The Chinese Mining Industry - Market Opportunities and Entry Strategies, Analyses and Forecasts to 2015
- Published: November 2011
- Region: China
Brief Excerpt from Industry Overview Chapter:
Companies in this industry develop mine sites; mine and quarry nonmetallic minerals; and prepare plants for beneficiation, the process to separate the minerals from waste. Major nonmetallic mining companies include the US-based Vulcan Materials and Martin Marietta Materials; Rio Tinto (dually headquartered in Australia and the United Kingdom); DeBeers (South Africa); HeidelbergCement (Germany); and CRH (Ireland).
The world's most mined nonmetallic minerals are lime (340 million metric tons produced annually); salt (280 million metric tons); and phosphate rock (210 million metric tons). China and India have the largest nonmetallic mineral reserves in the world. Because of their strong construction markets and rising food needs, China, India, and Brazil are poised for the most growth in the industry.
The US nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying industry includes about 3,300 companies with annual revenues of about $23 billion. Key growth drivers include rising construction spending for both residential and nonresidential buildings.
Demand is driven by construction spending and agricultural spending on fertilizers. Large companies have some economies of scale in purchasing and administrative systems, and have the production volume to supply large construction projects, such as new highways. Small companies typically own just one mine and compete in a local market based on superior customer service. The industry is fragmented, with many small firms serving local geographic markets.
Imports of nonmetallic minerals account for about 10 percent of the US market. Major sources of imports include Canada, Mexico, Morocco, China,...
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