Analyzing Microwave Power Transmission & Solar Power Satellite Systems 2015

  • ID: 604386
  • June 2015
  • 175 Pages
  • Aruvian's R'search
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Microwave power transmission (MPT) involves the usage of microwaves to transmit power through outer space or the atmosphere without the need for wires. It is a sub-type of the more general wireless energy transfer methods, and is the most interesting because microwave devices offer the highest efficiency of conversion between DC-electricity and microwave radiative power.

Following World War II, which saw the development of high-power microwave emitters known as cavity magnetrons, the idea of using microwaves to transmit power was researched. In 1964, William C. Brown demonstrated a miniature helicopter equipped with a combination antenna and rectifier device called a rectenna. The rectenna converted microwave power into electricity, allowing the helicopter to fly. In principle, the rectenna is capable of very high conversion efficiencies - over 90% in optimal circumstances.

Most proposed MPT systems now usually include a phased array microwave transmitter. While these have lower efficiency levels they have the advantage of being electrically steered using no moving parts, and are easier to scale to the necessary levels that a practical MPT system requires.


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A. Executive Summary

B. Understanding the Transmission Medium

C. Analyzing Wireless Energy Transfer/Wireless Power Transmission
C.1 Overview
C.2 Modern Day Usage of Wireless Power Transmission
C.3 Determining the Power & Size Levels
C.4 Efficiency of Wireless Power Transmission Systems
C.5 Near Field Wireless Transmission Techniques
C.5.1 Induction
C.5.2 Resonant Induction
C.6 Far Field Wireless Transmission Techniques
C.6.1 Radio & Microwave
C.6.2 Laser
C.6.3 Electrical Conduction

D. Introduction to Microwave Power Transmission
D.1 History of Microwave Power Transmission
D.2 Overview of Microwave Power Transmission
D.3 Safety Concerns
D.4 Basic Idea behind MPT
D.5 Uses of MPT
D.6 Applications of MPT
D.7 Current Technology
D.8 Upcoming Technology

E. Looking at Global MPT Activities
E.1 Microwave Power Transmission in Canada
E.2 Microwave Power Transmission in Europe
E.3 Microwave Power Transmission in the US

F. Analyzing the Solar Power Satellite (SPS)
F.1 Introduction
F.2 History of SPS
F.3 Understanding the SPS Concept
F.4 Advantages of SPS
F.5 Challenges
F.5.1 High Costs
F.5.2 Usage of Terrestrial Materials
F.5.3 Concept of a Space Elevator
F.5.4 Safety Issues
F.6 Critics of SPS
F.7 Economical Analysis of SPS
F.7.1 Benefits of SPS in Present-Day Energy Scenario
F.7.2 Comparing SPS with Fossil Fuels
F.7.3 Comparing SPS with Nuclear Fission
F.7.4 Comparing SPS with Nuclear Fusion
F.7.5 Comparing SPS with Global Solar Power
F.7.6 Feasibility of Mass Production of Solar Panels
F.8 Comparing SPS with Biofuels
F.9 Comparing SPS with Wind Power

G. Analyzing the Design of SPS
G.1 Introduction
G.2 Conversion of Solar Energy
G.3 Comparing Photovoltaics, Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, & Solar Dynamic
G.4 Lifetime Cycle Analysis
G.5 System Energy Benefits
G.6 Looking at Wireless Power Transmission from Earth
G.7 Determining the Spacecraft Size
G.8 Earth-based Antenna – Critical Part of the SPS Concept

H. Current Status of SPS

I. Microwave Power Transmission on SPS
I.1 SPS Factors to be Considered
I.2 Looking at Microwave Generators
I.2.1 Power Generation Devices & Circuits
I.2.2 Comparing Microwave Transmitting Routes
I.2.2.1 Microwave Vacuum Tubes
I. Phase-Controlled Magnetron
I. Traveling Wave Tube
I. Klystron
I. Microwave Power Module
I.2.2.2 Semiconductor Microwave Transmitters
I.2.2.3 Futuristic, More Efficient Microwave Transmitters
I.2.3 Microwave Antennas
I.2.4 Beam Control & Ongoing Research
I.2.4.1 Reducing Interference
I.2.4.2 Steering Losses
I.3Looking at Rectenna & Ground Segments
I.3.1 Rectenna
I.3.2 Elements of the Antenna
I.3.3 A Look at the Rectifier Circuit
I.3.4 Overall Microwave Reception
I.3.5 Trends in Rectenna Research
I.3.6 Commercialization of Rectennas
I.3.7 Technology for Establishing a Ground Network

J. Effects of the SPS
J.1 Environmental Impact of the SPS Microwave Beam
J.2 Impact of SPS on Earth
J.3 Impact on Communication
J.4 Effect of MPT on Human Health

K. Technical Issues with SPS

L. SPS Radio Technologies
L.1 Microwave Power Transmission
L.2 Microwave Power Devices
L.3 Rectennas
L.4 Calibration & Control

M. Analyzing the Different Solar Power Satellite Models
M.1 ‘Abacus’ Satellite Configuration
M.2 JAXA Models
M.3 Glaser SPS Concept
M.4 SPS2000
M.5 ‘SolarDisc’ Space Solar Power Concept

N. Analyzing the Space Solar Power System & MPT
N.1 Introduction
N.2 Analysis of the System
N.2.1 Analyzing the Microwave Power Transmission Subsystem
N.2.2 Analyzing the Beam Forming and Control Subsystem
N.2.3 Analyzing the Microwave Receiving & Power Rectifying Subsystem
N.3 Analysis of the Major Subsystem Accomplishments
N.3.1 Accomplishments of the Microwave Power Transmission Subsystem
N.3.2 Accomplishments of the Beam Forming and Control Subsystem
N.3.3 Accomplishments of the Microwave Receiving & Power Rectifying Subsystem

O. Space Solar Power Activities of NASA
O.1 Introduction
O.2 Defining Space Solar Power
O.3 Importance of Space Solar Power
O.4 Analyzing Recent SSP Findings
O.5 Analyzing SPS & SSP Activities in the United States - A Historical Look
O.6 NASA’s ‘Fresh Look’ Study
O.6.1 Analyzing the SunTower SPS System
O.6.2 Analyzing the Solar Disc SPS System
O.6.3 Conclusion
O.7 Analyzing the SSP Concept Definition Study by NASA
O.8 Analyzing the SSP Exploratory Research & Technology (SERT) Program
O.8.1 The Abacus Concept
O.8.2 The Integrated Symmetrical Concentrator Concept
O.8.3 Conclusion of SERT in 2000
O.9 Role of the National Research Council
O.10 Current NASA R&D in SSP

P. Space Solar Power Activities in Japan
P.1 Analyzing the JAXA Models
P.1.1 Challenges with the 2001 Model
P.1.2 Challenges with the 2002 Model
P.1.3 Looking at the 2003 Model

Q. Case Studies
Q.1 Microwave Power Transmission in China
Q.2 Microwave Power Transmission in Indonesia

R. Leading Industry Contributors
R.1 Anaren Inc
R.2 Conolog Corporation
R.3 CPI International Inc
R.4 Emrise Corporation
R.5 Kevlin Corporation
R.6 L-3 Electron Technologies Inc
R.7 MEGA Industries LLC
R.8 Micronetics, Inc
R.9 Microwave Engineering Corporation
R.10 Microwave Power Devices, Inc
R.11 Microwave Research Corporation
R.12 Microwave Transmission Systems, Inc
R.13 Norsat International Inc
R.14 Phase Matrix, Inc
R.15 RPG Transmission Limited
R.16 Satellite Communication Systems (SCS)
R.17 Tyco Electronics

S. Future Perspective: Microwave Power Transmission

T. Appendix

U. Glossary of Terms

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Anaren Inc
Conolog Corporation
CPI International Inc
Emrise Corporation
Kevlin Corporation
L-3 Electron Technologies Inc
MEGA Industries LLC
Micronetics, Inc
Microwave Engineering Corporation
Microwave Power Devices, Inc
Microwave Research Corporation
Microwave Transmission Systems, Inc
Norsat International Inc
Phase Matrix, Inc
RPG Transmission Limited
Satellite Communication Systems (SCS)
Tyco Electronics

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
4 of 4
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown





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