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Energy and Climate Policy: Bending the Technological Trajectory - Product Image

Energy and Climate Policy: Bending the Technological Trajectory

  • Published: November 2012
  • 130 Pages
  • OECD Publishing

Technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving environmental objectives, so it is important to understand how environmental policy design and technological innovation are linked. This is particularly true in the area of climate change where the estimated future costs of reducing greenhouse gas emissions are affected greatly by the technological trajectory of the economy. While we suspect that public policy can play an important role in accelerating the development and diffusion of climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies, empirical evidence in this area remains scant. This book presents a series of papers that explore the extent to which technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving climate change mitigation objectives.

Acronyms
Executive summary

Chapter 1. Recent trends in innovation in climate change mitigation technologies by Ivan Hašèiè, Fleur Watson, Nick Johnstone and Chris Kaminker
1. Introduction
2. Construction of patent indicators
3. Evidence of CCMT inventive activity
4. Technology transfer, knowledge spillovers and research co-operation
5. Lessons from studies on renewable energy and energy efficiency
6. Conclusions
References
Annex 1.A1. List of CCMT fields available in OECD.stat
Annex 1.A2. Supplementary data

Chapter 2. The determinants of innovation in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis by Elisa Lanzi, Ivan Hašèiè and Nick Johnstone
1. Introduction
2. Patent data in the electricity sector
3. The determinants of innovation in the sector
4. Model specification, estimation method and results
5. Concluding remarks
References
Annex 2.A1. Selected patent data classes for fuel-based technologies

Chapter 3. Technological change, fuel efficiency and carbon intensity in electricity generation: A cross-country empirical study by Elena Verdolini, Nick Johnstone and Ivan Hašèiè
1. Introduction
2. The electricity sector and fuel efficiency
3. Efficiency in fossil-fuel electricity generation: Definitions and trends
4. Patent data on fuel-efficiency innovation
5. Estimation results
6. Efficiency determinants and carbon intensity
7. Conclusion
References
Annex 3.A1. Emission factors (tonne of CO2/TJ)

Chapter 4. Increasing the penetration of intermittent renewable energy: Innovation in energy storage and grid management by Nick Johnstone and Ivan Hašèiè
1. Introduction
2. Intermittency in renewable energy generation and system flexibility
3. Innovation in energy storage and grid management
4. Determinants of innovation in energy storage and grid management
5. Conclusions and further research
References

Chapter 5. International technology agreements for climate change: Analysis based on co-invention data by Nadja Kahrobaie, Ivan Hašèiè and Nick Johnstone
1. Introduction
2. Literature review
3. International research collaboration in CCMTs
4. The implementing agreements and co-invention in CCMTs
5. Modelling strategy and results
6. Conclusions
References

Chapter 6. Energy and climate policy: Conclusions and further policy research by Nick Johnstone and Ivan Hašèiè

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