo Fuel Cells Series 2TW 5-42
5.17 Ball Aerospace & Technologies 5-44
5.18 Ballard 5-44
5.18.1 Ballard Total Revenues 5-44
5.18.2 Ebara 5-45
5.18.3 Ebara Ballard 5-46
5.18.4 Ebara Local Assembly 5-49
5.18.5 Japanese Government Subsidies in 2006 5-50
5.18.6 Ballard Reports Improves Sales in Power Generation Markets 5-51
5.18.7 Ballard 2006 Corporate Objectives 5-53
5.18.8 Ballard Power Systems 5-57
5.18.9 Ebara Ballard 5-57
5.18.10 Ballard Power Systems / Ebara Next Generation Of Cogeneration Fuel Cell Stack 5-57
5.18.11 Ebara Ballard 5-58
5.18.12 Ebara Ballard Precision Machinery 5-59
5.18.13 Plug Power and Ballard Power Systems Collaboration 5-59
5.18.14 Ebara Corporation 5-61
5.19 Baxi Group- 5-61
5.20 BCS Technology 5-61
5.21 BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Uranium Mine 5-61
5.22 British Nuclear Group (BNG) 5-63
5.23 Cameco 5-63
5.23.1 Cameco Uranium Price Sensitivity 2006 5-67
5.23.2 Cameco Uranium Price Sensitivity (2006 to 2008) 5-67
5.23.3 Cameco Uranium Spot Market Perspective 5-70
5.23.4 Cameco Uranium Long-Term Market 5-70
5.23.5 Cameco Uranium Operations 5-70
5.23.6 Cameco McArthur River/Key Lake 5-71
5.23.7 Cameco Rabbit Lake 5-73
5.23.8 Cameco Smith Ranch-Highland and Crow Butte 5-74
5.23.9 Cameco Cigar Lake 5-75
5.23.10 Cameco Inkai 5-77
5.23.11 Cameco Uranium Production Outlook 5-78
5.23.12 Cameco Uranium Exploration Update1 5-81
5.23.13 Cameco Millennium 5-81
5.23.14 Cameco Regional Exploration 5-82
5.23.15 Cameco Completed Acquisition Of UNOR 5-82
5.24 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited (CFCL) 5-83
5.25 Celex Power 5-83
5.26 CellTech Power LLC 5-83
5.27 Cellennium 5-84
5.28 Cenergie Corporation 5-85
5.29 Ceramatec 5-85
5.30 Ceres Power 5-86
5.31 Clean Fuel Generation- 5-86
5.32 CMR Fuel Cells 5-86
5.33 Connecticut Clean Energy Fund 5-87
5.34 CCEF's funding comes from a surcharge on electric ratepayers' utility bills. Constellation Energy and Electricite de France (EdF) 5-87
5.35 Coval H2 5-88
5.36 CTP Hydrogen 5-88
5.37 Daimler Chrysler / MTU / CFC-MTU Solutions (German) 5-88
5.37.1 MTU CFC Solutions GmbH Joint Venture 5-89
5.37.2 CFC-MTU Solutions (German Part Of Daimler Chrysler / MTU) 5-90
5.38 Delphi 5-90
5.38.1 Delphi Reports Fourth Quarter and Calendar Year 2005 Financial Revenue 5-91
5.38.2 Delphi Technical Expertise 5-91
5.38.3 Delphi Chapter 11 Cases 5-92
5.38.4 Delphi and Partner Battelle Pacific Northwest Division / SECA Program 5-93
5.38.5 Delphi Developmental Fuel-Flexible Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Functions 5-93
5.39 DE NORA s.p.a 5-94
5.40 Dias Analytic 5-94
5.40.1 Dais 5-94
5.41 Donaldson Company 5-96
5.42 DTI Energy 5-96
5.43 Dupont 5-96
5.44 EBZ Entwicklungs-und Vertriebsgesellschaft Brennstoffzelle mbH 5-97
5.45 ESL Electric Auto Science 5-97
5.46 Electrotec 5-97
5.47 ElectroChem 5-97
5.48 Element 1 Power Systems 5-98
5.49 Electric Power Research Institute 5-98
5.50 Electronic Machining s.r.l. 5-99
5.51 Emprise - 5-99
5.52 Entegris- 5-99
5.53 Eneco 5-99
5.54 ENrG 5-100
5.55 EnergySolutions 5-100
5.56 Energy Resources of Australia Ltd. ERA 5-100
5.57 Engelhard 5-102
5.58 Esoro 5-102
5.59 Evonyx-eVionyx 5-103
5.60 Exelon Generation Company LLC 5-103
5.61 Five Star Technologies 5-103
5.62 Fuel Cell Components and Integrators 5-104
5.63 Fuel Cell Control 5-104
5.63.1 Fuel Maker 5-105
5.64 FuelCell Energy 5-105
5.65 Fuel Cells Ltd 5-105
5.66 Fuel Cells Canada 5-105
5.66.1 Industry Canada (IC) 5-106
5.67 FuelCell Energy 5-106
5.67.1 Direct FuelCell, DFC and DFC/Turbine Registered Trademarks 5-107
5.67.2 FuelCell Energy U.S. Government Camp Pendleton 250 Kilowatts of Power 5-107
5.67.3 FuelCell Energy Revenue 5-110
5.67.4 FuelCell Energy Revenue Second Quarter 2006 5-110
5.67.5 FuelCell Energy Corporate Developments 5-112
5.67.6 FuelCell Energy Revenue 5-118
5.67.7 FuelCell Energy Target Markets 5-118
5.67.8 FuelCell Energy Financial Highlights 5-120
5.67.9 FuelCell Energy FY 2005 Highlights 5-121
5.67.10 FuelCell Energy Geographic Markets 5-122
5.67.11 FuelCell Energy Pursuing Market Opportunities 5-123
5.67.12 FuelCell Energy's Focus for 2006 5-125
5.67.13 FuelCell Energy / NTT High Efficiency Power Plant 5-125
5.67.14 FuelCell Energy / Marubeni 5-127
5.67.15 FuelCell Energy Power Plant Sites Around The Globe 5-129
5.67.16 FuelCell Energy Development Partner, Bridgeport Fuel Cell Park, LLC Wins Pre-Development Financing for 10-Megawatt Fuel Cell Power Plant 5-130
5.68 Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd. 5-131
5.68.1 Fuel Cell Technologies 5-137
5.68.2 FCT 5-137
5.68.3 Fuel Cell Technologies Customers 5-138
5.68.4 Fuel Cell Technologies Partners 5-139
5.68.5 Fuel Cell Technologies Revenue 5-139
5.69 Fuel Cell Technologies 5-140
5.70 Fuji 5-141
5.70.1 Fuji Electric Group 5-141
5.71 Franklin Fuel Cells 5-142
5.72 GE 5-143
5.72.1 GE Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Program 5-143
5.72.2 GE Major Energy Research Initiatives: 5-144
5.72.3 GE Energy 5-145
5.73 GenCell 5-145
5.74 General Hydrogen 5-145
5.74.1 General Hydrogen 5-145
5.74.2 Ballard / General Hydrogen / Bridgestone In The US 5-146
5.74.3 General Hydrogen Hydrogen-Powered Hydricity® Pack ROI 5-146
5.74.4 General Hydrogen 5-147
5.74.5 General Hydrogen ROI 5-148
5.74.6 General Hydrogen Backed By General Motors and Air Products 5-148
5.75 Gesellschaft für Angewandte Technik mbH Greifswald (GAT)- 5-148
5.76 Global Thermoelectric! 5-149
5.77 GreenVOLT™ 5-150
5.78 GreenVOLT™ Mini Fuel Cell 5-152
5.79 GTI -Gas Technology Institute 5-152
5.80 Hoku / Sanyo 5-153
5.81 Honda: 5-153
5.81.1 Honda / Plug Power 5-154
5.82 HydroGen 5-154
5.82.1 HydroGen Development Activities 5-158
5.82.2 HydroGen Corporation and HydroGen, LLC 5-160
5.83 Idaho National Laboratory 5-160
5.84 IDACORP / IdaTech 5-162
5.84.1 IdaTech ElectraGen(TM)3 Critical Backup Power Fuel Cell System 5-163
5.84.2 IdaTech Positioning 5-164
5.84.3 IdaTech Europe 5-165
5.84.4 IdaTech CE Certification 5-165
5.84.5 IdaTech Research And Development 5-165
5.85 Impala Platinum 5-166
5.86 Ion America 5-168
5.86.1 Ion America Fuel Cell Company 5-168
5.86.2 Ion America R&D unit in Chennai, India 5-169
5.86.3 Ion America Chattanooga Enterprise Centre 5-169
5.87 LOGANEnergy 5-171
5.88 McDermott International / SOFCo-EFS 5-171
5.89 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. 5-173
5.90 Mesoscopic Devices / MesoGen 5-174
5.91 Millennium Cell 5-175
5.92 Mitsubishi 5-176
5.93 NanoDynamics 5-176
5.94 Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine (Navoi MMC) Navoi, Uzbekistan 5-177
5.95 Nuclear Construction Contractors 5-179
5.96 Nu Element 5-179
5.97 Nuvera Fuel Cells 5-180
5.97.1 Nuvera Fuel Cells / Rivoira / SIAD Group To Expand Laboratory Plant In Italy For Testing Hydrogen-Based Fuel Cell Systems 5-180
5.97.2 Nuvera 5-181
5.97.3 Nuvera Fuel Cells 5-182
5.97.4 Nuvera 5-182
5.97.5 Nuvera Fuel Cells 5 kW PowerFlow™ Fuel Cell Power Module 5-183
5.97.6 Nuvera Shareholders 5-184
5.98 Palcan 5-185
5.99 Pinnacle / Arizona Public Service Co (APS) 5-185
5.100 Plug Power 5-185
5.100.1 Plug Power Product Development and Commercialization 5-186
5.100.2 Plug Power Distribution, Marketing and Strategic Relationships 5-187
5.100.3 Plug Power Gone Away From Residential Fuel Cells to Back-Up Power Generation 5-188
5.100.4 Plug Power / Tyco 5-190
5.100.5 Plug Power / Honda 5-190
5.100.6 Plug Power / Pemeas 5-190
5.100.7 Plug Power / Engelhard 5-191
5.100.8 Plug Power / DTE Energy 5-191
5.100.9 Plug Power Revenue 5-192
5.100.10 Plug Power Revenue 5-194
5.100.11 Plug Power To Receive $217 Million Cash Investment From Interros And Norilsk Nickel 5-195
5.100.12 Plug Power Distribution Partners To Access Targeted Markets In U.S. And South Korea 5-196
5.101 Pacific Telepoint 5-197
5.102 Parker Hannifin 5-197
5.103 PEMEAS Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) 5-197
5.104 Power Air Corporation 5-198
5.105 Praxair / Rivoira 5-198
5.105.1 Praxair / SIAD 5-199
5.106 Priargunsky 5-199
5.106.1 CJSC Dalur Kurgan Region, Uksyanskoye 5-200
5.107 Prometheus Resources Guyana / U3O8 Corp of Canada Subsidiary 5-201
5.108 Protonetics 5-202
5.109 Protonex Technology Corporation 5-203
5.109.1 Protonex Military Development Contract From Army Research Office 5-205
5.109.2 Protonex to Advanced Soldier Power System Development 5-206
5.109.3 Protonex Partnership With Millennium Cell 5-206
5.109.4 Protonex Raises Second Round Financing - Portable Fuel Cell Global Design/Manufacturing Partner Parker Hannifin 5-207
5.109.5 Parker Hannifin Investment In Protonex 5-208
5.109.6 Protonex OEM Customers 5-209
5.109.7 Protonex Portable Soldier Power 5-209
5.109.8 Protonex Portable Battery Charger 5-209
5.109.9 Protonex From Military Development to Commercial 5-210
5.109.10 Protonex 150 Series Portable Power System 5-210
5.110 Proton Energy Systems 5-212
5.111 ReliOn 5-213
5.111.1 ReliOn Investors: 5-214
5.111.2 ReliOn / CEA Telecom Fuel Cells 5-214
5.111.3 ReliOn / CEA Telecom 5-215
5.112 Rolls Royce Group 5-216
5.112.1 Rolls Royce Fuel Cell Systems Group 5-216
5.113 Rössing 5-217
5.113.1 Rio Tinto Group / Rössing 5-217
5.113.2 Rössing Mine 800 Employees 5-218 5.113.3 Rössing Mine Operating Life 5-218
5.113.4 Rössing Mine Production 5-219
5.114 RWE Nukem 5-222
5.115 RWE AG, Essen / RWE Fuel Cells 5-223
5.116 Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) 5-223
5.117 Siemens 5-224
5.117.1 Siemens Westinghouse / Fuel Cell Technologies Strategic Partnership 5-224
5.117.2 Siemens SOFC Power Generation System In The 5-10 Kw Range 5-225
5.117.3 Siemens Power Generation Partners 5-225
5.117.4 Siemens Networks 5-226
5.117.5 Siemens Business Services 5-227
5.117.6 Siemens Research and Development 5-227
5.117.7 Siemens Information and Communication Networks 5-228
5.117.8 Siemens Information and Communication Mobile Group 5-229
5.117.9 Siemens Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology 5-230
5.118 Sulzer Group / Sulzer Hexis 5-231
5.119 SXR Uranium One 5-233
5.120 Takagi Industrial Co., Ltd. 5-234
5.121 Toshiba-Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFC) 5-234
5.122 TOTO 5-235
5.123 Ultracell 5-236
5.124 Umicore 5-236
5.124.1 Umicore pMembrain(tm) Membrane Electrode Assemblies 5-237
5.125 Unitec Ceramics 5-238
5.126 Uranium Information Centre Ltd 5-239
5.127 United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) Inc 5-241
5.128 United Technologies 5-243
5.128.1 United Technologies / UTC Power / UTC Fuel Cells 5-243
5.128.2 Memorandum Of Understanding Signed Among Toshiba, IFC, and UTC 5-244
5.128.3 UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC), Formerly International Fuel Cells 5-244
5.128.4 UTC Fourth Quarter Revenue 5-245
5.128.5 UTC Fuel Cells 5-248
5.129 Viaspace / Direct Methanol Fuel Cell 5-250
5.130 WMC 5-251
5.130.1 WMC Is Spending $50 Million Studying Expansion Plans For Olympic Dam 5-252
5.131 ZAO Independent Power Technologies 5-253
5.132 ZTEK 5-253
5.132.1 Ztek Corporation to Collaborate with U.S. Department of Navy On Hydrogen Fueling Station 5-254
5.132.2 ZTEK Corporation 5-255
Table ES-1 ES-3
Worldwide Energy Market Shifts
Table ES-2 ES-5
Basic Technologies for Clean, Renewable Energy
Table ES-3 ES-8
Market Driving Forces for Energy Shifts: Micro Generation Of Energy Stored in Thin Film Batteries, Nuclear and Stationary Fuel Cells
Table ES-4 ES-9
Market Driving Forces for Energy Shifts

WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS: MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION
Table 1-1 1-2
Worldwide Energy sectors
Table 1-2 1-7
Stationary Fuel Cell Market Participants That Deliver Energy In A Campus Environment
Table 1-3 1-11
Environmental Concerns Relating To Energy
Table 1-4 1-13
Low-carbon production systems
Figure 1-5 1-16
Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery
Table 1-6 1-17
Comparison Of Battery Performances
Table 1-7 1-18
Thin Films For Advanced Batteries

WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS, SHARES, AND FORECASTS
Table 2-1 2-3
Market Driving Forces for Energy Shifts: Micro Generation Of Energy Stored in Thin Film Batteries, Nuclear and Stationary Fuel Cells
Table 2-2 2-4
Market Driving Forces for Energy Shifts
Figure 2-3 2-7
Worldwide Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, 2006
Figure 2-4 2-8
Worldwide Grid and Off Grid Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, 2013
Figure 2-5 2-9
Worldwide Grid And Off Grid Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, 2018
Figure 2-6 2-10
Worldwide Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, 2006, 2013, and 2018
Figure 2-7 2-12
U.S. Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, 2006
Figure 2-8 2-13
U.S. Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, 2013
Figure 2-9 2-14
U.S. Electricity Generation Power Source Market Segments, In Billions of Kilowatt Hours 2006 and 2013
Table 2-10 2-16
Basic Technologies for Clean, Renewable Energy
Figure 2-11 2-20
US Residential Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – BTU’s
Figure 2-12 2-21
US Residential Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells - Percentages
Figure 2-13 2-22
US Residential Energy Shifts
Figure 2-14 2-23
Worldwide Residential Energy Shifts
Figure 2-15 2-24
Rest of World Residential Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – BTU’s
Figure 2-16 2-25
Rest of World Residential Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – Percentages
Figure 2-17 2-26
Worldwide Residential Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – BTU’s
Figure 2-18 2-27
Worldwide Residential Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – Percentages
Figure 2-19 2-30
Worldwide Commercial Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – BTU’s
Figure 2-20 2-31
Worldwide Commercial Shift To Solar, Wind, Thin Film Battery, Fuel Cells – Percentages
Table 2-21 2-35
Worldwide Commercial Shift To Campus Fuel Cells Market Forecasts
Table 2-22 2-36
Worldwide Industrial Shift To Campus Fuel Cells Market Forecasts
Table 2-23 2-38
U.S. and Rest of World Transportation Shift To Personal Vehicle Thin Film Batteries and Fleet Vehicle Fuel Cells Market Forecasts
Table 2-24 2-43
Worldwide Transportation Shift To Personal Vehicle Thin Film Batteries and Fleet Vehicle Fuel Cells Market Forecasts
Table 2-25 2-44
U.S. Grid Electricity Shift To Residential Thin Film Batteries and Campus and Grid Stationary Fuel Cells Market Forecasts
Table 2-26 2-45
Rest of World Grid Electricity Shift To Residential Thin Film Batteries and Campus and Utility Stationary Fuel Cells Market Forecasts
Table 2-27 2-46
Worldwide Grid Electricity Shift To Residential Thin Film Batteries and Campus and Utility Stationary Fuel Cells Market Forecasts

WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS: WIND AND SOLAR MICRO GENERATION OF ENERGY STORED IN THIN FILM BATTERIES PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Table 3-1 3-3
Front Edge Technology (FET) NanoEnergyTM Ultra-Thin Rechargeable Battery Key Features
Table 3-2 3-4
Front Edge Technology (FET) NanoEnergyTM Ultra-Thin Rechargeable Battery Technical Information
Table 3-3 3-10
Excellatron Deposition Of Solid State Electrolyte By The PECVD Process
Table 3-4 3-14
ORNL Solid-State Thin-Film Batteries Offer Advantages
Table 3-5 3-17
Major Challenges To ORNL For The Development Of The Lithium Cells
Figure 3-6 3-22
Teledyne NanoEnergyTM Powering A Blue LED
Table 3-7 3-23
Teledyne Typical Charging Curve Of A 0.9 mAh Battery
Figure 3-8 3-24
Teledyne NanoEnergyTM Discharge Rates And Discharge Characteristics
Figure 3-9 3-25
Teledyne Thin Film Battery Capacity and Charging rate Cycles
Figure 3-10 3-27
Bergey Wind XL.1
Table 3-11 3-29
Bergey XL.1 Specifications
Table 3-12 3-31
Bergey XL.1Tilt Up Tower Kits Available
Figure 3-13 3-33
Ampair Pacific 100 Wind Generator Systems
Figure 3-14 3-34
Pacific 100 Stern Mount Systems
Table 3-15 3-35
Ampair Pacific 100 Wind GeneProduct Features
Table 3-16 3-36
Ampair Pacific 100 Wind Generator Installation
Figure 3-17 3-37
Pacific 300 Generates 360Ah Of Power A Day
Figure 3-18 3-43
General Electric Solar Panel
Table 3-19 3-44
General Electric Solar Panel Features
Table 3-20 3-45
General Electric Solar Panel Benefits
Table 3-21 3-46
GE Solar Panel Typical Performance Characteristics
Figure 3-22 3-48
Evergreen Solar Panel
Figure 3-23 3-49
Evergreen Solar String Ribbon Technology
Figure 3-24 3-50
Evergreen Solar
Figure 3-25 3-51
Evergreen Solar Panel Mounting
Table 3-26 3-60
Matrix Solar Panel
Table 3-27 3-61
Matrix Solar Special Features and End Uses:
Table 3-28 3-66
Sanyo's HIP-G751B 167W Solar Panel Features:
Figure 3-29 3-67
Sanyo's HIP-G751B 167W Solar Panel
Table 3-30 3-70
Sharp Solar 165 Watt Module Features
Table 3-31 3-71
Sharp Solar Cell Ratings
Table 3-32 3-74
SolarWorld Mono-crystalline PV Modules Benefits
Table 3-33 3-77
Sun Tech Solar Panel Performance
Table 3-34 3-78
Sun Tech Solar Panel Features

WORLD ENERGY MARKET SHIFTS: MICRO GENERATION OF ENERGY STORED IN THIN FILM BATTERIES TECHNOLOGY
Table 4-1 4-3
Thin Film Solid State Battery Construction
Table 4-2 4-4
Thin Film Lithium Battery Construction
Table 4-3 4-5
Thin Film Solid State battery Safety Security Protections
Table 4-4 4-14
Common Household-Battery Sizes, Shape, and Dimensions
Table 4-5 4-17
Thin Film Battery Unique Properties
Table 4-6 4-20
Comparison of battery performances
Table 4-7 4-22
Comparison Of Battery Performances
Table 4-8 4-23
Thin Films For Advanced Batteries
Table 4-9 4-25
Thin Film Batteries Technology
Table 4-10 4-26
Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications
Figure 4-11 4-29
Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible battery Profiles
Figure 4-12 4-30
Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries
Table 4-13 4-32
Advantages Of Using Alternative Energy Power Systems To Supply Micro Power To MEMs
Table 4-14 4-35
Selected Lithium Technology Corporation Customers
Table 4-15 4-45
Cymbet™ Thin-Film Battery System Key Features
Table 4-16 4-46
Cymbet™ Thin-Film Battery System Smart Card Applications
Table 4-17 4-48
Cymbet Application Specific Solid Energy Technology
Table 4-18 4-49
Cymbet Application Specific Solid Energy Technology Recharge Characteristics
Table 4-19 4-51
Cymbet Surface mountable battery Packaging Key features
Table 4-20 4-52 Cymbet Consumer Electronics Lightweight Energy Source Key Features
Table 4-21 4-54
Cymbet Medical Electronic Thin-Film Battery System Key Features
Table 4-22 4-55
Cymbet Medical Electronic Thin-Film Battery System Medical Device Industry Target Markets
Table 4-23 4-56
Cymbet Military Electronic Thin-Film Battery System Military Device Systems Key Features
Table 4-24 4-63
Cymbet Thin Film Battery System Advanced Features
Table 4-25 4-65
Cymbet Thin Film Battery System Applications
Figure 4-26 4-74
Fuel Cell
Figure 4-27 4-77
CellTech Power LTA-SOFC
Table 4-28 4-79
Fuel Cell Operation
Table 4-29 4-81
Fuel Cell Characteristics
Table 4-30 4-83
Fuel Cell Description
Table 4-31 4-84
Fuel Cell Issues
Table 4-32 4-85
Fuel Cell System
Table 4-33 4-88
Conceptual Operation of a Fuel Cell.
Table 4-34 4-89
Fuel Cell System Relative Efficiencies
Figure 4-35 4-92
CellTech Liquid Anode
Table 4-36 4-99
Energy Conversion Factors

WORLD ENERGY COMPANY PROFILES
Table 5-1 5-8
ALLPS Fuel Cell System GMBH Positioning
Figure 5-2 5-13
Angstrom Power Micro-Structured Fuel Cells
Table 5-3 5-17
AREVA Energy Business Positioning
Figure 5-4 5-24
Areva Sales by Region
Figure 5-5 5-25
Areva Nuclear Reactor and Services Sales
Table 5-6 5-40
Astris Fuel Cells
Table 5-7 5-41
Astris Fuel Cell Generators
Table 5-8 5-48
Key Features Of The Ballard Mark 1030 V3 Fuel Cell
Table 5-9 5-54
Ballard 2006 Corporate Objectives
Table 5-10 5-75
Cameco Construction Of The Cigar Lake Mine Project Aspects:
Table 5-11 5-78
Cameco’s Share of Production (millions pounds U3O8)
Table 5-12 5-80
Cameco Forecast Production Key Assumptions
Table 5-13 5-113
FuelCell Energy Multi-Megawatt Opportunities
Table 5-14 5-119
FuelCell Energy Target Markets
Table 5-15 5-133
Fuel Cell Technologies Installations 2003-2004
Table 5-16 5-144
GE Major Energy Research Initiatives
Table 5-17 5-149
Global’s TEGs Target Markets
Table 5-18 5-159
HydroGen principal goals of development
Table 5-19 5-161
Fuel Cell Reforming 500 kWe Proton Exchange Membrane fuel
Figure 5-20 5-200
CJSC Dalur carries out uranium mining
Table 5-21 5-211
Protonex 150 Series Portable Power System Functions
Table 5-22 5-212
Proton Energy Systems
Table 5-23 5-214
ReliOn Investors
Table 5-24 5-220
Rössing Mine Production Performance Data Table
Table 5-25 5-240
Uranium Information Centre Principal Aims

Check Out These Key Topics:

Demand For Electricity
Grid Energy
Micro Generation Of Energy For Residential Markets
Industrialization Requires Sustainable, Highly Efficient Energy
Transportation
Battery Description
World Energy Segments and Forecasts
Commercial Energy Sector
Developed Economy Transportation Sector
Developed Economy Industrial Sector
Battery Cell Construction
Thin Film Batteries
Naming Standards For Cell Identification
Fuel Cell Operation
Fuel Cell Issues
Battery Function

Acumentrics
Adaptive Materials
Advent International
Alca Torda Applications
Anglo Platinum
Ansaldo Fuel Cells SpA-AFC
Aperion Energy Systems
Air Liquide
Ballard
BCS Technology
British Nuclear Group (BNG)
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited (CFCL)
CellTech Power LLC
Cenergie Corporation
Ceres Power
CMR Fuel Cells
Coval H2
Daimler Chrysler
DE NORA s.p.a.
Donaldson Company
Dupont
ESL Electric Auto Science
ElectroChem
Electric Power Research Institute
Emprise
Eneco
EnergySolutions
Engelhard
Evonyx-eVionyx
Five Star Technologies
Fuel Cell Control
FuelCells Ltd
FuelCell Energy
Fuel Cell Technologies
Franklin Fuel Cells
GenCell
Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Technik
GreenVOLT
Hoku
HyrdoGen
IDACORP
Ion America
McDermott International
Mesoscopic Devices
Mitsubishi
Navoli Mining and Metalluurgical Combine
Nuclear Construction Contractors
Palcan
Plug Power
Parker Hannifin
Power Air Corporation
Priargunsky
Protonetics
Proton Energy Systems
Rolls Royce Group
RWW Nukem
Siemens
SXR Uranium One
Toshiba Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
Ultracell
Unitec Ceramics
United States Enrichment Corporation Inc
Viaspace
ZAO independent Power Technologies
Acal Energy
Adelan
Agni
ALLPS Fuel Cell Systems GMGH
Angstrom Power
Apollo Energy Systems
Astris Enrgi
Ball Aerospace & Technologies
Baxi Group
BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Uranium Mine
Cameco
Celex Power
Cellennium
Ceramatec
Clean Fuel Generation
Connecticut Clean Energy Fund
CTP Hydrogen
Delphi
Dias Analytic
DTI Energy
EBZ Entwicklungs
Electotec
Element 1 Power Systems
Electronic Machining s.r.l.
Entegris
ENrG
Energy Resources of Australia Ltd.
Esoro
Exelon Generation Company LLC
Fuel Cell Components and Integrators
FuelCell Energy
Fuel Cells Canada
Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd
Fuji
GE
General Hydrogen
Global Thermoelectic!
GTI-Ga Technology Institute
Honda
Idaho National Laboratory
Impala Platinum
LOGANEnergy
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd
Millennium Cell
NanoDynamics
Nu Element
Nuvera Fuel Cells
Pinnacle
Pacific Telepoint
PEMEAS Polymer Electrolyte Membrane
Praxair
Prometheus Resources Guyana
Protonex Technology Corporation
ReliOn
Rossing
Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance
Sulzer Group
Takagi Industrial Co, Ltd
TOTO
Umicore
Uranium Information Centre Ltd
United Technologies
WMC
ZTEK

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