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Africa - Mobile Voice Market and Major Network Operators - Product Image

Africa - Mobile Voice Market and Major Network Operators

  • Published: July 2014
  • Region: Africa
  • 367 Pages
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
Mobile Services Capitalising On Low Fixed-Line Connectivity

Subjects covered by this report include:

- Mobile statistics, trends and analyses for each country;
- Government policies and regulatory issues;
- Prepaid vs. Postpaid sectors;
- Fixed-mobile convergence;
- Mobile satellite services;
- Major mobile operators;
- Brief company histories and overviews;
- Major shareholders;
- Telcos' financial and operational results;
- Technology used – GSM, CDMA, 3G, 4G (LTE);
- Network infrastructure and coverage;
- Major contracts awarded;
- Services offered;
- Average revenue per user (ARPU).

1. Mobile Voice Market Africa
1.1 Market overview
1.2 Africa Voice-over LTE (VoLTE) Developments
1.3 Mobile statistical overview Africa

2. Algeria
2.1 Overview of Algeria’s mobile market
2.1.1 3G services
2.1.2 GSM-R
2.1.3 Satellite mobile
2.2 Regulatory issues
2.2.1 Registration of subscriber details
2.3 Mobile statistics
2.4 Major mobile operators
2.4.1 Algerie Telecom (Mobilis)
2.4.2 Orascom Telecom Algerie (Djezzy)
2.4.3 Wataniya Telecom (Nedjma, Ooredoo)
2.5 Tariffs
2.6 ARPU
2.7 Forecasts– mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016

3. Angola
3.1 Overview of Angola’s mobile market
3.1.1 Satellite mobile
3.2 Mobile statistics
3.3 Major mobile operators
3.3.1 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
3.3.2 Unitel
3.4 Forecasts mobile market – 2015; 2018

4. Benin
4.1 Overview of Benin’s mobile market
4.1.1 Satellite mobile
4.1.2 Regulatory
4.2 Mobile statistics
4.3 Major mobile operators
4.3.1 MTN (Spacetel-Benin, Areeba)
4.3.2 Moov (Etisalat Moov)
4.3.3 Libercom (Benin Telecoms)
4.3.4 BBCom (Bell Benin)
4.3.5 Glo Mobile Benin (Globacom)
4.4 Government confrontation with MTN and Moov

5. Botswana
5.1 Overview of Botswana’s mobile market
5.2 Regulatory issues
5.2.1 Backbone infrastructure
5.2.2 Airtime tax
5.2.3 SIM card registration
5.2.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
5.3 Mobile statistics
5.4 Major mobile operators
5.4.1 Orange Botswana (formerly Vista Cellular)
5.4.2 BeMobile (BTC)

6. Burkina Faso
6.1 Overview of Burkina Faso’s mobile market
6.1.1 Mobile satellite services
6.2 Mobile statistics
6.3 Major mobile operators
6.3.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
6.3.2 Telmob (Onatel)
6.3.3 Moov (Telecel, Etisalat)

7. Burundi
7.1 Overview of Burundi’s mobile market
7.2 Mobile statistics

8. Cameroon
8.1 Overview of Cameroon’s mobile market
8.1.1 3G
8.1.2 Third mobile licence (Viettel)
8.1.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
8.1.4 Satellite mobile
8.2 Mobile statistics
8.3 Major mobile operators
8.3.1 MTN Cameroon
8.3.2 Orange CM
8.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2015; 2018

9. Chad
9.1 Overview of Chad’s mobile market
9.1.1 3G and Long-term Evolution (LTE/4G)
9.1.2 Satellite mobile
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.3 Major mobile operators
9.3.1 Airtel Chad (formerly Zain)
9.3.2 Millicom Chad (Tigo)
9.3.3 Salam Mobile
9.3.4 Tchad Mobile (defunct)

10. Cote d’Ivoire
10.1 Overview of Côte d’Ivoire’s mobile market
10.1.1 Third generation (3G)
10.1.2 Satellite mobile
10.2 Mobile statistics
10.3 Major mobile operators
10.3.1 MTN Côte d’Ivoire (formerly Loteny)
10.3.2 Orange CI
10.3.3 Comium (KoZ)
10.3.4 Moov (Etisalat)
10.3.5 Green Network (Oricel, LapGreen)
10.3.6 Warid Telecom
10.3.7 Globacom
10.3.8 CORA de Comstar and Aircomm CI (Historic)
10.4 Forecasts – mobile market 2014; 2017

11. Democratic Republic of Congo
11.1 Overview of DRC’s mobile market
11.1.1 Third generation (3G)
11.1.2 Mobile satellite services
11.2 Regulatory issues
11.2.1 Licence conditions, fees and taxes
11.2.2 Quality of service (QoS)
11.3 Mobile statistics
11.4 Major mobile operators
11.4.1 Vodacom Congo
11.4.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
11.4.3 Tigo (Millicom, Oasis)
11.4.4 France Telecom (Orange, CCT)
11.4.5 Africell

12. Djibouti
12.1 Overview of Djibouti’s mobile market
12.2 Mobile statistics

13. Egypt
13.1 Overview of Egypt’s mobile market
13.2 Regulatory issues
13.2.1 Third mobile licence
13.2.2 Fourth mobile licence
13.2.3 MVNO licences
13.2.4 International gateways
13.2.5 Mobile termination rates (MTR)
13.2.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
13.2.7 SIM card registration
13.2.8 GPS ban
13.2.9 Foreign ownership
13.2.10 Infrastructure sharing
13.3 Mobile voice services
13.3.1 Prepaid services
13.3.2 Satellite mobile
13.3.3 Mobile VoIP
13.4 Mobile statistics
13.5 Major mobile operators
13.5.1 Mobinil (ECMS)
13.5.2 Vodafone Egypt
13.5.3 Etisalat Misr
13.6 Forecasts – mobile subscribers 2015; 2018

14. Eritrea
14.1 Overview of Eritrea’s mobile market
14.2 Privatisation of EriTel
14.3 Mobile statistics

15. Ethiopia
15.1 Overview of Ethiopia’s mobile market
15.1.1 Third generation (3G)
15.1.2 Satellite mobile
15.2 Mobile statistics
15.3 Mobile operator
15.3.1 Ethio-Mobile
15.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017

16. Gabon
16.1 Overview of Gabon’s mobile market
16.1.1 3G
16.1.2 Mobile satellite services
16.2 Mobile statistics
16.3 Major mobile operators
16.3.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
16.3.2 Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
16.3.3 Moov (Télécel Gabon)
16.3.4 Azur (USAN, Bintel)

17. Gambia
17.1 Overview of Gambia’s mobile market
17.1.1 Additional licences
17.1.2 Third generation (3G)
17.1.3 Satellite mobile
17.2 Mobile statistics
17.3 Major mobile operators
17.3.1 Gamcel
17.3.2 Africell
17.3.3 Comium
17.3.4 QCell

18. Ghana
18.1 Overview of Ghana’s mobile market
18.1.1 Third generation (3G)
18.1.2 Satellite Mobile
18.2 Regulatory issues
18.2.1 Licensing
18.2.2 Tariffs
18.2.3 Interconnect
18.2.4 Taxation
18.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
18.2.6 Infrastructure sharing
18.2.7 Registration of subscriber details
18.2.8 Billing
18.3 Mobile statistics
18.4 Major mobile operators
18.4.1 Vodafone (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
18.4.2 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
18.4.3 Tigo (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
18.4.4 Expresso (Kasapa Telecom)
18.4.5 Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
18.4.6 Glo Mobile
18.4.7 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
18.5 Forecast – mobile market 2014; 2017

19. Guinea
19.1 Overview of Guinea’s mobile market
19.1.1 3G services
19.1.2 Satellite mobile
19.2 Mobile statistics
19.3 Major mobile operators
19.3.1 MTN Guinea (Areeba)
19.3.2 Sotelgui (Lagui)
19.3.3 Orange Guinea (formerly Spacetel Guinee)
19.3.4 Intercel Guinea (formerly Télécel Guinea)
19.3.5 Cellcom Guinee

20. Kenya
20.1 Overview of Kenya’s mobile market
20.1.1 3G
20.1.2 Satellite mobile
20.2 Regulatory issues
20.2.1 Interconnection
20.2.2 International gateways
20.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
20.2.4 Quality of Service (QoS) control
20.2.5 SIM card registration
20.2.6 Taxes
20.2.7 Tariff regulation
20.2.8 MVNO licences
20.3 Mobile voice services
20.3.1 Prepaid cards
20.3.2 Special regional tariffs
20.3.3 International roaming
20.3.4 VoIP
20.3.5 Flashback
20.3.6 GSM community phones
20.3.7 Price war
20.4 Mobile statistics
20.5 Major mobile operators
20.5.1 Safaricom Ltd
20.5.2 Bharti Airtel Kenya (formerly Zain, Celtel, KenCell)
20.5.3 Essar Telecom Kenya (Yu, formerly Econet)
20.5.4 Orange Kenya (Telkom Kenya)
20.6 Forecasts mobile subscribers – 2015; 2018

21. Lesotho
21.1 Overview of Lesotho’s mobile market
21.1.1 Third generation (3G) mobile
21.1.2 Satellite mobile
21.2 Mobile statistics
21.3 Major mobile operators
21.3.1 Vodacom Lesotho
21.3.2 ETL

22. Liberia
22.1 Overview of Liberia’s mobile market
22.1.1 Third generation (3G)
22.2 Regulatory issues
22.2.1 Licence reform
22.2.2 The Comium-Liberia Act
22.2.3 GSM spectrum reallocation
22.2.4 Interconnection
22.3 Mobile statistics
22.4 Major mobile operators
22.4.1 MTN Liberia (LoneStar)
22.4.2 Cellcom
22.4.3 Novafone (Comium)
22.4.4 LiberCell
22.4.5 Additional licences

23. Libya
23.1 Overview of Libya’s mobile market
23.1.1 3G/HSDPA
23.1.2 Satellite mobile
23.2 Mobile statistics
23.3 Major mobile operators
23.3.1 Al-Madar
23.3.2 Libyana
23.4 LibyaPhone
23.5 Management contracts

24. Madagascar
24.1 Overview of Madagascar’s mobile market
24.1.1 Third generation (3G)
24.1.2 Satellite mobile
24.2 Mobile statistics
24.3 Major mobile operators
24.3.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Madacom, Zain/Celtel)
24.3.2 Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
24.3.3 Telma Mobile
24.3.4 Madamobil
24.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2015; 2018

25. Malawi
25.1 Overview of Malawi’s mobile market
25.1.1 Third generation (3G)
25.2 Regulatory – licences
25.2.1 Third and fourth mobile licence
25.3 Mobile statistics
25.4 Major mobile operators
25.4.1 TNM
25.4.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
25.4.3 G-Mobile (GAIN)
25.4.4 Celcom Malawi
25.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2014; 2017

26. Mali
26.1 Overview of Mali’s mobile market
26.1.1 Third mobile licence
26.2 Mobile statistics
26.3 Major mobile operators
26.3.1 Malitel
26.3.2 Orange Mali (formerly Ikatel)

27. Mauritius
27.1 Overview of the Mauritian mobile market
27.1.1 Third generation (3G)
27.2 Mobile statistics
27.3 Major mobile operators
27.3.1 Orange (MT, Cellplus)
27.3.2 Emtel
27.3.3 Mahanagar (MTML)
27.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016

28. Morocco
28.1 Overview of Morocco’s mobile market
28.1.1 Third-generation (3G)
28.1.2 Satellite mobile
28.2 Regulatory
28.2.1 Interconnection
28.2.2 Number portability (NP)
28.2.3 SIM card registration
28.3 Mobile statistics
28.4 Major mobile operators
28.4.1 Maroc Telecom
28.4.2 Medi Telecom (Meditel)
28.4.3 Inwi (Wana)

29. Mozambique
29.1 Overview of Mozambique’s mobile market
29.2 Regulatory
29.2.1 Third mobile licence
29.2.2 Spectrum auction
29.3 Major mobile operators
29.3.1 mCel
29.3.2 Vodacom Mozambique
29.3.3 Movitel
29.4 ARPU, Minutes of Use (MoU)
29.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2014; 2017

30. Namibia
30.1 Overview of Namibia’s mobile market
30.1.1 The long road to Namibia’s second mobile licence
30.2 Satellite mobile
30.3 Mobile statistics
30.4 Major mobile operators
30.4.1 MTC
30.4.2 TN Mobile (Cell One, Leo)

31. Nigeria
31.1 Overview of Nigeria’s mobile market
31.2 Regulatory issues
31.2.1 GSM licence terms
31.2.2 Interconnection
31.2.3 Mobile tariffs
31.2.4 International gateways
31.2.5 Unified licensing regime
31.2.6 Universal service
31.2.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
31.2.8 Central equipment identity register
31.2.9 Quality of Service
31.2.10 SIM card registration
31.2.11 Equal access for mobile content providers
31.2.12 Consumer protection against billing irregularities
31.3 3G
31.3.1 Licensing
31.3.2 Globacom
31.3.3 Airtel
31.3.4 MTN
31.3.5 Etisalat Nigeria
31.3.6 CDMA-2000 1x EV-DO
31.4 Satellite mobile
31.5 Mobile statistics
31.6 Major GSM mobile operators
31.6.1 MTN Nigeria
31.6.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
31.6.3 Globacom
31.6.4 Etisalat Nigeria (EMTS, Mubadala)
31.6.5 M-Tel (defunct)
31.7 CDMA operators
31.7.1 Multi-Links Telkom
31.7.2 Reliance Telecommunications Ltd (Reltel, Zoom)
31.7.3 Starcomms Ltd (Capcom)
31.7.4 Intercellular Nigeria
31.7.5 Visafone
31.8 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2015; 2018

32. Rwanda
32.1 Overview of Rwanda’s mobile market
32.1.1 Third generation (3G)
32.2 Mobile statistics
32.3 Major mobile operators
32.3.1 MTN Rwanda
32.3.2 Rwandatel (formerly Terracom Mobile)
32.3.3 Millicom Rwanda (Tigo)
32.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 2016

33. Senegal
33.1 Overview of Senegal’s mobile market
33.2 Regulatory issues
33.2.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
33.2.2 SIM card registration
33.2.3 Per-second billing (PSB)
33.2.4 MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operators)
33.2.5 Millicom licence dispute
33.3 Mobile statistics
33.3.1 Prepaid market
33.4 Major mobile operators
33.4.1 Orange (Sonatel Mobiles)
33.4.2 Tigo (Sentel GSM)
33.4.3 Expresso (Sudatel)

34. Sierra Leone
34.1 Overview of Sierra Leone’s mobile market
34.1.1 Mobile licensing
34.1.2 Third generation (3G)
34.1.3 Mobile Sateliite
34.2 Mobile statistics
34.3 Major mobile operators
34.3.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
34.3.2 Comium
34.3.3 Africell (Lintel)
34.3.4 Tigo (now part of Africell)
34.3.5 Sierratel
34.3.6 Datatel
34.3.7 Cellcom
34.3.8 Ambitel GreenN
34.3.9 Smart Mobile

35. South Africa
35.1 Overview of South Africa’s mobile market
35.1.1 Market liberalisation and licence obligations
35.1.2 Community service telephones (CST)
35.1.3 Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC)
35.2 Regulatory issues
35.2.1 Prices
35.2.2 Interconnection
35.2.3 Handset subsidies
35.2.4 International gateways
35.2.5 Fees and obligations for 1800MHz spectrum
35.2.6 SIM card registration
35.2.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
35.2.8 Quality of service (QoS)
35.3 Mobile statistics
35.4 Major mobile operators
35.4.1 Vodacom South Africa
35.4.2 MTN South Africa
35.4.3 Cell C
35.4.4 Telkom Mobile (8ta)
35.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
35.6 3G and 3.5G (HSPA) mobile operators
35.6.1 Vodacom
35.6.2 MTN
35.6.3 Cell C
35.6.4 Telkom SA
35.7 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2015, 2018

36. South Sudan
36.1 Overview of South Sudan’s mobile market
36.1.1 Third generation (3G)
36.1.2 Satellite mobile
36.2 Mobile statistics
36.3 Major mobile operators
36.3.1 Vivacell
36.3.2 Gemtel
36.3.3 Zain South Sudan
36.3.4 MTN South Sudan
36.3.5 Sudani (Sudatel)
36.4 Forecasts - mobile market – 2015-2018

37. Sudan
37.1 Overview of Sudan’s mobile market
37.1.1 Satellite mobile
37.2 Regulatory
37.2.1 SIM card registration
37.3 Mobile statistics
37.4 Major mobile operators
37.4.1 Zain Sudan
37.4.2 MTN Sudan (Bashair Telecom, Investcom/Areeba)
37.4.3 Sudani (Sudatel)

38. Swaziland
38.1 Overview of Swaziland’s mobile market
38.1.1 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
38.1.2 Third generation (3G)
38.2 Mobile statistics
38.3 Mobile operator
38.3.1 Swazi MTN

39. Tanzania
39.1 Overview of Tanzania’s mobile market
39.1.1 Tower infrastructure
39.1.2 Third Generation (3G)
39.1.3 Mobile satellite services
39.2 Tariffs
39.2.1 Special regional tariffs
39.2.2 Free international roaming
39.2.3 Price war 2010
39.2.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
39.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
39.3 Mobile statistics
39.4 Major mobile operators
39.4.1 TTCL
39.4.2 Vodacom Tanzania
39.4.3 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
39.4.4 Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
39.4.5 Zantel
39.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2014, 2017

40. Tunisia
40.1 Overview of Tunisia’s mobile market
40.1.1 Third Generation (3G)
40.1.2 Satellite mobile
40.1.3 GSM-R
40.2 Mobile statistics
40.3 Major mobile operators
40.3.1 Tunicell (Tunisie Telecom)
40.3.2 Ooredoo (Tunisiana)
40.3.3 Orange Tunisie

41. Uganda
41.1 Overview of Uganda’s mobile market
41.2 Regulatory issues
41.2.1 Licensing
41.2.2 Taxes
41.2.3 Tariffs
41.2.4 Infrastructure sharing
41.2.5 SIM card registration
41.2.6 Quality of service (QoS)
41.2.7 Free international roaming
41.3 Satellite mobile
41.4 Mobile statistics
41.5 Major mobile operators
41.5.1 MTN Uganda
41.5.2 Bharti Airtel Uganda (formerly Zain, Celtel)
41.5.3 Uganda Telecom Ltd (UTL)
41.5.4 Africell (Orange Uganda)
41.5.5 i-Tel
41.5.6 Smile Communications
41.5.7 Smart Telecom, Sure Telecom
41.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
41.6.1 K2 Telecom
41.7 Forecasts – mobile market 2015; 2018

42. Zambia
42.1 Overview of Zambia’s mobile market
42.1.1 Third generation (3G)
42.1.2 Satellite mobile
42.2 Regulatory
42.2.1 Spectrum auction 2015
42.3 Mobile statistics
42.4 Major mobile operators
42.4.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel, Zamcell)
42.4.2 MTN Zambia (formerly Telecel)
42.4.3 Zamtel Mobile (formerly Cell Z)
42.5 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
42.6 Forecasts – mobile market – 2014; 2017

43. Zimbabwe
43.1 Overview of Zimbabwe’s mobile market
43.1.1 Satellite mobile
43.2 Mobile statistics
43.3 Major mobile operators
43.3.1 Econet Wireless Zimbabwe (EWZ)
43.3.2 NetOne
43.3.3 Telecel Zimbabwe
43.4 Fourth mobile licence
43.5 Third generation (3G) mobile operators
43.5.1 Econet
43.5.2 Telecel
43.5.3 NetOne

Table 1 – Mobile subscribers in selected African countries – 2009 - 2014
Table 2 – Mobile penetration in selected African countries – 2009 - 2014
Table 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 4 – Proportion of prepaid and contract subscribers – 2009 - 2013
Table 5 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2013
Table 6 – Mobilis subscribers – 2009 - 2013
Table 7 – Djezzy subscribers – 2002 - 2014
Table 8 – Djezzy financial data – 2008 - 2014
Table 9 – Djezzy blended ARPU – 2012 - 2014
Table 10 – Ooredoo financial data (QAR) – 2009 - 2013
Table 11 – Ooredoo financial data (KWD) – 2012 - 2014
Table 12 – Ooredoo blended ARPU – 2009 - 2012
Table 13 – Ooredoo subscribers – 2005 - 2014
Table 14 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
Table 15 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2014
Table 16 – Mobile subscribers in Angola by operator – June 2013
Table 17 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Angola – 2015; 2018
Table 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 19 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2013
Table 20 – MTN Benin subscribers and ARPU – 2003 - 2013
Table 21 – MTN Benin revenue – 2011 - 2013
Table 22 – Moov subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 23 – Libercom subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 24 – BBCom subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 25 – Glo Mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 27 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2013
Table 28 – Mascom Botswana ARPU – 2005 - 2013
Table 29 – Mascom Botswana subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 30 – Orange Botswana subscribers – 2007 - 2014
Table 31 – Orange Botswana mobile revenue – 2008 - 2014
Table 32 – Be Mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2013
Table 33 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2005 - 2014
Table 34 – Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 - 2012
Table 35 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2013
Table 36 – Onatel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
Table 37 – Onatel mobile services revenue – 2011 - 2014
Table 38 – Onatel annualised subscribers and ARPU – 2011 - 2014
Table 39 – Telecel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 40 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2014
Table 41 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – Feb 2013
Table 42 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 43 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – December 2013
Table 44 – MTN Cameroon ARPU – 2003 - 2013
Table 45 – MTN Cameroon ARPU – 2011 - 2013
Table 46 – MTN Cameroon subscribers – 2012 - 2013
Table 47 – Orange CM mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2014
Table 48 – Orange CM revenue – 2012 - 2014
Table 49 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2015; 2018
Table 50 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad – 2000 - 2014
Table 51 – Zain Chad subscribers – 2005 - 2010
Table 52 – Zain Chad ARPU – 2002 - 2009
Table 53 – Tigo Chad subscribers – 2008 - 2014
Table 54 – Tigo Chad monthly ARPU – 2012 - 2014
Table 12 – Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers – 2001 - 2004
Table 55 – Mobile market revenue and investment – 2008 - 2013
Table 56 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cote dIvoire – 2005 - 2014
Table 57 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2013
Table 58 – MTN Cote dIvoire subscribers – 2002 - 2014
Table 59 – MTN Cote dIvoire revenue – 2012 - 2013
Table 60 – MTN Cote d’Ivoire ARPU – 2005 - 2014
Table 61 – Orange Cote dIvoire subscribers – 2002 - 2014
Table 62 – Orange Cote dIvoire revenue – 2011 - 2014
Table 63 – Comium Cote d’Ivoire subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 64 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Cote dIvoire – 2014; 2017
Table 65 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in the DRC – 2005 - 2014
Table 66 – Major mobile operators in the DRC by subscribers and launch date – March 2013
Table 67 – Vodacom Congo subscribers – 2002 - 2014
Table 68 – Vodacom Congo ARPU – 2003 - 2014
Table 69 – Vodacom Congo ARPU (ZAR) – 2012 - 2013
Table 70 – Tigo subscribers – 2010 - 2014
Table 71 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Table 72 – Mobile termination rates (MTR) in Egypt – 2013
Table 73 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Egypt – 2000 - 2014
Table 74 – Mobinil subscribers – 2000 - 2013
Table 75 – Mobinil financial results – 2002 - 2013
Table 76 – Mobinil blended monthly ARPU – 2002 - 2013
Table 77 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2014
Table 78 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2014
Table 79 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Egypt – 2015; 2018
Table 80 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 - 2014
Table 81 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 82 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017
Table 83 – Mobile services revenue – 2010 - 2013
Table 84 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 85 – Zain Gabon subscribers and ARPU – 2002 - 2013
Table 86 – Libertis subscribers – 2007 - 2014
Table 87 – Libertis mobile revenue – 2011 - 2013
Table 88 – Moov subscribers – 2010 - 2013
Table 89 – Azur subscribers – 2010 - 2013
Table 90 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia – 2005 - 2014
Table 91 – Cumulative mobile number portings – 2011 - 2013
Table 92 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 93 – Overview of mobile network launch dates
Table 94 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2014
Table 95 – Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 - 2014
Table 96 – Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 - 2014
Table 97 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 - 2013
Table 98 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 - 2012
Table 99 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017
Table 100 – Mobile market revenue – 2009; 2012 - 2013
Table 101 – Mobile market revenue by operator – 2012 - 2013
Table 102 – Market share of revenue by operator – 2012 - 2013
Table 103 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 104 – MTN Guinea financial data – 2011 - 2013
Table 105 – MTN Guinea subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2013
Table 106 – Orange Guinea subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 107 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya– 1999 - 2014
Table 108 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Kenya – December 2013
Table 109 – Safaricom ARPU – 2007 - 2013
Table 110 – Zain Kenya ARPU – 2006 - 2009
Table 111 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2015; 2018
Table 112 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lesotho – 2005 - 2014
Table 113 – Vodacom Lesotho subscribers and churn rate – 2002 - 2013
Table 114 – Vodacom Lesotho ARPU – 2011 - 2013
Table 115 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Liberia – 2001 - 2014
Table 116 – LoneStar/MTN Liberia subscribers, ARPU and market share – 2003 - 2013
Table 117 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Libya – 1999 - 2014
Table 118 – Al-Madar (Libya) call tariffs – 2013
Table 119 – Libyana call tariffs – 2013
Table 120 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 - 2014
Table 121 – Zain Madagascar financial data before takeover – 2006 - 2009
Table 122 – Orange Madagascar subscribers and ARPU – 2007 - 2013
Table 123 – Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2015; 2018
Table 124 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Malawi – 2005 - 2014
Table 125 – TNM financial results – 2009 – 2013
Table 126 – TNM ARPU – 2003 - 2012
Table 127 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Malawi – 2014; 2017
Table 128 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali – 2005 - 2014
Table 129 – Malitel mobile subscribers and ARPU – 2008 - 2012
Table 130 – Orange Mali mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 131 – Orange Mali revenue – 2007 - 2013
Table 132 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 133 – Mobile voice traffic – 2006 - 2015
Table 134 – Mobile subscribers: prepaid and contract – 2009 - 2013
Table 135 – Orange mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 136 – Emtel mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2013
Table 137 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Mauritius – 2013; 2016
Table 138 – Prepaid and contract subscribers – 2012 – 2014
Table 139 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 140 – Mobile network voice traffic – 2006 - 2015
Table 141 – Average mobile ARPM – 2012 - 2014
Table 142 – Average mobile traffic per subscriber – 2012 - 2014
Table 143 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2013
Table 144 – Maroc Telecom domestic blended monthly mobile ARPU and churn rate – 2003 - 2014
Table 145 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile revenue – 2005 - 2014
Table 146 – Meditel mobile subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2014
Table 147 – Wana mobile subscribers and market share – 2011 - 2014
Table 148 – Vodacom Mozambique subscribers – 2008 - 2013
Table 149 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2008 - 2013
Table 150 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2008 - 2013
Table 151 – Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017
Table 152 – Mobile Termination Rate – 2010 - 2013
Table 153 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 154 – MTC mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2013
Table 155 – MTC mobile financial data – 2005 - 2013
Table 156 – MTC mobile revenue share by sector – 2012 - 2013
Table 157 – MTC ARPU – 2004 - 2010
Table 158 – Glo Mobile Nigeria 3G HSDPA pricing – 2013
Table 159 – Airtel Nigeria 3G HSPA+ pricing – 2013
Table 160 – MTN Nigeria 3G HSDPA pricing – 2013
Table 161 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2005 - 2014
Table 162 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2014
Table 163 – Mobile subscribers (GSM) by operator, technology – Mar 2014
Table 164 – MTN mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2014
Table 165 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 - 2013
Table 166 – Airtel mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2014
Table 167 – Zain Nigeria ARPU – 2006 - 2009
Table 168 – Globacom mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2014
Table 169 – Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2014
Table 170 – CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2014
Table 171 – Starcomms Nigeria total and mobility/mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2014
Table 172 – Visafone mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2014
Table 173 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2015; 2018
Table 174 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011- 2014
Table 175 – Mobile geographic coverage by operator – Mar 2014
Table 176 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2004
Table 177 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 178 – Mobile subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2014
Table 179 – MTN Rwanda ARPU – 2002 - 2013
Table 180 – MTN Rwanda financial data – 2011 - 2013
Table 181 – MTN Rwanda subscribers – 2012 - 2013
Table 182 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
Table 183 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Senegal – 2005 - 2015
Table 184 – Market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2013
Table 185 – Prepaid and contract subscribers – 2012 - 2013
Table 186 – Sonatel/Orange mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2013
Table 187 – Sonatel/Orange mobile revenue – 2011 - 2013
Table 188 – Sonatel/Orange mobile prepaid ARPU – 2011 - 2013
Table 189 – Orange Senegal mobile ARPU, prepaid versus postpaid – 2004 - 2013
Table 190 – Tigo mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2013
Table 191 – Expresso mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 192 – GSM licences and operations in Sierra Leone
Table 193 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 194 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2013
Table 195 – Celtel/Zain SL subscribers and market share – 2003 - 2009
Table 196 – Celtel/Zain SL ARPU – 2002 - 2009
Table 197 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa – 1999 - 2014
Table 198 – Mobile subscribers in South Africa by operator – June 2013
Table 199 – Vodacom South Africa mobile revenue – 2010 - 2014
Table 200 – Vodacom South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2014
Table 201 – Vodacom South Africa key statistics – March 2014
Table 202 – MTN South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2013
Table 203 – MTN South Africa key statistics – year ended December 2013
Table 204 – Vodacom South Africa broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2012
Table 205 – Telkom SA mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2013
Table 206 – Forecast mobile subscribers in South Africa – 2015; 2018
Table 207 – Cell towers in South Sudan by operator and state – 2010
Table 208 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Sudan – 2010 - 2014
Table 209 – South Sudan mobile market share by operator – September 2013
Table 210 – Zain South Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2012 - 2013
Table 211 – Zain South Sudan financial KPI – 2012 - 2013
Table 212 – Zain South Sudan network quality and broadband KPI – 2012
Table 213 – MTN South Sudan revenue – 2012 - 2013
Table 214 – Forecast mobile subscribers in South Sudan – 2015; 2018
Table 215 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Table 216 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011- 2013
Table 217 – Zain Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2003 - 2013
Table 218 – MTN Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2013
Table 219 –Sudani mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 220 – Swazi MTN 3G mobile broadband pricing – 2014
Table 221 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Swaziland – 2005 - 2014
Table 222 – Swazi MTN messaging prices – 2009; 2010; 2012; 2014
Table 223 – Swazi MTN ARPU – 2001 - 2013
Table 224 – Average mobile tariffs – 2005 - 2013
Table 225 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 226 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2013
Table 227 – Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 - 2013
Table 228 – Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2012 - 2013
Table 229 – TTCL mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2013
Table 230 – Vodacom Tanzania subscribers – 2000 - 2013
Table 231 – Vodacom Tanzania active subscribers – 2011 - 2013
Table 232 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU – 2003 - 2013
Table 233 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU (TZS) – 2011 - 2013
Table 234 – Airtel subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 235 – Zain Tanzania ARPU – 2002 - 2009
Table 236 – Millicom Tanzania mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2014
Table 237 – Zantel mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2013
Table 238 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017
Table 239 – Annual rental rates per mobile connection – 2013
Table 240 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia – 2005 - 2015
Table 241 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2014
Table 242 – Tunisie Telecom mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2014
Table 243 – Ooredoo revenue, Ebitda and net profit – 2012 - 2014
Table 244 – Ooredoo subscribers and blended monthly ARPU – 2002 - 2014
Table 245 – Orange Tunisie subscribers – 2010 - 2014
Table 246 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda – 2005 - 2014
Table 247 – Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2012 - 2013
Table 248 – MTN Uganda subscribers – 2000 - 2014
Table 249 – MTN Uganda ARPU – 2002 - 2013
Table 250 – Zain Uganda subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 251 – Zain Uganda ARPU – 2006 - 2009
Table 252 – Orange Uganda mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2014
Table 253 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Uganda – 2015; 2018
Table 254 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Table 255 – MTN Zambia financial data– 2012 - 2013
Table 256 – MTN Zambia subscribers – 2012 - 2013
Table 257 – Mobile ARPU in Zambia – Zain and MTN – 2005 – 2013
Table 258 – Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017
Table 259 – Mobile subscriptions and penetration rate in Zimbabwe – 2004 - 2014
Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Chart 2 – Djezzy financial data – 2008 – 2014
Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers in Angola – 2002 - 2014
Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 5 – Mobile subscribers in Botswana – 2005 - 2015
Chart 6 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 7 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2014
Chart 8 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2014
Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad – 2000 - 2014
Chart 10 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cote dIvoire – 2005 - 2015
Chart 11 – Orange Cote dIvoire revenue – 2011 – 2014
Chart 12 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 14 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Egypt – 2002 - 2014
Chart 15 – ICT-IA index rating and composition for Top 5 African markets
Chart 16 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 – 2014
Chart 17 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 18 – Mobile subscribers in Gabon – 2005 - 2014
Chart 19 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia – 20025 - 2014
Chart 20 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Chart 21 – Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2014
Chart 22 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 23 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999-2014
Chart 24 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Chart 25 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2001 - 2014
Chart 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2014
Chart 27 – Mobile subscribers in Madagascar – 2002 - 2014
Chart 28 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2014
Chart 29 – TNM financial results – 2009 – 2013
Chart 30 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali – 2005 - 2014
Chart 31 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Chart 32 – Mobile subscribers: prepaid and contract – 2009 – 2013
Chart 33 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Chart 34 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 35 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Chart 36 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
Chart 37 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Senegal – 2005 - 2014
Chart 38 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
Chart 39 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa – 2002 - 2014
Chart 40 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Sudan – 2010 – 2014
Chart 41 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2014
Chart 42 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2014
Chart 43 – Mobile subscribers in Tanzania – 2005 - 2015
Chart 44 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia – 2005 - 2015
Chart 45 – Telecommunications tax revenue in Uganda by tax type – 2008 - 2012
Chart 46 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda – 2002 - 2014
Chart 47 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2014
Chart 48 – Mobile subscriptions and penetration rate in Zimbabwe – 2002 - 2014
Exhibit 1 – Telecom Egypt’s mobile business: In and out and in again
Exhibit 2 – An analysis of Egypt’s third mobile licence valuation
Exhibit 3 – Vodafone Egypt’s public listing and delisting
Exhibit 4 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria
Exhibit 5 – Ownership battle – from EWN to Vee Networks to V-Mobile to Zain to Bharti Airtel
Exhibit 6 – e-Soko
Exhibit 7 – Spotlight on Vodacom GSM community payphones
Exhibit 8 – Swazi MTN licence conditions
Exhibit 9 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria
Exhibit 10 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria

Accurate figures for mobile penetration in Africa are complicated by the popular use of multiple SIM cards in some markets. This has led to penetration rates of 150% or higher in a few countries, though given the diversity of the region penetration rates vary considerably, with Eritrea and South Sudan sporting very low rates. In general terms, higher penetration can be seen in several southern countries, including Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia, as also in the north from Morocco to Egypt and in a number of West African states including Gambia, Ghana and Gabon. A large band of sub-Saharan and central African countries, often characterised by thinly populated areas or socio-political unrest, have relatively low penetration. Average penetration for the continent reached about 75% by mid-2014.

To some degree the sharp variable in penetration rates are evening out as countries at the lower end of the spectrum, such as Ethiopia, are typically recording far faster growth rates than those at the upper end.

Growth in the use of mobile voice services is largely stimulated by network coverage and quality of service. The latter is increasingly recognised as important by regulators who are prepared to fine operators for poor QoS, or temporarily suspend their ability to attract new subscribers until remedies are made. Another stimulus is poor fixed-line infrastructure which had rendered mobile connectivity as the only viable telecom service in many areas. This applies both to voice as well as internet services, though the latter are still largely geared to the 2G environment.

As a result of fixed-line limitations, mobile services still represent more than 90% of all telephone lines in service. The popularity of cheaper prepaid services, which in some markets account for up to 98% of all mobile subscribers, as well as a steady fall in tariffs has meant that an increasing proportion of the population can both access and afford a mobile phone.

Some market consolidation continues to occur in the region, with a small number of players, notably Bharti Airtel, MTN, Orange and Tigo, now having a significant multinational presence. In early 2014 Etisalat sold to Maroc Telecom its Moov-branded mobile subsidiaries in Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Niger and Togo. The deal enabled Maroc Telecom to consolidate control of the West Africa operations and make use of its experience in this region. Newly introduced converged licensing regimes have also increased competitive pressure among operators, and have enabled them to branch into new service segments.

- Algeria
- Angola
- Benin
- Botswana
- Burkina Faso
- Burundi
- Cameroon
- Chad
- Cote d'Ivoire
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- Djibouti
- Egypt
- Eritrea
- Ethiopia
- Gabon
- Gambia
- Ghana
- Guinea
- Kenya
- Lesotho
- Liberia
- Libya
- Madagascar
- Malawi
- Mali
- Mauritius
- Morocco
- Mozambique
- Namibia
- Nigeria
- Rwanda
- Senegal
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- Sudan
- South Sudan
- Swaziland
- Tanzania
- Tunisia
- Uganda
- Zambia
- Zimbabwe

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