Iran Petrochemicals Report Q2 2012
- ID: 2098996
- March 2012
- Region: Iran
- 59 Pages
- Business Monitor International
Business Monitor International's Iran Petrochemicals Report provides industry professionals and strategists, corporate analysts, oil and gas associations, government departments and regulatory bodies with independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on Iran's petrochemicals industry.
The Iranian government’s ambitious plans for a 37mn tpa increase in petrochemicals capacity in 2010-2015 look set to be dashed by a combination of slower domestic growth and a crippling international sanctions regime, according to BMI’s latest Iran petrochemicals report.
Iran is finding it increasingly difficult to acquire technology and raise finance due to the tightening sanctions regime, which has prompted South Africa’s Sasol to seek an exit from its Sasol Arya joint venture (which has 1mn tpa ethylene capacity), and withdraw from plans for a methanol facility. Global
technology licensers have stopped doing business with Iran in order to maintain business interests in the US.
Meanwhile, the complexity of raising finance from abroad as a result of the sanctions regime has deterred global banks. The sanctions have undermined business with European firms, which are insisting on approval of contracts by the European Commission.
The lack of involvement by majors will make it hard for Iran to diversify beyond its narrow portfolio of petrochemicals products, particularly speciality and niche markets. As such, there is an increasing likelihood of further feedstock shortages caused by lack of progress in upstream developments,
technological failures and defective equipment.
BMI believes that the Kavyan crackers that will feed the West Ethylene Pipeline and its Dena Region Ethylene Pipeline spur will come onstream in 2012, with combined capacity of 2mn tpa. However, it remains to be seen whether they will achieve full capacity utilisation, with the 11 downstream projects
along the pipeline routes yet to be completed. Total capacity of these planned downstream projects would include 2.24mn tpa HDPE and 600,000tpa of LDPE.
Projects due to be completed by 2016, such as the 14th olefins complex in Firouzabad with 1mn tpa ethylene capacity, the 15th olefins complex in Genaveh with 500,000tpa of ethylene and the 17th olefins complex in Ilam with 607,000tpa of ethylene, could be significantly delayed under the sanctions regime. Meanwhile, the 12th olefins complex has been postponed and will be configured. However, the 16th olefins and methanol complex is already being constructed by Bushehr Petrochemical Company as part of phase two of the Pars SEZ at Assaluyeh. Completion of the plants, with capacity for 1mn tpa ethylene and 1.65mn tpa methanol, is due in 2014, although past experience has shown that delays could push commercial production back.
The average operating rate across the Iranian petrochemicals industry was around 85% of installed capacity of around 55mn tpa in Q112. Further expansion of capacity threatens an over-supply situation, although some segments in the Iranian market, such as HDPE pipe and film grades, have been buoyant.
As such, external markets will be crucial to absorbing increasing Iranian output, but these markets are not as healthy as they once were and Iran is faced with heightened competition.
This quarter, Iran has fallen two places from fourth to sixth place in BMI’s Middle East and Africa Petrochemicals business environment ratings, with its score falling 1.2 points to 56.4 points due to a decline in its financial risk rating. This puts it 0.4 points behind Israel and 4.0 points ahead of South
Africa. Although its capacity is growing, Iran’s score is being held back by a poor and deteriorating investment climate. With the state sector dominating the petrochemicals industry, Iran’s market risks score is low, with high levels of economic and political risk pulling down its score.
In order for an improved score and ranking, Iran needs a more positive political risk outlook and a breakthrough in terms of the regulatory regime. This looks unlikely on a short- to medium-term view. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
Iran Petrochemicals Industry SWOT
Iran Political SWOT
Iran Economic SWOT
Iran Business Environment SWOT
Global Petrochemicals Overview
Petrochemicals Market Overview
Table: World Ethylene Production By Country, 2011 And 2016 (‘000 tonnes capacity)
Table: Financial Results Of Major Petrochemicals Companies, 2010
Global Oil Products Price Outlook
Gulf Regional Overview
Table: Announced Ethylene Crackers In The Gulf Region
Table: Iranian crackers
Table: Iran Polymer Capacity, 2009
Table: Iran’s Cracker Capacity, 2007-2015 (‘000 tpa)
Impact Of Pricing Mechanism
Industry Trends And Developments
Table: Planned cracker projects
Sanctions And The Petrochemicals Sector
Table: NPC Recent/Planning Stage Projects In The Pars Special Economic Zone
Table: JV NPC Projects Planned, In Progress Or Completed In Petrochemical SEZ And Pars SEZ
Industry Developments – Related Industries
Business Environment Ratings
Table: Middle East And Africa Petrochemicals Business Environment Ratings
Industry Forecast Scenario
Table: Iran’s Petrochemicals Industry, 2008-2016 (‘000 tpa, unless otherwise stated)
Table: Iran - Economic Activity
Karoon Petrochemical Company
National Petrochemical Company (NPC)
Glossary Of Terms
Table: Glossary Of Petrochemicals Terms
How We Generate Our Industry Forecasts
Chemicals And Petrochemicals Industry
Business Environment Ratings
Table: Petrochemicals Business Environment Indicators And Rationale
Table: Weighting Of Indicators